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3In f^txaotiam 

No more fitting tribute could be made to the 
memory of Charles Meredith DuPuy, who during 
more than forty years of his life occupied his spare 
moments in gathering together material which I 
have endeavored to arrange into this brief sketch, 
than to quote his own words, " I thus compile, as 
well as I am able, the genealogical record of the 
descendants of Dr. John Dupuy, the Huguenot, who 
landed in America, down to the present generation. 
Here I leave it. Let no man write an epitaph of 
the living, but rather wait until the sod covers in- 
firmities and imperfections and silences asperities. 
With the largeness of charity, characteristic of the 
earlier descendants of our Huguenot ancestor, per- 
haps some gentle hand may hereafter deal kindly 
with the record of the present living, and continue 
the history herein begun." 

Charles Meredith DuPuy has now passed the 
stone on Life's highway that marks its highest 
point, and weary for a moment, lays down by the 
wayside, using his burden for a pillow, falling into 
that dreamless sleep passing into silence and 
pathetic dust. 

To his loving memory is this work dedicated 
by his son, 

Herbert DuPuy 

Pittsburgh, Pa., 

January i, 1910. 



The Dupuy Family i 

The Haskins Family 62 

The Richards Family 69 

The Evans Family 85 

Peter Rambo, Peter Cock, Sr., and Captain Israel Helm 92 

The Richardson Family 97 

The Loockermans Family 107 

The Hostetter Family (Hochstetter) 121 

The Rickey Family 129 

Appendix I 141 

Appendix II 153 

Addenda regarding Hon. Robert Elliston 155 

Index 157 



DupuY Arms Frontispiece 


Portrait of Alexander Dupuy, Marquis de St. Andre Montbrun, 1600-1673, 4 

Survey of City of New York, 1728 10 

Gravestone of Dr. John Dupuy, Sr., in Trinity Church-yard, N. Y. 12 

Fac-simile of Will of Dr. John Dupuy, Sr 16 

Tombstone of Dr. John Dupuy, Jr., in Trinity Church, New York 20 

Portraits of Hon. Robert Elliston and his wife Mary, 22 

Portrait of Daniel Dupuy, Sr., and his Watch and Chain, 26 

View of " Clover Hill," Gray's Ferry, Philadelphia, 30 

Fac-simile of Receipt for Monies Paid by Daniel Dupuy, Sr., for Substitutes in 

Revolutionary Army, 34 

Silhouettes of Daniel Dupuy, Jr., and his wife, Mary Meredith, 36 

Portrait of John Dupuy, Jr., and his wife, Mary Richards Haskins 40 

Portraits of Mrs. Mary Haskins Dupuy and her daughter Gertrude, 42 

Portraits of Charles Meredith DuPuy and his wife, 44 

Portrait of Charles Meredith DuPuy and his wife, Ellen M. Reynolds ; also, one 

OF Mr. DuPuy in locket, 52 

Portrait of Edward Oxenborow; also, one of his son-in-law, Rev. John Rey- 
nolds, Sr., 54 

Portraits of Rev. John Reynolds, Jr., and his wife, Eleanor Evans 54 

Portraits of Herbert DuPuy and his wife. Amy Hostetter 58 

Portrait of Rev. Thomas Haskins, with his seal, and Certificate of Appointment 

as Minister, 62 

Two portraits of Mrs. Haskins, wife of Rev. Thomas Haskins, 62 

Fac-simile of certificate of Capt. Joseph Haskins' election as a Mason, and list 

of Members of his Lodge, 64 

Portrait of Govert Haskins, nephew of Rev. Thomas Haskins, 66 

Portraits of Joseph Ball and his daughter Mary, 74 

Portrait of William Richards, and fac-simile of his Oath of Allegiance, 76 

Fac-simile of appointment of William Richards as Standard-Bearer in Revolution, 76 

Richards Arms, 78 

View of Batsto, N. J., Home of William Richards, 78 

Portrait of Samuel Richards, 78 

Portrait of Wm. T. Smith, father-in-law of Samuel Richards 80 

" The Manor," Home of Samuel Richards, 80 



Portrait of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Richards, with Second Portrait of Mr. Richards, 8o 
Silhouettes of Sarah Richards, Martha P. (Haskins) Wurts, Sarah Ball 

(Richards) Colwell, L. G. Richards, Samuel P. Richards, and Harriet 

(Richards) Nichols 82 

Evans Arms, and View of " Ash Hill Towers," 86 

Fac-simile of Will of Ann Evans, widow, 86 

Gravestones of Owen and George Evans, and Elizabeth, wife of George; also, 

Autograph and Seal of Owen 88 

Fac-simile of Letter from Mary Evans 88 

View of House of William Evans, built 1731, near Limerick, Pa.; also, view of 

Limerick Church-yard, where the Evans Family are buried, 90 

Fac-simile of Oath of Qualification Signed by Owen Evans, Benjamin Franklin, 

and Others, 9° 

View of Home of Peter Rambo, 92 

Fac-simile of Petition to (Governor Patrick Gordon 104 

Residence of Govert Loockermans, New York City, no 

Fac-simile of Autograph of Govert Loockermans, and sketch of the Chatelaine 

OF his wife, 112 

"LowRY Farm," near Lancaster, Pa. Bought by Abraham Hostetter about the 

opening of the Revolution, 122 

Portratt of Dr. Jacob Hostetter 124 

Portrait of David Hostetter, 124 

Later Portrait of David Hostetter, 126 

Portrait of Rosetta Cobb Rickey, wife of David Hostetter, 126 

Portrait of Susanna McAuley, second wife of Randal Hutchinson Rickey 140- 


Ennalls— Haskins— DuPuY 68 

Richards, 70 

Evans — Reynolds — DuPuy, 85 

Swedish Line of Descent 94 

Holland Line of Descent, 108 

Hostetter— DuPuY 121 


I HE family is of Italian origin. The Dupuys of France 
were the Del Poggios, from Lucca,^ and Lucchese.^ 

In Avenione, in Paris, and in other parts of France, 
are living the Del Poggios, called there Dupuy, who, not 
to lose their Italian privileges, claim to swear allegiance 
through their attorneys, since they held fiefs and lord- 
ships in Tuscany. Several papers still extant certify 
that the Del Poggios were dukes and marquises as far 
back as the loth century. A Poggio was Bishop of St. Miniato in A.D. 1038. 
In Latin the name was de Podio.^ Raphael de Podio was the father of 
Hughes Dupuy, who founded the Abbey D'Arguebelle, order of St. Bernard, 
in the diocese of St. Paul, in the eleventh century. 

It is quite significant that the chief of the battalion of the forty-e'ghth 
French Regiment of the line, who is the author of several military works of 
note in the nineteenth century, is named de Podio Dupuy. This seems to 
confirm the suggestion that de Podio is likely to have been a family surname. 
Whether the name was de Podio, Del Poggio, or Dupuy, each represents a 
word of the same meaning in its different language. 

Hughes Dupuy, son of Raphael de Podio (called also Guigues or Guelfes, 
Wido and Wilfo), married a daughter of Edward de Poisieu and was the 
father of four children, the youngest of whom was Raymond Dupuy, who 
will always be remembered as the most illustrious Grand Master of the " Order 
of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem." Hughes Dupuy took up the cross 
in 1096, and embarked for Palestine with his wife and four children. He 
was one of the principal captains of the Crusaders with Godefroy de Bouillon, 
and is mentioned by Albert D'Aix for his many exploits and deeds of bravery. 
His arms are still preserved among the relics and curiosities in the " Museum 
of the Crusades " in the Palace of Versailles. For his services he was granted 
" Souverainete la ville d'Acre." * 

' " History of the Knights of Jerusalem," by John Taaflfe, London, p. 269. 
* " Juramentum Fidelitatis " of 1331, which is still extant in Lucca Archives. 
'Guy Allard's "Genealogical History of France," 1682. 
* " Nouvelle Biographic Generale." 


However distinguished may have been the early members of the family, 
history universally acknowledges that Raymond Dupuy added to it imperish- 
able laurels, which will remain fresh and green so long as history survives. 
We will pass over, for the present, the other sons of Hughes Dupuy, who 
won honorable names as soldiers before the walls of Jerusalem. Their lives 
were overshadowed by the splendor of the genius and by the achievements 
of their brother Raymond. 

Like many useful charities of the present day, the Order of St. John 
of Jerusalem grew from very small beginnings. In 1048 a few merchants 
from Amalfi were permitted to build a chapel near the Holy Sepulchre and 
to connect it with two hospitals, the one for men and the other for women. 
The superintendents of these hospitals were designated " Knights Hospital- 
lers." They connected the two hospitals with the chapel, and were famed as 
much for their religious enthusiasm as they were for their beneficence. At 
the capture of Jerusalem in 1099, they displayed such heroic virtues as to 
attract the admiration of Raymond Dupuy and many other brave men who 
fought with them and who joined the order, and ever after were known 
as the " Servants of the poor and of Christ," a title of which they were 
justly proud. 

In 1 1 18, at the death of Gerard de Martigue, founder of the order, 
Raymond Dupuy was elected to the office of First Grand Master of the 
" Order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem," into which organization 
the " Knights Hospitallers " were merged.^ 

In addition to ministrations to the poor and to the sick, the Order now 
charged itself with the defence of Christian pilgrims and of the Holy Sepulchre 
against hostile infidels. The successful achievements of this Order in suc- 
ceeding centuries were recognized as due to its discipline and constitution. 
Raymond Dupuy divided the Order into three classes according to their 
respective attainments and adaptabilities. They were either soldiers, priests, 
or servants. All were recognized to be upon an equality in usefulness, but 
each division was subordinate to a wise constitutional government. This was 
the life-work of the First Grand Master, and through the influence of the 
Order, the after political complexion of the world was largely moulded. 

Raymond Dupuy was born in Dauphine, France, in 1080, and died in 
Palestine in 1160, at a ripe old age, after rounding out a life full of activity, 
usefulness, and honors. His portrait hangs in the Museum of Versailles. 

A number of other distinguished men of the family of Dupuy have left 
honorable records.^ 

'Livre d'Or de la Noblesse," vol. iii, p. 363. 
' Nouvelle Biographie Generale." 


Bernard Dupuy was a poet, born in 1520, and died in 1580. He wrote 
very copiously and is noted in France for the elegance of his language and 

Claude Dupuy was born in Paris in 1545, died in 1594, and was noted 
for his learning and eloquence. He conducted some important political 
negotiations ; was Counsellor of the Parisian Parliament, where his " brilliant 
intellect, great judgment, and profound learning rendered him the foremost 
man of his age." , 

Henri Dupuy, born in Venloo in 1574, died in Louvain in 1646, was a 
man of great learning, and upon this account was appointed to a chair at 
the University of Milan. He was a very profuse writer, leaving some 
ninety-eight works to bear witness of his profound study and research, and 
which are still preserved in European libraries. 

Jean Dupuy, another descendant, devoted himself exclusively to miner- 
alogy, and published at Bordeaux, in 1601, among other works, the " Re- 
searches and Discoveries of Mines in the Pyrenees." 

Christophe Dupuy was born in Paris in 1580. He became Cardinal de 
Jogensee, and wels distinguished as a theological writer. He died in Rome 
in 1654. 

Pierre Dupuy, a brother of the Cardinal, was born in 1582 and died 
in 1 65 1. He also was noted as an ardent student and eminent writer. He 
wrote a long list of works, approved in their day, both on politics and theology, 
one of which, was entitled " A True History of the Condemnation of the 
Order of Templars," was published in Brussels in two volumes in 1751. 

Jacques Dupuy, born in 1586, was still another brother of this family, 
noted as a writer of considerable force and for being confessor to the King. 

Louis Dupuy was a mathematician of great learning, bom in Le Bugey 
in 1709. He became principal editor of the "Journal des Savans," which 
publication he directed during thirty years with much critical ability. In 
1756 he was admitted into the "Academic des Belles Lettres," of which he 
was made perpetual secretary in 1773, and to which he contributed many 
treatises. He wrote " Observations on Infinitesimals and the Metaphysical 
Principles of Geometry " and other scientific works. He was secretary to 
the Congress of Ruyswick, " Membre de Celles de Gottingue," etc. He died 
in 1795. 

Jean Cochan Dupuy, an eminent physician, born in Niort, 1674, died 
at Rochefort in 1754. He published many important professional works and 
was a correspondent of the Academy of Science. 

Besides these, many others of the Dupuy name have been noted later 
for their activity, and have left honorable records in various prominent 


directions, though their relationship in the direct line from Raymond Dupuy 
we have not endeavored to trace, their descent no doubt coming from the 
same Del Poddio stock which is found of record direct from the eleventh 

It might be well in passing to refer only to a recent personage of this 
name, Charles Dupuy, Prime Minister of France under President Faure. 
He was emphatically a man of the people. Born in 1852, he was but forty- 
seven years of age when his political career began by his election as an 
advanced Republican to the Chamber of Deputies. In December, 1892, he 
was called to a seat in the Ribot Cabinet as Minister of Education. A few- 
months afterwards, when the Panama Canal Scandal was shaking France 
to its foundations, President Carnot called upon him to form a Cabinet. 
His first premiership lasted from April, 1892, to December of the same 
year, when dissensions in his Cabinet led to his resignation. Casimir-Perier 
became Premier, and Dupuy was elected President of the Chamber. A few 
days later, when a bomb was exploded in the Chamber and when almost ever)' 
member gave way to the wildest agonies of terror, the President's bell 
sounded, and Dupuy 's voice rose above the clamor, " Gentlemen, the sitting 
will continue," he said ; " such outrages should not disturb the progress of 
legislation." The wonderful coolness of this remark produced an instan- 
taneous effect; cheers broke from all parts of the house, and France rang 
with acclamations of Dupuy's courage. 

The following year, when France was seething with internal strife and 
political intrigue, Dupuy averted disaster by arousing French patriotism to 
its highest point by the adoption of an aggressive foreign policy. On one 
side stands the Due d'Orleans, the heir of the Bourbon monarchs, who has 
many powerful backers both in France and out of it; on the other side are 
the Imperialists, who, having had to choose between the two grandsons of 
Jerome Napoleon, Prince Victor and Prince Louis Bonaparte, selected the 
latter, now an officer in the Russian army, as the standard-bearer of the 
cause to which they still clung. For twenty years the heirs of France's 
former dynasties saw their chance of restoration seemingly on the wane, 
almost to the vanishing point ; now, in the hour of the Republic's peril, their 
hopes were once more revived. A bold leader, who could dash into French 
politics on horseback and proclaim that he had come to champion the army 
against its detractors, might make such a coup d'etat as has more than once 
been made in France before. 

The country's safety from revolution depended more upon Charles 
Dupuy than upon any other one man in French public life. He was equal 
to the occasion, and through his efforts internal revolution was prevented, 

- \ 

Bom 1600 Died 1673 


and to-day France is again in the prosperous condition she had held during 
many previous years, and, though yet Hving, History will eulogize, after he 
is dead and gone, the great value this man has been to the Republic. 

The advent of so prominent a personage in history as Raymond Dupuy, 
in the eleventh century, naturally caused his genealogical record to be traced 
backward as far as possible, and also to be preserved throughout the strife 
and confusion of succeeding ages. 

Hughes Dupuy's eldest son, Jean Alleman Dupuy, a brother of Raymond, 
became first Marquis de Montbrun, Seigneur de Ferriseurs de Villefranche 
de Saint-Andre. He was " Counsellor to the King " and First Marshall in 
the Piedmont wars under the Count de Savoir, filling many important and 
responsible positions, second only to those of his brother Raymond.* The 
Dupuy " Montbrun " family, therefore, is one of the most ancient and illus- 
trious families of Dauphine. 

Passing down the direct line of descent of the Montbrun-Dupuys, we 
pass many names of note in their day, stopping only to dwell somewhat upon 
the achievements of Charles Dupuy, the ninth generation from Raymond 
Dupuy or de Podio, whose whole life was full of thrilling incidents. He 
was born at the Chateau de Montbrun in 1530 and served with distinction in 
the wars of Flanders and Lorraine. Converted to Protestantism, he became 
most active in its defence, and when summoned by Parliament in 1560 to 
account for his course, he refused to obey, organizing the Protestants into 
active revolt, and leading them himself into many hard-fought victories. After 
the massacre of St. Bartholomew,^ he was among the first to raise the 
standard of insurrection, which resulted in the conquest of all of Dauphine. 
In 1574 he routed the King's forces at tlie Bridge of Royan, refusing the 
terms of peace at Rochelle. He there captured the King's baggage, forcing 
him to raise the siege of Livron. Commanded to lay down his arms, Mont- 
brun replied to the King, " You write me expecting me to obey you, asking 
recognition of your authority. In peace I should do so, but in war or in 
the saddle with arms in my hand we are on an equality." 

In 1575 large forces were combined to destroy him, and, after prodigies 
of valor, crushed by numbers and finally wounded, he was made prisoner 
at Grenoble. When the King heard the news he said, " He shall die, and 
we will now see whether we are upon an equality." It was in vain that 
Marshal d'Amville, the Duke of Guise, the Prince of Conde, and others tried 
to prevail upon Montbrun to change his religion. The King, Francis I., was 

' " Livre d'Or de la Noblesse," vol. iii. p. 362. 
' Appendix. 


remonstrated with against the policy of this execution, but all to no purpose. 
Montbrun, on account of the condition of his wounds, was carried to the 
scaffold in a chair; he there reminded the people that he died in defence of 
religious liberty, and perished. This was in 1575.* His life was vindicated 
by an article in the Treaty of 1576, and both parties united in bestowing 
upon him the merited surname of " Brave." ^ 

Jean Dupuy, the son of " Charles the Brave," succeeded to the title of 
Marquis de Montbrun. He was born in 1568 and died in 1637. He was 
captain of one hundred men of arms. In 1612 he was made Counsellor of 
State, assisting at the " States Generale " in 1614. The Assembly of La 
Rochelle having given him the government of La Provence, he undertook its 
conquest. In 1622 he commanded the cavalry at Royan. Historical evidence 
exists to prove him to have been a political personage of note, as well as a 
distinguished soldier. 

Of Alexandre Dupuy, the eleventh generation, Chevalier Marquis de 
Saint-Andre Montbrun, son of the preceding, history has much to tell. He 
was born at Montbrun in 1600, and early in life was page to Louis XIII. He 
abandoned the life of a courtier to join the Protestants in Piedmont. In 
1 62 1 he was made governor of Montauban, and soon after received the title 
of Field Marshal. In 1628, to succor Vivarias, he threw himself into Privas. 
Before its siege, Louis XIII. offered him one hundred thousand crowns to 
deliver the town into his hands. He replied to this that he was a man of 
honor and would defend himself and his people until death. 

The King, reinforced by Richelieu with twenty thousand men, repeatedly 
commanded his surrender, but Montbrun continued to fight with fury. In 
order to obtain favorable conditions, Montbnm with several companions 
repaired to camp, when Richelieu made him prisoner under the pretext that 
he had no safeguard. The King's troops then pillaged and set fire to the 
rebel city, massacring and hanging its defenders. An ordinance from the 
king confiscated its property and forbade future residence there. Only through 
the intervention of the Count of Soissons, Montbrun's life was saved. He 
was imprisoned in the Tower of Crest, but in a few months escaped, to offer 
his sword to the Republic of Venice. 

In 1 63 1 Gustavus Adolphus made him colonel, and he assisted at the 
taking of Frankfort, and at DTngermundi he distinguished himself by his 

'Guy Allard's "Genealogical History." 

'"Bulletin of the Archxological Society," 1852. " Nouvelle Biographic Generale." 
" Texier'.i account of Montbrun." Guy Allard's " Life of the Brave Montbrun, Charles 
Dupuy." " History of Charles Dupuy, the brave Seigneur Montbrun." Choire's " History 
of the Dauphine." Branton's " Illustrious Captains." 


valor. This gained him the government of Pomerania. He was wounded at 
the battle of Nuremberg, thus preventing his participation on the field of 
Leutzen. On the death of the King of Sweden, he attached himself to the 
Duke of Saxe-Weimar, was captured by Wallenstein and imprisoned for 
three months in the Fortress of Lindau. Returning to France in 1636, he 
was well received by the Court, obtained a regiment in 1638, and then made 
a campaign into Piedmont, where he was made prisoner at the siege of 
Turin. Recovering his liberty in 1642, he was raised to the grade of Field 
Marshal. After this he continued to serve in Italy. He was made governor 
of Nivemois in 1649 ^"d Lieutenant-General in 1650, and during the next 
nine years took a most active part in military operations. Cardinal Mazarin 
offered him the " Baton de Marechal " conditional upon his abjuring his 
former religion. He refused to purchase this honor at such a price, and 
retired to his estates. Still old age abated not his ardor, for in 1668, at the 
prayer of Venice, he undertook the defence of Candia, which was reduced 
by siege to the last extremity. After the capitulation of Morrisini, he was 
confirmed for life as Captain-General of the armies of Venice. After an 
expedition into Poland by the Count St. Paul, in 1670 he retired from his 
long fatigues to his " La Node " estate, where he died in 1673, aged 73 years.* 
He left no male descendant, the title passing through his brother Rene to 
the latter's son Jean. A branch of Rene's family passed into Holland at 
the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. 

Passing on, we find that " Jean Dupuy, lord of Villefranche de Jonchere 
and Marquis de Montbrun," nephew of Alexandre just mentioned, was driven 
from France for his religion and took refuge in England, where he was 
made colonel of a regiment of French refugees. He took part in the battle 
of Marsiglia, October, 1693, where he was badly wounded, causing his 
death two months later. In fleeing from France, he left a daughter behind 
who was afterwards reconverted to the Roman Catholic religion,^ and who 
was known at Court as Mile, de Villefranche. 

Charles, Duke of Schomberg, born in Heidelberg in 161 5 and naturalized 
a French officer in 1668, raised in 1689 a regiment of cavalry composed of 
French refugee gentlemen, and which was known specially as his own in- 
dividual regiment. It was at the battle of the Boyne and after Frederick's 
death there in 1690, that Charles Schomberg succeeded to his command. 
Under his leadership the regiment took part in the battle of Marsiglia, in 
Savoy, in 1693, where Charles Schomberg was killed. 

' Nouvelle Biographie Generale," which refers to the " Life of Saint-Andre Montbrun," 
1698; and "La France Protestante," by Haag Freres. 
' " Livre d'Or de la Noblesse," vol. iii, p. 364. 


" Such peers as History must blush to name 
When future records to the world relate 
Marsiglia's field and gallant Schomberg's fate." 

Among the list of officers of Schomberg's cavalry regiment, from the 
report of Dumont de Bostaquet, we find the name of Jean Dupuy, as cornet 
in 1689, who was killed in 1693; and also Jean Dupuy, as lieutenant. 

Among the list of persons born " In partibis transmarinis," naturalized 
by Royal Letters, who arrived in England from France, in March, 1682, we 
find Jean Dupuy and Jean Dupuy, minor. ^ 

We have now traced the lineage of the Dupuy family from Hughes 
Dupuy, the son of Raphael de Podio, living in the eleventh centur}% through 
Jean Alleman Dupuy, the first Marquis of Montbrun, down through seven 
centuries to Dr. John Dupuy, whose life and family will now be accounted for. 

"Agnew's "French Protestant Exiles," vol i. p. 39 and 98; vol. ii. p. 47 and 181. 
Public Record Office, Patent Roll, 34 Charles II., part 2, No. 19, March 8, 1682. 


OCTOR JOHN DUPUY (i), a Huguenot, the 
founder of a family of his surname in America, was 
born in 1679 i" France and died in the City of New 
York, New York, June 16, 1744. He is supposed to be 
identical with Jean Dupuy, " Minor," who arrived in 
England in 1682 with his father Jean Dupuy, lord of 
Villefranche. The son, after spending his early life 
in England, where he received a technical education, 
removed to the island of Jamaica, and later to New York City. The date of 
his coming to Jamaica is unknown, but it was prior to 1709, since in this year 
he bought from William Diggins a house and lot in Port Royal, Jamaica, pay- 
ing therefor one hundred and thirty pounds sterling, a corrected deed confirm- 
ing the sale being executed to him March 26, 171 1. The deed recites that both 
Dupuy and Diggins were then " of the Parish of Port Royal in the Island of 
Jamaica." Dr. Dupuy practised medicine at Port Royal, and was His 
Majesty's surgeon of the fort there, from which fact it seems probable that 
he had been sent by the British Government to Port Royal to fill the latter 
capacity. On March 11, 1713, he sold his Port Royal estate * to Isaac and 
Moses Fernandez, merchants of that city, receiving for the same the sum of 
five hundred pounds sterling. This was a handsome advance upon the price 
he had paid for the property, suggesting that he had put improvements on it 
after its purchase. 

Shortly after he disposed of this property at Port Royal, he removed 
to New York City, and there resumed the practice of his profession, pur- 
chasing on February 4, 17 14, a permanent home on King, now Pine Street. 

While living in Jamaica he numbered among his friends Dr. William 
Hay, of Westmoreland Parish, with whom he was on terms of close intimacy. 
The latter was a grandson of Sir John Hay, of Barre, England, Lord Clerk 
Register.'' Dr. Hay died April 16, 1717, aged thirty-six years, and was 

' Records of Deeds and Conveyances, Spanishtown, Jamaica, B. W. I., lib. 48, fol. 6. 
' " Officials and other Personages of Jamaica from 1655-1790," by W. A. Feurtado, 
Kingston, Jamaica. 



buried in the Parish of Kingston, Jamaica, near its cathedral. In his will, 
dated September 19, 171 1, he bequeathed unto Mr. Thomas Robertson and 
Dr. John Dupuy all of his estate, " both real and personal, consisting in 
either houses or lands, negroes, plate, jewels, ready money, and cattle, to 
them and to their heirs forever." and made Robertson and Dupuy his sole 

Among the papers preserved by the late Charles M. Dupuy was found 
a copy of a letter confirming the fact that Dr. John Dupuy resided in 
Jamaica and afterwards removed to New York. The letter reads as follows : 

" Philadelphia, April i8th, 1754. 
"To Mr. Isaac Levy, 

London, Eng. 
"Dear Sir: 

"I trouble you at present at the request of an old lady of my acquaintance, who 
imagines she is entitled to a legacy left by Mr. Girard Van Neck in his Will, published 
in the London Magazine for the month of September, 1750. 

" The gentlewoman's name is Anne Dupuy, the widow of old John Dupuy, who 
resided in New York and whom I believe you will remember. This lady informs me that 
she lived in Jamaica, the Island, in the year 1713, and her husband was surgeon to the 
Fort at Port Royal, and practised physick, and that while they lived there, a gentleman 
of the same name (Girard Van Neck) lived next door to them, and was under the care 
of her husband through a very bad fit of sickness, and as a neighbor she gave him her 
assistance, as a friend, in getting and making him sick-things, in a woman's way, as was 
necessary for a sick person. For which Mr. Van Neck came after his recovery, to return 
thanks, and acquainted her he was sensible of her kindness and that he would always 
remember her for it. That soon after his recovery he sailed in a fleet for England, and 
at his arrival sent her out several pieces of lace, and some valuable laced-shoes, as a 
present, with a letter to the doctor, acknowledging his obligations to them both for their 
civilities in his illness. Soon after this, in 1713, the Doctor removed his family to New 
York, where she has lived since, till the Doctor dieing in 1744, she sometime afterward 
removed hither where several of her children had married. 

" Mrs. Dupuy, whose name is Anne, and spells her surname exactly as it is printed 
in the Will, happened by accident to meet the Magazine about a year and a half ago, but 
being pretty ancient and having few acquaintances, knew not whom to trouble with the 
inquiry, 'till I offered her my services. 

" I shall take it as a great favor of you to inquire of the executors of Mr. Van Neck 
if any other person of the name of Dupuy has claimed that legacy, whom they know to 
be the person meant, for I own from the circumstances, which I have related above of 
this lady, with the uncommon goodness and affection that Mr. Van Neck has shown to 
his friends, in the disposition of his estate, that I am not altogether without hope that this 
lady may prove to be the person entitled to the isoo Sterling legacy given to a person of 
that name in his Will. 

" I have observed Mr. Van Neck has mentioned his being with a brother at the time 
the kindness was shown to him, but our Mrs. Dupuy does not very well remember whether 
there was another person of the same name in the house at Jamaica, but those circumstances 
may be better remembered or known by Mr. Joshua Van Neck, the executor, or some of 

Records of office of clerk of the Court of Appeals, Albany, N. Y. 

Jt, ^^ 

■ -!*« -T" -^^-^ -nail ' -- >■' 


the other brothers, who knew if Mr. Girard Van Neck lived within the Island of Jamaica 
or if he was there. 

" If you think it necessary you may show my letter to the executors, Mr. Joshua Van 
Neck and Mr. Peter Simond, and they can easily inform you whether any other person 
of the name of Anne Dupuy is entitled to the legacy, and if it should prove to have been 
a lady of the same name in England, or elsewhere. 

" I hope the gentleman will excuse the trouble of so long a letter, as the intention of 
it is to assist an ancient and good woman, whose circumstances will be more easy and happy 
the few years she may have to live, should she be the person entitled to Van Neck's Legacy.' 

" The ship sails while I write, in the afternoon, so that I have been obliged to 
write in a great hurry, which I hope will plead my excuse for so incorrect a letter, and 
you will do me a particular kindness in acquainting me with your answer by the first 
opportunity, after you have an answer from the executors, Mr. Van Neck's and your 
trouble will be acknowledged 

" By your most humble servant, 

"Will Cox.'" 

Dr. Dupuy was admitted a freeman of the corporation of New York, 
June 28, 1715,^ when John Johnson was Mayor, the population then number- 
ing but fifty-three hundred persons. He is also of record as one of the 
" physicians and surgeons " then practising in New York.* He was an active 
member of the French church " due St. Esprit," then known as the " Eglise 
Franqoise a la Nouville York." In 1724 he was appointed physician to the 
poor of the church, as is shown by its records,* which note the fact that in 
that year a committee of the church waited upon him, and were advised 
of his acceptance of the office, — a benevolent one, carrying no compensation. 
Three years later, while the Reverend Louis Rou was rector of the church, 
Dr. Dupuy was installed as an " ancien " or elder,^ his signature as such 
occurring three times on its records. He resigned this honorable office in 
1728, when he became a member of historic Trinity Protestant Episcopal 
Church on Broadway. On May 4, 1728, he received a patent for the 
" whole of pew 37 in Old Building," for which he paid the sum of £20, and. 

' A recent examination in the Register's office, London, showed that the Van Neck 
estate had been closed, but failed to show that Mrs. Dupuy had been paid this legacy 
intended for her. 

'Mayor's Court Minutes, May 24, 1715, to April 29, 1718, p. 19; also. Records of 
New York Historical Society. 

' Valentine's History of New York City, 1865. 

'Dr. Dupuy is also of record as being sponsor, 17 Aug., 1720, at the baptism of 
Jean Gallaudet, son of Dr. Peter Elise Gallaudet, of New Rochelle, New York, the founder 
of the New York family of that surname. 

° A prominent seat was reserved in the Huguenot " temple " for the " anciens " or 
elders of the congregation. These, with the pastor, constituted the " consistoire," or church- 
session, having the oversight of the flock and the charge of its temporalities, as well as of 
its spiritual interests. The " anciens " were selected by the congregation and served for a 
term of years. 


when subscriptions were sought for enlarging the church edifice, he came to 
the front and hberally subscribed for such worthy object.* 

The archives at Albany furnish us with some side-lights on Dr. Dupuy 
in connection with his practice of medicine. Among these archives is found 
the following bill for services rendered by Dr. Dupuy to one John Mackland 
in 1718. 

Dr. Mr. John Mackland to John Dupuy Credrs 

For medicine & 

Physick administered 

to him and his family 

at Sundry times in the 

year 1718. 9: 10: 9. 

By 2 prs of Cloggs 12:0 

By one handkercher 7:6 

By two pairs of mens 

stockings 15 :o 

i: 14:6 

Ball, due to John Dupuy 7:16:3 

Memor. That on the Elleventh day of March in the year of Our Lord 1723 Personally 
came and appeared before me Robert Walter Esqr Mayor of the City of New York John 
Dupuy of the Said City Chyrurgeon and on his Corporall Oath did declare that the above 
Accompt is a true Copy out of his books of what Ballance was due to him the Said John 
Dupuy from the said John Mackland deceased in his Life time and at the day of his death 
and for which he the Depont has not to this day had any manner of Satisfaction and 
further saith not 

" (Signed) Dupuy 
"Jurat Coram me 

die predic 
(Signed) R. Walter.' 

Another colonial document, still preserved among the archives at Albany, 
is a bill rendered October 17, 1723, by Dr. Dupuy to Mr. Pratt, containing 
the following items: 

s. d. 

" July 2nd, To I Emetic 0-3-0 

Sept. l6th " I Sudorific Bolus, 0-2-0 

" 17th " I let his blood 0-2-6 

" i8th " I Emetic, a-3-0 

" 19th " Stomach Drops, 0-2-6 

" 19th " (At night) to Anodine Dose 0-2-0 

" 20th " I large Blister-Plaster in his Neck 0-2-0 

" 23rd " Dose of Physick 0-3-0 

" 24th " For Volatile Lavender Spt. add Spt C.C, Fort 0-2-6 


■ " History of Trinity Church," by Rev. William Berrian, D.D.. 1847. 
• N. Y. Col. MSS., vol. Ixvi. p. ss. 




Among curious letters retained in the New York Archives is a letter 
from Isaac Bobin, Deputy Secretary of New York, to Honorable George 
Clark, the Secretary, dated October i6, 1723, and which reads: 

" Honored Sir : — 

" The Clover Seed goes now by " Will ' as likewise Mr. Dupuy's negro Wench.' 
I could not prevail upon her Master to give her two blankets, so have bought her a couple 
according to order. He has given her a pair of new shoes and stockings. I understand 
she does not want for clothes. She is unwilling to be sold, and her Master is unwilling to 
part with her, which makes the Doctor afraid she will be stuborn and to say she can do 
nothing. • But he desires you will not believe her for she can do everything belonging to 
a house, excepting milking a cow. She has lived sometime with Mr. Nicholls, the Port- 
Master, which made me inquire of him as to her character. He tells me she is a girl 
who knows the business of a House thoroughly, but that whoever buys her must have a 
watchful eye over her, otherwise she will be apt to idle her time. I have inquired at other 
places where she lived, but do not hear an ill character of her. I hope she may answer 
your expectations. 

" Sir, your most obedient and humble servant, 

I. Bobin." 

Upon his well-preserved gravestone, on the west side of Trinity Church- 
yard, is clearly chiselled the following inscription: 


Christian Hope 

of Blessed Immortality 

Mr. John Dupuy 

C. M. P. 

who departed this life 

on ye i6th of June, aged 65 years 

in ye year of our Lord Christ 


is here interred. 

The New York Weekly Post-Boy, of Jtuie 22, 1744, thus notes Dr. 
Dupuy's death: 

"On Sunday last, June 16th, died here, after a lingering illness. Dr. John Dupuy, 
whose merits justly made his death a public loss." 

Dr. Dupuy's last will and testament, dated May 27, 1741, with codicils 
dated, respectively, July 23, 1742, and September 7, 1743, were proved at New 
York, July 24, 1 744, and read as follows : 

" In the Name of God, Amen. I, John Dupuy, of the City of New York Chirurgeon, 
being weak in body, but of sound and perfect mind, memory and understanding, thanks 
be to God for the same, and considering the uncertainty of life and the certainty of death, 
do make this my last Will and Testament in form following:— 

' She was a slave, and is described as weighing 197 pounds, being purchased for 
iS5 for Madame Clark, wife of the Secretary. Three years later Mr. Clark was anxious 
to sell a negro woman, answering the description of this girl, because she " has a great itch 
for running away." She had been raised by Dr. Dupuy from infancy, and was nineteen 
years old when he parted with her. 



" First and Principally : I recommend my soul to Almighty God, who gave it me, 
and my body to the earth, to be interred in such decent and Christian-like manner as to 
my executors hereinafter named shall seem meet. Item: I will that all my just debts, 
of what kind soever, and my funeral charges, be well and truly paid and satisfied by my 
executors in some short time after my decease. Item : I do give, devise and bequeath 
unto my loving wife, Anne Dupuy, my negro wench called Rose, and my negro man, called 
Jack, together with my clock and furniture for one room, as also all that my messuage 
or dwelling-house, with its appurtenances, wherein I now live. To hold same to her, 
my said wife, during her widowhood, and in case my said wife shall remarry, then I give, 
devise and bequeath one-third part of my aforesaid dwellinghouse with its appurtenances, 
unto her, my said wife, during the term of her natural life ; and the other two-thirds part 
thereof, during the life of my said wife; and the reversion or remainder of my aforesaid 
dwellinghouse, with its appurtenances, after the death of my said wife, I give, devise, and 
bequeath unto and among my sons, John, Daniel and Francis, and my daughters Hester, and 
Jane now the wife of Peter David, Goldsmith ; to hold the same unto them, my said sons 
and daughters, and to their heirs and assigns forever. Item : I give, devise and bequeath 
unto my said daughter Hester, and to her heirs and assigns forever, all that my dwelling- 
house and lot of ground, next the Corner of King St. in William St., now or late in 
the occupation of Sheffield Howard, as also my negro girl Phillis, together also with 
furniture for a room. Item : I do give, devise and bequeath unto my said son John, and 
to his heirs and assigns forever, my Great Garden in William St., as also all my drugs, 
medicines, and all other things being in or belonging unto my shop. Item : I give and 
bequeath to my son Daniel the sum of Sixty Pounds, current money of New York, to be 
paid to him in six months after my decease. Item: I give and bequeath unto my son 
Francis my negro boy Cxsar and also the sum of loo pounds, current money of New 
York, to be paid to him in one year after my decease. Item : I give and bequeath unto 
my niece Susanna Chardavoyne the sum of Five Pounds, current money of New York, to 
be paid her in six months after my decease. Item : I do order and direct, and hereby fully 
empower and authorize my executors, hereinafter named, or the survivors of them, to 
sell and dispose of in fee simple all that my house, land and farm in Orange County, in 
the Province of New York, as also a house and lot at the corner of King St. and V/illiam 
St., in this City, now in the occupation of Elias Mombrute, and the house and lot [ have 
opposite to the Great Garden hereby before devised to my son John, and also mj Little 
Garden, near the French Church, and that for such consideration or considerations as to 
them, my executors or to the survivors or survivor of them, shall seem meet; ard after 
all my just debts and legacies hereby before bequeathed and funeral expenses are fully paid 
and satisfied, then I do give and bequeath all the residue and remaining part of try estate 
unto and among my said wife and children equally to be divided between them, share and 
share alike. And lastly, I do hereby constitute and appoint my said wife and son John 
and my good friend Jeremiah Lattuch, Merchant, executors of this, my last Will and 
Testament, hereby revoking all former Will or Wills by me at any time heretofore made, 
and declaring this to be my only last Will and Testament. In Witness Whereof, I have 
hereunto set my hand and seal this 27th day of May, in the 14th year of his Majesty's 
reign. Anno Domini, 1741. 

J. DuPuY (Seal) 

" Signed, sealed published and declared by the said John Dupuy, as and for his last 
Will and Testament in the presence of us, who subscribed as witnesses in his presence : 

"(Signed) Richard Nicholls, 

John Van Cortlandt, 
John Burnet." 


"A CODICIL made and published by me, John Dupuy, of the City of New York, 
Chirurgeon, and by me made a part of my last Will and Testament, as followeth : I.E., I 
do by this present Codicil give and bequeath unto my sons Daniel and Francis, my large 
silver tankard, weighing upwards of 30 ounces, which was brought by me from Jamaica.' 
and also one silver Porringer. Item : I do by this present Codicil give and bequeath unto 
my dear wife, Anne, the use of all my household furniture so long as she shall remain 
my widow, but that immediately upon her death or remarriage, the same to be equally 
divided among all my children mentioned in my before-written will. 

" In Witness Whereof I hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of the 
witnesses whose names are subscribed, this 23rd day of July, 1742. 

J. Dupuv (Seal) 
" Signed, sealed and published and declared by the 
said John Dupuy as a Codicil to his last 
Will, and to be taken as part thereof, in 
the presence of us, who have subscribed our 
names in his presence. 

Richard Nicholls, 

John VanCortlandt, 

John Burnet." 

"This is to acknowledge that I left unto my son, John Dupuy, in my Will, my shop 
and everything else that belongs unto the same, but upon reconsideration, I leave my shop 
and everything, its appurtenances, unto my son Francis Dupuy, except the great Mortars. 
In Witness Whereof, I set my hand this seventh day of September, 1743. 

"(Signed) J. Dupuy. (Seal.) 
" Attestors : 

Jacob Bond. 
James Simpson." 

Richard Nicholls, one of the subscribing witnesses to the will and to 
the first codicil, was an eminent lawyer, who served as coroner of New York 
from 1730 to 1743; afterwards as deputy clerk to Councils, and then Port 
master. John Van Cortlandt, another witness, was the most prominent 
lawyer of New York in his day, and John Burnet was a brother of William 
Burnet, the then Governor of the Colony, and who afterwards removed to 
Boston, where he acted as representative of the British government, both 
being sons of Bishop Burnet. 

The brick mansion and lot spoken of in the will, located on King Street, 
now Pine Street, was the home of Dr. Dupuy from 1714 until his death. It 
was originally a part of the estate of one John Damen, whose executors sold 
the property to Samuel Burt, August 4, 1691, it being then described as 
bounded north by Thienhoven street, south partly by Capt. Anthony Brock- 
hoist and partly by land of William Cox, west by Lawrence Reade, and east 
by lot left by John Damen to Amaranthy Provost.^ Burt's executors sold 

'This silver tankard weighed 29 oz. 14 p.w., and is last found in the inventory of 
Daniel Dupuy's effects after his death in 1807. It is supposed to have been then sold. 
'Deed Book, lib. 18, fol. 186. 



the property to John Tadham in 1712, and he conveyed it to John David, Sr.,^ 
who, in turn, on February 4, 17 14, conveyed it to Dr. Dupuy.* The lot was 
34 X 78 feet, and at the present time covers premises No. 59 and a portion of 
No. 61 Pine Street. The lot immediately in the rear (now No. 56 Wall 
Street) was occupied as the residence of the famous Captain Kidd, pirate, 
where he lived for many years. Old Bayard's sugar-house was also close by. 

The John David from whom Dr. Dupuy bought his home was, with his 
wife Hester and son John, among the French refugees born "In partibus 
transmarinis," and registered by Agnew among those who were naturalized 
by royal letters patent in Westminster, March 8, 1682, at the same time as 
were John Dupuy and John Dupuy, " minor." John David and wife Hester 
were probably friends of the Dupuys in France, but at any rate in England. 
The Davids removed to New York prior to September 29, 1701, for on that 
day John David the father, and John his son, were freemen and freeholders 
in the East Ward. Here Dr. Dupuy, when settling in that city, renewed the 
friendship of his youth with the Davids, purchasing from the elder David, 
then a merchant, the estate which became his own permanent residence, as 
before mentioned. John David was an early " ancien " of the French Church. 
One of his sons, Peter David, married Jeanne, the second child of Dr. Dupuy, 
and, to still closer cement his friendship for the Davids, Dr. Dupuy named 
his eldest daughter Hester, after the wife of the elder David. 

On July 5, 1765, after the death of Dr. Dupuy's widow, his surviving 
heirs sold the old homestead to Myer Myers, goldsmith, for one thousand 
pounds New York money, those joining in the conveyance being Daniel (son 
of Dr. Dupuy) and wife Eleanor, Hester Moschell, widow (a daughter), and 
John David (a grandson, son of Peter and Jeanne [Dupuy] David).* 

The Orange County farm mentioned in Dr. Dupuy's will comprised 
some twelve hundred and fifty acres of land, and adjoined the farm of 
Robert Elliston. The land was given for a debt due from one Charles 
Cromilin, and was conveyed to Dupuy in trust for certain creditors. It 
finally came into his possession through the purchase of the other interests. 
The property had a stream running through it, now known as Moodna 
Creek, at the mouth of which a family named Nichols still own a large tract. 
One of the Nichols family was a commissary-general in the Revolutionary 
army, and was on General Washington's staff when the American army 
visited New Windsor in 1781. The Orange County farm was advertised for 
sale in the papers of that day, as follows: 

' Grim's Essay (Index). 

'Lib. M., fol. 189-192, Secretary of State Office, New York: also Register's office. 

' Register's office, New York, lib. xxxvii, 326-330. 


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"There is to be sold a plantation in Orange County, New York, consisting of 1250 
acres, 20 whereof is cleared, situated betwixt Captain Nichols' and Mr. Smith's, four 
miles from the water side. There is on it a house and orchard and a very fine creek fit for 
a mill ; to be sold at a reasonable rate. Enquire of Mrs. Anne Dupuy, in New York, or 
Mr. Daniel Dupuy, Goldsmith, in Philadelphia."' 

Another of Dr. Dupuy's properties was offered for sale after his death, 
as is seen from the following- advertisement : 

" On Tuesday, the 24th of May next, will be sold a corner-house and lot of ground 
belonging to the Estate of Mr. John Dupuy, late of the City of New York, deceased, 
situate in Smith Street, being in breadth fronting the said street about 21 feet and in 
length fronting King Street 53 feet, with a gang on the rear of the next lot leading to 
Tienhoven Street. For further particulars any person may apply to Mrs. Anne Dupuy, the 
surviving executor .of said estate and be further informed." ' 

The last-mentioned lot is now covered by the northwest comer of 
William and Pine Streets. 

Again the public are informed by advertisement that: 

"On Wednesday, July nth, 1750, to begin at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, at the 
premises, will be sold at public vendue, the house of the late Dr. Dupuy in King Street 
where Mr. Brain now lives; and also the house in Smith Street next door to Captain 
Tittle where Captain Weyman now lives. The title is indisputable; also a large looking- 
glass, part of the frame of a house and several other things. Likewise, a tract of good 
land 1650 acres in the Highlands, to be sold in about S weeks time. If any person inclines 
to buy either of said houses or land in the meantime, apply to widow Dupuy at the house 
of George Burnet who will agree upon reasonable terms." ' 

The " Great Garden " referred to in the will of Dr. John Dupuy com- 
prised two lots, each 25 x 157 feet, being numbered in the plot of Shoemaker's 
Pasture as Nos. 55 and 56.* They are now Nos. 128 and 130 William 
Street, respectively. Dr. Dupuy bought lot 55 on February 12, 1714, — a 
week after he purchased his homestead on King now Pine Street, — from 
Abram Tittletoss, paying for the same £42 lawful money of New York.^ 
Lot 56 was bought May 21, 1724, from Johannes Breesteede, tanner, Andreas 
Breesteede, joiner, and their wives Rebecca and Deborah, the heirs of Andries 
Breesteed, deceased, for which he paid £50." On July 15, 1742, two years 
before his death, Dr. Dupuy conveyed this lot to his son John for the 
nominal sum of ten shillings, the real consideration being " the natural love 
and affection which parents bear to their sons." Lot 55 had also passed 
into the hands of said son, and, upon the son's death in 1745, both lots came 

'New York Weekly Post-Boy, Sept. 17 and Nov. 2, 1745. 

'Ibid., May 16, 1748. 

'New York Weekly Post-Boy, July I, 1750. 

* Record of Deeds, New York City, lib. 28, fol. 145. 

'Ibid., lib. 38, fol. II. 

' Ibid., lib. 38, fol. 16-22. 


to be possessed by the son's widow, Frances Elliston, and his only child, 
Anne Sophia. Shortly afterward the widow married John Peter Tetard, and 
in 1761 the daughter married Daniel Jacqueri, when these jointly, on June 24, 
1764, conveyed lot 55 to Samuel Edmunds,^ for £332, los. New York money, 
and on June 24, 1767, the same grantors sold lot 56, "together with all 
edifices and implements therein and thereon," to Samuel Brines, for a con- 
sideration of £292, current money. ^ 

The house and lot on the corner of Smith and King Streets devised to 
Hester (Moschel) a daughter of Dr. John Dupuy, Sr., was by her conveyed 
to Robert R. Livingston, who afterwards, April 15, 1784, sold it to Gerardus 

Dr. Dupuy married, circa 1712, Anne Chardavoine, daughter of Elie 
Chardavoine* and his wife Anne Valleau,' both parents being of French 
Huguenot families. Mrs. Dupuy, after the settlement of her husband's 
estate, removed to Philadelphia, where she joined her son Daniel, and where 
she died 13 January, 1769. She was buried two days later in the graveyard of 
Christ Church, of which the Rev. Richard Peters, D.D.,® was then Rector. 
Mr. Chardavoine, her father, came from Saujon, Province of Saintonge, 
France, now known as the Department Charente-Inferieure, and married 

'Record of Deeds, New York City, lib. 38, fol. 26. 
' Ibid., lib. 92, fol. 187. 

• Ibid., lib. 98, fol. 487. 

* Elie and Anne (Valleau) Chardavoine had five children, viz.: i. Elias, who died 
at New York in 1726; married, in 1717, Susanna David. On April 18, 1721, the Mayor 
was ordered by the Council to " issue his Warrant to the Treasurer to pay Elias Chardovine, 
Jr., or order the sum of One Pound Twelve Shillings and Four Pence Half Penny Currt 
Money of New York, being Expenses at his house by the Justices and others in Inquiring 
into the Report and taking Examinations of A supposed designed Insurrection of the 
Negroes within this City as Appears by his Acct which is audited by this Court and 
allowed." 2. Jeremie; married Marie Renaud; was admitted freeman of New York in 
1719; served in a company of militia under Captain Gerard Beekman in 1738, and in 
the following year under Captain Cornelius Van Home. 3. Isaac, born in 1702; died in 
November, 1773; married, in 1717, Hannah, a daughter of Anthony Carr; was made 
freeman in 1731 ; in 1737 served in a company of militia under Captain Henry Cuyler ; 
was appointed timber-inspector by Councils, 16 August, 1770. 4 Pierre, born 1705. 5. Ann; 
married Dr. John Dupuy, as stated in the text. 

'The Valleaus came from St. Martin, LTle de Re, in 1685, after the revocation of 
the Edict of Nantes. Pierre Valleau was a merchant, living in 1660, in the " bourg d'Ars," 
with his wife Marie Grau. In 1674 Isaie Valleau is spoken of in the History of LTle de 
Re, by R. T. Phelippot, of St. Martin, as being resident and " Sieur de la Free," in that 
year, and as having left the country after the Edict The Valleaus settled in New 
Rochelle, New York, from which point came Dr. Dupuy's wife. 

•Reverend Richard Peters, D.D., was Rector of Christ Church from 1762 to 1775, 

dying on July 10, 1776, at the age of 72 years. He was an Englishman of large means, 

arriving in Philadelphia in 1755, where he afterwards resided, and, before becoming Rector, 

occasionally officiated as assistant to Dr. Robert Jenney, the then Rector of Christ Church. 



Anne Valleau at the French Huguenot church. New York City, August 24, 
1692. He was elected constable of the West Ward, New York City, Septem- 
ber 29, 1 713, when it was found that he had not been naturahzed and so was 
not quahfied to serve, whereupon the Mayor then directed the aldermen of the 
city to cause a new election to fill the position. On July 26, 171 5, he became a 
freeman, and on October 9, 1720, he was again chosen constable, and took 
the oath of office on the 25th of that month, at which time he was an inn- 
keeper in the East Ward. 

Children of Dr. John and Anne (Chardavoine) Dupuy, most of whom were 
born in New York City and baptized in the " Eglise du St. 
Esprit " : 

2. i. Hester Dupuy, married John Moschel. 

3. ii. Jeanne Dupuy, baptized February 15, 1715; died October i, 1752; married 

Peter David. 

4. iii. John Dupuy, bom October 20, 1717; baptized October 27, 1717; died July 21, 

174s; married Frances Elliston. 

5. iv. Daniel Dupuy, born April 30, 1719; baptized May 10, 1719; died August 30, 

1807; married Eleanor Cox. 
V. Thomas Dupuy, born September 2, 1720; baptized September 11, 1720. 
There is a well-authenticated tradition that he, together with his brother 
Paul, was sent to Europe to be educated, and that they were lost at sea, 
which event occurred before the death of their father, since they are not 
named in his will. 

6. vi. Francis Dupuy, born October 20, 1721 ; baptized November 8, 1721 ; died at 

sea, in 1750. 
vii. Paul Dupuy, born July 8, 1723; baptized July 17, 1723; lost at sea. 
viii. Isabel Dupuy, born August z6, 1727; baptized September 6, 1727; died young. 

2. HESTER DUPUY, eldest child of Dr. John Dupuy by his wife 
Anne Chardavoine, was probably born at Port Royal, in 1713, as her baptism 
is not recorded on the register of the French church at New York. She 
married, somewhat late in life, John Moschel (Marshall), an old French 
gentleman of Philadelphia, who predeceased his wife, no issue surviving them. 
She was living in 1753, during which year she was godmother at the baptism 
of Daniel Dupuy, Jr., her nephew. She is no doubt identical with the Esther 
Dupuy, of New York, to whom was bequeathed " a silver mugg and a 
silver beaker," by Henry Richards, of New York, in his will,^ dated at 
Funchal, Island of Madeira, November 5, 1735. 

3. JEANNE DUPUY, second child of Dr. John Dupuy by his wife 
Anne Chardavoine, was baptized at New York, February 15, 1715; died 
at Philadelphia, October i, 1752, and was buried in Christ Church burying- 

New York Wills, lib. iii, fol. 197, 


ground in that city. She married, as has been mentioned, Peter David, son 
of John David, the Huguenot refugee, who became a gold- and silversmith 
in New York. Peter David and his wife Jeanne settled in Philadelphia, 
where in 1739 we find the husband installed in business as " an importer and 
goldsmith at his house in Front Street." ^ Some years later he removed 
to a new location,- as appears from his advertisement, announcing that he 
has for sale " at his store-dwelling house on Second Street, Jewelry, silver- 
ware, plate, etc." Mr. David was bom in New York in 1691, and died at 
Philadelphia, October 21, 1755. His wife Jeanne dying in 1752, he married 
as second wife Mrs. Margaret Parham, widow, July 28, 1753, who survived 
him and administered upon his estate. 

Children of Peter and Jeanne (Dupuy) David: 

i. Anne David, who died in infancy. 

ii. John David, born circa 1736; died in 1794. He followed the profession of his 
father, and conducted business at " his shop next door to Second Street at the 
corner in Chestnut Street." He married, and had issue : John David ; Susan 
David, who married, 8 December, 1790, Thomas Latimer ; and Deborah David, 
who died unmarried. 

4. JOHN DUPUY, Jr., M.D., the eldest son and third child of Dr. John 
Dupuy by his wife Anne Chardavoine, was born at New York, October 20, 
1 71 7, and died there July 21, 1745. The son also became a physician and 
surgeon, and, although he died when but twenty-eight years of age, he lived 
to attain prominence in his profession, particularly in the line of obstetrics. 
He was buried in old Trinity church-yard, from which his head-stone was, 
some years since, removed and placed on the wall of the vestibule leading 
to the vestry-room of the churclr, through the efforts of Charles M. Dupuy 
and the kindness of the Reverend Doctor Morgan Dix, rector, and his 
father. General John A. Dix, the senior warden. Dr. Dix once stated that 
this stone was the only one found in Trinity church-yard to bear a coat of 
arms. The cutting on it furnishes a fine example of the stone-carving of 
the day, though the " arms " of Dupuy and Elliston have, through the ignor- 
ance of the cutter, been reversed in their quarterings. 

The New York Weekly Post-Boy of July 22, 1745, thus recorded Dr. 
Dupuy's death : 

"Last night, died in the prime of life to the almost universal regret and sorrow of 
this City, Mr. John Dupuy, M.D., and man-midwife; in which last Character it may be 
Uuly said here, as David did of Goliah's sword, There is none like him." 

American Weekly Mercury of April 26 and May 3, i739- 
■ Pennsylvania Journal of July 26, 1750. 

CONDIGNVii Fa'ina^EtyElerncP Menloriee Sacrum Nuper Rvto 
Perfiindi.D.JoHaNNiJS Dupky. C.^.M-Profefforis Literati h Rioy 
Nfpr'T.fmraf.ciisi QutArmo Doiumi MDCCXIV AtqueyEtatis ^ 
XX\ Ci Ft) farVitaMigravit Sic Deo Visum Rut Torrestm IPs/ 
P t.(. I IrCn^estFa^-^'^^fT^-^'-vJPfePolftflei/ 

Ip s I s'u ,t y^ ^L^ ^sjiiiiiiii 

JesnKi I i\^l\{iton 

Lectin Hit: finrs, 


Y, r // 





Under date of July 31, 1745, Robert Elliston, Esq./ the father-in-law of 
Dr. Dupuy, communicated to the editor of the New York Weekly Post-Boy, 
a eulogy to the memory of Dr. Dupuy, together with the original of the Latin 
inscription engraved upon his tombstone in Trinity church-yard, as well as 
a translation of the same; all which appeared in that paper August 5, 1745, 
as follows : 

" The late death of Mr. Dupuy, that skilful Practiser in Physic etc., here, and the 
general lamentation which hath been used hereupon concerning him, and will elsewhere 
from the knowing him in any degree, is the occasion to entreat you to insert the 
Sepulchral Inscription herewith of him in your next publishing the occurances, as may 
likely be thought agreeable ; that viewing such, now designed to be where he is deposited, 
and withal, your impression thereof, his memory should to the utmost be preserved." 

" Condignae Famae Aeternae Memoirae Sacrum, Nuper Fato, perfuncti, D Johannis 
Dupuy, C. & M. Professoris Literati In Provincia Neo Eboracensi; Qui, Anno Domini, 
MDCCXLV. Atque Aetatis Suae XXVII. Ex Hac Vita Migravit. Sic, Deo Visum 
Fuit Terrestria Ipsum Praeterivisse, Ut Caelestia Ipse Possideret: De Reliquiis Sttis. 
Hae Sunt Huic Tumulatae Usque AD JESU Nostri Adventum. Similiter Ipsi, Sit Lector! 
Tua Fides Sincera Ac Spes Certa, Propter Visionem Et Fruitionem Beatificam quae deinde 

" Afifectu Hoc Posuit.— R. E." 

Translated it reads: 

" Sacred to the Worthy Reputation and perpetual remembrance of the late deceased 
Mr. John Dupuy, learned professor of Chirurgery and Medicine in the Province of New 
York; who, in the year of our Lord, 1745, and of his age, 27, departed this life. Thus 
it pleased God he should forsake the things terrestrial that he might enjoy the things 
celestial ; as to his remains, such are entombed here until our Saviour's coming. Let 
your faith, reader, be sincere and Hope certain, as his was, for the beatific vision and 
fruition which will be hereafter. This inscription hath R. E. affectionately placed." ■ 

Dr. John Dupuy, the younger, married, prior to 1741, Frances, daughter 
of Robert Elliston, Esq. Mr. Elliston filled a prominent position in the 
social and public life of New York City. He was the Comptroller of His 
Majesty's Customs at that port from 1720 until the time of his death in 
1756. He was a member of old Trinity Church; served as vestrjmian at 
various times for thirty years, between 1713 and 1755, and his remains 
were interred in the family vault in its church-yard. He was a generous 
contributor to everything in connection with this mother-parish. A large 
silver basin for the reception of offerings at communion was presented by 
him, and is still preserved in the treasury of the church. On its reverse 
are handsomely engraved his arms and crest, with this inscription : " Haec 
Amula seu lanx huic Ecclesiae confertur." An altar-piece, prepared according 

For further particulars see Addenda, page 155. 

New York Weekly Post-Boy, August 5, 1745. " R. E." Robert Elli.^ton. 


to his idea and for which he subscribed £20, was used for many years at the 
church services. When, in 171 1, it was determined to erect a steeple on 
the church edifice, he subscribed Hberally for that purpose, and in 1736 he, 
in connection with his son-in-law's father, Dr. John Dupuy, the elder, made a 
liberal contribution towards enlarging the edifice. The minutes of the vestry 
give a long list of religious books which he imported from London in 1738 
and 1 74 1, and which he presented to the library of the church. Some of 
these are now in the library of the General Theological Seminary in New 
York City, and contain his book-plate. Mr. Elliston died in 1756.^ His 
widow, Mary, died 19 February, 1775, and on the following day the New 
York Gazette and Weekly Mercury mentioned her death in these words: 

"Last night, after a lingering illness, died at her farm near Kingsbridge, in the 
88th year of her age, Mrs. Mary Elliston, Relict of Robert Elliston, Esq., late Comp- 
troller of His Majesty's Customs for this Port, and on Friday was decently interred in 
the Family Vault in Trinity Church- Yard." 

Mrs. Frances Dupuy, the widow of Dr. John Dupuy, Jr., married as her 
second husband the Reverend John Peter Tetard, who was born in Switzerland 
in 1 72 1 and died in 1787. 

In 1763 the Reverend Jean Carle, who succeeded Mr. Louis Rou as 
minister of the French church, owing to his continued ill health, sent his 
resignation to the Consistory. As it became necessary to select a successor, 
the " Heads of the Families " met, and, after discussing the situation, passed 
certain resolutions, which they deemed advisable for the information of 
candidates, that it might be possible to secure a minister of the best ability. 
The first resolution fixed the salary at £140 per annum, and " in addition, 
his travelling expenses here." As a further inducement, letters were sent 
by the Consistory to the Protestant Centre at Geneva, stating that " the 
climate of New York is one of the finest in the world, the sky being serene, 
the air pure, and the heat and cold less extreme than in Geneva, so that 
persons born in France usually attain here a greater age than there; that 
the minister of the French Church is ex-officio one of the governors of 
King's College, which position procures him the pleasure of being in com- 
pany with the most distinguished society without involving any trouble on 
his part." 

Rev. Tetard came to New York in 1763, after finally resigning the 
pastorate of his church at Charleston, South Carolina, which he had held 

T/if New York Packet of December 29, 1789. contained the foUowmg notice: " Married 
on Thursday evening last, by the Rev. Doctor Moore, Mr. Wm. Pmto, merchant of the 
Isld. of Trinidad, to Miss Fanny Hamilton, grand-daughter of Robert Elliston, Esq., deceased, 
formerly Comptroller of the Customs for this port." 


for three years, intimating to Mr. Carle that he would like to administer 
holy communion as he had done when in New York in 1756. "But his 
circumstances having subsequently changed, we considered it our duty," said 
Mr. Carle, " in order to quiet our conscience, and conform ourselves to the 
Canons of the Church, and particularly to the rules of our discipline, as also to 
edify the flock which the Lord had confided to us, to take the following 
precautions: — We invited him to come to our study, when, in the presence 
of Messrs. Desbrosses and Vallade, elders of the French Reformed Church in 
New York, in America, we asked him: First, Whether he had definitely 
left the ministry. He answered ' No ; I have not had even the intention of 
leaving it.' I then asked him why he had left his church in Charleston. 
He answered that the principal reason was because of his health, which had 
been greatly injured by the deadly climate there. I asked him again: Did 
you not leave your church Pour pouvoir espouser la veuve Dupuy? He 
answered that that had only induced him to leave his church a little sooner 
than he would otherwise have done, but that notwithstanding that, he would 
anyway have left the said church on account of his health. On the strength 
of these declarations I allowed him to administer the Communion with me." 

Owing to the positive determination of Mr. Carle to resign, a call was 
extended to Rev. Tetard, on condition, however, that, " according to Huguenot 
custom, he must speak extempore; he must conduct the services just as Mr. 
Carle had done, — Sunday morning a sermon, and in the afternoon another 
on Calvin's catechism; on Wednesday a prayer; for the four Communion 
Seasons, special preparatory sermons; for festival days, namely, Christmas, 
New Year, the Monday after Easter, Ascension, and Pentecost, sermons; 
besides all Fast and Thanksgiving days appointed by the Government ; Should 
the Royal Family be increased, the Government would require for all such 
events also a sermon." 

Wisely and in preference to accepting such responsibility, Mr. Tetard 
married the rich widow Dupuy, and afterwards would only accept the pas- 
torate in a temporary capacity. After occupying the pulpit for a short time, 
an opposition sprang up in the congregation, the sole purpose being to have 
the Reverend Mr. Daller, who was then preaching in the little French church 
in New Rochelle, New York, take permanent charge of the former church. 
The Consistory were all favorable to Mr. Tetard, but soon after, an election 
was held, and the opposition succeeded in seating their representative and 
secured control of the affairs of the church. A demand was made upon Mr. 
Tetard to allow Mr. Daller to occupy the pulpit on the following Sunday. 
A discussion between the factions followed, with the result that Mr. Tetard 
and his followers were driven from the building, when he, Mr. Tetard, 


exclaimed : " I demand in my name and in the name of the elders of this 
church, that you allow me to enter the pulpit, so that I may perform the 
functions of my ministry." This appeal had no effect, and Mr. Tetard was 
compelled to withdraw with his followers. 

One week later a similar attempt was made to gain admittance to the 
pulpit, resulting in failure. On the following Sunday Mr. Tetard's friends 
took revenge by posting on the doors of the church the following notice: 
" It is written, My House shall be a House of Prayer, but ye have made it 
a den of thieves. Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that entereth not by the 
door into the fold of the sheep, but climbeth up some other way, is the same 
as a thief and robber," and by removing, on the following Sunday, the clapper 
of the bell. Thus failing to secure redress, Mr. Tetard abandoned the 
contest, and gracefully withdrew all further opposition. After this (1767) 
he served for a time as minister of the Dutch church at Fordham. 

Having, as already stated, married the widow Dupuy, and through this 
marriage come into possession of considerable property, he concluded, a few 
years later, that down-town realty had reached too high a figure, and made 
up his mind to dispose of the two properties which his wife had inherited 
from her father and husband, one of which was located on Broadway and 
the other on William Street. 

In 1763 he bought a farm of sixty acres from Petrus Vermilye, located 
in the Manor of Fordham, Borough-town of Westchester, New York, on the 
Boston road near King's Bridge, and there, in 1773, established the first French 
school on Manhattan Island. About this time he also purchased " lot No. 3, on 
Harlem River, containing one acre of salt meadows described in the Con- 
sistory room of the Dutch church," for all of which he paid the sum of £550.* 

On October 17, 1786, he, with his wife Frances, for a consideration 
of £700, current money, conveyed to Elliston and John Perot,^ merchants of 
Philadelphia, the dwelling-house and lot of ground in West Ward on the west 
side of Broadway, New York, which property his wife had inherited from her 
father, Robert Elliston, who had purchased the same in 1742, and which 
measured one hundred and fort}'-nine feet on the north line, one hundred and 
forty-eight feet on the south line, with a frontage of twenty-seven feet five 
inches on Broadway, and twentj'-four feet three inches in the rear, bought in 
1742 from Benjamin Payne. Included in the same sale were two acres of 
land which Mr. Tetard had bought near King's Bridge, also the sixty acres 
which he had purchased from Petrus Vermilye.^ 

'Records of Deeds, lib. 44, pp. 43-47, Register's office, New York. 
' The Perots were related to Robert Elliston. 

' Records of Deeds, lib. 44, pp. 43-47, Register's office, New York. 


When General Richard Montgomery resided in New York, he was 
a neighbor of the Reverend Tetard out on the Boston road near King's 
Bridge, and the two became intimately acquainted. Through Montgomery's 
influence, Tetard was appointed by the Provincial Congress of New York, 
on 6 July, 1775, chaplain of the New York troops and French interpreter to 
General Schuyler, the commander of these troops. Under this appointment, 
he at once became a member of General Montgomery's immediate military 
family, and served with him on his ill-fated expedition ; yet the former seems 
to have left nothing indicative of his own services and nothing relating to 
Montgomery or the expedition. It is pleasant to note, however, that among 
the nationalities thus early engaged in our Revolutionary struggle, Switzer- 
land — the land that has given us, to become our sons, Agassiz, Guyot, and 
Dr. Schaff — had her representative, Tetard. Alas! the one fatal shot which 
brought about Montgomery's death ended a brilliant and hopeful undertaking, 
and to-day, on the steep side of the rocky cliff upon which Quebec is built, a 
stone slab solemnly stands to mark the spot near where he fell. 

To Rev. Tetard personally it was the beginning of disaster, for, returning 
after six months' service in Canada, with the rank of major, he found his 
house burned, his farm ruined, thirteen of his slaves gone, and himself 
reduced to poverty. For years an arch or walled cave, twenty feet deep by 
about fifteen feet wide, dug into the side of a hill, existed on this farm, and 
was known by some as " Dominie Tetard's wine-cellar," and by others as 
" the old powder-house " — perhaps it was both. From Tetard's heights, 
with its powder-house. Fort Independence in the old town of Yonkers 
could be seen, also King's Bridge (the favorite station of the angler), the 
creek. New York Island, and the neighboring hills, and from this hill the 
Continental army retreated on the approach of General Knyphausen in 1776. 

On November 21, 1776, Tetard was commissioned chaplain of the 
Fourth New York Continental Line. He was at Fort Clinton, a weak post 
six miles below West Point, when it was taken, but escaped capture.* The 
war over, he became the first professor of French in Columbia College, which 
position he held until his death on February 10, 1787, at the age of sixty- 
seven years. His remains were laid to rest in Trinity church-yard, pre- 
sumably in the Elliston tomb. 

After the death of Dr. John Dupuy, Jr., it would seem that considerable 
money was owing to his estate, since it became necessary for his widow to 

^"The Patriot Clergy and the New York City Chaplains in the War of the Revolu 
tion," an address before the New York Historical Society in 1895, by Rev. A. G. Vermilye, 
D.D. ; also, " Collections of the Huguenot Society of America," vol. i. 


advertise, as was customary, through the medium of the New York Weekly 
Post-Boy, July ist, 1747, as follows: 

" By this present advertisement, it is desired of the several persons who are indebted 
to the estate of the deceased John Dupuy, late practicer of Chirurgy and Physic in the 
Province of New York, that in no wise, they hence delay making payment of the respective 
dues ; further that whoever hath any demand on the said deceased's estate, it shall forthwith 
by his Relict and Executrix be surely adjusted. 

" Frances Dupuy." 

Child of Dr. John Dupuy, Jr., by his wife Frances Elliston: 

i. Anne Sophia Dupuy, who, on November 7, 1761, married Daniel Jacqueri in the 
old Dutch Church, New York; and we find that the Rev. Peter Tetard and wife, 
with Daniel Jacqueri and wife, being the heirs-at-law of Dr. John Dupuy, Jr., sold 
on June 24, 1764, for a consideration of £332 los., current money of the Province 
of New York, to Samuel Edwards, the lot in the City of New York, in Mont- 
gomery Ward, in William Street, " a parcel of ground, with all improvements, 
wells, walls, and ways " known as a part of Shoemaker's Pasture, being lot 
No. 55 therein, 25 feet wide by 158 feet deep. This lot is known as No. 130 
William Street, and in 1897 was covered by a wholesale drug store. Anne 
Sophia Dupuy died childless, and other property which she had naturally inherited 
from her father. Dr. John Dupuy, Jr., was disposed of when her mother and step- 
father disposed of their interests. 

5. DANIEL DUPUY, the fourth child of Dr. John Dupuy by his wife 
Anne Chardavoine, was born April 3, 1719, and passed his early years in 
New York, but became a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as early as 
1740, which fact we learn from his note-book, which contains several items 
of expense incurred by him in a journey from Philadelphia to New York 
on a visit to his mother while she was still a resident in the latter city. It 
is probable that he removed to Philadelphia when quite a young- man, on 
account of the removal thither of his brother-in-law, Peter David, and his 
sister Jeanne, wife of said David. The latter had established himself in 
business at Philadelphia, as a goldsmith, and it is surmised that the going 
there of Daniel Dupuy was to study the art of goldsmithing under his 
brother-in-law. Mr. Dupuy continued a resident of Philadelphia throughout 
the remainder of his life, and from his early manhood conducted the 
business of a gold and silversmith, being assisted during his latter years 
by his sons, Daniel and John. At the time of his settlement there, Phila- 
delphia had but a few thousand inhabitants. No directory was published 
until 1785, when two were issued, one by Francis White, a broker, who kept 
an intelligence office in Chestnut Street, and the other, by Captain John Mac- 
Pherson, a prominent citizen, who had been in the army and had lost an 
arm in battle. The houses were unnumbered until 1790, when Colonel Clement 
Biddle, who was then United States Marshal, seems to have given the first 



numbers while he was engaged in taking the first census under the authority 
of Congress. Mr. Dupuy at this time hved at No. 4 (now No. 16) south 
Second Street, then a fashionable part of the city. This had been his home 
for many years, excepting a temporary residence at Reading, Pennsylvania,* 
during the time the British occupied Philadelphia (the winter of 1777-8). 
In 1784 he removed to No. 114 Sassafras (now about No. 318 Race) Street, 
next to the German Reformed church, leaving his sons to continue his business 
in the Second Street property. In 1804 he gave up his Race Street residence 
and returned to live with his sons in his old home in Second Street, and here 
he died. To indicate the character of the neighborhood at the date men- 
tioned, it may be said that President Washington during his official home in 
Philadelphia resided at No. 190 High (now Market) Street, but a short dis- 
tance away. The Right Reverend William White, first Episcopal Bishop in 
the United States, lived at No. 89 Walnut Street, but two blocks off, and 
Mrs. Mary Meredith, widow of Charles Meredith and mother-in-law of Daniel 
Dupuy, Jr., Uved at No. 63 North Front Street, a short distance away. The 
Philadelphia Library Company was located on High (now Market) Street, 
one hundred feet east of Second Street. The Town-House, or Guild-Hall, 
stood in the centre of Market Street, nearly opposite the Library Company. 
In this building, the pride of the citj', erected in 1707, the royal proclama- 
tions were read to the assembled people, and here the Governor and Council, 
the Proprietaries and their agents, and the Assembly of the Province held 
their three-sided contests. Perm's city residence in Letitia Street was in 
the same square. 

Prior to 1751 there was no hospital of a public character in the American 
colonies where those afflicted by disease or maimed by accident could be 
systematically treated. In that year a movement, begun by Benjamin Frank- 
lin, was perfected, resulting in the founding of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 
under an Act of the Assembly passed May 11, 1751, entitled "An act to 
encourage the establishment of an Hospital for the relief of the sick and poor 
of this Province and for the reception and cure of lunatics." The objects of 
this great institution appealed to the benevolence of Mr. Dupuy, and so in 
1754, but shortly after the practical work of the hospital was begun, he 
became one of its annual contributors.' 

* During the Revolution, Reading was a favorite place of resort for Philadelphians 
who wished to retire from the stormy political atmosphere of the city. 

' The number of prominent Philadelphians who became contributors in 1754 was 
greater than in any other year during the colonial period. Among these, besides Mr. 
Dupuy, were William Attwood, Matthias Apsden, Daniel Benezet, William Ball, John 
Baynton, Dr. William Chancellor, William Coleman, Jacob Duche, George Emlen, William 
Franklin (son of Benjamin), Joseph Galloway, Michael Hillegas, Mahlon Kirkbride, William 
Logan, Charles Merdith, Benjamin Mifflin, Samuel Morris, John Nixon, Daniel Roberdeau, 
Francis Rawle, Edward Shippen, Robert Wain, Richard Wistar, and Francis Yamall. 


Daniel Dupuy married, September 6, 1746, Eleanor Cox, daughter of 
Peter Cox by his wife Margaret Matson alias Dalbo; born at Philadelphia 
in 1719, and died there 16 March, 1805. At the time of her marriage to 
Mr. Dupuy she was the widow of the Swedish minister, Reverend John 
Dylander.i Her father was a son of Peter Cox by his wife Helen 
Helm, and grandson of Peter Cox or Cock, Esq., one of the most 
noted of the early Swedish colonists on the Delaware. Her grand- 
mother, Helen Helm, was a daughter of Captain Israel Helm, also a noted 
Swedish colonist; and her maternal grandmother, Catherine Matson, nee 
Rambo, was a daughter of Peter Rambo, Esq., another of the most dis- 
tinguished among such colonists. Sketches of these ancestors will be found 
in the appendix to the present volume. 

" Reverend John Dylander came from Stockholm, Sweden, to Philadelphia, November 2, 
1737, and, as the fifth rector of Gloria Dei (Old Swedes) church, he preached his first 
sermon on the 6th of the same month, being the twenty-second Sunday after Trinity, " to 
a very numerous congregation," and officiated as rector with great zeal during four years. 
Gloria Dei was originally known as the "Church at Wicaco." Before the construction of 
the present building, services were held for fourteen years by the Reverend John Fabritius 
in a log house. For nine of these years the minister was totally blind. After his return 
to Sweden, three other Swedish ministers were sent out to the Swedish colonists, and on 
the first Sunday after Trinity, 1700, the new church edifice was dedicated to the service 
of God, and to this day is so used. 

R. H. Davis thus wrote of the Old Church: "It stood upon a green bank on a 
quiet river, and on Sunday mornings the men came tramping on foot beside the women's 
horses, from Kingsessing, Passajungh, and even far away Matsough, hanging their muddied 
outerleggins or skirt of wolf-skin on the branches of the trees before they went in. Now 
and then a piroque brought a strange worshipper up this lovely river, or a solitary Indian 
stood in the door-way, half believing and wholly afraid. The church was built in a 
fervor of pious zeal, carpenters and masons giving their work, and the good pastor selling 
or pawning the best articles out of his house when money did not come in fast enough, 
and carrying the hod every day himself." 

Before Mr. Muhlenberg came over and the Lutherans had a church edifice of their 
own, Mr. Dylander often preached for them, and so hard did he labor that it is said of 
him that " he often preached sixteen sermons a week." On November 2, 1741, within three 
months after his marriage to Eleanor Cox, he died, aged thirty-two years. Records of the 
day speak of his great vocal powers, and the delight his hearers had in listening to the 
sweetness of his music. His remains were interred before the chancel at Gloria Dei, in the 
main aisle, and are covered by a marble slab, on which the following lines are written : 

" While here He sung his Maker's praise, 
The listening angels heard his song, 
And called their Consort Soul away, 

Pleas'd with a strain so like their own. 
His soul attention to the call, 

And quickly hast'ning to obey, 
Soar'd to Etherial scenes of bliss, 
Too pure to dwell in grosser clay." 


On March 25, 1676, more than five years before William Penn came 
to Pennsylvania, Governor Sir Edmund Andros, representing the Duke of 
York, granted by Patent to Mrs. Eleanor Dupuy's grandfather, Peter Dalbo, 
otherwise Peter Matson, three hundred acres of land, lying on the east side 
of the Schuylkill River, at what is now Gray's Ferry, Philadelphia, reserving 
a quit-rent of three bushels of wheat. A portion of this estate descended to 
Margaret, daughter of Peter Dalbo, otherwise Matson, and wife of Peter 
Cox, and he, Peter Cox, and wife Margaret, by deed of 13 April, 1745, con- 
veyed a portion of the inheritance to their daughter Eleanor Dylander, later 
the wife of Daniel Dupuy, the other shares going to her daughter, Rebecca, 
the wife of Jacob Weiss, and Margaret, wife of Francis Many. From that 
time forward, covering a period of one hundred and sixty-three years, this 
property, known as " Clover Hill," remained in direct line of descent in the 
Dupuy family until 1850, when it passed into the hands of the eminent Quaker 
capitalist Isaiah V. Williamson, under foreclosure of a mortgage of twelve 
thousand dollars. By the will of Mr. Williamson the property was left to 
one of the public institutions of Philadelphia. 

In old maps of Philadelphia a rock on the bank of the Schuylkill River 
is designated as " Dupuy's Rock," and what was the Dupuy country-seat is 
now crowded with large chemical factories, the old mansion alone standing, 
surrounded by the hum of active machinery. Watson, in his " Annals," 
writes of the country-seats then existing in the suburbs of Philadelphia, and 
mentions the locality in question in these words: 

" There are now standing in the neighborhood of Gray's Ferry and the Arsenal 
three or four brick country residences distinguished in their day for their grandeur. 
One stands at the angle of the ferry-road, below the Arsenal, and shows its circular 
windows towards the road. It was built and resided in by Col. Jacob Weiss, who in- 
herited it from a Swedish family of Cox. This Weiss was the first man to bring Lehigh 
coal to Philadelphia, for experiment, he bringing what he had in his saddle-bags, and was 
laughed out of his hopes therein on it being tried for ignition in his cousin Daniel Dupuy's 

Watson is probably in error in the statement that the house named was 
built by Colonel Jacob Weiss. It was doubtless built by Dr. Jacob Weiss, 
father of Colonel Weiss. Dr. Weiss, who is styled " surgeon " in sundry 
deeds, married, October 13, 1746, Rebecca Cox, sister of Eleanor, wife of 
Daniel Dupuy, and through this marriage he came into possession of a por- 
tion of the landed estate which his wife inherited from her mother, Margaret 
Cox, nee Matson, which portion adjoined the inheritance of Mrs. Dupuy. 
Colonel Weiss was born at Philadelphia, August 21, 1750, and died at 
Weissport, Pennsylvania, January 9, 1839. An engraved portrait of him 


hangs on the wall of the Library Company of Philadelphia, and an oil paint- 
ing of the Weiss seat at Gray's Ferry, adjoining the seat of Daniel Dupuy, 
hangs on the wall of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

The test of coal referred to was made by Daniel Dupuy throwing large 
pieces of the " black stone," afterwards called anthracite coal, into a wood 
fire. The wood was soon consumed, and instead of a glowing hot coal-fire 
resulting, as Weiss had predicted, the fire smouldered and soon died out, 
apparently because of the incombustibility of the material. 

On July 23, 1777, Mr. Dupuy renounced his alliance to King George 
III. and took oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as 
a free State, which act was performed in obedience to a law passed by the 
Assembly to insure fidelity to the interests of the Commonwealth on the part 
of its citizens.^ 

His memorandum-book, which covers records of the period from 1740 
to 1807, is entirely filled with his writing, with the exception of one leaf at 
the end, on which his son, John Dupuy, has written the following: 

" My dear father was removed from Here to Blessed Eternity, August 30th, 1807, 
on Sunday evening, at 10 of the clock. He passed his days with honesty, sobriety, 
industry, virtue, Christianity, and universal love for all mankind, with unbounded Charity, 
the most exalted ideas of the Supreme Being, respecting His Mercy to all mankind, and 
patient in affliction, he knew that they would have an end — there is an end. Eighty-eight 
years and four months was the time of his sojourn here below. O God, thou knowest best 
what is right! Well done, good and faithful servant, in things spiritual and things tem- 
poral. Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." 

His daughter, Jane Coats, entered the following in her Bible register: 

" Sunday, Aug. 30th, 1807, at 10 o'clock at night, departed this transitory life to 
joys above which he earnestly desired, my dear and affectionate father, Daniel Dupuy, aged 
88 years and 4 mos. He has assuredly gone to everlasting happiness, the reward of the 
perfect in heart." 

His beautiful life and his memorandum-book together were rounded out 
into a complete volume in the same year. The records of Christ Church 
burials show that he was buried on September i, 1807, in the same grave with 
his wife, Eleanor, who had preceded him to the grave on March 16, 1805, and 
of whom her daughter, Jane Coats, records: 

" Died with great confidence and resignation in her Redeemer and humbly submissive 
to his Divine will." 

The Reverend Charles Meredith Dupuy, grandson of Daniel Dupuy, 
remembered his grandfather, and often said that it was the custom of this 
good man, in washing his hands, to say : " Make me a clean heart, O God ; 

' Archives of Penna., vol. iii, p. 28. 


wash me thoroughly from my sins, and renew a right spirit within me." 
Late in advanced life, when the silver cord was fast loosening and his mind 
was settling into second childhood, one of his children abruptly entered his 
apartment, to find him on his knees administering to himself the sacramental 
emblems which he had himself devoutly prepared. But perhaps the best 
insight into his exalted character is conveyed through a letter of advice to 
his two sons, John and Daniel, written in 1768. It is herewith literally 
inserted from a copy made by his son Daniel, who verified its authenticity. 
Perhaps for beauty of composition and for the expression of clear, earnest 
thought, most concisely stated, it cannot be excelled: 

"Advice of Daniel Dupuy, St., to his sons, John and Daniel, written June 10, 1768: 

" It is my belief you desire to be happy here and hereafter. You know there are 
a thousand difficulties that attend this pursuit, some of them perhaps you forsee, but there 
are multitudes which you could never think of. 

" Never trust, therefore, to your own understanding in the things of this world where 
you can have the advice of a wise and faithful friend, nor dare venture the more important 
concerns of your soul and your eternal interests in the world to come upon the mere light 
of nature and the dictates of your own reason, since the Word of God and the advice of 
Heaven lies in your hands. 

" Vain and thoughtless indeed, are those children of pride who chose to turn heathen 
in the midst of our gospel days, who live upon the mere religion of nature and their 
own stock when they have been trained up among all the superior advantages of Christianity 
and the Blessings of Divine Revelation and Grace. 

" Whatsoever your circumstances may be in this world, value your Bible as your 
best treasure, and whatever be your employment here, still look upon religion as your 
best business. Your Bible contains Eternal life in it and all the riches of the upper world, 
and Religion is the only way to become a possessor of them. 

" To direct your carriage towards God, converse particularly with the Book of 
Psalms. David was a man of sincere and eminent devotion. 

" To behave aright among men acquaint yourself with the Book of Proverbs. 

"Solomon was a man of large experience and wisdom; and to perfect your direc- 
tions in both these, read the Gospels and the Epistles. You will find the best rules and 
the best of examples there, and those more immediately suited to the Christian life. 

" As a man, maintain strict temperance and sobriety by a wise government of your 
appetite and passions. As a neighbor, influence and engage all around you to be your 
friends by a temper and carriage made up of Prudence and Goodness. Let the poor have 
certain share in all your yearly profits. As a trader keep that Golden sentence of 
your Savior ever before you, " Whatsoever you would that men should do unto you, 
do you also unto them." 

"In every affair of life begin with God; consult Him in everything that concerns 
you, view him as the author of all your blessings and all your hopes and your best friend 
and your eternal portion. Meditate on Him in this view with a continual renewal of 
your trust in Him and daily surrender yourself to Him till you feel that you love him 
most entirely, that you serve Him with sincere delight and that you cannot live a day 
without God in this world. 

" Make prayer a pleasure and not a task and then you will not forget nor omit 
it, for in that duty and great privilege, with a sincere heart we converse with our Heavenly 
Father. Believe that day, that hour, or those minutes to be all wasted and lost which any 


worldly pretence would tempt you to save one of public worship of the Church, certain 
and consistent duties of the closet or any necessary services for God and Goodness. 

" Beware lest a blast attend it and not a blessing. If God hath not reserved one 
day in seven to himself, I fear religion would have been lost out of the world. Every day 
in the week is exposed to a curse which has no morning-Religion. 

" Remember that the honor which comes from God, and the approbation of your 
own conscience are infinitely more valuable than all the esteem or applause of men. 
Dare not venture one step out of the Road to Heaven for fear of being laughed at for 
walking strictly in it. This is a poor religion that cannot stand against jest. 

" Keep this thought forever in your mind — this is a world of vanity and vexation in 
which you live tlie flatteries and promises of it are vain and deceitful. Prepare, there- 
fore to meet disappointment ; many of its occurrences are teasing and vexatious in every 
rufHing storm without. Possess your spirit in patience and let all be calm and serene within. 
Clouds and tempests are only found in the lower skies ; the heavens above are always 
bright and clear. Let hope and heart dwell much in these serene regions. Live as a 
stranger here on earth, but as a citizen of Heaven if you will maintain a soul at ease. 

" Remember the word of a wise man, " He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man ; 
be that indulgeth himself in wine and oil (that is, in drinking, in feasting and in sensual 
gratification) shall not be rich." It is one of Saint Paul's characters of a most degenerate 
age, " when men become lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God " and that " fleshly 
lusts war against the soul" is Saint Peter's saying to_ the Christians of his time. 

" Ever carry about with you a sense of the uncertainty of everything in this life and 
of life itself, as to put nothing off till tomorrow which you can conveniently do today. 

" Dilatory persons are frequently exposed to surprise and hurry in everything that 
belongs to them. The time is come and they are unprepared. Let the confessions of your 
soul and your shop, your trade and your religion be always in such order as far as possible, 
that death at a short warning may be no occasion of disquieting tumult in your spirit and 
that we may all escape the anguish of a bitter repentance in a dying hour, and the Lord 
bless us all for His Son, our Saviour, Jesus Christ's sake ; Farewell." 

Mr. Dupuy was a devout member of old Christ Church, Philadelphia, 
on the records of which are registered the baptisms of his children; and as 
a member of this church he was one of those who joined in the founding 
of St. Paul's Church in 1761. 

Children of Daniel and Eleanor (Cox) Dupuy, all born at Philadelphia: 

7. i. John Dupuy, born June 10, 1747; baptised August 11, 1747, died October 26. 


8. ii. Jane Dupuy, born June 20, 1749; baptised February 18, 1751 ; died August 27, 

1816; married William Coats. 
iii. Eleanor Dupuy, born January 10, 1751 ; died January 21, 1751. 

9. iv. Daniel Dupuy, born May 3, 1753; baptised June 5, 1753; died July 30, 1826; 

married Mary Meredith. 
V. Margaret Dupuy, born February 13, 1755; baptised March 14, i75S; died 

September 15, 1756. 
vi. Ann Dupuy, born January 22, 1757; died February 15, 1757. 

6. FRANCIS DUPUY, the sixth child and fourth son of Dr. John 
Dupuy, the elder, by his wife Anne Chardavoine, was bom October 20, 1721. 
and died in 1750. He was a physician, and served as surgeon in a privateer 


during the French war. Early in 1744 Governor CHnton advised the in- 
habitants of New York, by proclamation, that war had been declared by 
Great Britain against France. The colonial spirit was immediately aroused, 
and privateers were fitted out at Boston, Philadelphia, New York, and other 
cities, to battle " against His Majesty's enemy." A newspaper notice of 
the day read : " Now fitting out for a cruising voyage against His Majesty's 
enemies, the ship 'David,' William Axon, Commander; burden about 170 
tons; to mount 16 Carriage and 16 Swivel Guns, with 140 men. A prime 
sailor to be completely fitted and rigged for the purpose, and will sail with 
all possible expedition. All gentlemen, sailors and others inclined to enter 
on board the said Privateer, may repair to the Sign of the Jamaica Arms, 
on Mr. Cruger's wharf, where they may see the articles." On this ship 
Francis Dupuy engaged as surgeon, and with her sailed out of New York 
Harbor, on September 3, 1744.^ 

It was computed that the number of privateers which would sail from 
the English-American colonies before the end of winter of that year would 
be some one hundred and thirteen " Stout Vessels and well armed, a naval 
force equal (some say) to that of Great Britain in the time of Queen 
Elizabeth." 2 

Of the thirteen privateers fitted out from New York, the good ship 
" David," with her one hundred and forty adventurous men on board, was 
the sixth to set sail. Nothing was heard of her for some months, during 
which time she was no doubt in search of prizes, until on February 15, 1745, 
when a Captain Wolf, from Curaqoa, writes : " It is reported that Captain 
Axon, in the ship David, of New York, had taken two prizes off the coast 
of St. Domingo." This is the last heard of ship or crew, and it is presumed 
that either through battling with a French or Spanish man-of-war, or from 
the treachery of tropical storms, the ship was destroyed and her crew lost. 
At any rate, nothing more was heard from Francis Dupuy. So the will which 
he made before sailing, leaving all he possessed to his mother, was adminis- 
tered upon in 1750 in her favor. 

7. JOHN DUPUY, eldest son of Daniel Dupuy by his wife Eleanor 
Cox, was born in Philadelphia, June 10, 1747, and died there, unmarried 
and without issue, October 29, 1838. He followed the pursuit of his father, 
— silversmith, — and conducted this business at Philadelphia, in copartnership 
with his brother. He resided ninety-one years in that city, possessing his 
full faculties until the end of his days, and through his long life was dis- 

New York Weekly Post-Boy, July 16, 1744. 
'New York Weekly Post-Boy, Sept. 3, 1744. 


tinguished by those qualities which he himself so well defined as character- 
istics of his father — " Honesty, Sobriety, Universal Love of all mankind, 
unbounded charity, and the most exalted ideas of the Supreme Being." 

On June 12, 1780, Captain George Taylor entered a receipt in the note- 
book of Daniel Dupuy, the elder, acknowledging " The sum of one hundred 
and twelve pounds, ten shillings, in full for procuring a substitute; also for 
John and Daniel Dupuy, Jr., agreeable to law, their sum being Forty-five 
Pounds, the total being £157, los." It would appear from this record, that 
the father and two sons were drafted into the Revolutionary army, but, in 
place of going themselves, had provided substitutes. During the following 
summer it became necessary for the State to provide additional troops, to 
secure which, drafts were again made upon the militia of Philadelphia, and 
in this emergency John Dupuy enlisted as a private in Captain Taylor's 
company of the First Regiment of Foot, September i, 1781, and was mus- 
tered into service two days later under the command of Major David Reese.* 

About this time Robert Morris, the eminent financier of the Revolution, 
made arrangements to secure from France a large sum of money in aid 
of the Continental Government. It was important that this money should 
reach Philadelphia, the then seat of Government, at the earliest possible 
moment. Colonel Henry Laurens had been chosen to take charge of the 
money and land it in Philadelphia, so, in August, he left France in the French 
frigate " La Resolue," commanded by Captain DeLangle. Adverse storms 
and the presence of the enemy drove the vessel into Boston, necessitating the 
transportation of her specie overland to Philadelphia, through a country 
partly occupied by the enemy, who would use active exertions to capture the 
treasure. Consequently every precaution was observed in fitting out the ex- 
pedition. Robert Morris planned the details of the journey, and appointed 
to direct it Colonel Tench Francis, a trusted business friend. 

Mr. Morris applied to the Continental Board of War for a body of 
dragoons to accompany the teams from Boston, and this escort, at dangerous 
places along the route through New York and New Jersey, was to be 
strengthened by parties of infantrymen detailed for the purpose by General 
Heath. Francis was instructed to purchase on the best terms a sufficient 
number of oxen six years old and horses from six to seven years old. These 
animals, Mr. Morris argued, could be sold, after their services were dis- 
pensed with and after their arrival in Philadelphia, for more than they cost 
in Boston. Honest, sober teamsters were to be employed and these were to 
be armed, each with a good musket and bayonet, to assist in case of attack 
on the treasure-train. A considerable part of the whole sum (2,500,224 

' Pennsylvania Archives, sec. ser., xiii. 787. 


y'/^ A/y^A-r-Zi. 

?,^ ^^..€^0^^:^ 


^^0j a 'O^^ 






livres) was to be invested in Boston " in g-ood bills of Exchange, drawn by 
authority of his most Christian Majesty, or of Congress." The chests con- 
taining the coin were securely welded by iron hands to the framework of the 
carts, each vehicle carrying about a ton and pulled by four oxen led by 
one horse. Every movement of the train was to be shrouded in the darkest 
secrecy. The selected route was from Boston to Worcester, through Spring- 
field, Greenwood, Salisbury, Fishkill, New Windsor, or Newburg, Sussex 
Court House or Newton, Easton, to Philadelphia. Colonel Francis was in- 
structed to publish, however, that he would go from Springfield to Claverick, 
through Rhinebeck, Esopus, Minisink, to Easton, and thence to Philadelphia, 
the object being to deceive the enemy. 

The command of Major David Reese, in which John Dupuy acted as a 
private, was chosen to go to Boston and guard this specie. On September ii, 
1781, Colonel Francis left Philadelphia, with these troops and his cavalcade 
of oxen and carts, Mr. Morris having sent him on his way with a parting 
wish that, when he came back, he would ask no " extravagant recompense." 
" The pleasure of serving your country," said Morris, " and the confidence 
which is placed in you, will be a more agreeable part of your reward ; there- 
fore, I hope the event will justify that confidence and give joy to every 
friend of the United States." In consequence of the importance of the 
mission, the greatest care was observed in eluding the enemy, and, as the 
train travelled slowly, it required several weeks to complete the transporta- 
tion of the specie, so that it did not reach Philadelphia until November 6, 
1 78 1, when it was delivered to Michael Hillegas, Treasurer of the United 
States. Jacob Hiltsimer, in his diary, under date of 7 November, 1781, 
writes : " Accompanied Tench Francis and William Gray to see the ox teams 
(fourteen wagons, fifty-six oxen) Francis brought the money from Boston 
with; " and under date of 17 November he makes this note: " Tench Francis 
sold his oxen and wagons at vendue." ^ 

At the date of the arrival of the specie in Philadelphia, the Bank of 
North America was being organized under the leadership of Mr. Morris, and 
its organization was perfected December 31 that year, when Congress passed 
an ordinance incorporating the institution under the name and style of " The 
President, Directors, and Company of the Bank of North America." Upon 
its incorporation, Mr. Morris subscribed $250,000 to its capital stock and paid 
for the same out of the specie received from France, which action so 

'On 19 April, 1784, Congress ordered that the Superintendent of Finance report to 
that body "a reasonable allowance for the time and expenses of Francis while employed 
in the year 1781 in going to Boston, and superintending the bringing from there the money 
imported by the Chevalier de Langle." 



strengthened the credit of the bank that it was enabled to do much towards 
financing the Government through many of its straits. 

John Dupuy, who played a part in the removal of this specie, survived 
the event over half a century, and at his death was buried in Christ Church 
burying-ground, in the grave in which his parents had been interred and to 
whom he was most devoted through life. 

8. JANE DUPUY, eldest daughter and second child of Daniel Dupuy 
by his wife Eleanor Cox, was born in Philadelphia, June 20, 1749; and died 
there, August 27, 1816. She married, May 11, 1775, William Coats, a 
descendant of one of the old families of Philadelphia. Eight children were 
born to her, most of whom died young. Susanna Coats, born in 1776, died 
the next year. The name Susanna was evidently a favorite one in the 
family, since it was given to three other children after their respective 
births, 1781, 1785, and 1788, all of whom died within a year of birth. Of 
those who grew up, Mar}' died in 1803, aged twenty-three years, unmarried, 
and Eleanor, born in 1782, married in 1809, James Mc Arthur, who died 
December 22, 181 5, aged thirty-three years, his wife, Eleanor, dying Decem- 
ber 2, 181 7, both being buried in what is known as the " old Coats burying- 
ground," in the Northern Liberties, Philadelphia, where the Coatses had 
large possessions. Another daughter, Sarah, married a brother of James 
McArthur, husband of her sister Eleanor, two sisters marrying two brothers. 

9. DANIEL DUPUY, fourth child and second son of Daniel Dupuy 
by his wife Eleanor Cox, was bom in Philadelphia, May 3, 1753, and died 
at Darby, near Philadelphia, July 31, 1826. He became skilled in the art 
of gold- and silversmithing, under the direction of his father, and suc- 
cessfully practised this art throughout his business career. He was dis- 
tinguished for his great probity of character and courteous deportment. His 
son, the Reverend Charles Meredith Dupuy, mentioned the following in- 
stance relating to the father. For a long period he had tenanted, as had 
his father before him, the property now No. 16 South Second Street, but then 
owned by the Society of Friends. Desiring to give expression to their 
appreciation of Mr. Dupuy 's character, the Society invited him to purchase 
the property, fixed a very reasonable price for it, and asked him to name 
payments to suit his convenience. Since the owners were so generous in 
their expression of confidence in Dupuy, he reciprocated by accepting their 
offer, and thus became possessed of the property at a cost of a few hundred 
dollars, leaving to be paid an annual ground-rent of thirty dollars. The 
premises still remain in the family, and are now owned by a grand-daughter, 
Mrs. Clara A. Rogers, who resides in Vancouver, British Columbia. 



Mr. Dupuy married, June 5, 1788, Mary Meredith, daughter of Charles 
Meredith by his wife Mary Chappell, a daughter of John Chappell, a 
merchant of Philadelphia, by his wife Mary Bookcumb. In a deed of Sep- 
tember 22, 1757, Charles Meredith and wife Mary, and Elizabeth Chappell, 
joined in conveying property, the said Mary and Elizabeth being styled in 
the instrument as " the only daughters and heiresses of John Chappell,* 
Shopkeeper, by his wife Mary, deceased." 

Charles Meredith, the father of Mrs. Dupuy, was a son of Captain Owen 
Meredith by his wife Hannah Peller, only sister of James Peller. Captain 
Meredith was a master-mariner, sailing ships from Philadelphia to foreign 
ports. He was probably a native of Wales, and came to Pennsylvania before 
1 712. His daughter Jane, by first wife, Susanna, was baptized at Christ 
Church, in that city. It was always supposed that he was a near relative of 
Reese Meredith, a prominent and wealthy shipping merchant of Philadelphia, 
who acquired numerous possessions in various parts of the world, and was the 
father of General Samuel Meredith, an officer in the Revolution, a member of 
the Continental Congress, and the first Treasurer of the United States, serving 
as such from 1789 until 1801. Susanna, the first wife of Captain Meredith, 
was buried in Christ Church grounds, 11 February, 1718, his marriage to 
Hannah Peller following shortly afterward. Captain Meredith was also buried 
in Christ Church ground, his burial taking place 26 August, 1734. His will, 
dated April i, and proved 2 September, the same year, names wife Hannah, 
son Charles, and " cousin " Ann Shedd, the latter a daughter of George 
Shedd, and the inventory filed in his estate included a silver tankard valued 
at £6. Charles Meredith, the son, became a public-spirited citizen and a 
prominent and wealthy merchant. Before he attained his majority he came 
under the influence of Benjamin Franklin and his Junto, and when the 
Philadelphia Library Company was suggested by Franklin, the latter in- 
vited Meredith to become one of the incorporators. Being under age, and 
therefore ineligible as an incorporator, Meredith induced his uncle James 

'John Chappell was for some time a merchant in Philadelphia, and married as first 
wife, Mary Bookcumb. a niece of Mrs. Constance Lowdon, widow of Hugh Lowdon, a 
prominent and wealthy merchant in Philadelphia, she being styled "neice" in a deed of 
February 9, 1724, by which Constance Lowden conveyed to her a lot of ground on Walnut 
Street, in that city. The aunt was no doubt a widow when she married Lowdon, which 
fact is clearly indicated by the will of the latter, made 21 March, 1722/3, in which he 
bequeathed a considerable estate to Robert Grace, whom he calls " the grandson of my wife 
Constance." This is the Robert Grace, of whom mention is made in the later pages of 
this work. After giving up business in Philadelphia, John Chappell purchased an estate 
in Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, to which he retired, and there died in 1775, 
having married, 29 September, 1757, as second wife, Mrs. Martha Duffield, widow, who 
survived him. In his will he names " daughter Mary wife of Charles Meredith." 

4 37 


Peller to subscribe for a share of the stock for him at a cost of £4, 10, which 
share Meredith was permitted to use by special resolution of the board of 
directors of the Library Company.^ Attaining his majority in 174.1, on 
July 14 of that year Peller transferred the share to Meredith, and it has been 
held in an unbroken line through 170 years, covering five generations of the 
family, as follows: by James Peller, acting for Meredith, from March 17, 
1738, until July 14, 1741 ; by Meredith himself from the latter date until 
his death, January 3, 1783; and tl.en by his grandson. Reverend Charles 
Meredith Dupuy, from 1816; then on April 6, 1878 by the latter's nephew, 
Charles Meredith DuPuy, the second; and from the latter, by will in 1898, to 
Charles Meredith DuPuy, third, the present owner. 

In 1754 Mr. Meredith became a contributor to the Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital, and on October 25, 1765, he was among the leading merchants of Phila- 
delphia who signed the historic " Non-importation Resolutions," which famous 
document has been styled the " First pledge of honor before the Declaration 
of Independence." 

Mr. Meredith was an Episcopalian, and was actively identified with 
Christ Church and served as one of its vestrymen from 1768 until 1772. His 
death is noticed in the Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser of 
January 8, 1783, as follows: 

" On Friday, the 3rd inst., very suddenly, in the 64th year of his age, Mr. Charles 
Meredith died, and on Sunday following, his remains were first carried to Christ Church, 
where a suitable discourse was delivered, and then proceeded to Christ Church Burying- 
ground with them and was there interred, being attended to both places by a very large 
and respectable number of his fellow citizens." 

He married at Christ Church, January 22, 1757, Mary Chappell, daughter 
of John and Mary Chappell. She was baptized at Christ Church, 5 Novem- 
ber, 1733, " when she was two months and nineteen days old." She survived 
Mr. Meredith, and there is a tradition in the family that she entertained - 
General Washington during one of his stays in Philadelphia. Under date 
of May I, 1787, Washington made this entry in his Diary: "Drank tea 
with Mrs. Meredith." At this date she resided at No. 63 North Front 
Street, a fashionable part of the city, which property remained in the family 
until 1878, when it was sold. On September 18, 1796, Mrs. Meredith mar- 
ried as second husband Edward Stiles, Esq., widower, and a wealthy mer- 
chant, who came from Port Royal, Bermuda, and settled in Philadelphia, 
living handsomely there, at No. 70 Walnut Street, near Third Street, from 

' Minutes of March 13, 1738, meeting held at house of John Roberts, vol. i, p. 72. 
' The silver wine-flagon used on this occasion is still in the family, being now owned 
by Herbert DuPuy, this present writer. 



where he drove "his coach and four." He died in February, 1804, and his 
widow followed May 31, 1809, aged seventy-five years and nine months. 
She is styled on her gravestone, in Christ Church burying-ground, " widow 
of Edward Stiles, Esq., and formerly wife of Charles Meredith." Her will, 
dated March 22, 1806, proved 14 June, 1809, names daughters Mary Dupuy, 
Elizabeth Taylor, Hannah Hood, and Anne Meredith, sister Elizabeth Miller, 
and niece Mary Webb. Mary Meredith, wife of Daniel Dupuy, was bom 
December 22, 1757, and was baptized at Christ Church. Surviving her hus- 
band, she died August 4, 1832, and was interred in the same grave with 
him in Christ Church burying-ground, where their gravestone bears the 
following inscriptions to their memory: 

" His disposition was humble and benevolent, his deportment, mild and conciliating, 
and his whole conduct under the influence of that religion which is full of Mercy and 
Good Fruits ; he died as he lived, having a fixed and steadfast faith in Christ, his Saviour, 
and in perfect charity with all men." 

" The distinguishing traits of her character were, kindness, humbleness of mind, 
meekness, long-suffering. Under increased infirmities of body, she was sustained by the 
approbation of her conscience, by firm confidence in the mercy and goodness of God, 
through Jesus Christ, and by the hope of a Glorious Immortality." 

Children of Daniel and Mary (Meredith) Dupuy, bom at Philadelphia: 

10. i. John Dupuy, born May 2, 1789; died February 25, 1865; married Mary 

Richards Haskins. 

11. ii. Charles Meredith Dupuy, born November 16, 1792; died November 26, 

1875 ; married Hannah Huddell. 

ID. JOHN DUPUY, eldest child of Daniel Dupuy by his wife Mary 
Meredith, was born at Philadelphia, May 2, 1789, and died there, February 25, 
1865. By right of his Swedish ancestry he became a vestryman of the 
three Swedish parishes originally embraced within the County of Philadel- 
phia, — the " Wicacoa Church " (now Gloria Dei), at Philadelphia; the " St. 
James," at Kingsessing, and " Christ Church," at Upper Merion or Swedes- 
boro, near Norristown, Montgomery County. This office he held many 
years, having succeeded his father. The family also maintained connection 
with old Christ Church, Philadelphia, where some of its members wor- 
shipped, occupying the family pew on the north side of the middle aisle 
(old number 60), close to what is known as the " Washington pew," so called 
on account of it having been the one occupied by General Washington during 
his residence in Philadelphia, in which connection we have the following word 
picture, written by a contemporary: 

" Here sat the gallant Washington, with Martha by his side, 
A humble-minded worshipper, unknown to worldly pride ; 
Along this very aisle they walked, where I have walked to-day. 
And entered this old-fashioned pew and knelt them down to pray. 


And so, with reverential touch, I open now the gate, 

And sit me down a moment here where George and Martha sate. 

For years have come and years have gone, but memories ever new 

Are round about this sacred spot and bless this hallowed pew. 

In fancy now I see him here, a noble man and good, 

The prayer-book open in his hand in solemn attitude. 

He listens to the preacher's words all silently, and then 

That voice that moved a multitude breathes softly an " Amen." 

O, ever-present memory of long departed days ! 

There is no grander sight below than when a hero prays; 

Though he has slept a hundred years, his voice is echoing through 

The house of worship where he came and sat within his pew. 

I seem to hear the rustling soft of Martha's silken gown, 

As she comes walking 'long the aisle and in the pew sits down ; 

And, like a vision even years have not the power to dim, 

I see her kind and gentle face beneath the bonnet's brim. 

The sunlight through the window steals, a presence ever blest, 

That round about me where I sit a halo seems to rest. 

It is the same bright sun above that once its radiance threw 

About this spot when Washington was sitting in this pew. 

Outside I hear the voices of the busy city-street. 

The ceaseless onward tramping of a myriad hurrying feet; 

But I shut it out a moment, as I sit here all alone 

And seek the peaceful quiet that other souls have known. 

For people came to worship in this little house of God, 

Ere the noise and din of battle sounded o'er the land abroad ; 

Then again they prayed for victory, and for faith forever new. 

In the times when brave George Washington sat here within this pew. 

To-day 'tis but a memory, for many years ago 

All those who worshipped here slept 'neath the blossoms and the snow; 

The battles all were fought and won, the land they loved is free, 

And they have left a legacy of peace to you and me. 

So, from this quaint old church to-day I go with solemn tread. 

As walking from communion with those who've long been dead, 

For 'twas a wondrous vision that fancy brought to view, 

While I a moment tarried in this old-fashioned pew." 

It is said that when a division of the three Swedish churches was 
proposed by the Reverend Charles Meredith Dupuy, then assistant rector 
of Gloria Dei, the vestry of Kingsessing and Upper Merion went in a 
body to Wicaco to protest against the division, and that John Dupuy stood 
in the chancel, and in an able speech forbade their opposition. The chronicler 
of the time writes: 

"It was Sunday afternoon. The children of the school were just retiring, and they 
could not comprehend the cause of the confusion. They wept and screamed, when the 
Superintendent was obliged to dismiss them. We all adjourned to the grave-yard, and 
there, upon one of the high tombstones, Mr. John Dupuy poured forth his eloquence with 
such good result that the trouble ended." 

The following lines, written by John Dupuy, Jr., were handed by him to 
his son Charles Meredith DuPuy : 


" When gloomy thoughts and fears, 
The trembling heart invade, 
And all the face of Nature wears 
A universal shade — 

Religion can assuage 

The tempest of the soul. 
And every fear shall lose its rage 

At her divine control. 

Through life's bewildered way 

Her hand unerring leads. 
And o'er the path her heavenly ray, 

A cheering lustre sheds. 

When reason tired and blind, 

Sinks helpless and afraid. 
Thou blest supporter of the mind. 

How powerful is thine aid. 

Oh let us feel thy power, 

And find thy sweet relief 
To cheer our every gloomy hour. 

And calm our every grief." 

John Dupuy married, May i8, 1820, Mary Richards Haskins, daughter 
of Reverend Thomas Haskins by his second wife EHzabeth Richards, daughter 
of William Richards, Esq. [Sketches of the Haskins and Richards famihes 
will be found in later chapters of the present volume.] In their early life, 
Mr. and Mrs. Dupuy were prominent in Philadelphia society, and it is said 
that owing to the fine erect stature and well chiselled features of Mr. Dupuy 
together with the aristocratic carriage and extremely courtly manners of his 
wife, they were considered by all to be the most distinguished looking couple 
in the high social circle in which they moved. Mrs. Dupuy was a 
woman of unusually large and generous nature, which endeared her to all 
who came within the circle of her acquaintance. Under many trying diffi- 
culties in rearing a large family, and under circumstances peculiarly em- 
barrassing, she evinced heroic Christian fortitude and patience. 

Among the old papers left by John Dupuy, the aged uncle, was an 
invitation from Mrs. Thomas Haskins requesting the " pleasure of his com- 
pany to a gathering on Thursday evening, May 18th, 1820." Mr. Dupuy 
noted on the invitation that he " attended the dinner with my brother [Daniel] 
and wife, and left at 1 1 P.M." Then follows this memorandum : " My 
nephew, John Dupuy, was married by his brother to Miss Mary Haskins on 
Thursday, May i8th, 1820. They set off for Batso Furnace, on the 19th, in a 
gig, hired in Jersey, returned on the 27th, by way of Mt. Holly, called on 
her grandfather (William Richards), 83 years of age and in good health. 
Charles (Reverend) and a Mr. Woodruff, who was with him in Princeton, 
dined with us on the 27th, and after dinner left for Germantown, where 


Mr. Woodruff * preached on Sunday, May 28th." And again he wrote: " At 
John's wedding, we had lemonade in tumblers, served on large waiters with 
cake of the sweet kind, by a Blackman. Other waiters passed tea and coffee, 
buttered waffles, others browned, with butter, and sugar-float. Other black- 
men passed ice-cream and jellies, sweets, etc. Two others passed the Bride- 
cake, a large pound-cake, which I suppose would weigh 20 or 30 pounds, and 
which was cut in large slices. Then came wine, cordial and lemonade, and 
last of all, the ring, cake and directions." 

Old John Dupuy, who made these notes, was at the time, seventy-two 
years of age. He was a constant writer, and during the latter part of his life 
amused himself by making frequent notations on the margins of the books he 
Jiad been reading or upon any scrap of paper that came to hand. His diary 
further states : 

" On Sunday, May 28th, 1820, John and wife dined with us, together with my niece, 
Sally Coats McArthur. For dinner we had a fine large Gammon, a piece of Cold-Beef, 
Roasted Chicken, Green Peas, Potatoes, Pickles, Horse-Radish, Wine, Porter, and two fine 
Current Pies. The family all went to Christ Church in the afternoon, and afterwards 
John and his bride went to Mrs. Haskins, Sally to her lodgings and brother (Daniel) 
and his wife came home, walking as far as Mr. Ware's who is near the grave and full of 
infirmities. I went to the tabernacle in the morning and heard a stranger. In the 
afternoon I went to Dr. Broadhead's— a stranger. So goes on one thing after another." 

Children of John and Mary Richards (Haskins) Dupuy: 

12. i. Thomas Haskins Dupuy, born June 25. 1821 ; died May 15, 1890; married 

Martha Allen. 

13. ii. Charles Meredith DuPuy, born December 14, 1823; died October 7, 1898; 

married Ellen M. Reynolds. 

14. iii. Horatio Alfred Dupuy, born January 31, 1826; died August 28, 187S; 

married Marie Wilder, of Rochester, New York. 
iv. Emma Louisa Dupuy, born March 15. 1828; died January 2, 1896; married 
Enoch Courtney, of Baltimore, Maryland. She was an artist of no mean 
ability, both in painting and modelling. She had an affectionate, lovable 
disposition, being particularly fond of children, and, although she had 
none of her own, she always thoroughly enjoyed their games and 
society, preferring to be with them rather than with persons of her 
own age. 

15. V. Elizabeth Haskins Dupuy, born August 17, 1830 ; died December 19, 

1907 ; married Thomas Graham. 
i6. vi. Clara Augusta Dupuy, born September 4, 1832; married Samuel Blythe 
vii. John Daniel Dupuy, born February 12, 1835; died December 29, 1837. 
viii. Mary Haskins Dupuy, born May 7, 1837; died in 1838. 
17. ix. Gertrude Ellen Dupuy, born June 27, 1841 ; died in June, 1902; married 
Honorable Henry S. Sanford. 

'George H. Woodruff graduated from Princeton in 1815; became a minister, and 
died in 1822. He was from Virginia, and was a prominent member of the Cliosophic 
Society while at college. 


Afterward Mrs. Henry M. Sanford 


Daniel Dupuy by his wife ^Man' Meredith, was bom at Philadelphia, Novem- 
ber i6, 1792, and died at Olney, Philadelphia, November 26, 1875. H^ 
was educated at Princeton College, but ill health prevented his graduation. 
He studied theology, and was admitted to deacon's orders in the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, by Bishop WTiite, on April 13, 181 7, and was ordained 
to the priesthood May 6, 1818. He became the first rector of St. Luke's 
Church, Germantown. Philadelphia, and occupied that office from 1818 to 
1824, having organized that parish. 

In June, 1822, he was called to the " Old Swedes " Church,^ Philadelphia, 
as assistant-minister, which position he held in connection with his rector- 
ship of St. Luke's Parish, " continuing here to officiate on Sunday mornings, 
and at Christ Church, Philadelphia, once a month in the afternoon, and at 
St. James, Kingsessing, also in the afternoon." On accotmt of failing health 
in 1823, ISIr. Dupuy was compelled to ask a leave of absence from the 
duties of St. Luke's Parish, asking that his place be temporarily supplied by 
others. In March, 1824, feeling compelled to retire from the active duties of 
the ministr}' by reason of continued indisposition, he tendered his final resig- 
nation. He remained, however, assistant-minister of " Old Swedes " until 
1828, and after that date he refused to accept a settled pastorate, although it 
always gave him pleasure to assist in the senice of the church when called 
upon by his brethren in the ministr}-. He married Hannah Huddell, who 
was born in 1792, and died December 12, 1851, without issue. 

At Mr. Dupuy's death, St. Luke's vestrj' passed resolutions, which are 
placed on their records as a tribute to his memor.-. testifying " to his useful- 
ness and earnestness in the pastorate,'" and they voted '' to attend his funeral 
in a body." For many years prior to his death he attended St. Stephen's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, and there his funeral services were 
held in the presence of a large representation of the clergj'. He was interred 
in Christ Church burying-ground in the same grave with his wife, and by 
the side of his parents. 

12. THOMAS HASKINS DUPUY, eldest son and child of John 
Dupuy by his wife Mary Richards Haskins, was bom June 25, 1821, and 
died May 15. 1890. After completing his course at Newark College, Dela- 

* Nicholas Collin, of Upsala, first settler at Christiana, entered upon his duties as 
rector of Wicacoa in 1786 and remained until his death in 1831. He had as assistants, 
Rev. Joseph Clarkson from 1-S7 to 1792. The Rev. Slator CTay was appointed in the 
latter year and continued to officiate until his death in 1821. Rev. Charles M. Dupuy 
next followed in 1822 and officiated until 1828, when he was succeeded by Rev. Pierce 
Connelly, who continued until 1831. ("History of New Sweden" by Israel Acrelius.) 


ware, he studied civil engineering, and became a civil engineer on the 
Delaware and Hudson Canal, from which corporation he went to the Erie 
Railway, remaining there but a few months, when he became resident engi- 
neer in the construction of the Pennsylvania Railroad from Altoona to 
Johnstown, including in his work the laying out and completion of the 
celebrated Horse-shoe Curve. After the completion of this division of the 
road, he became engineer of the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, and during 
the absence in Europe of the chief engineer, Edward Miller, was appointed 
to fill the position of the latter. He spent several years in planning and con- 
structing this road, and resigned his office in 1853. He then, in connection 
with Thomas Rutter, built a tunnel near Belvidere, New Jersey, on the line 
of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad. After the comple- 
tion of this work, J. Edgar Thompson, the President of the Pennsylvania 
Central Railroad, appointed him President of the Chicago and Fort Wayne 
Railroad (now the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago), with headquarters 
at Pittsburgh. After a connection of some years with that road, he became 
President of the Catawissa Railroad. Later he went to Mobile, Alabama, and 
was chosen Vice-president of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad.- Some years 
later he returned north, and during the latter part of his life was connected 
with various enterprises in engineering work. He was considered one of 
the most competent men in his profession, and was well known throughout 
the country. 

He married at Carbondale, Pennsylvania, March 9, 1847, Martha Allen, 
the ceremony being performed by her father, Reverend E. Allen. She was 
born May 11, 1823, died December 7, 1886. 

Children of Thomas Haskins and Martha (Allen) Dupuy: 

i. Elizabeth Dupuy, born in 1848; married Philip Veiller, born in 1842; died in 

1906. Issue: I. Bayard, who married (i) Mabel Smith; (2) Margaret de 

Wolfe, born in 1902. 2. Lawrence, born in 1872; married Isabel Dominick 

Lockwood. 3. Frank, born in 1877. 
ii. Mary Dupuy, born in 1851; married Waldron Shapleigh, bom in 1848; died in 

1901 ; by him has issue: i. Elizabeth, bom in 1882; married Henry McDonald. 

2. Norwald, born in 1885 ; died in 1904. 
iii. Annie Dupuy, born in 1853; died in l888; married Frank Ellis, and had Give, 

who married Knowles. 

iv. Ella Dupuy, born in 1856; unmarried. 

V. Raymond Dupuy, born in i860 ; married Miss Greaves, of St. Paul, Minn., and 

followed the profession of his father — civil engineering. 

13. CHARLES MEREDITH DUPUY, second son and child of John 
Dupuy by his wife Mary Richards Haskins, was born at his father's country- 
seat, " Clover-Hill," Philadelphia, December 14, 1823, and died at his resi- 


Born December ij. 1S2.5 Died Octuber -, . 1898 

Born March :7. 1833 Dierl Nov. 27. 


dence in New York City, October 7, 1898. At four years of age he began 
school at Wrixon's, a small day-school near by, where he studied until he 
was seven years old. He then went to the school of Thomas Eustace for 
two terms, and the balance of that year was si)ent at the " Academy " in 
Fourth Street. His eighth year was spent at the Franklin Institute Prepara- 
tory School, and the following year, under James Taylor and Jacob Pierce, 
tutors. In his tenth year, during the winter, while the family occupied their 
city home on Spruce Street near Broad, he went to the school of Mr. Falhouse 
near by, and afterwards in the same year, to the Western Academy, on Thir- 
teenth Street between Chestnut and Walnut Streets. In his eleventh year he 
joined his brother Haskins at the boarding-school of A. Bolmar, a Frenchman, 
at West Chester, Pennsylvania ; and afterward, until his fifteenth year he had 
several private tutors, A. E. Stewart, W. G. Haseltine, and B. Halsted. In 
his fifteenth year he went to Alexander's School, on Market Street between 
Eleventh and Twelfth Streets. Thus was his youth spent in constant study 
imder the best masters. 

When he was eighteen years of age, the family having met with finan- 
cial losses through the failure of the Bank of the United States, he turned 
his education to account by helping his mother. He first taught school near 
Smyrna, Delaware, at a salary of fifty dollars per month, remaining there 
two months, when he exchanged positions with his brother Haskins, who had 
been teaching at Skippackville, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, and which 
chair he retained, at the munificent salary of twenty-five dollars per month, 
until April, 1842. We next find him in the high school at Hollidaysburg, Penn- 
sylvania, at a salary of " thirty dollars per month, payable in local scrip," 
then at a discount of fifteen per cent, below gold par. 

His uncle John Wurts,^ then President of the Delaware and Hudson 
Canal Company, seemed to be keeping his eye on this precocious youth, 
for, while the latter was teaching at Hollidaysburg, Mr. Wurts called him 
to take charge of the storage and freight department of his company, the 
office being located at Carbondale, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. When 
DuPuy accepted employment, the company contemplated extending its line, 
and after remaining two years in charge of the forwarding of anthracite 
coal, its principal source of revenue, he was placed in one of the engineering 
departments, locating and constructing a branch road through the Lackawaxen 
Valley. In 1846, after the completion of this branch, he became assistant 
engineer of the main line, under Russell F. Lord, who was then chief 
engineer. He was then but twenty-three years of age. In 1850 the company 
concluded to change its line of canal on the Delaware River at its junction 
with the Lackawaxen River. This change was desired to facilitate the pas- 

more fully in sketch on Haskins family. 


sage of canal-boats across these rivers better than by the use of slack-water 
and dams, and it involved the construction of several new locks and aqueducts 
crossing both rivers. DuPuy was appointed to direct this work, and during 
two years designed much of the machinery used in its construction, and re- 
mained in charge until its completion. His salary at this time was six 
hundred dollars per annum, and, as his duties required him to go from point 
to point quickly, in order that he might keep a horse to accomplish this, the 
salary was raised to eight hundred dollars per annum. 

Upon the completion of the work, the company resolved to double the 
capacity of the canal by enlarging its locks and water-way, — a stupendous 
piece of work, since some ninety-odd locks must be remodelled and the 
entire length of the canal excavated, without stopping traffic. DuPuy was 
directed to take charge of the division between Phillipsburg and Eddyville, 
which section embraced more than one-third of all the locks, and included the 
most difficult portion of the work on the line. Particularly was this so at 
High Falls, where a long deep cut to straighten the canal gave great trouble 
by reason of quicksands, involving the labor of over one thousand men on 
a section of less than a mile. This place is in sight of the present Mohonk 
Hotel, standing on the mountains above, in Ulster County, New York. 

On the completion of this enlargement, which was accomplished during 
two winters, boats fourteen feet wide and ninety feet long were used in 
place of the former ones of eight feet wide and sixty feet long, so that the 
burden or carrying capacity was increased from fifty tons to one hundred 
and ten tons cargo per boat. After the improvement was finished, DuPuy 
received the appointment of general agent, at Rondout, New York, to 
receive, transfer, and consign shipments of coal as they came from the canal. 
This business, from its beginning, and during twenty years up to that time, 
had been under the personal supervision of Maurice Wurts, one of the 
originators of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, but the entire 
receipts of coal during the season had never yet reached five hundred thousand 
tons. The first year, under DuPuy's management, the receipts of the Pennsyl- 
vania Coal Company, the principal shipper, ran up to nine hundred thousand 
tons, or almost double the previous tonnage. 

Mr. DuPuy retained the position for several years, and during that period 
made a number of mechanical improvements for the economical handling of 
coal. He erected some fifteen derricks upon the dock at Rondout, by which 
means the coal was handled directly from the canal-boat and piled for 
storage by the employment of two men with steam-power, whereas before 
it required an average of twelve men with steain to accomplish the same 
purpose. He also invented and applied different kinds of screens to clean 
the heretofore imperfectly screened coal, placing them upon the decks of the 


loading vessel. Theretofore the coal, when arriving from the screens at 
Honesdale in bad condition, was thrown upon the docks and screened by 
hand, involving a larger cost and much more labor than the deck screens, 
by which the coal during loading was separated with little labor from the fine 
dust. Like all new inventions, much opposition to their use (from the 
dock-master) was at first experienced, as they were considered needless in- 
novations. Another improvement made by DuPuy was in connection with 
a small stream near Honesdale, which in the time of freshet frequently be- 
came violent. It poured into the Lackawaxen River at a place where there 
was but a small stretch of slack-water canal navigation. The boatmen had 
lip to that time passed the stream at right angles, and, as their boats were 
laden to a depth of some five and one-half feet, a solid resistance was pre- 
" sented to the rushing waters, causing many to be overcome and sunk, not only 
involving the loss of boat and cargo, but also impeding the navigation of 
the canal. So serious was this danger considered, that in time of freshets, 
orders were issued stopping the boats until the water abated, and thus a 
serious loss each year was occasioned through suspension of traffic. This 
difficulty was remedied by DuPuy ordering the boats to be towed from the 
stern-post across the stream, by which means they floated in the line of the 
cross-current, receiving the breast of water on the end cross-section, instead 
of obstructing the whole stream as before by making a breastwork of the 
entire side-length and depth of the laden boat. The improvement prevented 
any further delay of navigation at this point. 

Mr. DuPuy remained in the service of the company until 1854, when 
the President of the Illinois Central Railroad Company, Jonathan B. Sturgis, 
of New York, requested him to spend sixty days on the line of their works, 
to report upon the prospective condition and the progress of construction of 
the road. This company had expended a bonded capital of seventeen million 
dollars in the construction of a disconnected road throughout its line of 
seven hundred miles, and suddenly found itself short of money to complete 
it. Its directors had become discouraged over the difficulties in procuring a 
further loan, and were fearful that their large land-grant of two and one-half 
million acres might prove non-productive and worthless. It was at this 
juncture that DuPuy went to Illinois, and was given full power to avail 
himself of any means necessary of travel over the road to enable him to 
make a full report upon the property. He found that the cost had been 
enhanced and the work delayed by the breaking out of cholera, but that the 
value of the enterprise when finished would guarantee it to be profitable, and 
that the productiveness of its land, when settled, would insure large traffic to 
the system. He sent reports to the directors in New York City from time 
to time as he travelled through the State. At the end of sixty days' investi- 


gation he made a full report, and was complimented upon its clearness and 
the practical suggestions he presented. He had made estimates of the cost 
of connecting the disjointed sections of the road, and also the amount of 
traffic the land would yield when fully settled. These estimates were taken 
from results that had been accomplished on similar lands in various parts of 
the State. 

The directors stated that he had given them a clearer conception of the 
value of their property than had been furnished by any previous report, 
and, in furtherance of this opinion, they invited him, in 1855, at a salary 
of five thousand dollars per year, to remove to Illinois and organize their 
Land Department on the completion of the main line, which was expected 
to be finished in that year. William H. Osborn, who had previously been a 
Manilla merchant, was largely interested in the road, and he saw in DuPuy 
a possible way out of the difficulties which the road was then experiencing. 

Based upon the reports which DuPuy made upon the value of the lands 
of the road, Osborn insisted that the former should organize the Land 
Department on the lines DuPuy had suggested. He accepted, and began 
work at once, employing engineers to report carefully upon each quarter- 
section. This work was accomplished in sixty days. As the reports came 
in and were classified, the lands were valued and registered in books for 
future reference. It required a force of twenty-five engineers, and as many 
clerks, to perform this work, and while it was going on, DuPuy carefully 
prepared a pamphlet for distribution, of which one hundred thousand copies 
were rapidly circulated through the mail and newspapers, among the farmers 
of the Eastern and Middle States. The East was ripe for migration, and 
in the spring of 1856 land buyers swarmed to Chicago, so that in nine 
months, lands to the value of five million dollars were sold. Up to this 
time this was the greatest amount of business accomplished by any one 
concern in the West during a similar period. Upon the strength of these 
sales, confidence was restored in the minds of investors, and the company 
was enabled to secure in Europe a " free land loan " of three million dollars, 
which success served to bridge over the difficulties and to insure the final 
completion of the enterprise. 

Having thus succeeded in firmly establishing this land-system, he re- 
signed his position and became interested in various land-enterprises of 
magnitude. Many of these eventually proved unprofitable, owing to failure 
of crops in the year 1857 and the strenuous financial depression of that year. 
He was one of six who bought a large tract of land at Hyde Park, near 
Chicago, which was laid out in lots for public sale. This district is now 
one of the handsomest residence parts of Chicago. 

In 1862 he closed up his business matters in the West, and returned to 


New York, where he invested in a large oil-refinery located at Titusville, 
Pennsylvania. In 1868 he removed to Philadelphia, and interested himself 
in various mercantile enterprises, and finally was induced by Henry M. 
Hamilton, an able railroad promoter, to take an active interest in a new 
line of railroad projected between Philadelphia and New York. Hamilton 
had purchased a series of small charters authorizing the construction of 
short lines of railroad in New Jersey, and, by considerable tact and shrewd- 
ness, secured from the New Jersey Legislature a charter so worded that 
these small roads could be connected and made to form a direct through line 
from the Delaware River to Jersey City. At this time the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company had leased the Camden and Amboy Railroad, and thereby 
secured through connection between Philadelphia and New York, and, being 
anxious to maintain its monopoly, threw every obstacle within its reach, in 
the way of the new enterprise. However, DuPuy, with his usual energy and 
his convincing influence, promised his friends in Philadelphia that the road 
" would be built with steel rails, and would run in two hours between New 
York and Philadelphia, passing all highways in New Jersey either under or 
over grade," at which time such speed and improvements were unknown. 
Assisted by such prominent Philadelphia capitalists as Edward C. Knight, the 
late sugar-refiner; Matthew Baird, one of the largest owners of the Baldwin 
Locomotive Works ; Jacob Riegel and Henry Lewis, wealthy merchants ; and 
Charles Gibbons, a leader at the bar, with other friends, a board of direc- 
tors was secured and arrangements were made for the construction of the 
National Railroad. 

It was soon found that the several charters must be legally consolidated 
before bonds on a strong foundation could be issued. Considerable pre- 
liminary work had been done along the line of the road, but, through the 
antagonism experienced in the New Jersey Legislature, the enterprise lan- 
guished, until, in 1874, Hamilton succeeded in securing from the Legislature 
a Free Railroad Law. The old board of directors reorganized, and formed 
under the new law the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad Company, which 
connected with the North Pennsylvania Railroad at Jenkintown, near Phila- 
delphia, and the Central Railroad of New Jersey at Bound Brook, New 
Jersey, which connections gave the new line depot and station accommodations 
at both the Philadelphia and New York terminals. In 1875, ^f^er the new 
road was completed, it was leased to the North Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company, and, instead of three hours being consumed in making the trip 
between the two cities, it was now accomplished in two hours. The latter 
company, in its turn, became substantially merged in the Philadelphia and 
Reading Railroad Company, and thus came to be a strong competitor for the 
great travel moving to and from the West to New York. Had it not been 


for Mr. DuPuy's indomitable perseverance and push in effecting the co- 
operation of powerful influences in Philadelphia, the road would probably 
never have been constructed. 

In 1853 DuPuy was induced, with others, to test on a practical scale 
the patent for the manufacture of iron by one operation from the ore into 
wrought iron, of Charles Ouillard, a Frenchman, who had belonged to the 
National Guard of Napoleon, but who was then a resident of Rondout, New 
York. DuPuy spent a large amount of money in this enterprise, but the 
process was defective and failed to produce a good quality of wrought iron. 
Through his connection with the process, he came to the conclusion that the 
" direct method " could be profitably accomplished if the proper process could 
be developed, and through many years he spent much time and money in 
experimental operations. Believing that he had hit upon a cheap method, 
he secured patents, under which he made over fifty tons of wrought iron at 
one time and rolled it into bars in one operation. He read several papers 
before the Franklin Institute, which will be found in its transactions, explain- 
ing the whole system. 

During these various experiments, reaching over many years, the Bes- 
semer process, for the rapid and cheap manufacture of steel from pig-iron, 
was being perfected, and the basic process, for the production of steel from 
impure ores, was being placed upon a practical scale by Thomas Gilchrist, 
of England. These processes rapidly came into general use, and little atten- 
tion was given to the direct manufacture of wrought iron from ores, from 
which so much had originally been expected. Although the quality of steel 
made from " direct " iron proved itself to be equal to the best that could be 
made, far surpassing that of the Bessemer and other processes, still little 
headway was made. Owing to its cost, " direct " iron can hardly supplant 
soft steel, which has so universally taken the place of wrought iron, but where 
fine steel is required, experience has shown that by the use of this class of 
iron in the mixture, the best results have been obtained. 

For many years the great economic question of how to enlarge indus- 
trial activity ainong the great mass of people stagnating on slender incomes, 
received Mr. DuPuy's attention. He believed that a better system would 
add to the general happiness of mankind, to further which object he wrote 
from time to time many concisely stated papers. In 1875 he contributed 
to the Penn Monthly Magazine a paper entitled " Wasted Faculties," which 
attracted considerable discussion. The following year the same views were 
embodied in a pamphlet entitled "Work for Workers," more than one 
hundred thousand copies of which were circulated, in addition to which the 
article was copied in whole or in part by hundreds of newspapers in diflfer- 
ent parts of the country. It was also translated into Gemian. Subsequently 


he published other papers on economic subjects, all of which were exten- 
sively copied by the press. 

Believing in a more equitable adjustment of the profits of labor, he 
was always opposed to securing such result by other than lawful and peace- 
ful means. He bitterly opposed the extreme views of socialists and anarchists, 
and advocated the ultimate accomplishment of such adjustment by an agitation 
which would bring about a better general education on these important ques- 
tions, through the influence of the ballot, rather than by violence. In further- 
ing these views, his voice was always raised in favor of lawful means, depre- 
cating violence; an instance of which occurred in a " Green-back " convention 
held at Philadelphia, to which he was a delegate. The radical sentiments 
prevailing among the labor delegates was such that their speeches and pro- 
ceedings threatened violence as the only cure for the alleged wrongs of 
society. At this crisis Mr. DuPuy offered a few well-worded moderate 
resolutions, showing that society had grown gradually, during seven hun- 
dred years, to its present advanced status, and that violence would only set 
back and destroy the progress that had been made. Several times, by request, 
the resolutions were read before the convention, whereupon the most violent, 
failing to find anything in them to question, helped to pass them unanimously, 
and thus the current was changed from violent to peaceful means. 

Mr. DuPuy always maintained that the advancement of civilization must 
come through slow growth to be permanent and salutary. He read a paper 
before the Scientific Society of Bridgeport, Connecticut, in the winter of 
1888-9, strongly advocating his views, which paper was extensively copied by 
the press of the country, and many papers and essays in which the same 
current of thought prevailed were written by him and published from time 
to time until his death. 

In 1883 there assembled in the rooms of the New York Historical 
Society, a number of men whose ancestors had been driven from France 
through persecution. Among those present, were the Honorable John Jay, 
Messrs. Delancey, Lester, Gallaudet, Gautier, De Peyster, Bayard, DuPuy, 
Da Costa, Vermilye, and others. At this meeting the " Huguenot Society of 
America " was formed, Mr. Jay being elected President and Mr. DuPuy Vice- 
President, which office the latter held until his death. 

Mr. DuPuy was an easy, fluent writer, very statistical and practical on 
financial, literary, or commercial subjects, but poetical and warm where 
sentiment was suggested. In Lippincott's Magasine for January, 1870, was 
printed an article written by him, suggested by the destruction of an old 
mansion, in which he said : " On such occasions my thoughts wander to the 
far-off past. I dwell upon the thrilling scenes the old house has witnessed, 


as one by one they stand out in bold relief before me. I sketch, in imagination, 
him who toiled and earned and built and first dwelt there," and so he compares 
the old house with human life, which at its end makes place for others. Later 
in life he wrote : 

" From cradle to coffin we struggle and seek, 
Till the fugitive years of our life are past, 
But whether our lots be blessed or bleak, 

We are tossed like dogs to the worms at last. 
What is the use of it, then, I say? 

Why are we brought from the blank unknown 
To weep and dance through a little day 
That drifts us under a burial stone ? " 

Charles Meredith DuPuy was a man of unboimded enterprise and energ}-, 
and of great firmness of character and tenacity of purpose, with an ex- 
ceptionally strong personality. His open frank countenance inspired those 
with whom he came in contact. During his long and active life, his efforts 
were always directed towards aiding and enlightening the unemployed, with 
the view of bettering their conditions of life. Above all was his high 
character, — pure, honest, absolutely free from all sordid or mercenary temp- 
tations, loathing all mean and dishonest ways, simple as a child, tender and 
sympathetic as a woman, and true as steel in all his convictions and in his 
life. He rests in Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia, by the side of his 
parents and wife. 

On June i6, 1853, he married at Burlington, New Jersey, Ellen M. 
Reynolds, the ceremony being performed by the Reverend Jehu Curtis Clay. 
She was born March 17, 1833; died November 27, 1898, within seven weeks 
from the death of her husband. She was a daughter of Reverend John 
Reynolds, a clergyman of the Church of England, by his wife Eleanor Evans. 
Mrs. DuPuy was always most energetic and studious, being exceedingly pre- 
cocious in her youth. At the age of four years she was able to read her 
Bible, and at thirteen she graduated from St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, N. J., 
at that time regarded one of the highest educational female schools in the 
country, and she had the distinction of being its youngest graduate. At 
sixteen she taught there mathematics and the classics, many of her scholars 
being much older than herself. Most tenderly was she devoted to her hus- 
band throughout their married life of over forty-five years, and through the 
many trials and disappointments of his long and active career she gave him 
unceasing encouragement, hope and comfort. 

The Reverend John Reynolds, father of Mrs. Charles Meredith DuPuy. 
was bom in England in 1792, and died May 13, 1864. He was a clergy- 

From a daguerreotype taken in 1853 just before their marriaRe. 

Born December 14, 1823 Died October 7. 1898 


man of the Church of England, who, removing to this country, became at 
one time rector of Old Swedes Church, Philadelphia, of which John Dupuy 
was a vestryman. While holding the rectorship (from 1832 until 1839), he 
also had charge of the churches at Norristown and Perkiomen, where his 
family resided.^ He was a son of Reverend John Reynolds, an English 
clergyman, ordained in England in 1785, and who was an intimate friend 
of John Wesley, the father of Methodism. Rev. John Reynolds, senior, 
was a man of great learning, and was noted in his day for his great dignity 
of bearing. He had white hair, curling like the ancient wigs of the time. 
His complexion was a wonderful pink, which has descended to some of 
his posterity. His small white hands were delicate, which was remarkable, 
as he was of unusual height and breadth of figure. He entered the room 
with a most graceful and dignified bow ; wore a cocked hat, like that of an 

" Reverend John Reynolds married, as first wife, Ann Kettlewell, and, as second 
wife, Eleanor Evans, born December 23, 1799; died November 25, 1887. By first wife he 
had six children, to wit: 

i. Charlotte Reynolds, born November 15, 1826; died January 7, 1902; married 
January 4, 1859, Colonel William Kiiox Hackett, who died June 7, 1862, from 
a wound received in the battle of Seven Pines, while serving in the Con- 
federate army. On October 29, 1867, after six years of widowhood, she 
married, as second husband, William F. Robertson, of Petersburgh, Virginia, 
where she resided until her husband's death in 1871, when she returned to 
her old home in Yorkville, South Carolina, the home of her youth, where 
she was brought up, after the death of her father, by her uncle. Reverend 
Henry Elwell. 
ii. Samuel Mortimer Reynolds; died in 1908 in Chicago, 111.; named after his 
father's old friend in England, Miss Elizabeth Riche, afterwards Mrs. Mortimer, 
John Wesley's " dear Betsie." 
iii. John Reynolds ; died in infancy. 
iv. Edward Reynolds ; died in infancy. <: 
V. Henry Reynolds; died in infancy. 
vi. Ann Reynolds, born in 1817; died in 1846; married Dr. Griffin Goldsborough, of 

the Eastern Shore, Maryland. 
By second wife he had : 

vii. Ellen Maria Reynolds ; married Charles Meredith DuPuy, as stated in the text. 
viii. John Reynolds, born in 1836; living in Erie, Pennsylvania; married Mary 
McAllister, of Erie, Pennsylvania ; by whom he has two children, Lloyd and 
Grace, the latter the wife of Judah Spencer Van Cleve. 
ix. Mary Reynolds, born in 1838; unmarried; living in Erie. 

X. Caroline Lane Reynolds, born in 1S40; married (i) General Adam J. Slemmer, of 
Norristown, Pennsylvania; born in 1830; died in 1868; was a prominent officer 
in the Union Army, and received a bronze medal from the New York Chamber 
of Commerce in recognition of his heroic defence of Fort Pickens, Florida, 
in the Civil War. By General Slemmer she had one child, who died young. 
She married, as second husband. Honorable Richard Claverhouse Jebb, a 
member of the British Parliament, representing the University of Cambridge, 
and who, in 1900, was knighted by Queen Victoria. He also received the 
" Order of Merit " from King Edward VH., in 1905, and Died December 6, of 
the same year, after a short illness. 
5 S3 


English bishop of the present day, short knee-breeches, black-silk stockings, 
and silver buckles on his shoes. He was known to kneel morning and evening, 
praying for his children each by name. He began with the eldest, the mother 
of Jeannette Potts, of Cambridge, England, and then prayed for " son John 
and his family in America." One of his grand-children, who remembered 
him well, wrote that she, as a child, and the cat, waited patiently until the 
prayer was over, when they knew it was time for breakfast. Food, not 
religion, was the uppermost thought in their minds. 

Reverend John Reynolds, the elder, was born in 1760, and in 1788 married 
Charlotte, daughter of Edward Oxenborow or Oxburg, a merchant of Wells, 
Co. Norfolk, England, who was born in 1736 and died in 1821. She was 
born in 1770 and died in 1855, and at her marriage was but eighteen years of 
age. The marriage being against her father's wishes, the wedding took place 
at the home of her uncle, in Lynn, England. After their marriage they moved 
to Norwich where they entertained Mr. Wesley on his last visit to that city. 
Though the father steadily refused to have anything to do with his disobedient 
daughter, the mother still cherished for her the warmest motherly feeling, and 
secretly put aside from her savings little sums of money intended for the use of 
this offspring. At the death of the mother, the daughter found the treasure- 
trove intended for her portion, in a secret drawer, and, much elated, brought it 
to her young husband. Upon the discovery, he at once ordered his horse 
saddled and rode a long distance to her father's house, handing him the 
purse, amounting to almost £400. The once irate parent made him a courtly 
bow and said, " I see, sir, that I have an honorable man to deal with." 
This ended in a reconciliation, and at the death of her father, the daughter 
found herself handsomely remembered in his will, which legacy enabled her 
to bring up her family of twenty children in comfortable circumstances, 
giving them all the best education. The sons were all physicians, excepting 
John, who came to America, and Edward, who entered the navy; Joshua, 
named after the great bachelor painter, who was said to be a relative, died 

Eleanor Evans, wife of Reverend John Reynolds, the younger, and 
mother of Mrs. Charles Meredith Dupuy, was a daughter of Owen Evans * 
by his wife Eleanor Lane, and was born December 23, 1799, and died Novem- 
ber 25, 1887. Owen Evans joined the American troops at the age of 
eighteen, participated in the battle of Germantown (1777), and attended and 
brought home to Perkiomen, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, his brother- 
in-law, Major Thomas Church, who was badly wounded in that battle. 

' See Evans Family in subsequent pages of this volume. 

Born 1736 Died 1821 

Bom 1760 Died 1821 



Eleanor Lane, wife of Owen Evans, and grandmother of Mrs. Du Puy, 
was first cousin of her husband, as she was a daughter of Edward Lane by 
his wife Ann Evans, a sister of Thomas Evans, father of Owen. Edward 
Lane was a son of William Lane, and grandson of Edward Lane, by his wife 
Ann Richardson, daughter of Honorable Samuel Richardson, of Philadelphia. 
An extended account of Samuel Richardson, with mention of the Lanes, is 
given in a later chapter of this work. 
Children of Charles Meredith and Ellen M. (Reynolds) DuPuy: 

i. Charles Meredith DuPuy, born April 14, 1854; died February 9, 1873. 
ii. Herbert DuPuy, born May 10, 1856 ; married Amy Susette Hostetter. 
iii. Mary DuPuy, born February 15, 1858; married William Spencer, of Erie, 

iv. Eleanor DuPuy, born in i860; died in 1861. 

V. Martha Haskins DuPuy, born July 27, 1861 ; married George Howard 
Darwin, of Cambridge, England, who was knighted by King Edward VH. 
in 1905. 
vi. Eleanor Gertrude DuPuy, born July 19, 1864. 
vii. Caroline Lane DuPuy, born March 17, i868. 

viii. Emma Louisa DuPuy, born September 13, 1871 ; married April 27, 1902, 
William Eben Reed, of Cleveland, Ohio. 

14. HORATIO ALFRED DUPUY, third son and child of John Dupuy 
by his wife Mary Richards Haskins, was born January 31, 1826, and died 
August 28, 1875. He was commissioned captain on the Union side in the 
Civil War, and served his country with honor, having disbursed many millions 
of dollars in the Quartermaster's Department, settling his accounts with the 
Government without an error. He died from the effects of disease contracted 
while in the service of his country. He married Maria Wilder, of 
Rochester, New York. 

Children of Captain Horatio Alfred and Mary (Wilder) Dupuy: 

i. Mary Dupuy; married Isaac Baker. 

ii. Frances Dupuy; married Keddy Fletcher; living in London, England, 
iii. Wilder Dupuy; living in Kentucky. 
iv. Archibald Dupuy; living in Rochester, New York. 

V. Charles Dupuy; a physician in Indianapolis, Indiana. 

15. ELIZABETH HASKINS DUPUY, second daughter and fifth child 
of John Dupuy by his wife Mary Richards Haskins, was born at Phila- 
delphia, August 17, 1830, and died there December 18, 1907. She married 
at Philadelphia, January 5, 1853, Thomas Graham, bom in Philadelphia, 
March 19, 1826; died in San xA.ntonio, Texas, October 8, 189 1 ; son of Peter 
Graham by his wife Agnes Gibson. In early life Thomas Graham was an 
importing merchant, and received his business training in the coimting house 



of John Graham & Co., New York, his father being a member of this firm. 
He was at one time associated with the late A. T. Stewart, New York, and 
was the foreign buyer for Mr. Stewart's firm. Later in life he engaged in 
large railroad and industrial enterprises, among which was the opening of 
the great Pocahontas coal fields in West Virginia. He founded the town of 
Graham, Virginia. An interesting sketch of him is printed in the " Historical 
Catalogue of the St. Andrews Society of Philadelphia," of which organization 
he was a member. Children of Thomas and Elizabeth Haskins (Dupuy) 
Graham : 

i. John Graham, born October 9, 1853; married February 7, 1888, Florence, 

daughter of Surgeon-General Beale, U. S. N. They have issue, 
ii. Thomas Haskins Graham, born March 20, 1856; married Rosalia Gertrudis 

Maria Diaz-Herrera, of Santiago, Cuba, 
iii. Peter Graham, born March 10, 1858; died November 3, 1889; married Esther 

Nixon Wain. They had issue. 
iv. Mary Graham, born February 17, i860; died May 3, 1878. 
V. Walter Graham, born June ig, 1862; married Emily Newbold Baker. They 

have issue, 
vi. Gertrude Ellen Gr-^ham, born February 17, 1865 ; married Frank S. Dougherty, 

son of the late Daniel Dougherty, Esq. They have issue. 
vii. How.\RD Spencer Graham, born February 13, 1867 ; married Margaret McCall 

Thayer, daughter of the late Honorable M. Russell Thayer, eminent jurist. 

They have issue. 
viii. Euzabeth Haskins Graham, born July 12, 1869; married Dr. Barton Cooke 

Hirst, a prominent physician of Philadelphia. They have issue. 
ix. Edith Graham, born April &, 1872; married J. Hutchinson Scott, Lieutenant 

of U. S. N. They have issue. 

16. CLARA AUGUSTA DUPUY, third daughter and sixth child of 
John Dupuy by his wife Ma.ry Richard Haskins, was born in Philadelphia 
September 4, 1832; married April 16, 1863, in Holy Trinity Church, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., by the Rev. Phillips Brooks assisted by Rev. Charles M. DuPuy, 
to Samuel Blythe Rogers, born January 13, 1835, died in February, 1883; 
eldest son of Thomas Rogers of Philadelphia. 
Children of Samuel Blythe and Clara Augusta (DuPuy) Rogers: 

i. Samuel Blythe Rogers, born February 14, 1864, died May 30, 1893. Unmarried. 

ii. Benjamin Tingley Rogers, born October 21, 1865, in Philadelphia; married 
June I, 1892, at Victoria, B.C.. to Mary Isabella Angus, eldest daughter of 
James and Mary Angus. Their children are: I. Blythe DuPu}-, born May 
22, 1893. 2. Mary Angus, born September 27, 1894. 3. Ernest Theodore, 
born October 15, 1897. 4. Elspeth, born April 29, 1900. 5. Philip Tingley, 
born February 14, 1908. 

iii. Clara Augusta DuPuy Rogers, born August 11, 1867; married August 10, 
1898 at Vancouver. B.C., to Leslie Haveloch Wright, third son of Robert 
Milton and Elizabeth Gertrude Wright. Their children are: I. Theodore 
Elisabeth, born February 25, 1900. 2. Leslie Isabel, born January 9, 1903. 
3. Robert Hamilton, born December 26, 1907. 


iv. Lawrence Thornton Rogers, born September 6, 1868; married December 29, 
1899, at San Rafael, California, to Emma Catherine Segleken, fourth 
daughter of Wilhelm and Henrietta Segelken, of Oldenberg, Grand Duchy, 
Germany. No children. 

V. Theodore Havemeyer Rogers, born October 6, 1873, died at Los Angeles, 
California, April 5, 1894, unmarried. 

vi. Emma Louisa Rogers, born at Oakley Plantation, Louisiana, September 26, 
187s ; married in Vancouver, B.C., September 22, 1903, to Lewis Griffith 
McPhillips, seventh son of George and Margaret McPhillips. No children. 

17. GERTRUDE ELLEN DUPUY, ninth and youngest child of John 
Dupuy by his wife Mary Richards Haskins, was born June 27, 1841, and died 
at Derby, Connecticut, in June, 1902. She married Honorable Henry Shelton 
Sanford, who was bom at Woodbury, Connecticut, June 15, 1823, and died 
at Healing Springs, Virginia, May 21, 1891. Mr. Sanford was educated 
at Trinity College, Connecticut, and at Heidelberg University, Germany, from 
which institution, in later years he received the degree of LL.D. In 1847 
he entered the diplomatic service of the United States, as attache at St. Peters- 
burg. The next year he became acting secretary of legation at Frank fort-on- 
Main, and later the same year he was appointed by President Tyler secretary 
to the Paris Legation. He negotiated and arranged the first postal conven- 
tion between the United States and France; was charge d'affaires at Paris 
during a portion of the years 1853 and 1854, and was appointed Minister 
to Belgium by President Lincoln. In 1869 he was nominated by President 
Grant to be Minister to Spain, in succession to John Parker Hale, but the 
Senate adjourned without confinning the nomination, which failure was due 
to the earnest appeal of Mr. Hale that he might be heard in his own defence. 
President Grant afterwards appointed General Sickles to the position, where- 
upon Mr. Sanford resigned his post at Belgium. He remained in Europe to 
watch the Franco-German War, and was present at the battle of Sedan, on 
the field of which he was active in charitable duty. On his return to America 
he devoted his energies to the development of his estates in Louisiana and 
Florida, in which latter State he founded the town of Sanford. 

In 1877 he was a delegate of the American Geographical Society to the 
International Congress of the African Association, convened by King Leopold 
II, and was one of the committee of three to manage the afifairs of the 
Association, working eight years to further the interests of the Congo State, 
projected by King Leopold. As its plenipotentiary at Washington, in April, 
1884, he secured the recognition of its flag by the United States, thus causing 
the abandonment by Great Britain of its treaty with Portugal for the control 
of the lower Congo region, and bringing about the Berlin Conference, at 
which Mr. Sanford was present with Minister Kasson as the U. S. represen- 


tative. This conference was opened November 13, 1884, and culminated in 
1886 in opening to the free trade of all nations the Congo country, with its 
1,000,000 square miles and 50,000,000 inhabitants. In the last-mentioned 
year he organized at Brussels the Sanford Exploring Expedition, under the 
command of Lieutenant Taunt, U. S. N., for the purpose of scientific 
study and commercial development in the Congo region. In 1890 he was 
appointed envoy extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the Brussels antislavery 
conference. In addition to his many diplomatic labors, he was employed 
in Europe on many confidential missions for the United States Govern- 

Honorable Henry Shelton and Gertrude Ellen (DuPuy) Sanford had the 
following children: 

i. Henry Sanford; deceased. 
ii. Gertrude Sanford; deceased, 
iii. Leopold Sanford; deceased. 

iv. Ethel Sanford; married John Sanford, and resides at Amsterdam, New York. 
V. Freda Sanford ; living at Derby, Connecticut. 

vi. Cara Sanford ; married Abbott Low Dow, and lives at Derby, Connecticut. 
vii. Wilhelmina Sanford; living at Derby, Connecticut. 

18. HERBERT DUPUY, only surviving son of Charles Meredith and 
Ellen M. (Reynolds) DuPuy, bom in Chicago, Illinois, May 10, 1856. After 
graduating as metallurgical chemist from Lehigh University, Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, in the Class of 1878, determined to follow in the footsteps of 
his father in the direction of the manufacture of fine steels. After an inter- 
view with Mr. Andrew Carnegie, a friend of the family, in New York, the 
latter gave him a letter of introduction to his partner, Henry Phipps, in which 
he requested the latter to place the young man of 22 in some department of 
their Pittsburg works. Upon reaching Pittsburg, DuPuy started his career 
in the laboratory of the Lucy Furnaces. He very soon saw an opportunity 
of making a valuable improvement in the development of a new departure in 
blast-furnace practice. Roll-scale, the oxide of iron wasted in the manu- 
facture of steel by all large producers, was then used solely in making roads 
and filling dumps. DuPuy visited the Cleveland Rolling Mills and other 
large steel-works, and contracted in his own name for their entire output of 
this material. The first contract, covering many thousand tons, was made 
on a basis of 50 cents per ton, the material containing over 70 per cent, of pure 
iron. " Republic " iron-ore, at that time the purest and best Lal<e Superior 
ore on the market and which was generally used throughout the Pittsburg 
district, was selling at a price of $6.50 per ton on Cleveland docks. It can 
readily be understood, that, though roll-scale was higher in impurities tlian 


this ore, yet, comparing the relative values of the two according- to their 
richness and costs, the comparison was largely in favor of roll-scale. After 
DuPuy had made this contract, he telegraphed Mr. Carnegie the result. 
The wires flashed quickly back the Biblical quotation, " Well done, thou good 
and faithful servant ! " and upon his return to Pittsburg his salary was raised 
from $60 to the munificent sum of $100 per month. 

He continued to make other large contracts for this material, so that, 
before other large pig-iron producers had discovered the value of this wasted 
product, the Lucy Furnaces were able from their start in its use to make a 
very large profit. 

After remaining in the employ of Mr. Carnegie for a year and a half, 
an independent opening appeared in the direction of the construction of a 
crucible-steel works. The Siemens-Anderson Steel Company, which had 
been a factor in crucible-steel manufacture for a number of years, having 
made all the wire used in the cables of the first Brooklyn bridge in 1879, met 
with financial disaster. From this wreck DuPuy gathered the superintendent 
and the better part of the organization, and with it built an entire new 
works at McKees Rocks, near Pittsburg, employing Robert Anderson, of the 
old company, who was then so widely known among steel consumers, for the 
use of his name. In April, 1880, the first crucible-steel was melted at the 
new plant, and from that day, until the summer of 1900, the works prospered 
and grew, finally extending its operations to the manufacture of railroad 
springs and tools in large quantities. 

In July, 1900, it was absorbed into the Crucible Steel Company of 
America, a consolidation of all the large crucible-steel works in the United 
States. In the directory of this company DuPuy entered as a member. Be- 
yond this office he declined to take any active interest, believing that the 
younger men who had come up under him should have a chance for their 

In 1897 his attention was called to the fact that the celebrated Connells- 
ville bed of coking-coal was rapidly becoming exhausted through 'the large 
mining operations then extending throughout its length. At that time geolo- 
gists generally, and large manufacturers of Connellsville coke, condemned 
all adjacent fields, insisting that the pure product, then supplying the market, 
could be made only from what is known as the old Connellsville bed of the 
Pittsburg vein of coal. This is a large tongue or vein extending from the 
Pennsylvania Railroad at Latrobe, Pennsylvania, on the north, southwardly 
to a few miles below Uniontown, and of small varying width. 

DuPuy, from his own investigation, conceived the idea that geologists 
were wrong in their conclusions. From a point near Uniontown a peninsula 


of coal extending towards the west appeared through the hill-tops, erosions 
having broken the continuity of its solid connection. This peninsula con- 
nected at its west end with the main body of the Pittsburg vein of coal, here 
from 9 to II feet in thickness. With engineers and chemists he personally 
visited this new territory, and through agents bought up over 7000 acres of 
its eastern outcrop, extending back a mile or two from the front. Thus was 
he the pioneer in the now famous " Klondike " coke-field, being the first 
operator in that field. 

When H. C. Frick, the authority on coke matters, heard of this pur- 
chase, he was so sure it was a mistake that he told DuPuy, " Young man, 
you have made a great mistake and every cent of your investment will be 
lost." It was an error of Mr. Prick's, of course, for since then his own 
company has extended its operations more largely into this new field than 
any one else, paying twenty times as much per acre as did DuPuy at the time 
of his entry. 

Having determined that his conclusions were right, that though this new 
development of coal was slightly harder in texture, it would make quite as 
good coke as that from the old Connellsville bed, he proved it practically by 
coking a large quantity in some near-by coke-ovens. 

The result of this work showed that the new coal produced a coke lower 
in phosphorus and sulphur than that from the old field, though broken up 
slightly more in fracture. With his engineers he surveyed a line of railroad 
some ten miles long, westward from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, at a 
point near Smithfield, Pennsylvania, which spur was to develop the lower end 
of the new field. About this time the experts of the Illinois Steel Company, 
which is now an important part of the United States Steel Corporation, made 
up their minds that DuPuy was right and that this new field should become 
their property. After they had made a thorough investigation, both of the 
ground and of the coal, they induced DuPuy to dispose of his entire interest 
to them. 

After these negotiations were completed, he re-entered the field, and, with 
some of his friends, purchased 1000 additional acres, organizing the Connells- 
ville Central Coke Company, a large active factor in the manufacture of coke. 
At this plant DuPuy built the first block of 100 " long " ovens constructed in 
this country. Here the coal is brought out of the mine, lifted into a hopper, 
dropped into a " larry " which feeds it into the coke-ovens, without the 
the touch of a man's hand. The coke is watered mechanically, pushed out and 
loaded by the same means into the freight-car which will carry it to its desti- 
nation, again no human hand touching it. In other words, this great labor- 
saving method, through the use of electric devices, does the work of many 


men with greater accuracy and at far less cost. Since DuPuy built this block, 
many large operators have followed his lead and have erected similar ovens. 
Ultimately this style of oven will entirely supersede the old bee-hive design. 

About this time the Penn Gas Coal Company, a large miner of gas-coal 
in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, the ownership of which had been 
held largely in Philadelphia, came into his control. The company was 
heavily in debt and in bad financial shape. He elected a new board and 
reorganized its operations and methods, moving its offices to Pittsburg, within 
25 miles of which were located its mines. He built a large number of steel 
cars to carry its product to the sea-shore and ocean barges to reach New 
England docks, and, after placing it firmly on its feet and managing it for 
four years, disposed of it at a price twice its par value, thus benefiting the 
stockholders who had so patiently held their stock through all its previous 

A period of rest then followed for several years, until the middle of 
February, 1909, when, at the death of William G. Park, then chainnan of the 
Executive Committee of the Crucible Steel Company of America, the Board 
of Directors unanimously elected him to fill the vacancy at the head of this 
large corporation. He accepted with reluctance and only with the distinct 
understanding that it was to be but temporary and until some other suitable 
man could be found to undertake the necessary activities and responsibilities 
of that important office. 

He married at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, November 6, 1879, Amy Susette 
Hostetter, born in Allegheny, Pa., January 22, 1858, daughter of David 
Hostetter, one of the most distinguished and foremost men of Pennsylvania.* 
The children of Herbert and Amy Susette (Hostetter) DuPuy are: 

i. Harry Wilfred DuPuy, born September 27, 1880. 
ii. Eleanor DuPuy, born August 22, 1882. 
iii. Amy DuPuy, born August 22, 1882. 

iv. RosETTA DuPuY, bom August 22, 1882 ; died January 21, 1883. 
V. Charles Meredith DuPuy, born June 24, 1884; married June 24, 1908, Miss 
Eunice Parish, of New Haven, Conn. 

' See Hostetter Family, page 126. 


Mary Richards Haskins, the wife of John Dupuy (see 
page 41), was born in Dorchester County, Maryland, 
November 7, 1760, and died in Philadelphia, June 29, 
1 816. He was a son of Captain Joseph Haskins by 
his wife Sarah Ennalls, and grandson of Thomas 
Haskins by his wife Mary Loockermans. Captain 
Joseph Haskins was a master mariner, trading to 
foreign ports. Upon one of his trips to England, he became a Master Mason, 
3d degree (October 9, 1759), of Dundee Arms, near Wapping New Stairs, 
London. The Treasurer's books of Dundee Arms Lodge,^ under date of 
December 22, 1757, contain this record: " Received Capt. Haskins for being 
a member 10/6." Sarah Ennalls, the wife of Captain Joseph Haskins, was 
a daughter of Thomas and Ann (Skinner) Ennalls, granddaughter of Major 
Henry and Mary (Hooper) Ennalls, and a great-granddaughter of Barthol- 
omew Ennalls, Esq.,- the Ennalls and Hooper families being ainong the most 
influential and distinguished in Dorchester County. Mary Loockermans, the 

' " Dundee Arms Lodge " and " Old Dundee Lodge " met in London — 

1723, " Ship " Tavern, Bartholomew Lane. 

1725, " Crown," Bow Lane, Cheapside. 

1725, " Globe " Tavern, Moore Gate. 

1727, " Three Tuns," Smithins Alley, Threadneedle St. 

1733, " Castle," Drury Lane. 

1739. " Crown," Shadwill. 

1739. " Crown," New Crane, Wapping. 

1747, " Dundee Arms," Wapping New Stairs. 

1764, Private room. Red Lion St., Wapping. 

— " Masonic Records," 1717-1894, John Lane, F.C.A., London, 1905. 

■ Bartholomew Ennalls, Esq., on coming to America resided for some time in 
Virginia, and removed from thence to Maryland about 1669, where he received a large 
grant of land. On 14 June, 1674, he was commissioned one of the justices of Dorchester 
County, and served as such several years. In 1678, and from 1681 until 1684, he was a 
member of the Maryland Assembly. He died between 29 March, 1688, and 20 January, 
1688/9, ths dates of his will and the probate thereof. At his death he was possessed of a 
number of plantations, among which were " North Yarmouth," " Little Yarmouth," " North 
Wallsome," "' Bradley's Adventure," " Moxom's Adventure," " The Forest," " Rich Neck," 

The Preachers in Conference, 

To all our Societies, efpecially the Leaders and Stewards, 
fend Greeting. 

TT feemed good to us, in order to prevent any Perfon from impofing 

uponj^pu, under a i'retence of Sanation from us; to certify, that 

,c}^^I,/.^7<»,. /^czi/ict^ is in full Connexion with, 

id a "pvlember of this 
I Afliftant. 

Conference, and appointed this Year to aft as 

Signed in Behalf of the Conference, 
(^^fr%]L -.^^'^y.^^:^ ._'V',---- ^ ^ ■ 


KLIZABETH RICHARDS iMrs. Thomas Haskins 

Born 177, Died 1857 


wife of Thomas Haskins, and grandmother of Reverend Thomas Haskins, 
was a daughter of Govert Loockermans, granddaughter of Dr. Jacob Loock- 
ermans, and great-granddaughter of Govert Loockermans, whose interesting 
hfe is outhned in a sketch which appears in the subsequent pages of this work. 
Reverend Thomas Haskins received a Hberal education, and after gradu- 
ating at WilHam and Mary College, Virginia, entered upon the study of 
law under the direction of Gustavus Scott, of Cambridge, Maryland, but, 
before he had completed his studies, removed to Dover, Delaware, and 
there continued them under the direction of his cousin. Honorable Richard 
Bassett.^ About that time the venerable Bishop Asbury, of the Methodist 
Association, sought an asylum in Delaware from the dangers of the Revo- 
lutionary War, and among others there he found a firm friend and follower 
in Mr. Bassett, who afterwards built a chapel on his estate, Bohemia Manor, 
in Maryland, like the Roman centurion, at his own expense. Thomas Haskins 
had been bred an Episcopalian, his parents being members of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Dorchester County, but, coming under the influence of 
Bishop Asbury, he became a convert to Methodism, and, much against the 
wishes of his family, he iinmediately determined to relinquish the profession 

"John's Point," "Addition to John's Point," and "Deer Pens" He married Mary Warren, 
widow of Francis Hayward. 

Major Henry Ennalls, son of Bartholomew, was prominent in the public life of Dor- 
chester County. His wife, Mary Hooper, was a daughter of Captain Henry Hooper, who 
was one of the leading men of his time in the same county. 

The prominence of the Ennalls family in the Revolution is evidenced in the appoint- 
ments of Thomas Ennalls as colonel and John Ennalls as lieutenant-colonel of the Lower 
Battalion of Dorchester County militia, and of Joseph Ennalls as major of the Upper 

' Richard Bassett was born on Bohemia Manor, in 1745 ; read law with Judge Golds- 
borough, of Maryland, and becam.e an eminent lawyer in Delaware, where he rose to 
great distinction in public life. He was a member of the Delaware Committee of Safety 
in 1776, and in that year was a delegate to the convention which framed the first Constitution 
for that State. He was also a delegate to the convention of September 11, 1786, which met 
at Annapolis, Maryland, to take into consideration the state of trade and the expediency 
of a reform system of commercial regulations for the common interest and permanent har- 
mony of the States, and in the following year he was a member of the convention which 
formed the Constitution of the United States. Upon the adoption of the Constitution and 
the organization of the government provided for, he became one of the first Senators from 
Delaware. In 1791/2 he was a member of the convention which framed the second Con- 
stitution for Delaware, under which he became the first Chief Justice of the State, resigning 
at this time his seat in the United States Senate. In 1798 he was elected Governor of 
Delaware, resigning this position in iSoi, to accept that of United States Circuit Court 
Judge for the Third Circuit, which then comprised the States of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, 
and Delaware, to which office he was appointed by President John Adams. He died in 
1815, at his home on Bohemia Manor, and was buried by the side of his son-in-law, Honor- 
able James A. Bayard, who had died only a few days before, and who had married Ann, 
the daughter of Mr. Bassett. 



of law and study for the Methodist ministry. In those days there were but 
few Methodist ministers, so, against the direct opposition of his family and 
friends, he gave up his prospects of ease, honor, and pleasure, and became an 
itinerant minister of the Methodist Church, an office " conforming to the 
practices of the first and purest ages of the Church." 

Mr. Haskins preached his first sermon at Dover, in about the twenty- 
first year of his age, from Hebrews xi, 24 to 26, " By faith Moses, when he 
was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, choos- 
ing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the pleas- 
ures of sin for a season ; esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than 
the treasures of Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of the 
reward." The following year, 1782, he was received on trial into the Travel- 
ling Connection at the Annual Conference held in Baltimore, Maryland, after 
which he travelled successively on the Baltimore, Chester, Somerset, and Tal- 
bot Circuits, until his health became so impaired that he was compelled to give 
up this constant work. In 1785, about the time of his first marriage, he settled 
in the neighborhood of Coventry, Chester County, Pennsylvania, his wife's 
home, where he continued to labor constantly and zealously as a local preacher, 
until 1789, when he removed to Philadelphia, engaging there in mercantile 
pursuits, at the same time officiating in the ministr}% until the close of his life. 

He married (i), August 25, 1785, Martha Potts, of Coventry, Chester 
County, Pennsylvania; bom January 25, 1764; died July 20, 1797; daughter 
of Thomas and Anna (Nutt) Potts. She was buried in the graveyard of 
St. George's Church, of which her grandmother, Mrs. Robert Grace, had been 
one of its earliest benefactors. The following is the inscription on her 
tombstone : 

"In Memory of 

Mrs. Martha Haskins 

who departed this life July 20th, 1797, 

in the 34th year of her age. 

•• Here lies a faithful follower of the Lord, 
Who with an humble heart her God adored, 
Of meekness, patience, gentleness possess'd— 
Of Wives, of Daughters and of Friends the best. 
Sic Vivam, Sic Moriar." 

On April 4, 1799, in St. George M. E. Church, Philadelphia, by Reverend 
Thomas Cooper, Thomas Haskins married, for his second wife, Elizabeth 
Richards, fourth child of William and Man,' (Patrick) Richards. She was 
born August 26, 1771 ; died September 24, 1857. After the death of her hus- 
band, she spent the remainder of her days with her daughter, Martha Wurts, 
of New York. Mr. Haskins died in Philadelphia, and was buried in the 
graveyard of Union M. E. Churcli. The following appears on his tombstone : 

s>iurjj prnxivg 
uojp[tuoQ J3pucx3yv 


tpcoa uqof 

3>|CJQ usqo-y 

UOJqiQ ;j3qo-y 

u^iiv SUIU01[J_ 

puciipooQ liljof 

3JEi[nbjj-i uqof 

nnqnjiij^ jsjjj 

jroqjiiQ scuioi(j_' 

pooA\ii)rQ pnureg 

Aq[no<j sEUioijx 
3^nq sauaf 

^o[Mou^ uqof 

utipaijg Xqioujix 

P-lrtOQ opuEuipjsj 

uojqoy fruioqx 

■■•''iwqra H3nH 


■""■"'qpiiM uqof 

Jinoq>(jixj jjaooM 


BEnl'on Beck, Sureeon 
R. W. jM. 
Joleph Tomlinibn, Dealer 

S. \V. 
Henry Gretton. Engraver 

John Trclawney, Haberda 

P. M. 
Benjamin Price, Slopfeller, 
Robert Robinibn, Sail - ( 

The Reverend and Right : 

VifcQur.t Prefton, 
Wycth Cainvarden, Wine IV 
Edward Newton, Uplioldcr 
James Long, Stone Mafon, 
Nevil Mealc, Bricklayer, 
Thomas Noy, Painter, Oi) a 

Th^,-r„o T-1 „. n: . 


of law and study for the Methodist ministry. In those days there were but 
few Methodist ministers, so, against the direct opposition of his family and 
friends, he gave up his prospects of ease, honor, and pleasure, and became an 
itinerant minister of the Methodist Church, an office " conforming to the 
practices of the first and purest ages of the Church." 

Mr. Haskins preached his first sermon at Dover, in about the twenty- 
first year of his age, from Hebrews xi, 24 to 26, " By faith Moses, when he 
was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, choos- 
ing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the pleas- 
ures of sin for a season; esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than 
the treasures of Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of the 
reward." The following year, 1782, he was received on trial into the Travel- 
ling Connection at the Annual Conference held in Baltimore, Maryland, after 
which he travelled successively on the Baltimore, Chester, Somerset, and Tal- 
bot Circuits, until his health became so impaired that he was compelled to give 
up this constant work. In 1785, about the time of his first marriage, he settled 
in the neighborhood of Coventry, Chester County, Pennsylvania, his wife's 
home, where he continued to labor constantly and zealously as a local preacher, 
until 1789. when he removed to Philadelphia, engaging there in mercantile 
pursuits, at the same time officiating in the ministry, until the close of his life. 
He married (i), August 25, 1785, Martha Potts, of Coventry, Chester 
County, Pennsylvania; bom January 25, 1764; died July 20, 1797; daughter 
of Thomas and Anna (Nutt) Potts. She was buried in the graveyard of 
St. George's Church, of which her grandmother, Mrs. Robert Grace, had been 
one of its earliest benefactors. The following is the inscription on her 
tombstone : 

"In Memory of 
Mrs. Martha Haskins 
who departed this life July 20th, 1797, 
in the 34th year of her age. 
" Here lies a faithful follower of the Lord, 
Who with an humble heart her God adored. 
Of meekness, patience, gentleness possess'd — 
Of Wives, of Daughters and of Friends the best, 
Sic Vivam, Sic Moriar." 

On April 4, 1799, in St. George M. E. Church, Philadelphia, by Reverend 
Thomas Cooper, Thomas Haskins married, for his second wife, Elizabeth 
Richards, fourth child of William and Man,' (Patrick) Richards. She was 
born August 26, 1771 ; died September 24, 1857. After the death of her hus- 
band, she spent the remainder of her days with her daughter, Martha Wurts, 
of New York. Mr. Haskins died in Philadelphia, and was buried in the 
graveyard of Union M. E. Church. The following appears on his tombstone : 


B E R s belonging to the Lodge of Free and Accepted MASONS, 
held at the Dundee- Arms, near IVapping-New-Stairs. A. L. 5759. 

in Dcdcr ,n H.rd Wood, jv,„ ;n,y^,„j £i„i 
rni; md Jcwdlcr j,„^,j^„„ 
Habcdalhcr and Hoi „, jy,^j, ^^_,j, ,^ ^ 



rayl and S,a, m.k= 


1} \i° 




" Sacred to the Memory 

of the 

Rev. Thomas Haskins. 

In the days of his youth he remembered his Creator 

and was a faithful servant of God 

and a minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ 

until he departed this life in the certain hope of a better 

on the 29th day of June, 1816, in the s6th year of his age. 

'The memory of the just is blessed.'" 

A beautiful miniature on ivory of Thomas Haskins, painted by Rem- 
brandt Peale/ in 1799, and one of Govert Loockermans Haskins, a nephew of 
Reverend Thomas Haskins, painted by the same artist, are heirlooms treas- 
ured by the writer., 

By his first wife, Martha Potts, Reverend Thomas Haskins left one 

i. Sarah Ennalls Haskins, born at Coventry, Chester County, in the house of her 
grandmother, Mrs. Robert Grace," December 19, 1788, and died October 14, 1868. 
She married, September 20, 1810, Jesse Richards, a brother of her father's 
second wife, Elizabeth Richards. (For an account of Mr. Richards, his ancestry 
and family, see the next chapter of this work.) 

By his second wife, Elizabeth Richards, Mr. Haskins had three children: 

ii. Mary Richards Haskins, born June i, 1800; baptized by Bishop Asbury one 
week later; died June 3, 1858; married John Dupuy, whose family record will 
be found in the preceding chapter of this work, (page 41). 

iii. Martha Haskins, born August 30, iSosj married, December 10, 1829, John 
Wurts, Esq. ; died in Europe, in 1871, buried in Batsto, N. J. 

iv. Elizabeth Haskins, born December i, 1807; died unmarried October 14, 1828. 

' Rembrandt Peale was a son of Charles Wilson Peak, who, during the Revolutionary 
War and for a number of years thereafter, was the foremost miniature painter of his day, 
and excelled also in portrait painting in oil. He became famous as the painter of George 
Washington in 1772, when the latter was colonel in the Colonial Service. Peale had 
several sons, all of whom were named after the Great Masters, the second, Rembrandt, 
having painted Washington's portrait just before the latter's death. 

" Robert Grace, who had married the grandmother of Martha Potts Haskins, the 
widow Nutt, in 1741, left no children to carry his name down to posterity; but the descend- 
ants of his step-daughter are numerous. It is therefore not inappropriate, in a volume 
devoted to a family with which he was closely allied by friendship and marriage, to give a 
short sketch of his life, particularly his early connection with Benjamin Franklin. 

He was born April 25, 1709, and at an early age lost both parents, being brought up 
by his grandmother Constance, who had married, as her second husband, Hugh Lowden, 
a merchant of Philadelphia, in whose house his early life was passed. 

This building, afterwards celebrated as the cradle of the Philadelphia Library and 

the Junto, was situated on the north side of High Street below Second, the most fashionable 

part of the city. Under the care of his trustee and guardians, while living here he made 

the acquaintance of a poor printer's boy from Boston whom Fate had driven to seek his 



MARTHA HASKINS, second child of Reverend Thomas Haskins by 
his second wife Elizabeth Richards, was born Augxist 30, 1805, and died in 
Nice, France, in 1871. She married, December 10, 1829, John Wurts, who 
was born in Pennsylvania in 1795, and died in Rome, Italy, April 23, 1861. 
At the time of his death, Mr. Wurts was a prominent resident of New York. 
After graduating at Princeton College, he studied law, and was admitted to 
the Philadelphia bar, October 2, 1 816, and rose to prominence in his profession. 
In 1825, he was elected a member of Congress from Philadelphia, as a Fed- 
eralist, defeating Dr. Joel B. Sutherland, the leader of the Democratic party 
in that city. 

Mr. Wurts, with his brothers, William and Maurice, organized and be- 
came heavily interested in the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. At 
his death, the New York Commercial Advertiser said of him : 

fortunes in a strange city. Grace seems early to have recognized the philosopher under 
the tattered garments of the runaway apprentice, and a friendship was formed that even 
death could not terminate, as Franklin, who survived his patron nearly a quarter of a 
century, refers to him in his will in the most loving words of affection and gratitude. 

Through Grace's position and influence Franklin soon became known as a rising 
young man. Grace, though so young, was master of his own house, which was always open 
to receive the ardent youth of the province, already tinctured with the democracy which 
developed itself soon after against the Proprietaries. Even then the Penns thought and com- 
plained that the Junto was aiding the administration of Sir William Keith against them. 
The description of Robert Grace at the age of 21, given by Franklin in his Autobiography, 
characterizes him as " a young man of some fortune, generous, lively, and witty, a lover 
of punning and of his friends." Family tradition corroborates this and adds that his per- 
sonal appearance was remarkably fine. He inherited large estates from his father, who, 
it was believed, died in Barbadoes. 

As Robert Grace's house was identified with the inception of the Junto and the 
Philadelphia Library, and was afterwards leased and occupied by Benjamin Franklin as a 
residence and printing-office, it was an interesting task to trace the character of the surround- 
ings. The house was a substantial brick one, three stories high, and was probably one 
of the oldest brick houses in the city, as it stood there since 1710. An arched carriage-way 
opened upon the future Pewter Platter Alley now called Church Street, and through this 
passage-way the stockho'ders of the library entered for their books, so as not to disturb the 
inmates of the house. Here the idea of a public library was conceived by Franklin and 
carried out, and here it remained for ten years, until removed to the " upper room of the 
westernmost office of the State House." 

Franklin in his Autobiography says, "About this time (1729) our Club, meeting, not 
at a tavern but in a I'ttle room of Mr. Grace's set apart for that purpose, a proposition was 
made by me, that, since our books were often referred to in our disquisitions upon the 
quaries, it might be convenient for us to have them all together where we met, upon which 
occasion they might be consulted ; and by thus clubbing our books to a common library we 
should, while we liked to keep them together, have each of us the advantage of using the 
books of all the other members, which would be nearly as beneficial as if we owned the 
whole. It was liked and agreed to, and we filled one end of the room with such books as 
we could best spare. The number was not so great as we expected ; and though they had 
been of great use, yet some inconvenience occurring for want of the care of them. The 
collection, after about a year, was separated and each took his books home again." 



Painted by Rembrandt Peale 


" John Wurts, late President of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Co., in New York City, 
died in Rome, Italy, April 23, 1861, aged 66 years. He was a native of the State of Penn- 
sylvania, educated at Princeton College, afterwards studying law with the late John Sergeant 
of Philadelphia, and was admitted to the Bar there, where he practised with eminent success 
for a number of years, being eminently calculated by his clear head, good judgment, sound 
learning, and business qualifications, to gain the confidence of his clients and attain success 
and prominence in his profession. He was chosen a member, at an early period of his pro- 
fessional life, of the City Council of Philadelphia, afterwards being elected a member of 
Congress from that city. While in Washington he was distinguished by his accurate knowl- 
edge, thorough business qualifications, clear head, and sound judgment: he was highly 
esteemed by the Hon. Daniel Webster, then a member of the House of Representatives. 
Mr. Wurts was also appointed U. S. District Attorney for Philadelphia. In April, 1831, 
he became pres'dent of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Co., retaining that office until March, 
1858, when on account of ill health he was compelled to relinquish his chair, remaining 
a member of the Board of Managers until his death. The books of the company showed that 
he was one of its largest stockholders. His services as president were highly appreciated 

"And now I set on foot my first project of a public nature, — that for a subscription 
library. I drew up proposals, got them put into form by our great Scribener, Brockden, 
and by the help of my friend in the Junto procured fifty subscribers to begin with at ten 
shillings a year, for fifty years, the term our company was to continue. We afterwards 
obtained a charter, the company being increased to 100." 

Without the aid of Robert Grace, Franklin's plan probably would not have been carried 
out ; his influential name as the first signer of the Articles of the Association, and that 
of his friend Thomas Hopkinson, father of the signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
insured success, and a room in his house which he gave for the use of the library was 
immediately occupied. 

During many years, Robert Grace was one of the most active members of the associa- 
tion, having frequently, while in London, bought books for the library and thus kept the 
shelves well supplied. 

It is one of the family traditions that once Mrs. Grace saved the great evangelist White- 
fields's life. It seems that Whitefield, in his travels through Pennsylvania, had given notice 
that on a certain day he would preach at Coventry, or Warwick, and the rough miners and 
furnace-men swore that if he carried out his intentions and came there they would kill him. 
Mrs. Grace, hearing of this threat, though a gay young woman having no special interest 
in the great revivalist, said that no man should venture to harm him on her estate, and at 
the time fixed, she rode on horseback to the place appointed and stationed herself near White- 
field to protect him, keeping her eye all the time upon the threatening faces of the men. 
As he proceeded in his sermon, the furnace-men who had been overawed by their mistress' 
presence into listening to his fervid and impassioned oratory, were melted by it; and from 
that time forth Mrs. Grace herself, who went to protect instead of to listen, became a convert 
to Methodism. 

The follower of Whitefield, Benjamin Abbot, states that for wickedness, this place 
was next door to hell, but after Whitefield's discourse the faces of many of the colliers were 
streaked with tears, so great was the influence of that magnetic speaker. 

Robert Grace was well known for his witticisms, but, unfortunately, only one has been 
handed down. His wife had given a building on her estate to be used as a chapel by the 
disciples of Whitefield and Wesley, and one day, returning from Philadelphia, he saw his 
wife's saddle-horse tied to a tree near by, while she and a few neighbors were engaged in 
religious services in the chapel. He immediately dismounted and wrote upon the door the 
following distich : 

'■ Your walls are thick and your people are thin; 
The Devil's without and Grace is within." 


by the managers and the necessity of his resigning was a source of deep regret. Mr. Wurts 
went abroad with his wife in 1859, hoping, through travel and residence abroad, that he 
might regain his former good health. His hopes in this respect, however, were disappointed. 
His health had gradually been declining until the melancholy fact which we record termin- 
ated his mortal life. Mr. Wurts possessed high intellectual attainments, was of great fidelity 
to every task committed to him ; was of untiring industry, of unusual thoroughness and 
accuracy in transaction of his numerous business operations ; and more than all, he was an 
unpretending, highly enlightened, sincere Christian in communion of the Presbyterian Church. 
He left a widow, formerly Martha P. Haskins, but no children." 

Mrs. Wurts was a woman of fine presence, with a courtl}' bearing, proud 
in spirit, but magnanimous and tactful. For many years she Hved at the 
northeast corner of Fifth Avenue and Eleventh Street, New York City, 
where, at her social entertainments were gathered the prominent people of 
the day. Upon the death of her husband, she closed her New York house 
forever, and took up her residence in Paris, France, where she continued 
to reign in her social world. There she brought up her niece, Gertrude Dupuy, 
from girlhood until her marriage to the Honorable Henry S. Sanford, after- 
wards United States Minister to Belgium. Being the daughter of the Rever- 
end Thomas Haskins, she inherited much of his religious feeling, which is 
shown in the following poem, written by her in 1868, a few years before her 
death and while she was residing in Geneva, Switzerland, the poem being 
found among the papers of her nephew, Charles Mereditli DuPuy, to whom 
she had sent it : 

" Jesu, guide our way 

To eternal day: 

So shall we, no more delaying, 

Follow Thee, Thy voice obeying : 

Lead us by Thy hand 

To our Father's land. 

" When we danger meet. 
Steadfast guide our feet ; 
Lord, preserve us uncomplaining 
Mid the darkness 'round us reigning. 

Through adversity 

Lies our way to Thee." 


by the managers and the necessity of his resigning was a source of deep regret. Mr. Wurts 
went abroad with his wife in 1859, hoping, through travel and residence abroad, that he 
might regain his former good health. His hopes in this respect, however, were disappointed. 
His health had gradually been declining until the melancholy fact which we record termin- 
ated his mortal life. Mr. Wurts possessed high intellectual attainments, was of great fidelity 
to every task committed to him ; was of untiring industry, of unusual thoroughness and 
accuracy in transaction of his numerous business operations; and more than all, he was an 
unpretending, highly enlightened, sincere Christian in communion of the Presbyterian Church. 
He left a widow, formerly Martha P. Haskins, but no children." 

Mrs. Wurts was a woman of fine presence, with a courtly bearing, proud 
in spirit, but magnanimous and tactful. For many years she lived at the 
northeast comer of Fifth Avenue and Eleventh Street, New York City, 
where, at her social entertainments were gathered the prominent people of 
the day. Upon the death of her husband, she closed her New York house 
forever, and took up her residence in Paris, France, where she continued 
to reign in her social world. There she brought up her niece, Gertrude Dupuy, 
from girlhood imtil her marriage to the Honorable Henry S. Sanford, after- 
wards United States Minister to Belgium. Being the daughter of the Rever- 
end Thomas Haskins, she inherited much of his religious feeling, which is 
shown in the following poem, written by her in 1868, a few years before her 
death and while she was residing in Geneva, Switzerland, the poem being 
found among the papers of her nephew, Charles Meredith DuPuy, to whom 
she had sent it : 

" Jesu, guide our way 

To eternal day; 

So shall we, no more delaying, 

Follow Thee, Thy voice obeying: 

Lead us by Thy hand 

To our Father's land. 

" When we danger meet. 
Steadfast guide our feet ; 
Lord, preserve us uncomplaining 
Mid the darkness 'round us reigning. 

Through adversity 

Lies our way to Thee." 



p:it;qp^]^i;;±r|[;d^[:stnF^^^TSsl l'"" H^FI ^ 

•"•^l fif»^" f y ^' 1 


I HE surname of Richards is of Welsh origin, and from 
that nationality, it may be asserted, that most of those 
who bear it in this country are descended. It was at 
first a Christian name merely, from which the " ^ " 
was omitted, the latter being added when it came to be 
used as a patronymic. 

Among the colonists who came to Pennsylvania 
at the invitation of William Penn, at the date of the 
foimdation of the Province in 1682, or within a few years subsequently, were 
a number of Welsh, to whom the Proprietor granted a tract, or barony, as 
it was termed, of forty thousand acres of land west of the Schuylkill. 

The early records of Philadelphia and Chester counties contain the names 
of several Richards, who located within their limits — all imdoubtedly of 
Welsh or, more immediately, English origin. Joseph Richards was a member 
for the county of Chester of the first Assembly convened by Penn in 1682. 
Solomon Richards was also a " first purchaser," and drew for city lots in 
Philadelphia in 1682. One Richard ap Richard was a land-owner in White- 
land Township, Chester County, in 1710. Others of the earliest of the name 
in the records of that county were Nathaniel, who was a land-owner in 1692, 
and died there in 1700; Gwenlyon, of Haverford, who died in 1697; Rowland, 
of Merion, who purchased land in Tredyffrin, in 1708, and Thomas, of 
Tredyffrin, who died in 1739. The ancient records of Philadelphia mention, 
among others, Philip and John Richards, whose wills were probated respec- 
tively in 1698 and 171 1, and both of whom were residents of the city. 

I. OWEN RICHARDS came to Pennsylvania from Merionethshire, 
a county of Wales. According to tradition, he sailed from the port of Chester, 
England, and landed at Philadelphia, accompanied by his wife, three sons, 
James, William, and John, and a daughter, Elizabeth. The exact date of his 
arrival is not known. It was before the year 1718, but probably not earlier 
than 1 7 10. There is some reason to think that he may have resided for a 
time in Tredyffrin, Whiteland, or some other Welsh portion of Chester 
County, and some of the earliest of his name already mentioned may have 

6 69 


been, and probably were, his kindred. The first positive trace of him is by 
his purchase, December 22, 1718, of three hundred acres of land in Amity 
Township, then Philadelphia, now Berks County, from one Mouns Justice, 
at that time a resident of the Northern Liberties, Philadelphia. The land lies 
close to the present village of Weaverstown, about three miles from the 
Schuylkill, a small tributary of the Monocacy Creek running through it. 

In 1726 Owen Richards, with one David Harry, bought two hundred and 
fifty acres of land in Oley Township, the land being located in the southeastern 
corner of the township, on the Manatawny Creek, about half a mile from a 
well-known tavern called the "Yellow House." In 1735 they resold the 
tract to John EUis, of Springfield Township, Chester County. 

Owen Richards doubtless resided in Amity Township, on the plantation 
purchased from Justice, from 1718 until his death, the date of which is uncer- 
tain, though records show that it did not occur previous to 1734. In 1729 
he sold one-half of the tract to his eldest son James, in consideration of £7, and 
"natural love and affection." The remaining portion, which he probably 
occupied, likely passed to his heirs, as no conveyance of it by him is to be 
found of record. When and where his first wife died is unknown. From the 
records of Christ Church, Philadelphia, it is learned that he married as second 
wife, in 1727, Elizabeth Baker, who survived him, and died in 1753, without 
issue, aged about eighty years. She was buried, as was probably her husband, 
in the ground of the Episcopal Church, at Douglassville, on the Schuylkill, 
in Amity Township, anciently a Swedish Church known as " St. Gabriel's 
at Morlatton." 

The children of Owen Richards of whom any trace or tradition remains, 
appear to have been — 

i. James Richards, of whom no information is obtainable beyond the record of his 
purchase from his father of the one hundred and fifty acres in Amity in 1729, and 
the sale by him of the same tract in 1741 to Peter Weaver. He probably left no 
ii. William Richards; died in 1752; married Elizabeth . 

iii. John Richards, who seems to have resided in Amity Township, or vicinity, for 
some years, but is said to have eventually removed to Virginia, where some of 
his descendants remain at the present day. " Richards Ford," on the Rappa- 
hannock, takes its name, it is said, from him, and from his posterity proceeded a 
family of the name who settled in Kentucky. He had wife Sarah and at least 
three children, Edward and Susanna and a child (name not known) who died 
in 1736. 

iv. Elizabeth Richards, who is supposed to have died in infancy. 

2. WILLIAM RICHARDS, son of Owen Richards, was no doubt born 
in Wales, and had probably arrived at manhood at about the date of his 
father's emigration. In 1735 he purchased one hundred and fifty acres of 
land in Amity Township, adjoining the land purchased by his brother James 



l^ d tf r no- I 

isiiflgrr moor l*- william 'I iMflgy patpick I 

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been, and probably were, his kindred. The first positive trace of him is by 
his purchase, December 22, 1718, of three hundred acres of land in Amity 
Township, then Philadelphia, now Berks County, from one Mouns Justice, 
at that time a resident of the Northern Liberties, Philadelphia. The land lies 
close to the present village of Weaverstown, about three miles from the 
Schuylkill, a small tributary of the Monocacy Creek running through it. 

In 1726 Owen Richards, with one David Harry, bought two hundred and 
fifty acres of land in Oley Township, the land being located in the southeastern 
corner of the township, on the Manatawny Creek, about half a mile from a 
well-known tavern called the "Yellow House." In 1735 they resold the 
tract to John Ellis, of Springfield Township, Chester County. 

Owen Richards doubtless resided in Amity Township, on the plantation 
purchased from Justice, from 1718 until his death, the date of which is uncer- 
tain, though records show that it did not occur previous to 1734. In 1729 
he sold one-half of the tract to his eldest son James, in consideration of £7, and 
" natural love and affection." The remaining portion, which he probably 
occupied, likely passed to his heirs, as no conveyance of it by him is to be 
found of record. When and where his first wife died is unknown. From the 
records of Christ Church, Philadelphia, it is learned that he married as second 
wife, in 1727, Elizabeth Baker, who survived him, and died in 1753, without 
issue, aged about eighty years. She was buried, as was probably her husband, 
in the ground of the Episcopal Church, at Douglassville, on the Schuylkill, 
in Amity Township, anciently a Swedish Church known as " St. Gabriel's 
at Morlatton." 

The children of Owen Richards of whom any trace or tradition remains, 
appear to have been — 

i. James Richards, of whom no information is obtainable beyond the record of his 
purchase from his father of the one hundred and fifty acres in Amity in 1729, and 
the sale by him of the same tract in 1741 to Peter Weaver. He probably left no 

ii. William Richards; died in 1752; married Elizabeth . 

iii. John Richards, who seems to have resided in Amity Township, or vicinity, for 
some years, but is said to have eventually removed to Virginia, where some of 
his descendants remain at the present day. " Richards Ford," on the Rappa- 
hannock, takes its name, it is said, from him, and from his posterity proceeded a 
family of the name who settled in Kentuck-y. He had wife Sarah and at least 
three children, Edward and Susanna and a child (name not known) who died 
in 1736. 

iv. Elizabeth Richards, who is supposed to have died in infancy. 

2. WILLIAM RICHARDS, son of Owen Richards, was no doubt born 
in Wales, and had probably arrived at manhood at about the date of his 
father's emigration. In 1735 he purchased one hundred and fifty acres of 
land in Amity Township, adjoining the land purchased by his brother James 

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from their father, and in 1740 he sold fifty-three acres of this land, his wife 
Elizabeth joining in the conveyance, which was witnessed by Rowland Rich- 
ards. To his occupation of farmer he at one time added the functions of 
constable of Amity Township. In 1738 he made a deposition containing an 
interesting account of his experience, as one of his Majesty's peace officers, 
with some violaters of the provincial laws against the obstruction of the navi- 
gation of the river Schujdkill by the erection of racks for the taking of fish, 
a subject of absorbing importance in the primitive days of river transpor- 
tation, when grain was conveyed to Philadelphia by rafts. 

William Richards died in Oley Township, Philadelphia (now Berks) 
County, in January, 1752. His Avill, dated December 26, 1751, is on file in 
Philadelphia, and names all his children. The inventory of his personal estate 
amounted to £207 7s. lod. One of the appraisers of the estate was George 
Boone, an uncle of Daniel Boone, the pioneer of Kentucky. Mr. Richard^ 
wife, Elizabeth, survived him, and was the executor of his will, which directed 
that all his personal property and movables, " within and without," be sold, 
and gave the wife the use of the proceeds for life, but adding that, " if she 
thinks proper to alter her condition, she shall have her thirds according to 
law " — a favorite mode of restriction upon widows in those days. He en- 
joined that his son William should " live with his mother for the space of 
one year, and then be put out to a trade which he likes." His daughters 
Ruth and Sarah were " to be to the care and discretion of their mother," each 
receiving £5 Pennsylvania currency, and the latter, in addition, the testator's 
" chest of drawers at Cornelius Dewees's." His son Owen, and his daughters 
Mary Ball, wife of John Ball, and Margaret, were each given five shillings, 
which slender provision suggests that he had already made advances to them. 
His son James received £10 and a mare, and the residue of his estate was 
given to his son William upon his coming of age and after his mother's 

His children were probably all by wife Elizabeth, whose maiden name, 
as stated, is not kno-wn. With the exception of William, the dates of their 
birth are not known, but they are supposed to have been born in the order 
named in his will, and as given below. 
Children of William Richards: 

3. i. Mary Richards ; married John Ball. 

4. ii. Owen Richards ; married and had issue. 

5. iii. James Richards ; married and had issue. 

iv. Ruth Richards ; married Daniel Kunsman and had issue. 

6. V. William Richards, born September 12, 1738; died August 31, 1823; married (i) 

Mary Patrick ; (2) Margaret Wood. 
vi. Margaret Richards; married Cornelius Dewees and had issue. 
vii. Sarah Richards; married James Hastings and had issue. 


3. MARY RICHARDS, daughter of William Richards and probably 
his eldest child, married John Ball, of Douglass Township, Berks County, 
Pennsylvania, where we find him recorded there as a Road Supervisor at one 
time. It is supposed that he came from Virginia. 
John and Mary (Richards) Ball had the following children: 

i. Elizabeth Ball, who married Thompkins. 

ii. William Ball. 
iii. Samuel Ball. 

iv. John Ball, died in 1788; unmarried. 
V. Joseph Ball, born in 1754; died in 1821; married Sarah May. 

Nothing is known of the first three children, Elizabeth, William, Euid 

John Ball, the fourth child, and third son, became a merchant, and was 
for some years a resident of the Dutch island of St. Eustatius, and a partner 
there of William Waddrop.^ In February, 1781, this island was captured by 
a British force, when Ball and Waddrop removed to the Islands of St. Thomas 
and St. Croix, where they became subjects and Burghers to his Danish 
Majesty. Here they carried on their business as merchants until the end of 
1 78 1, John Ball having a two-thirds interest in the firm and Waddrop one- 
third. They then formed a new partnership, taking Daniel Jennings in as 
partner, under the firm name of Ball, Jennings & Waddrop, the interest being 
three-eighths part to John Ball, three-eighths to Jennings, and two-eighths to 
Waddrop,^ and the partnership extending for two years, or until January 

I, 1783- 

During the period of their partnership they traded extensively with Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina, in which intercourse they became owners of a 
number of vessels, including schooners " Hannah," " Courtney," and " Isa- 
bella," the brig " Arrow," of which William Lewis was captain, and others. 
During the partnership, John Ball seemed to have spent most of his time in 
the United States, for we find him in July, 1783, in Philadelphia, through a 
letter of introduction from one John Smith of Baltimore.^ 

In the fall of 1785 he was still in Philadelphia, and as the weather grew 
colder, he packed up his luggage, and in December of the same year, we find 
him in Richmond, Virginia. In April, 1786, he sojourned at Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, where he remained until June, and the following month went to North- 
ampton County, Virginia, to visit Mr. Isaac Smith, who, when inviting him 
to make the visit, suggested that he provide himself with " bedding and some 

' See Appendix for partnership agreement between Ball and Waddrop. 

"See Appendix for articles of agreement between Ball, Waddrop, and Jennings. 

' See Appendix. 




wine if you cannot do without it, for we have none here of even the most 
ordinary kind. I have plenty of fodder, oats, and hominy, and tolerable good 

John Ball at this time was out of active business. He made his will in 
Northampton County, Virginia, and returning to Philadelphia in 1788, died 
there. He was engaged to be married to Jeannette Stith, of Northampton, 
Virginia, but died before marriage. 

JOSEPH BALL, fifth child, and fourth son of John Ball by his wife 
Mary Richards, was born in Douglass Township, Berks County, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1748; died at Philadelphia, April 24, 1821. He became a prominent 
figure in the social and business world in and about Philadelphia, and 
accumulated a large fortune. In his early days he was manager of the then 
extensive iron works at Batsto, New Jersey, which were then owned by 
Colonel John Cox, and at which shot and shell were manufactured on a large 
scale for the Continental service. In 1779 Mr. Ball became sole proprietor 
of these works, and about the year 1781 sold it to his uncle, William Richards. 

During the struggle for liberty, Mr. Ball was an active and decided 
patriot, liberally advancing of his own means in aid of the cause. In common 
with many others, through extending his aid, he suffered a heavy pecuniary 
loss, many of his papers, still extant, showing where thousands of dollars 
were advanced by him to Robert Morris for the use of the patriots. After 
the close of the war he was largely interested in the restoration of public 
credit set on foot by his friend Robert Morris, the financier of the Revolution. 

After disposing of his interest in the Batsto Furnace, he moved to 
Gloucester County, New Jersey, where he resided several years. He then 
decided that, as his enterprises were so extensive and the crossing of the river 
so uncertain and dangerous, he would seek a pennanent residence in Phila- 
delphia. Here he bought a property on lower Walnut Street, to which he 
removed with his family, and where he dispensed hospitality until the end 
of his life. 

Between the years 1790 and 1810, Joseph Ball, then one of the most 
active men in Philadelphia, in common with many others of the wealthy class 
in that city, invested largely in various shipping interests. It was considered 
quite a stroke of good business tact to man and equip a sloop or larger vessel 
with provisions and crew, and capture on the high seas any unfortunate mer- 
chantman not strong enough to defend herself from these freebooters. Ball 
took large interests in various ships of this kind, one of which, the " Lennox," 
has been referred to in a recent publication.' Many of these vessels were 
successful in their captures, bringing large profits to those holding such 

' Pennsylvania Magazine of History, April, 1908. 


interests, while others were less fortunate, and through inexperience or ill luck 
sufifered hea\7^ losses, even to their total disappearance, thus proving unfor- 
tunate investments. In most of these ventures Joseph Ball was successful, 
and large profits were brought to his coffers. 

He was also a large investor in real estate, not only in Philadelphia, but 
also in the more distant counties of the State, and even as far west as Ohio 
and Kentucky. He owned a large interest, with Samuel Richards and 
William T. Smith, in a farm in Delaware, the disposition of which afterwards 
caused his executors much litigation. 

In 1794, he was elected a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania, 
which honor he held until his death, twenty-seven years later. In 1791 he 
was made a director of the Bank of the United States. He was also one 
of the aldermen of Philadelphia, and was elected in 1809 as the first president 
of the Pennsylvania Company for Insurance on Lives and Granting- Annuities, 
and was elected a member of the House of Representatives of Pennsylvania. 
He was one of the original Board of the Insurance Company of America, 
of which he became president in 1798. In 1803 he was made first president 
of the Union Insurance Company. During his service in the Assembly, in 
1797, he dined with President Washington, which incident is recorded in the 
well-known Diary of Jacob Hiltzhimer, as follows : 

" On Saturday Feb. 18 1797, Joseph Ball, as a member of the Pennsylvania House of 
Representatives, dined with that great and good man George Washington, President of the 
United States who will retire from office March 4 next at which time John Adams, the present 
Vice-President, will take his place." 

Joseph Ball was held in high esteem by Stephen Girard, the distinguished 
merchant and financier, which fact is evidenced in his selection by Girard to 
be one of his trustees under an important deed of trust made by Girard, May 
23, 1812, reference to which is made by Colonel Leacli, in his History of the 
Girard National Bank, as follows: 

" It is doubted if ever any banker conducted the banking business with rarer sagacity 
than did Stephen Girard. A notable instance of such sagacity occurred at the commence- 
ment of his banking career. He recognized the importance of stamping upon his bank 
something of the character of permanence possessed by a corporate institution, and of 
securing his depositors against any delay or obstruction in the withdrawal of moneys after 
his death, and so he selected from the community five notedly prominent and trustworthy 
men, — David Lenox, Robert Smith, Robert Wain, Joseph Ball, and George Simpson, — to 
whom he executed a deed, vesting in them at his death the assets of his bank, in trust to 
pay depositors immediately after his death in the same manner in which they would have 
been paid if such event had not taken place, which deed was duly recorded . . . This 
deed remained in force until g Februarj', 1826, when, in consequence of the death of certain 
of the trustees named therein, Mr. Girard executed a new deed to take the place of the 
old one." 



Bom 1778 Died iSoo 

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Mr. Ball was an elder of the Second Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, 
for many years, and at hii death his remains were carried from that church 
and buried in its graveyard. His large estate passed to numerous collateral 
heirs, its distribution through trustees covering many years, not being 
finally closed until i860. Stephen Colwell was the last trustee, having suc- 
ceeded Samuel Richards in 1842, the latter having serv^ed as trustee from the 
death of Mr. Ball in 1821. 

Joseph Ball married Sarah, daughter of Captain George May by his first 
wife, Margaret Pennington. Captain May, from whom May's Landing, 
New Jersey, talces its name, was an English Quaker, who was charged with 
selling goods to the Tory army during the Revolution. Being arrested for 
such offence, he promptly denied the charge and was released. After the 
death of May, his widow, Margaret, married, as second husband. Colonel 
Richard Westcott, of Egg Harbor, New Jersey, and was living at the time 
of the making of the will of her daughter Sarah Ball (1826), as the will 
indicates. Mrs. Sarah (May) Ball was born in 1757, and was buried from 
the Second Presbyterian Church on September 20, 1826. Mary Ball, the 
only child of Joseph and Sarah (May) Ball was born April 23, 1778; died on 
June 21, 1800; married May 3, 1798, Robert Frazer, Esq., a prominent 
lawyer, bom in 1771 ; died in 1821 ; son of General Persifor Frazer, an officer 
in the Revolutionary service. Mary Ball was reared in the lap of luxury. 
She was the idol of her parents and a petted member of Philadelphia society 
at the end of the eighteenth century. A miniature of her on ivory, painted 
by James Peale in 1794, owned by the writer, shows her to be a young girl 
of great beauty. 

4. OWEN RICHARDS, eldest son of William and Elizabeth Richards, 
was baptized September 20, 1737, and was probably then a few years old, as 
his brother James and sister Ruth were baptized at the same time. He was 
a farmer, and resided in Berks County until probably about the time of the 
Revolution, when he removed to the western part of Pennsylvania. The date 
of his death is not known. From a tabulated statement of the heirs of his 
nephew Joseph Ball, it is learned that Owen Richards had the following 
children : 
Children of Owen Richards by wife whose name is unknown : 

i. William Richards. 
ii. John Richards. 
iii. Mary Richards. 

iv. Elizabeth Richards ; married Barr. 

V. Eleanor Richards ; married Hamilton. 

vi. Jane Richards; married Stevens. 

vii. Sarah Richards ; married Roberts. 



5. JAMES RICHARDS, second son of William and Elizabeth Richards, 
was baptized September 20, 1737; died in 1804, " ag-ed upwards of eighty 
years." He resided first in Amity and subsequently in Earl and Colerain 
townships, Berks County, but late in life disposed of his property in that 
county to some of his sons, and removed to the North Branch of the Susque- 
hanna, near Danville, where he died. He served for a short period during 
the Revolutionary War, as sergeant in Captain Tudor's company, Fourth 
Pennsylvania Continental Line, enlisting May 10, 1777. He was noted for 

his great physical strength. He married Mary , whose surname is 

not known. 

Children of James Richards, presumably by wife Mary: 

i. William Richards, born January 27, 1754 ; married Mary Miller, by whom he had 
issue, among whom were sons James and John. 

ii. Frederick Richards. 

iii. Elizabeth Richards ; married Enoch Rutter. 

iv. James Richards. 

V. Owen Richards. 

vi. Mary Richards; married Henry Fox. 
vii. Sarah Richards; married Henry Schmale. 
viii. Hannah Richards; died unmarried. 

ix. John Richards. 

6. WILLIAM RICHARDS, Esq., third son of William Richards, was 
bom in Pennsylvania, September 12, 1738, and was baptized at St. Gabriel's 
Church, February 23, 1739. At the time of his father's death he was in 
his fourteenth year, and, in accordance with the direction of the will of the 
latter that he should be taught such a trade as he preferred, he was sent to 
Chester County, and placed, it is believed, at Coventry Forge, on French 
Creek, to learn the trade of an iron-founder. Coventry Forge was built 
by Samuel Nutt, an Englishman of enterprise and fortune, about 17 18 or 1720. 
At the time William Richards went there, it was under the management of 
John Patrick, also an Englishman, who was early associated with Nutt in that 
capacity. In 1764 William Richards married Mai-y Patrick, daughter of 
John Patrick 1 by his wife Anna, a daughter of Oliver Dunklin, of Amity 
Township, Berks County.^ 

In 1748 Patrick purchased from the heirs of his father-in-law, Dunklin, 
one hundred and fifty acres in Amity Township, which he disposed of in 1750 
to Henry Van Reed, from Holland, the ancestor of the well-known family 
of that name in Berks County, in the possession of one of whose descendants 

' Mary Patrick had a sister, Esther, born in 1747, who married Ezekiel Leonard. 
"After the death of his first wife, Anna Dunklin, John Patrick married, as second 
wife, Abigail Hockley. 




I DO hereby Certifyj That | 

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^ of Allegiance- and Fideli(;jLi as direfted-by an A C T ^ 

X of General Aflembly of Penrifylvania, pafledtbcr^th x 

^ day of Juaa.^ Z?* 17I7. .\yitnefs my hand and $ 

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the premises still remain. Mr. Patrick died in East Nantmeal Township, 
Chester County, in 1765. His son, Samuel Patrick, was also a forge-man, 
and an agreement is still in existence, bearing date 1767, in which he under- 
took to blow Cornwall Furnace, then in Lancaster County, for the proprietors, 
Peter and Curtis Grubb, at " five shillings per ton for pigs " and " forty-five 
shillings per ton for stoves." At a later date he was engaged at the " Forest 
of Dean Furnace," in Orange County, New York, where he died. 

William Richards was subsequently employed at Warwick furnace, an- 
other well-known establishment, on French Creek, in the vicinity of Coventry, 
which was built by Samuel Nutt's widow, Anna Nutt, in 1737. About the 
year 1768 he went to Batsto Iron Works, New Jersey, as founder, his family 
continuing to reside in Pennsylvania. 

In 1774 he purchased a tract of two hundred and ten acres in East Nant- 
meal Township, Chester County, from the heirs of his father-in-law, John 
Patrick, who had bought it, in 1763, from the heirs of Samuel Savage. He 
sold this farm to Jacob Weimands in 1775, and was subsequently, in 1778, 
the owner of another tract of one hundred and fifty-one acres in West White- 
land Township, afterwards known as the " Ship Tavern " property, situated 
on Lancaster Turnpike, near the present station of the Pennsylvania Railroad 
called Whiteland, and which he sold in 1802. 

On June 6, 1775, he was commissioned by the Assembly of Pennsylvania, 
as " Standard Bearer to the Second Battalion of Associators in the County 
of Chester for the Protection of the Province against all hostile Enterprises 
and for the Defence of American Liberty," the original commission being 
in the possession of Samuel Bartram Richards, of Philadelphia, as is also 
the " oath of allegiance " which William Richards took on May 30, 1778. 

An original memorandum, in the possession of L. Harry Richards, of 
Philadelphia, and in the handwriting of William Richards, which document 
was given to L. Harry Richards, in 1848, by his grandmother, the widow or 
the second wife of William Richards, bears this heading: " Articles sent Wm. 
Richards, when he went to Camp, Aug. 13, 1776," followed by the list of 
articles here given verbatim : 

" I bedquilt, I blankit, i pillow, i pare Sheets an Pillow cased, 2 knives and forks, 3 
spoons, I tea-pot, i bole, i tin-sugar-dish, i dish, 2 plates, 2 cups and sasers, i tin-cup, i table 
cloth, 3 towels, peaper Case and Box and Clothes Brush, 2 cote, 2 jackets, 4 pairs briches, 
S stokes, S pare thred stokin, i pare ditto worsted, 1 ditto yarn, I pare gaiters, i doble 
Morning gound, i small trunk, i vial camphire in the till Rags, peper all spice, 4 poket hand- 
kerchies, i nite cap, i Bible, i brisket beef, i box shaved ditto, i ganion, i box wafers, pen, 
ink, sage, balm, sacepan, i g^ridiorn, i pewter bason." 

The belief is that Mr. Richards was at this time an " emergency man " 
with the army at Valley Forge. 



In 1773 Batsto Furnace was conveyed to Colonel John Cox, and from 
him to Joseph Ball, and, in January, 1781, William Richards accepted the 
position of resident manager tendered him by Colonel Cox and Mr. Charles 
Petit, succeeding his nephew, Joseph Ball.^ Richards afterwards acquired 
an interest in this large and then celebrated manufacturing establishment, and 
about the year 1784 became sole owner. He rebuilt the works, originally 
built in 1762 by Charles Read, who, by an Act of the Legislature on June 
20, 1765, was enabled to dam Batsto Creek, and made extensive improve- 
ments and additions, his operations expanding from time to time with his 
increased prosperity. His domain extended over many thousand acres, and 
he acquired what was then regarded as a princely fortune. 

He was a man of unbounded enterprise and untiring energy, of great 
firmness of character and tenacity of purpose. These qualities well fitted him 
to be a leader rather than a follower of men. A large community gradually 
grew up around him, in the midst of which he lived in a style suited to his 
wealth, commanding the respect and confidence of his dependants, Avho in 
turn prospered under his judicious supervision. In person he was six feet 
four inches in height, of gigantic mould and great physical strength, his 
robust frame being a fitting tenement for his vigorous and active mind. A 
miniature profile-engraving of him by St. Memin,^ taken in advanced life, 
from a crayon-drawing by the same artist, now in the possession of the 
writer, portrays him as of calm and reflective feature, equally indicative of 
force of character and benignity of disposition. Surmounting his long thick 
hair is a flat circular comb, such as the then prevailing fashion warranted as 
a masculine ornament. 

In 1809 Mr. Richards relinquished the iron works at Batsto to his son, 
Jesse Richards, and removed to Mount Holly, Burlington County, where he 

' See " A Sketch of the Descendants of Owen Richards," by Louis Richards, in Penn- 
sylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vi, 69. 

"During the closing years of the eighteenth century, St. Memin, a profile painter, (in 
black and white) and engraver, found employment in Philadelphia. He was born in 1770, 
and it was not until June 23, 1S52, that his labors were brought to a close. His manner 
was to make a life-size drawing boldly in crayon, tracing the general outlines by means 
of an instrument called a physiognotrace. From this he made a careful reduction to two 
inches in diameter by using a pantograph. If this was not wanted, he engraved the likeness 
(always in profile) on a copper-plate of the same size. For the original drawing, the 
engraved plate with twelve impressions, and a box in which to enclose them, his charge 
was $33.00. He kept copies of all his works, numbering Si8. After his death these copies 
passed through several hands, and were finally published in a volume entitled " The Memin 
Collection of Portraits of Distinguished Americans living between 1793 and 1814, with a 
Memoir of Ph. Guinard and Biographical Notices." (New York, 1862.) This was pub- 
lished by Charles Balthazer. A new work is now in course of publication, by Dr. William 
J. Campbell, of Philadelphia. 






became a land-owner, and, though past threescore years and ten, thoroughly 
identified himself with the growth and development of that place. In this 
new home, surrounded by his numerous family, he died, August 31, 1823, 
in the eighty- fifth year of his age. He was a member of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, and his remains rest in St. Andrews Cemetery, belonging 
to that denomination, near Mount Holly, beside those of his second wife, who 
sur\'ived him until December 21, 1S50. The spot is marked by a plain high 
marble tomb, inscribed with the dates of his death and age. 

His first wife, Mar}' Patrick, by whom he had eleven children, — seven 
sons and four daughters, — died November 24, 1794. In 1796 he married 
his second wife, Margaret Wood, born in 1772, a daughter of Isaac Wood, 
of Moorestown, Burlington County, New Jersey. Eight children — seven 
sons and one daughter — were the result of this Union. 

The children of William and Mary (Patrick) Richards were : 

i. Abigail Richards, born June i, 1765; died 14 May, 1794. 
ii. John Richards, born June i, 1767; died November 3, 1793. 

8. iii. Samuel Richards, born at Valley Forge, March 8, 1769; died January 4, 1842; 

married (i) Mrs. Mary Morgan nee Smith; (2) Mrs. Anna Maria Wither- 
spoon, nee Martin. 

9. iv. Elizabeth Richards, born August 21, 1771 ; died September 23, 1857; married 

Reverend Thomas Haskins. [See Haskins Lineage.] 

10. V. Rebecca Richards, born August 7, 1773; died May 10, 1809; married Honor- 

able John Sevier. 
vi. William Richards, born July i, 1775 ; died December 21, 1796. 
vii. Joseph Ball Richards, born October 6, 1777; died March 26, 1797. 

11. viii. Thomas Richards, born February 10, 1780; died October 16, i860; married 

Anna Bartram. 

12. ix. Jesse Richards, born December 2, 1782; died 8 June, 1854; married Sarah 

Ennals Haskins. 
X. Charles Richards, born August 9, 1785; died May 11, 1788. 
xi. Anna Maria Richards, born February 8, 1789 ; died May 2, 1816 ; married 
John White, of Delaware, and had three children, viz., Mary R. White, 
Elizabeth W. White, and John R. White.' 

The children of William and Margaret (Wood) Richards were: 

13. xii. Benjamin Wood Richards, born November 11, 1797; died 12 July, 1851; mar- 

ried Sarah Ann Lippincott in 1821. 
xiii. Charles Henry Richards, born April 9, 1799; died in April, 1802. 
xiv. George Washington Richards, born May 5, 1801 ; died in June, 1802. 

'John R. White, son of John and Anna Maria (Richards) White, was born March 20, 
181S, and died at Philadelphia, March i, 1874. He was graduated at the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1832 ; became one of the foremost members in the coal trade of Philadel- 
phia ; was prominently identified with the development of the Schuylkill coal region, and in 
the mining and shipping of coal; was president of the Mount Carbon Railroad Company 
and the Delaware Coal Company; for many years a director of the Girard Bank, and a 
contributor to the Pennsylvania Hospital. At his decease the leading men in the wholesale 
coal trade assembled and adopted resolutions expressing the loss of the trade and the com- 
munity in the death of so worthy a citizen. 



XV. Augustus Henry Richards, born May 5, 1803 ; died in 1839 ; married in 1829, 
Rebecca, daughter of Honorable John McLean, of Ohio; was a member of 
the Philadelphia Bar ; had two children. 

xvi. William Richards, born January 16, 1805; died April 19, 1864; married Jti 
1831, Constantia Maria Lamand. He inherited in a striking degree the 
physical constitution of his father. He was of remarkably large and massive 
build and possessed the strength of a giant. 

xvii. George Washington Richards, born May 3, 1807; died April 22, 1874; married 
in 1829, Mary Louisa, daughter of Louis Le Guen, and had eight children. 
He was a merchant of Philadelphia, and subsequently engaged extensively 
in cotton manufacture, and was active in the directory of prominent 
railroads in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and for many years of the Frank- 
lin Fire Insurance Company of Philadelphia. 
xviii. Joseph B.\ll Richards, born November 9, 1811; died January 30, 1812. 

xix. Mary Wood Richards, bom March 6, 1815; died September 19, i860. 

8. SAMUEL RICHARDS, second son and third child of William 
Richards by his wife Mary Patrick, was born at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 
May 8, 1769, and died January 4, 1842. He was for many years an exten- 
sive iron manufacturer in New Jersey and a prominent and esteemed merchant 
and resident of Philadelphia. He married (i), November 18, 1797, Mary 
Morgan, widow of John Morgan, son of General Jacob Morgan, and daughter 
of William T. Smith, an eminent and much respected merchant of Philadel- 
phia, who was born in 1734, and died February 23, 1812, aged 78 years. She 
was bom March 10, 1770, and died in 1820. He married (2), October 8, 
1822, Anna Maria, widow of Thomas Witherspoon and daughter of Burling 
Martin, of New York. She was born in 1783 and died in 1855. 

Children by his first wife, Mrs. Mary (Smith) Morgan: 

i. Thomas S. Richards, born 1803; died in 1837; married in 1825, Harriet 

Nichols, daughter of General Francis Nichols, a distinguished Pennsylvania 

officer in the Revolution. She was born in 1804 and died in 1832, leaving 

^^ A, four children, Mary, married to Sfaona^ Jeter; Samuel, born 1826; died 1852; 

i n*'^!' Henry, born 1829; died 1856; and Susan, who married William L. Dungleson, 

■ of Bethlehem. Pa. 

ii. Sarah Ball Richards, born 1805, died in 1888; married in 1836 Stephen Colwell, 

a prominent member of the Philadelphia Bar, and merchant ; one of the 

organizers of the Philadelphia & Atlantic City Railroad, and largely interested 

in the development of New Jersey. Their country place was " The Manor " 

Weymouth, N. J., originatiy the home of -Samuei- -Ric4>ards. They left three 

L^- children, S. Richards, born 1839, died 1873, unmarried ; Edward, born 1841, 

^^,«-J/^ died 1864, and Charles, born 1844, died 1901, married in 1869 Laura Ritz." ., 

/^ iii. Elizabeth Richards, born 1810; died 1848; married in 1844, W. Dwight Bell,' 

^nd left one child, Mary, born 1844, died 1865. w " • / ;, 

Children by his second wife, Anna Maria (Martin) Witherspoon: 

i. Maria Richards, bom 1826, died 1899; married in 1849, William Fleming. 
ii. William Richards, born 1828, died 1863; 


Bom .734 Died 1812 

Father-in-law of Samuel Richards 


Batsto, N. J. 



10. REBECCA RICHARDS, third daughter and fifth child of William 
Richards by his wife Mary Patrick, was born August 7, 1773; died May 10, 
1809: married in 1794, John Sevier, of Tennessee, by whom she had seven 
children, to wit: William Sevier, James Sevier, Samuel Sevier, Thomas R. 
Sevier, and Elizabeth Sevier, who married Joseph Throckmorton. 

11. THOMAS RICHARDS, fifth son and eighth child of William 
Richards by his wife Mary Patrick, was born at Batsto, Burlington County, 
New Jersey, February 10, 1780, and died at Philadelphia, October 18 i860. 
He was a merchant in the latter city. He married October 18, 1810, Ann 
Bartram, born March 15, 1787; died in August, 1865; daughter of Moses 
Bartram by his wife Elizabeth Budd, and grand-daughter of John Bartram, 
the celebrated botanist, who resided on his estate in West Philadelphia known 
as " Bartram's Gardens." 

Children of Thomas and Anna (Bartram) Richards: 

i. William Bartram Richards, born September 18, 181 1; died in April, 1875. 
ii. John M. Richards, born February 25, 1813; died April 29, 1849. 
iii. Elizabeth Bartram Richards, born November 28, 1814; died February 8, 

iv. Mary Richards, born August 10, 1816 ; died May 2, 1818. 
14. V. Samuel Richards, born August 15, 1818 ; died February 21, 1895 ; married 
Elizabeth M. Ellison, who died July 19, 1903. 
vi. Anna Bartram Richards, born December 23, 1820; died July 7, 1906; married 

Benjamin J. Crew, who died November 5, 1885. 
vii. Mary Richards, born May 20, 1823 ; died August 21, 1832. 
viii. Rachel Bartram Richards, born November 23, 1825 ; married Reverend 
Thomas Erskine Souper, who is deceased. 
ix. Thomas Richards, born April 29, 1828; married Deborah M. Kimber, who 

died January 9, 1898. 
X. Rebecca Say Richards, born August 8, 1831 ; died March 24, 1901 ; married 
Walter Newbold, who died August 26, 1905. 

12. JESSE RICHARDS, sixth son and ninth child of William Richards 
by his wife Mary Patrick, was bom December 2, 1782, and died June 8, 1854. 
He carried on for many years Batsto Iron-works. When bog iron-ore became 
scarce and difficult to obtain, he established a large glass-works at Batsto. 
He lived in affluent circumstances, and at his death his estate comprised a 
tract of over 40,000 acres of land in and about Batsto. He married at 
Philadelphia, September 20, 1810, Sarah Ennalls, daughter of Reverend 
Thomas Haskins by his first wife, Martha Potts, daughter of Thomas Potts 
by his wife Ann Nutt. (See Haskins Family.) Mrs. Richards survived 
her husband, and resided at Batsto, where she exercised great hospitality for 
many years. She was a devoted member of the Methodist Church, and often 
related amusing anecdotes of the early preachers of that denomination who 
visited her, remembering well Bishop Asbury. 



Children of Jesse and Sarah Ennalls (Haskins) Richards: 

i. Thomas Haskins Richards, born December 12, 1812; died January 28, 1873; 
unmarried. He was a graduate of Princeton University, and served as a 
member of the Legislature of New Jersey, 
ii. Samuel Patrick Richards, born October 19, 1814; died in December, igoi, 

leaving a son, Jesse, by his wife Sarah Lippincott. 
iii. Elizabeth Richards, born in 1816; married Honorable George Bicknell, who 
died in 1891. She died July i, 1909, aged 93 years, at the home of her 
widowed daughter, Mrs. Martha Mahon, at Washington, D. C. 
iv. Anna Maria Richards, born in 1819; married Major Lachlan Mcintosh, of 
Georgia, an officer in the Confederate Army, and died without issue. 
V. Sarah Richards, born October 14, 1821 ; died April 27, 1873, unmarried ; was 
blind for a number of years prior to her death, 
vi. Jesse Richards, born August 3, 1832; died unmarried, June 23, 1889. 

13. Honorable BENJAMIN WOOD RICHARDS, twelfth child of 
William Richards, and the eldest by his second wife, Margaretta Wood, was 
born at Batsto, New Jersey, November 12, 1797, and died at No. 1603 Walnut 
Street, Philadelphia, 12 July, 1851. He graduated from Princeton in 1815, 
and in 1819 established himself in mercantile business in Philadelphia. 
Becoming interested in municipal affairs, he was elected a member of City 
Councils, and in 1827 was elected a member of the Legislature of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was an active promoter of the common school system, and was 
one of the original members of the City Board of Controllers. Under an 
Act of 1829 he was appointed one of the Canal Commissioners, and in April 
of that year was chosen Mayor of Philadelphia, to fill the unexpired term of 
George Mifflin Dallas, who had resigned. The office was at that time elective 
by the City Councils, and the period of service one year. He was again 
elected in 1830 and re-elected in 183 1, serving until October, 1832. President 
Jackson appointed him a director of the United States Bank and a director 
of the United States Mint, which positions he resigned upon being chosen 

Mr. Richards's public spirit led him to take an active part in the organ- 
ization and promotion of a number of the leading benevolent and educational 
institutions of the city. He was a founder of the Blind Asylum, an early 
manager of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, a member of the Philosophical 
Society, a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania, and a director of Girard 
College, and, upon the death of Stephen Girard, he was prominently identified 
with the organization of the Girard Bank. He was active in furthering the 
organization of Laurel Hill Cemetery Company, and was the founder of the 
Girard Life Insurance, Annuity and Trust Company, — now the Girard Trust 
Company, housed at Broad and Chestnut Streets in what is probably the hand- 
somest bank building in America, — and became its first president, serving 



as such until his death. Of him a writer has said : " The quaHties which 
prominently entered into the elements of his character were great benevolence 
of heart, profound convictions of right and justice, and unflinching moral 
courage. These, combined with a strong intellectual force and a disposition 
to employ his talents and energies for the good of his fellows at large, consti- 
tuted what may be truthfully termed a highly successful life, the impress of 
which has been deeply engraven upon the institutions of his adopted city." 

He married, lo January, 1821, Sarah Ann Lippincott, who survived him, 
and died at Philadelphia, March 19, 1862, aged sixty-three years. She was 
a daughter of Joshua Lippincott by his wife Sarah Wetherell. 

Children of Honorable Benjamin Wood and Sarah Ann (Lippincott) 
Richards : 

i. Sar.\h Lippincott Richards, born September 7, 1823 ; died April s, 1894 ; 
married James Constable, of New York, leaving three children, Stevenson, 
Howard, and Anna. 

ii. Selina Margaretta Richards, born December 21, 1824; died in 1892; married 
James Ricketts Lawrence, of New York City, and left two sons. 

iii. Louisa Leamy Richards, born June 18, 1826. 

iv. Augustus Henry Richards, born April 14, 1829; died March 25, 1880; mar- 
ried (i) Mary Canby; (2) Mrs. Jane Hicks Sharpless. Had issue by both 
marriages. His daughter, Louise L. (by first wife), married William 
Bradford, and his daughter, Mary Lippincott (by second wife) married 
Dr. J. Gurney Taylor, of Overbrook, Pennsylvania. 

V. Benjamin Wood Richards, born August 9, 1831 ; died December 16, 1908, 

vi. Howard Richards, born October 31, 1837; married 27 April, 1870, Harriet 
Mayo, and has issue: Adeline Mayo, born December 4, 1871 ; Sarah Lip- 
pincott, born January 30, 1875; Howard, born June 27, 1877; and Edward 
Carrington, born September 23, 1886. 
vii. Charles Everett Richards, born March 7, 1841. 

14. SAMUEL RICHARDS, third son and fifth child of Thomas Rich- 
ards by his wife Anna Bartram, was born in Philadelphia, August 15, 1818, 
and died there, February 21, 1895. He was proprietor for many years of the 
Jackson Glass Works, and an active merchant in Philadelphia until more im.- 
portant and more public duties called him into another sphere of action in 
1852, — the building of a railroad from Camden to what is now Atlantic City, 
New Jersey, and the founding of the latter place as a summer resort. The 
railroad named was incorporated in 1852 as the Camden and Atlantic Rail- 
road Company. Mr. Richards was active in promoting its incorporation, and 
was one of the master spirits in the construction of the road, serving from the 
outstart and for many years afterwards as a member of the executive commit- 
tee of the company, and for some years as its acting president or its president. 


It was also largely through his influence and advocacy that the Camden and 
Atlantic Land Company was formed and chartered in 1853, a period of 
sixteen months before the opening of the railroad, of which company he 
became President, continuing as such until his death. 

Upon the death of Mr. Richards, Richard B. Osborne, Esq., the civil 
engineer under whose direction the Camden and Atlantic Railroad was built, 
contributed to the Public Inquirer a memoir of Mr. Richards, in which he 
wrote " that it was his privilege, from years of official association and from 
intimate and valued acquaintance with the subject of this memoir, extending 
over a period of forty-three years, to personally make some record of the 
important railroad work undertaken by him in conjunction with a few other 
well-known citizens of New Jersey, the results of which have opened wider 
fields of commerce to his native city, have made Philadelphia the emporium 
of travel from all States of the Union, ' en route to the open sea,' and have 
revolutionized all Southern Jersey, converting her unprofitable lands into 
sites of thriving towns and gardens of fruits and flowers. It is most proper 
and legitimate to connect Samuel Richards prominently with these results, 
because while others were talking about the future project he resolutely acted 
as the primal mover for the actual construction of the original pioneer line 
from Philadelphia to the wide Atlantic ocean." 

Mr. Richards was also active in promoting the building of a second rail- 
road to Atlantic City, — the Philadelphia and Atlantic, — now in the hands of 
the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company, and in 1888, "with a 
matured judgment, ever active in the progress of needed improvements," he 
undertook as president of the Camden and Atlantic Company to extend Atlan- 
tic City by the southern addition of " Ventnor," and in 1890 he constructed 
at Ventnor the most southern hotel of Atlantic City. 

He married, November 29, 1849, Elizabeth M. Ellison, daughter of the 
late John B. Ellison, a prominent merchant of Philadelphia. Mrs. Richards 
died July 19, 1903. 
Children of Samuel and Elizabeth M. (Ellison) Richards: 

i. Mary Richards, born November S, 1850; died August 25, 1851. 
ii. Thomas J. Richards, born April 24, 1853 ; married Lydie E. S. Wing. 
iii. Samuel Bartram Richards, born July 2, 1855 ; married Mary Dorrance Evans. 



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It was also largely through his influence and advocacy that the Camden and 
Atlantic Land Company was formed and chartered in 1853, a period of 
sixteen months before the opening of the railroad, of which company he 
became President, continuing as such until his death. 

Upon the death of Mr. Richards, Richard B. Osborne, Esq., the civil 
engineer under whose direction the Camden and Atlantic Railroad was built, 
contributed to the Public Inquirer a memoir of Mr. Richards, in which he 
wrote " that it was his privilege, from years of official association and from 
intimate and valued acquaintance with the subject of this memoir, extending 
over a period of forty-three years, to personally make some record of the 
important railroad work undertaken by him in conjunction with a few other 
well-known citizens of New Jersey, the results of which have opened wider 
fields of commerce to his native city, have made Philadelphia the emporium 
of travel from all States of the Union, ' en route to the open sea,' and have 
revolutionized all Southern Jersey, converting her unprofitable lands into 
sites of thriving towns and gardens of fruits and flowers. It is most proper 
and legitimate to connect Samuel Richards prominently with these results, 
because while others were talking about the future project he resolutely acted 
as the primal mover for the actual construction of the original pioneer line 
from Philadelphia to the wide Atlantic ocean." 

Mr. Richards was also active in promoting the building of a second rail- 
road to Atlantic City, — the Philadelphia and Atlantic, — now in the hands of 
the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company, and in 1888, "with a 
matured judgment, ever active in the progress of needed improvements," he 
undertook as president of the Camden and Atlantic Company to extend Atlan- 
tic City by the southern addition of " Ventnor," and in 1890 he constructed 
at Ventnor the most southern hotel of Atlantic City. 

He married, November 29, 1849, Elizabeth M. Ellison, daughter of the 
late John B. Ellison, a prominent merchant of Philadelphia. Mrs. Richards 
died July 19, 1903. 
Children of Samuel and Elizabeth M. (Ellison) Richards: 

i. Mary Richards, born November 5, 1850; died August 25, 1851. 
ii. Thomas J. Richards, born April 24, 1853 ; married Lydie E. S. Wing, 
iii. Samuel Bartram Richards, born July 2, 1855 ; married Mary Dorrance Evans. 


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HE family of Evans, from whom the writer derives 
his lineage, deduces its descent from the renowned 
Elystan Glodrydd, Prince of Fferlys, founder of the 
fourth royal tribe of Wales, and was originally seated 
in Carmarthenshire, whence a branch removed, in the 
reign of James I, to Ireland, — viz., Robert Evans, 
the ancestor of Evans of Baymount, County Dublin, 
and his brother, John Evans. ^ 

1. JOHN EVANS, above named, was living in Limerick in 1628, and 
is the ancestor of Evans of Ash Hill Towers, County Limerick, Ireland, and 
Limerick, County of Montgomery, Pennsylvania. He married Ellen De 
Verdon, and had the following issue : ^ 

2. i. George Evans ; married Ann Bowerman. 

3. ii. John Evans; married and had issue. 

iii. Deborah Evans ; married John Bentley, Esq. 
iv. Catharine Evans; married George Voakes. 
V. Elizabeth Evans ; married Francis Taylor, of Askeaton. 

2. GEORGE EVANS, son of John Evans by his wife Ellen De Verdon^ 
was born in Ireland, and died there in 1707, at an advanced age, having 
served as High Sheriff of County Limerick in 1672, and as a member of 
Parliament from Askeaton. He left issue a younger son, John Evans, who 
became a commander in the Royal Navy, and died without issue in 1723. 
Another son, George Evans, Jr., married Mary, a daughter of John Eyre, of 
Eyre's Court, and was very active in promoting the Revolution of 1688. 
After the reduction of the kingdom by King William, he was returned to 
Parliament and called to the Privy Council. He died in May, 1720, and his 
body was embalmed and lay in state until June 16, when it was interred. His 
son, George Evans, was created Lord Carbery. 

' Lodge's " Genealogy of the British Peerage and Baronetage," edition of 18 
' Burke's Landed Gentry, 4th edition, 1863, pp. 437-39- 
7 8S 


3. Colonel JOHN EVANS/ second son of John Evans by his wife 
Ellen De Verdon, became a colonel in the English Army; married and left 
issue : 

i. Simeon Evans ; married EUinor , and died at Fanningstown, County 

Limerick, about 1722, without issue. 

4. ii. William Evans ; married Ann . 

iii. John Evans ; buried at Ballj'grenane, Ireland. 

4. WILLIAM EVANS, second son of Colonel John Evans, emigrated 
to America with the Welsh emigration of 1698, which is mentioned by Robert 
Proud ^ in his Histor}' of Pennsylvania and by Howard Jenkins in his His- 
torical Collections of Gwynedd. The latter writer says : " The main company 
of emigrants sailed from Liverpool on the i8th of April, 1698. Their ship 
was the Robert and Elizabeth ; its master, Ralph Williams ; its owner, Robert 
Haydock, of Liverpool. They touched at Dublin before proceeding, and 
it was not until the ist of May that they finally spread the ship's sails for the 
new world. Forty-five passengers died of dysenteiy. It was not until the 
17th of July that they reached the port of Philadelphia." 

A letter written by a great-great-grandson of William and Ann Evans 
states that they emigrated in 1698 and settled temporarily in Gwynedd. 
From Gwynedd they removed to Manatawney (afterwards Limerick) Town- 
ship, Philadelphia (now Montgomery) County, where they purchased two 
tracts of land aggregating seven hundred acres. The original deed for one 
of these tracts is in the possession of Frank Brooke Evans, Esq., of Philadel- 
phia, a descendant. This tract contained four hundred acres, and lies about 
midway between Limerick Church and Linfield station. The other tract, of 
three hundred acres, is in the neck of the Schuylkill, south of said station. 

William Evans died before 1720, his wife, Ann, surviving, and making 
her will, which was proved June 18 of that year, and in which she names her 
children in the following order: 

5. i. William Evans ; married Rachel . 

6. ii. Owen Evans ; married Mary Davis. 

7. iii. George Evans ; married Elizabeth Kendall, 
iv. Elizabeth Evans. 

V. Da^d Evans ; died 1786. 

5. WILLIAM EVANS, eldest son of William and Ann Evans, resided 
in Limerick Township, and died there in 1758. He built in 1731 a house in 
the neck of Schuylkill, on a portion of the estate of his parents, in the gable 

' See Burke's Landed Gentry, edition of 1852. 
' Proud's History, i, 222. 



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Once the residence o£ Eyre Evans, whose father was nephew of the first Lord Carbery. 





of which house, still standing, is this date of erection. He had wife Rachel, 
whose maiden name is unknown. Their daughter, Mary, who married (i") 
George Brooke and (2) Thomas Evans, of Gwynedd, in a letter written by 
her, third month 20, 1802, and now in the possession of Frank Brooke Evans, 
Esq., of Philadelphia, says : " Jesse Evans staid with us over night while 
on way home from Nantmeal. I doubt if he belongs to our kith but think 
not. All I know is what father told me years ago when I was a young girl 
about grandfather William Evans having brothers John and Simeon and 
that their father was John, an officer in the aiTny." 

Children of William and Rachel Evans : 

i. George Evans; lived in Limerick; had issue; Daniel; Amos; Anne; William, 
who married Sarah Evans ; Amos, who married Mary, daughter of David 
Evans ; and Phebe, who married Septimus Wood. Phebe became a prom- 
inent Quaker preacher. 
ii. MoRDECAi Evans; married January 9, 1761, Catharine Evans, and had issue: 
Adna ; Mary, who married Ithamer Evans ; Ruth ; Mordecai, who married 
Mary Britton ; and Catharine, who married Henry Doan. 

iii. John Evans; living November 18, 1756, and is named in his father's will. 

iv. Owen Evans ; died unmarried April 6, 1791. 

V. Elihu Evans; married June 13, 1763, Mary Pugh; lived and died at Nant- 
meal, Chester County, and had issue: Eli; Jonathan; and Rachel, who 
married John C. Meredith. 

vi. Ann Evans; married Hugh Hillis, and left issue: Mary, who married George 
Buchanan; Ann, who married James Pugh: William, who married Rebecca 
Pugh; and David, who married Dinah Milhouse. 

vii. Mary Evans, born in 1721 ; died July 14, 1805; married (i) George Brooke, 
who died in 1761 without issue. She married (2) Thomas Evans, of 
viii. Margaret Evans; married (l) Samuel Nixon; (2) William Hix ; had issue 
by both husbands. 

ix. Naomi Evans; married Jonathan Pugh, by whom she left issue. 

6. OWEN EVANS, second son of William and Ann Evans, was born 
in 1699, and died November 28, 1754. He resided in Limerick Township, 
Montgomery (fonnerly Philadelphia) County, and was a man of large estate 
and distinction, filling several important public trusts. On November 22, 
1738, he was commissioned one of the justices of the peace and of the courts 
of Philadelphia County, and was four times recommissioned, ser\'ing until 
his death, and was also a member of the Provincial Assembly. 

In 1740, when troops were being enlisted in the colonies for service in 
an expedition against the Spanish West Indies, Owen Evans was one of the 
officers appointed by Governor Thomas for the enlistment of troops in Penn- 
sylvania. In this connection the Governor made the following announcement 
in the Philadelphia Gazette of April 24, 1740: 


" By the Governor's command. 

" Notice is hereby given to all such as shall be willing to enlist in the important 
Expedition now on Foot for attacking and plundering the most valuable part of the Spanish 
West Indies, to repair to the following Gentlemen and subscribe their names till a General 
Rendezvous shall be ordered at Philadelphia — viz : 

"In Philadelphia County: Capt. Palmer, Thomas Lawrence, Alexander Woodrop, 
James Hamilton, Samuel Lane at Perkiomen, Marcus Hewling at Manatawney, Owen Evan 
of Limerick. The said Gentlemen are strictly enjoined not to disclose any persons name 
that shall be desirous to have it concealed. 

" N. B. If any Swedes, Germans, Swissers or others will engage a number of their 
countrymen to enlist in this glorious Expedition they will receive suitable encouragement 
in the companies raised by them. The King will supply the Troops raised here with Arms, 
Clothing and Pay and has engaged his Royal Word to send all persons back to their 
respective Habitations when the service shall be over, unless they shall desire to settle 
themselves elsewhere. 

" Philadelphia, April — 16 — 1740." 

Owen Evans was an Episcopalian, and, from 1738 until his death, was 
a vestryman of St. James Church, at what is now Evansburg, Montgomery- 
County. He inherited the four hundred acre tract purchased by his father, 
and lived in the house erected thereon about 1716, which, though somewhat 
modernized and added to, is still standing. In the old records of the Recorder 
of Deeds in Philadelphia his name is frequently met with, and a book of 
" Road Surveys " by Henry Pennypacker, now in the possession of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, shows his signature appended to several 
surveys. The inventory filed in his estate shows personal property amounting 
to £687-23-10, and the realty increased the amount to over £3000, — a large 
estate for his time. 

He married, August 14, 1721, Mary, daughter of William and Maiy 
Davis, the marriage being recorded in the register of Christ Church. 
Philadelphia, and he and his wife were buried in Limerick church-yard. 
Children of Owen and Mary (Davis) Evans: 

i. William Evans, born in 1723 ; died in 1747, probably unmarried. 

ii. Ann Evans, born June 14, 1725; married Edward Lane, born December 23, 
1724, son of William and Abigail Lane, and both are buried in St. James 
Church-yard, at Evansburg. Issue : Mary, Jane, Abigail, Ann, Winifred, 
William, Eleanor (who married Owen Evans, her cousin, of whom see 
No. 9), Hannah, David, and Anna. 
iii. Mary Evans, born in 1724; died February 2, 1809; married October 8, 1747. 
James Brooke, born October 26, 1721 (son of Jonathan Brooke and Elizabeth 
Rees) ; died June 3, 1787. James Brooke was an intimate friend of Rever- 
end Henry Melchior Muhlenberg. Issue of James and Mary (Evans) 
Brooke : Owen, married Elizabeth Hammer ; Mary, married James Evans, 
son of her great-uncle George Evans ; Elizabeth, married Samuel Brooke ; 
Benjamin, married Anna Davis; Barnabas; Jonathan, married Susanna 
Stetler; James, married Hannah Stetler; Hannah, married William Davis; 
Ann, married James Evans, son of Thomas Evans (No. 8); Ruth, married 
Job Pugh; and Rachel. 


Showing grave-stone of Owen Evans (1699-1753), 1754 : 
Signature and seal of Owen Evans in lower left hand c 

OR.WE OF GEORGE EVANS (brother of Owen Evans) 170.1 

^' sto-- 4-$^l 

i ■ %^;^^u ., 




iv. David Evans, born January 22, 1730; married October 27, 1762, Anna Brooke, 
born March 3, 1745; died March 22, 1773; daughter of Matthew Brooke by 
his wife Sarah Rees, who was a sister of Hannah Rees, the wife of his 
brother, Thomas Evans. Anna Brooke was a sister of Thomas Brooke 
and George Brooke, the respective grandparents of Major-General John 
Rutter Brooke, U.S.A., and George Brooke Roberts, late President of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company. David and Anna (Brooke) Evans left 
issue: Sarah, married James Garrett; Mary, married Amos Evans; Owen, 
married Rachel Brooke; Matthew; and William. Among the descendants 
of David Evans may be mentioned Montgomery Evans, Esq., a prominent 
lawyer and financier, of Norristown, Pennsylvania. David Evans died 
October 23, 1800. 

v. GwENiFRED EvANS ; married John Umstat. 

vi. Benjamin Evans; married January 10, 1754, Hannah Rees, and had issue: 
Rees, who married Ruth Hoven. 
8. vii. Thomas Evans, born May 21, 1737; died March 13, 1810; married Hannah 
viii. Jane Evans ; never married. 

7. GEORGE EVANS, son of William and Ann Evans, was born July 
16, 1702; died March 22, 1761. He resided in Limerick Township, and 
succeeded his brother Owen as justice of the peace, and of the court of Com- 
mon Pleas of Philadelphia County, holding the office from November 27, 
1757, until his death. He was a vestryman of St. James Church many years, 
and church-warden in 1740. The appraisement of his estate after his death 
shows him to have been a man of means, and the inventory enumerates items 
that in his day were considered luxuries. He married, November 9, 1736, 
Elizabeth, daughter of John and Mary Kendall, bom June 10, 1712; died 
August 27, 1787, and both she and her husband were buried at Limerick 
Children of George and Elizabeth (Kendall) Evans: 

i. Mary Evans, born December 11, 1737; married Enoch Evans, by whom she 
had issue: Benjamin; Joseph, married Susanna Brenholtz; Mary; 
Elizabeth; Eleazer; Ithamer, married Mary, daughter of Mordecai Evans; 

and Sidonia, married Camblin. 

ii. George Evans, born January 4, 1739; married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger 
and Ann North, and sister of Colonel Caleb North, of the Pennsylvania 
Line. Among their issue was Frederick Evans, born March 30, 1766, a 
civil and military engineer and the official surveyor of Northumberland 
County. He assisted in building Fort McHenry, Baltimore, and during the 
bombardment of September 13, 1814, was in personal charge of the fort, 
in which he commanded the Second U. S. Artillery, of which he was 
captain. In recognition of his services the City of Baltimore tendered him 
a reception and banquet. On April 2, 1791, he wedded his cousin, Ann 
North. His brother, Louis Evans, born December 18, 1778, was commis- 
sioned brigadier-general of the First Brigade, Pennsylvania militia, during 
the War of 1812. 


iii. Ann Evans, born November 30, 1740; died young. 

iv. Joseph Evans, born July 14, 1744; died young. 

V. Hannah Evans, born March 25, 1746; married Robert Shannon. 

vi. James Evans, born June 17, 1747; died October 22, 1747. 

vii. James Evans, born August 6, 1748; died January 16, 1823. He served in the 
Revolutionary War, and with his wife is buried in Limerick Church-yard. 
He married at St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, on January 16, 1771, Mary 
Brooke, born September 30, 1749; died October 25, 1828, daughter of 
James and Mary (Evans) Brooke. Issue: Samuel, born October 12, 1771, 
married Hannah Garrett; James, Jr., born March 9, 1773; Elizabeth, born 
December 15, 1777, married Abraham Koons ; Ruth, born May 22, 1783, 
married Samuel Missimer; Mark, born September 19, 1787, married 
Susanna Prick. James, Jr., the second son named, married, December 24. 
1796, Charlotte Brooke, daughter of Captain John Brooke of the Sixth 
Battalion, Philadelphia County militia, in the Revolution, and became a 
prominent man in his community, serving as justice of the peace, member 
of the Legislature, and during the War of 1812 was lieutenant-colonel in 
Second Brigade, Second Division, of Pennsylvania militia. He was part 
owner of Hampton Furnace, the first erected in Northampton County, 
and he left issue, among others: Josiah Evans, a judge of Montgomery 
County courts from 1843 until his death in 1855, and Owen Brooke Evans, 
who, by wife Mary Berrell, was the father of Frank Brooke Evans, Esq., 
of Philadelphia. 
viii. Wn,LiAM Evans, born August 3, 1730; married, April 16, 1771. Margaret, 
daughter of Enoch Davis, and removed to Maryland. 

ix. Samuel Evans, born February 10, 1753; married Anna Maria Fox, and left 
issue: Elizabeth; Richard; and Samuel, who married Sarah Ann House. 
The father was a prominent surveyor in and about Limerick, and served 
in the Revolutionary War. 

8. THOMAS EVANS, fourth son of Owen Evans by his wife Mary 
Davis, was born May 21, 1737, and died March 13, 1810. He received a 
Hberal estate under the will of his father, and was a man of prominence in his 
community. On November 25, 1754, he married Hannah Rees, the marriage 
presumably taking place at Christ Church, Philadelphia, w-here it is recorded. 
She was a daughter of Thomas and Mary Rees, and was born October 23, 
1727, and died April 25. 1813, surviving her husband but a few years. Both 
were buried in Limerick Church grounds. 

Children of Thomas and Hannah (Rees) Evans: 

9. i. Owen Evans, born July i, 1758 ; died June 23, 1812 ; married Eleanor Lane, 
ii. Benjamin Evans, born October 12, 1760: died July 10, 1830; married about 

1790, in North Carolina, Hannah, daughter of David and Hannah Smith; 
born July 3, 1767; died September 19, 1853, and both are buried in Friends 
Ground at Waynesville, Ohio, to which point he had removed from South 
Carolina. He was a man of wealth, and Judge O'Neall's " .\nnal5 of 
Newberry District, S. C," published in 1839, accredits to Benjamin Evans 
the invention of the screw auger. His grandson. Dr. John Evans (son of 
David and Rachel-Burnet Evans), was born March 9, 1814; studied medi- 

Built in 173 1 by William Evans, brother of Owen and George Evans. 

Where the Evans family are buried. 





cine; became professor in Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois; and 
was a founder of the Illinois General Hospital of the Lakes, and one of 
the projectors of the Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad, and for many 
years its managing director at Chicago. In 1853 he advocated the founding 
of the Northwestern University, and selected for its site a suburb of 
Chicago, which was afterwards named Evanston in his honor. He endowed 
the institution with $100,000. In 1862 he was appointed, by President 
Lincoln, Governor of Colorado, and took up his residence at Denver, 
becoming one of the most prominent men of Colorado. A lengthy sketch 
of his life is printed in " National Cyclopaedia of American Biography," 
volume vi, page 445, and his portrait forms the frontispiece of that work. 

iii. Rachel Evans, born May 6, 1755 ; died young. 

iv. Mary Evans, born November 23, 1756; died young. 

v. Samuel and David Evans, twins born December s, 1762; both died in infancy. 

vi. Elizabeth Evans, born September 23, 1766; married Paul Casselberry and 
moved to Ohio. 

vii. James Evans, born June 11, 1770; died January 4, 1803; married Ann Brooke, 

born in 1765 and died in 1817. 
viii. Edwakd Evans, born October 31, 1772; died August 19, 1822. 

ix. Hannah Evans, born April 6, 1764; died young. 

9. OWEN EVANS, eldest child and son of Thomas Evans by his wife 
Hannali Rees, was born July i, 1758, and died June 23, 1812. He married 
Eleanor Lane, born March 2, 1760; died December 4, 1839; daughter of Ed- 
ward Lane by his wife Ann Evans, a sister of his father, Thomas Evans. 
(See page 88.) 
Children of Owen and Eleanor (Lane) Evans: 

i. Ann Evans ; married John Chain, 
ii. Edward Evans ; died unmarried. 
iii. Benjamin Evans; married Harriet Jones, 
iv. Hannah Evans ; married John Shannon. 
V. Maria Evans ; married Charles H. Clay. 
vi. William L. Evans ; married Barbara Ann Casselberry. 
vii. Eleanor Evans; married Reverend John Reynolds. (See page 53.) 
viii. Elizabeth Evans ; died young. 



PETER GUNNARSON RAMBO, commonly called Peter Rambo, 
was born in Gothenburg, Sweden, and came to America about 1638. The 
" Gunnarson " in his name indicates that the Christian name of his father 
was Gunner. He resided in the Colony of New Sweden, afterwards Penn- 
sylvania, from 1639 until his death in 1698. He was one of the most prom- 
inent of the Swedish colonists, and was frequently honored with high 
public trusts. At the siege of Fort Christiana by the Dutch in 1655, he was 
one of the deputies ^ of the Swedish Governor, John Rising, to answer Stuy- 
vesant's summons to surrender, and in 1658, possibly earlier, he was appointed 
one of the magistrates on the Delaware, then called the South River, and on 
May 8, the same year, he was one of the four magistrates who met Governor 
Stuyvesant at Tinicum, and there renewed their oath of allegiance to " the 
high and mighty lords, the States General of the United Netherlands and 
lords directors of the general privileged West India Company, with the 
director general and Council already nominated, or in time being," and at 
the same time presented a petition to Stuyvesant asking for various privi- 
leges.^ Rambo was appointed, by the Dutch, Commissary to the Colony on the 
Delaware, which office he resigned in 1661.^ 

In 1668, when the colony fell under the government of the Duke of York, 
Peter Rambo was appointed a member of the council of Captain John Carr* 
who was appointed Governor. In 1674 he was commissioned a justice of the 
peace, and was one of the first justices to sit in the historic Upland Court.' 
On 23 September, 1676, he was recommissioned a justice ^ by Sir Edmund 
Andros, Lieutenant Governor General under the Duke of York. 

'Pennsylvania Magazine of History, viii, 151, etc. 

' Smith's History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, T},. 

' Pennsylvania Archives, sec. ser., vii, 634. 

' Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, 371. 

' Pennsylvania Archives, ix, 614. 


Near Philadelphia, Pa. 


Peter Ranibo was popular with the Indians, and was recommended as 
interpreter to them in 1677, to locate the lands of the English commissioners 
in West New Jersey/ and he took an active part in the treaty or council with 
the Indians.^ 

He was a member of the Swedish Church at Wiccaco, and was probably 
one of its wardens in 1693, as he was the second to sign an important letter 
to " Mr. John Thelin, Postmaster at Gothenburg, Sweden," concerning the 
religious interests of New Sweden.^ 

He was a large landed proprietor in Philadelphia. In a return made in 
1684 by Lawrence Dalbo, collector of taxes, Peter Rambo is recorded as 
possessing six hundred acres of land, twelve of which were then improved. 
He also had landed interests in New Jersey. 

His will, dated 30 August, 1694, proved at Philadelphia, 18 November, 
1698, mentions his wife without giving her Christian name, and the following 
children: sons. Gunner, John, Andreas, and Peter, and daughters, Gertrude, 
wife of Andrew Bankson, and Katharine, wife of Peter Dalbo. 


PETER COCK, Sr., sometimes called Peter Larsson Cock, was doubt- 
less a son of Lawrence Cock, of Sweden. The son, Peter, was bom in 
Sweden in 161 1, and came to the Delaware River in what is known as the 
" Third Swedish Expedition." In 1648 he was admitted freeman in the 
Swedish " Colony-on-the-Delaware," and later rose to distinction, his family 
becoming one of the most noted among the Swedish colonists. As early as 
1657 he became a magistrate, and, in the following year, he, with his 
brother magistrates and other officials, met Governor Stuyvesant on his visit 
to Tinicum. On September 9, 1663, he was appointed collector of customs to 
the " Colony of the City," and five years later, when the Dutch ordered the 
Swedes to remove to Passyunk, Magistrate Cock was one of those who 
strongly protested against such removal. 

In 1668, when the English came into control on the Delaware, Captain 
John Carr was sent over as the head of the government. Magistrate Cock 
was appointed a member of Captain Carr's Council, which appointment was 

'Barber and Howe's Collections of New Je 
' New Jersey Archives, i. 
•Acrelius's History of New Sweden, 189. 


embraced in the document known as " Directions for the Settlement of the 
Government in Delaware," in which is found the following clause: 

" That to p'vent all Abuses or Opposicions in Civill Magistrates so often as Complaint 
is made the Commission Officer Captain Carre shall call the Scout with Hans Block, Israel 
Helme, Peter Rambo, Peter Cocke, Peter Alricks or any two of them as Councellors, to 
advise heare & determyn, by the Major vote what is just Equitable & necessary in all Cases 
in question." 

On 6 November, 1674, Sir Edmund Andros, Lieutenant and Governor 
under the Duke of York, appointed justices " For the River," the jurisdiction 
of which embraced the country on the Delaware from Christiana Creek to the 
Falls of the Delaware. Peter Cock was the first named in the commission, 
and so became the presiding judge of the court held by these justices at 
Upland, now Chester, Pennsylvania. He was re-appointed by Andros in 
1676, as seen from the commission then issued, reading as follows: 

"EDMUND ANDROS ESQr Seigneur of Sausmarez Lieut and Governor Generll 
under his Royll Highnesse James Duke of Yorke & Albany etc. of all his Territories in 

By Virtue of the authority deryved unto mee : I doe hereby in his Mayties name, con- 
stitute appoint & authorize you Mr. Peter Cock, Mr. Peter Rambo, Mr. Israeli Helm, Mr. 
Andriesen, Mr. Oele Swen and Mr. Otto Ernest Cock to bee Justices of the Peace in the 
Jurisdiction of Delowar River and Dependencies and any three or more of you to bee a 
Court of Judicature, Giving you and Every of you full power to act in the sd employment, 
according to Law & the trust Reposed in you, of wch all p'sons concerned are to take notice, 
& give you ye due respect and obedience belonging to yo'r places in dischargeing you'r 
Dutys; This Commission to bee in force for the space of one yeare after the date hereof, 
or until further order. Given under my hand and scale in New Yorke the 23th day of 
September, in the 28th Yeare of his Mayties Reigne, Annoq Domini, 1676 

(Signed) E. ANDROS." 

The first sitting of the Upland Court under this appointment was on 
November 14, 1676, at which time, and afterwards continuously until March, 
1680, Judge Cock presided, and upon his retirement from the bench, during 
that year, his son. Captain Lawrence Cock, was appointed to take his place. 

Judge Cock was a prominent member of the church at Wiccaco. Of 
the one thousand and sixty-seven guilders subscribed for the support of the 
rector of the church in 1684. nearly one-fifth of the stmi was given by the 

He was a large land-owner, and at the time of his death he resided 
on an island near the mouth of the Schuylkill River. He died about March 
I, 1689, leaving a widow, Margaret, and a number of children, and his de- 
scendants have probably been more numerous than those of any other of the 
early colonists. In the second generation the name came to be written COX, 
and has so continued. 



embraced in the document known as " Directions for the Settlement of the 
Government in Delaware," in which is found the following clause: 

" That to p'vent all Abuses or Opposicions in Civill Magistrates so often as Complaint 
is made the Commission Officer Captain Carre shall call the Scout with Hans Block, Israel 
Helme, Peter Rambo, Peter Cocke, Peter Alricks or any two of them as Councellors. to 
advise heare & determyn, by the Major vote what is just Equitable &; necessary in all Cases 
in question." 

On 6 November, 1674, Sir Edmund Andros, Lieutenant and Governor 
under the Duke of York, appointed justices " For the River," the jurisdiction 
of which embraced the country on the Delaware from Christiana Creek to the 
Falls of the Delaware. Peter Cock was the first named in the commission, 
and so became the presiding judge of the court held by these justices at 
Upland, now Chester, Pennsylvania. He was re-appointed by Andros in 
1676, as seen from the commission then issued, reading as follows : 

"EDMUND ANDROS ESQr Seigneur of Sausmarez Lieut and Governor Generll 
under his Royll Highnesse James Duke of Yorke & Albany etc. of all his Territories in 

By Virtue of the authority deryved unto mee : I doe hereby in his Mayties name, con- 
stitute appoint & authorize you Mr. Peter Cock, Mr. Peter Rambo, Mr. Israeli Helm, Mr. 
Andriesen, Mr. Oele Swen and Mr. Otto Ernest Cock to bee Justices of the Peace in the 
Jurisdiction of Delowar River and Dependencies and any three or more of you to bee a 
Court of Judicature, Giving you and Every of you full power to act in the sd employment, 
according to Law & the trust Reposed in you, of wch all p'sons concerned are to take notice, 
& give you ye due respect and obedience belonging to yo'r places in discharging you'r 
Dutys; This Commission to bee in force for the space of one yeare after the date hereof, 
or until further order. Given under my hand and seale in New Yorke the 23th day of 
September, in the 28th Yeare of his Mayties Reigne, Annoq Domini, 1676 

(Signed) E. ANDROS." 

The first sitting of the Upland Court under this appointment was on 
November 14, 1676, at which time, and afterwards continuously until March, 
1680, Judge Cock presided, and upon his retirement from the bench, during 
that year, his son. Captain Lawrence Cock, was appointed to take his place. 

Judge Cock was a prominent member of the church at Wiccaco. Of 
the one thousand and sixty-seven guilders subscribed for the support of the 
rector of the church in 1684, nearly one-fifth of the sum was given by the 

He was a large land-owner, and at the time of his death he resided 
on an island near the mouth of the Schuylkill River. He died about March 
I, 1689, leaving a widow, Margaret, and a number of children, and his de- 
scendants have probably been more numerous than those of any other of the 
early colonists. In the second generation the name came to be written COX, 
and has so continued. 




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PETER COCK, Jr., son of Judge Peter, resided in Passyunk, now the 
southernmost part of Philadelphia. He married Helen, daughter of Captain 
Israel Helm, and, dying in 1708, left issue, among whom was a son,— 

PETER COX who, dying January 17, 175 1, aged 63 years, left issue 
by wife, Margaret Matson alias Dalbo, daughter of Peter Matson alias 
Dalbo by his wife Catharine, daughter of Peter Rambo, Esq. Of such issue 
was — 

ELEANOR COX, who married as second husband, on September 6, 
1746, Daniel Dupuy. (See page 28.) 


ISRAEL HELM, sometimes spelled Helme, is another of the Swedish 
colonists on the South or Delaware River, who bore a prominent part in the 
public life of the colony established there prior to the formation of Penn's 
government. The date of his emigration is not known, but it was probably 
prior to 1658. Nor is it known when he was first appointed to public office, 
but that such an appointment was made prior to 1663 there seems to be no 
doubt, for in that year he went to Holland with others, to confer with the 
Dutch West India Company on matters pertaining to public affairs on the 
river. At this date William Beekman was vice-director or governor of the 
settlements on the river, and in a letter of 5 September, 1663, he mentions 
the return of Helme and his fellow commissioners and refers to them as 
" Members of the High Council. "^ 

While abroad conferring with " their High Mightinesses the Lords 
States-General of the United Netherlands and the Lords Directors of the 
Priviledged West-India Company," he doubtless gave some thought to his 
personal interests, for immediately after his return home. Vice Director 
Beekman announced to Director-General Stuyvesant that " the Honble Coun- 
cillor " Israel Helm, was to take charge of the fur-trade at or near 
Passayoungh." ^ 

He held a commission as captain as early as 6 April, 1677, and is men- 
tioned by this title at that date in the New York Colonial Records. Having 
learned the language of the Indians, he was frequently employed as an inter- 

*He came born in the ship " de Purmerlander Kerck," which arrived at New Castle 
two days before Beekman's letter was written.— See Pennsylvania Archives, sec. ser., vii, 714. 
' Pennsylvania Archives, sec. ser., vii. 717. 


preter, and acted as such in 1675 ^t the conference between Governor Andros, 
the magistrates of New Castle, and the Indian sachem of New Jersey, when 
a treaty of peace was renewed. Two years later he was a commissioner to 
another conference with the Indians, being chosen by Captain John Collier, 
the commander " On-the-Delaware," and Captain Helm's fellow judges of 
the Upland Court. 

In 1668 Helm, with others, obtained from Governor Nicolls, the English 
commander at New York, a grant of land embracing near the whole of 
Calkoon Hook, and during the same year he was signally honored by being 
chosen a member of the Council of Governor John Carr, in which capacity 
he served until some time in 1673, when the Dutch again obtained, for a brief 
period, the control of affairs " On-the-Delaware," by virtue of their capture 
of New York. Upon the overthrow of the Dutch during the following year, 
Helm was commissioned one of the justices " For the River," to which posi- 
tion he was reappointed in 1676, and again in 1680, two of his colleagues on 
the bench being Peter Cock and Peter Rambo, already mentioned. His last 
judicial service was on 14 June, 1681, when the court in which he sat, known 
as " Upland Court," held its session at Kingsessing, at which date he had 
probably become a resident of West Jersey. 

Captain Helm owned a plantation at Upland, now Chester, Delaware 
Coimty, Pennsylvania, and probably resided there in 1680, at which time he 
sold the plantation, and shortly afterward removed to Gloucester County, 
West Jersey, where he purchased a large plantation located on the Delaware 
River, and here he continued to reside until his death. In 1685 he was elected 
a member of the West Jersey Assembly. His last will and testament is dated 
17 June, 1 70 1, and was proved in New Jersey, 2 March, 1702, so his death 
occurred between those dates. Among his children who sunaved him, was a 

HELEN HELM, who married Peter Cock, Jr., son of the Peter Cock. 
Sr., who sat many years on the bench with Captain Helm. 


iN the 3d of July, 1686, not quite four years after the ar- 
rival of William Penn in America, Samuel Richardson, 
1 ^^^^^Sf/I^^^^^Ht ^^°^ Jamaica, B. W. I., bought 5880 acres of land in 
Pennsylvania and two large lots on the north side of 
High Street (now Market Street) in the City of Phila- 
delphia for £340. He had probably been but a short 
time a resident of Jamaica, since the certificate he 
brought with him from the Friend's Meeting at Spanish- 
town to the effect, " Yt he and his wife hath walked amongst us as becomes 
truth," was only given " after due consideration thereof and enquiry made." 
Of his previous life very little is known. 

In the year 1670 a squad of soldiers arrested George Whitehead, John 
Scott, and Samuel Richardson at a meeting of Friends at " The Peel," in Lon- 
don, and, after detaining them some three hours in a guard-room, took them 
before two justices and charged Richardson with having laid violent hands 
upon one of their muskets. This was utterly false and denied by him, for 
he was standing peaceably, as he said, with his " hands in his pockets." One 
of the justices asked him, "Will you promise to come no more at meeting? " 
Samuel Richardson replied, " I can promise no such thing." Justice : " Will 
you pay your five shillings? " Samuel Richardson replied, " I do not know that 
I owe thee five shillings." A fine of that amount was, nevertheless, imposed. 
The sturdy independence and passive combativeness manifested upon 
this occasion formed, as we shall hereafter see, one of the most prominent 
characteristics of Richardson. Driven, as we may safely presume, from 
England to the West Indies and thence to Pennsylvania by the persecution 
which followed his sect, he had now experienced the hard buffetings of adverse 
fortune, but soon began to bask in the sunshine of a quiet but secure 

Surrounded by men of his own creed, he throve greatly, and in January, 

1689-90, he bought from William Penn another lot on High Street, for the 

purpose of erecting quays and wharves. He now owned all of the ground 

on the north side of that street between Second Street and the Delaware River. 



In January, 1688, William Bradford, the printer, issued proposals for the 
publication of a large House-Bible, by subscription. It was a momentous 
undertaking. No similar attempt had yet been made in America, and in 
order that the cautious burghers of the new city should have no solicitude 
concerning the unusually large advances required, he gave notice "that Samuel 
Richardson and Samuel Carpenter of Philadelphia are appointed to take care 
and be assistant in the laying out of the subscription money, and to see that 
it is employed to the use intended." A single copy of this circular, found in 
the binding of an old book, has been preserved. 

In 1688 and again in 1695 Richardson was elected a member of the Pro- 
vincial Council, a body which, with the Governor or his deputy, then possessed 
the executive authority, and which in its intercourse with the Assembly was 
often excessively dictatorial and often disposed to encroach. Quarrels be- 
tween these two branches of the government were frequent and bitter, and 
doubtless indicated tlie gradual growth of two parties differing in views and 
interests, one of which favored the proprietary and the other the people. 

Soon after taking his seat Samuel Richardson became embroiled in a 
controversy that loses none of its interest from the quaint language in which 
it is recorded, and which may have had its origin in the fact that he was then 
a justice of the peace and judge of the County Court, a position which he 
certainly held a few years later. 

The Coimcil had ordered a case pending in that court to be withdrawn, 
with the intention of hearing and determining it themselves, and Samuel 
Richardson endeavored in vain to have this action rescinded. 

At the meeting on the 25th of December, 1688, a debate arose about it, 
and the Deputy Governor, John Blackwell, called attention to some remarks 
previously made by Samuel Richardson which reflected on the resolution of 
the Council, telling him that it was unbecoming and ought not to be permitted, 
and " Reproving him as having taken too much great liberty to carry it un- 
beseemingly and very provokingly." He especially resented " Ye said 
Richardson's former declaring at several times yt he did not own ye Governor 
to be Governor." Samuel Richardson replied with some warmth that he 
would stand by it and make it good that William Penn could not make a 
Governor. This opinion, despite the almost unanimous dissent of the members 
present, he maintained with detennination, until at length the Governor moved 
that he be ordered to withdraw. " I will not withdraw ; I was not brought 
hither by thee and I will not goe out by thy order ; I was sent by the people, 
and thou hast no power to put me out," was Richardson's defiant answer. 

The Governor said he could not suffer Pennsylvania's authority to be 
questioned and himself contemned, and, being justified by the concurrence of 


all the Council, except Arthur Cook, who " would be understood to think 
and speak modestly," he succeeded in having his motion adopted. Hereupon 
Samuel Richardson " went forth, declaring he cared not whether he sat there 
more again." 

After his departure it was resolved that his words and carriage had been 
" onworthy and onbecoming," that he ought to acknowledge his offence and 
promise more respect and heed for the future before being again permitted 
to act with them, and that he be called inside and admonished, " but he was 
gone away." 

A few weeks after this occurrence, Joseph Growden, a member who had 
been absent before, moved that Samuel Richardson be admitted to his seat, 
but was informed by the Governor that he had been excluded because of his 

On the 3d of February, 1689, Samuel Richardson entered the Council 
Room and sat down at the table. In reply to a question, he stated that he had 
come to discharge his duty as a member. 

This bold movement was extremely embarrassing, and finding argument 
and indignation alike futile, the happy thought occurred to the Governor 
to adjourn the Council until the afternoon, when he would station an officer 
at the door to prevent another intrusion. His plan was carried into execution. 
However, Growden contended that the Council had no right to exclude a 
member who had been duly chosen by the people, and this led to an earnest 
debate, "in which many intemperate speeches and passages happened, fit to 
be had in oblivion." Before the week had closed, the Governor presented a 
charge against Growden, but the fact that three others, though somewhat 
hesitatingly, raised their voices in favor of admitting all the members to 
their seats, seemed to indicate that the Governor's strength was waning. 

The election under the new writ was held the 8th of February, 1689, 
and the people of the country showed the drift of their sympathies by re- 
electing Samuel Richardson. 

The Assembly also interfered and sent a delegation to the Governor 
to complain that they were abused to the exclusion of some of the members of 
Council. They were bluntly informed that " the proceedings of the Council 
did not concern them." Then Lloyd Eckley and Richardson entered the 
chamber and said they had come to pay their respects to the Governor and 
perform their duties. A resort to the tactics used, on the previous occasion 
became necessary, and the meeting was declared adjourned, " upon which sev- 
eral of ye members of ye Council departed." " But divers remayned and a 
great deal of noyse and clamor was expressed at and without the door of the 
Governor's roome, where ye Council had sate, which occasioned persons 


(passing by in the street), to stand still to heare, which ye Governor observing 
desired ye sayd Tho. Lloyd would forbear such lowd talking, telling him he 
must not suffer such doings, but would take a course to suppress it and shut 
ye doore." 

The crisis had now approached, and soon afterwards Penn recalled Black- 
well, authorized the Council themselves to choose a president to act as his 
deputy, and pour oil upon the troubled waters in this wise, " Salute me to ye 
people in general. Pray send for J. Simcock, A. Cook, John Eckly and 
Samuel Carpenter, and let them dispose Tho. Lloyd and Samuel Richardson 
to that complying temper that they tend to that loving and serious accord yt 
become such a Governor." After the departure of Blackwell, the Council 
elected Lloyd as their president. Samuel Richardson resumed his place for 
the rest of his term and in 1695 was returned for t\vo more years. 

During this time Col. Fletcher made a demand on Pennsylvania for her 
quota of men for defence against the Indians and French. Of the committee 
of twelve appointed to reply to this requisition, two were chosen for each 
county, Richardson being one from his county. They reported in favor of 
raising £500, upon the understanding that it " should not be dipped in blood " 
but be used to " feed the hungry and cloath the naked." 

Richardson was a judge of the County Court and justice of the peace in 
1692 and 1704, and for the greater part — probably the whole — of the inter- 
vening period. 

In the historic contest which George Keith, the leader of the schism which 
caused a wide breach among the Friends in Pennsylvania, Richardson bore 
a conspicuous part. 

A crew of pirates, headed by a man named Babbit, stole a sloop from the 
wharf in Philadelphia and committed a number of depredations on the Dela- 
ware River. Three of the magistrates, all Quakers, sent Peter Boss to arrest 
them. Although Boss and his party had " neither gun, sword or spear," it 
is safe to presume they used force. This gave Keith an opportunity, and he 
published a circular wherein he twitted his associates with their inconsistency 
in acting as magistrates and encouraging fighting and warfare. Five of the 
magistrates, Richardson being one of them, ordered the arrest of the printers, 
William Bradford and John McComb, and also the authors, Keith and Thomas 
Budd, and the latter were tried, convicted, and fined £5 each. 

These proceedings being printed abroad " and making a great noyse," 
the six justices, including the five above referred to and Anthony Morris, 
published their reasons for their action. Keith, they said, had publicly reviled 
Thomas Lloyd, the president of the Council, by calling him an impudent man 
and saying his name " would stink," and had dared to stigmatize the members 


of the Council and the justices " as impudent rascals." These things they had 
patiently endured as well as his gross revilings of their religious society, but 
in his recent comments upon the arrest of Babbit he not only encouraged 
sedition and breach of the peace, but aimed a blow at the Proprietary Govern- 
ment, since if Quakers could not act as justices, the bench must remain vacant. 

The Friends' yearly meeting held in Burlington, N. J., July 7, 1692, 
disowned Keith, and their testimony against him, Richardson and many others 

Robert Quarry, judge of the Court of Admiralty, received his appoint- 
ment from the Crown. He seems to have been personally objectionable, and 
his authority, being beyond the control of the Proprietary, was not submitted 
to, even at that early day, without opposition. An affair in 1698 led to a con- 
flict of jurisdiction between him and the provincial judges, in which he ob- 
tained an easy triumph, but his success appeared only to have been satisfactory 
when it had culminated in a personal humiliation. 

John Adams imported a quantity of goods Avhich, for want of a certificate, 
were seized and given to the custody of the marshal, and, although Mr. Adams 
afterwards complied to the necessary legal forms, Quarry refused to redeliver 
them. The Governor would not interfere, but Anthony Morris, one of the 
judges of the County Court, issued a writ of replevin, in obedience to which 
the sheriff put Adams into possession of his property. Thereupon Quarry 
wrote to England, complaining of what he considered to be an infringement 
of the Proprietary Government upon his jurisdiction. 

On the 27th of July, 1698, Morris, Richardson, and James Fox presented 
to the Governor and Council a written vindication of the action of the Common 
Court, saying it was their duty to grant the replevin upon the plaintiff giving 
bond, as he had done, and adding that they had good grounds for believing 
the sheriff to be as proper a person to secure the property " to be forthcoming 
in specie as bv replevin, he is commanded, as that they should remain in the 
hands of Robert Webb, who is no proper officer as we know of to keep the 
same." More than a year afterwards Penn, who had recently arrived in the 
Province on his second visit, called the attention of Council to the subject 
and to the great resentment felt by the superior powers in England at the 
support said to be given in Pennsylvania to piracy and illegal trade. 

The next day, Morris surrendered the bond and inventory of the goods 
and resigned his commission. To his statement that he had for many years 
served as a justice to his own great loss and detriment, and that in granting 
the writ he had done what he believed to be right, Penn replied that his signing 
the replevin was a " verie indeliberate, rash and unwarrantable act." His 
cup of humility had not, however, yet been drunk. Quarry required his 


attendance again before the Council, and said that the goods had been forcibly 
taken from the marshal, and " what came ym the S. Anthonie best knew," that 
he could not plead ignorance, " having been so long a Justice yt hee became 
verie insolent," and that the security having refused payment, and it being 
unreasonable to burden the king with the costs of a suit, he demanded that 
the " sd Anthonie " should be compelled to refund their value. Morris could 
only reply, " yt it looked verie hard yt any Justice should suffer for an error 
in judgment," and further added that " if it were due again he would not 
do it." 

David Lloyd, the attorney in the case, when arguing, had been shown the 
letters patent, from the king to the marshal, with the seal of the High Court 
of Admiralty attached. He said, " What is this ? Do you think to scare us 
with a great box and a little babie? Tis true fine pictures please children, 
but wee are not to be frightened at such a rate." For the use of these words, 
he was expelled from his seat in the Council, and for permitting them to be 
uttered without rebuke, the three judges, Morris, Richardson, and Fox, were 
summoned to the presence of the Governor and reprimanded. Edward Ship- 
ping, being absent in New England, escaped the latter punishment. 

Richardson was elected a member of the Assembly for the years of 1692, 
'93, '94, '96, '97, '98, 1700, '01, '02, '03, '05, '07, and '09. He probably 
found the members of that body more congenial as associates than had been 
the members of the Council, and from the fact that he was sent with very 
unusual frequency to confer with the different Governors in regard to disputed 
legislation, it may be presumed that he was a fair representative of the views 
entertained by the majority. 

Though doubtless identified in opinion with David Lloyd, he does not 
appear to have been so obnoxious to the Proprietary party, since James Logan, 
writing to Penn in 1704, regrets his absence that year, saying that the dele- 
gation from Philadelphia County, consisting of David Lloyd, Joseph Wilcox, 
Griffith Jones, Joshua Carpenter, Francis Rawle, John Roberts, Rob't Jones, 
and Samuel Richardson, were " all bad but the last." 

On the 20th of October, 1703, a dispute arose concerning the power of the 
Assembly over its own adjournment, a question long and warmly debated 
before, which illustrates in rather an amusing way the futile attempts fre- 
quently made by the Governor and their Councils to exercise control. 

A messenger having demanded the attendance of the whole House of 
Representatives forthwith to consult about adjournment, they, being engaged 
in closing the business of the session, sent Joseph Growden, Isaac Norris, 
Joseph Wilcox, Nicholas Wain, and Samuel Richardson to inform the Council 


that they had concluded to adjourn until the first day of the next third month. 
The President of the Council objected to the time and denied their right to 
determine it, and, an argument having ensued without convincing either party, 
the delegation withdrew. The Council then prorogued the Assembly immedi- 
ately, and to two members of the latter body who came shortly afterward with 
the information of its adjournment to the day fixed, the President stated 
" That ye Council had prorogued ye Assembly to ye said first day of ye said 
third month, and desired ye said members to acquaint ye House of ye same." 
To prorogue them until the day to which they themselves had already ad- 
journed was certainly an ingenious method of insuring their compliance. 

On the loth of December the Assembly sent Samuel Richardson and 
Joshua Ploopes to the Governor with a message, who upon their return re- 
ported that his Secretary, James Logan, had afifronted them, asking one of 
them whether he was not ashamed to look him, the said James Logan, in 
the face. 

The wrath of the Assembly was kindled immediately. They directed 
Logan to be placed in custody that he might answer at the bar of the House, 
and sent word to the Governor, to whom Logan explained that " all that passed 
was a jocular expression to Samuel Richardson, who used always to take great 
freedom that way himself, and that he believed he never resented it as an 
affront," and Samuel Richardson being summoned, declared that he was not 
at all offended. 

For many years after his arrival in Pennsylvania, Samuel Richardson 
lived upon a plantation of 500 acres near Germantown, and probably superin- 
tended the cultivation of such portions of it as were cleared. There he had 
houses, cattle, and sheep. 

The Friends' Records tell us that several grandchildren were born in 
this house, and from the account of Francis Daniel Pastorius, we learn 
that when they grew older they were sent to school. 

On the 29th of April, 1703, however, Elliner, his wife, died, and some 
time afterward, probably in the early part of 1705, he removed to the city 
and married again, and lived in a house somewhere near the intersection of 
Third and Chestnut Streets, which contained " a front room and kitchen on 
the first floor, two chambers on the second floor and a garrett." In the same 
year he was unanimously elected one of the aldermen of the city, and this 
position he held thereafter until his death. 

In December, 1705, he, Griffith Jones, and John Jones, by order of the 

Council, bought a set of brass weights for the sum of £12 12s. The poverty 

of the new city may be inferred from the fact that they gave their individual 

note and took in exchange an obligation of the corporation, which, though. 



often presented for settlement, was not finally disposed of until five years 

In May, 1710, the Town Council decided to build a new market-house and 
the necessary funds were raised by subscription. Tliis building was erected 
at the junction of Second and Market Streets and was considered the finest 
building of the day. 

Richardson was among the fourteen heaviest subscribers at £5 each, and 
after its completion in Augiist, 1713, he was appointed one of the clerks of 
the market to collect rents, etc., on a commission of ro per cent. The first 
moneys received were applied to an old indebtedness to Edward Shippin for 
funds used " in treating our present Governor at his first arrival." 

The meeting of the Town Council on the ist of October, 1717, was the 
last he attended. He died June 10, 1719, at an advanced age, and left a large 

Like many of the early Friends, he was a slave-holder, and among the 
rest of his property were the following negroes, — viz., Angola, Jack, Jack's 
wife, and Diana. His wardrobe consisted of a " new coat with plate-buttons, 
cloth-coat and breeches, loose coat of cloth and drugget waist-coat and 
breeches, loose cloth coat, old cloak, old large coat and ' Round Robbin,' two 
fustian frocks and breeches, two flannel waist-coats, three pair of stockings, 
two hats, linen shirts, leather waist-coat and breeches, six neck-cloths, handker- 
chiefs, one pair of new and two pair of old shoes." 

He had four children. Joseph, the only son, married in 1696 Elizabeth 
(bom 1673, died 1739), daughter of John Bevan, and from about the year 
1 71 3 lived at Olethgo, on the Perkiomen Creek, in Providence Township, 
Philadelphia (now Montgomery) County. This marriage was preceded by a 
carefully drawn settlement, in which the father of the groom entailed upon 
him the plantation of 500 acres near Germantown, and the father of the bride 
gave her a marriage-portion of £200. 

Of the three daughters, Mary, the eldest, married William Hudson, one 
of the wealthiest of the pioneer merchants in Philadelphia, being elected 
Mayor of the city in 1725, and was a relative of Henry Hudson, the navigator. 

Ann married Edward Lane, living in Providence Township, Philadel- 
phia County, and after the death of her first husband married Edmond 
Cartledge, of Conestoga, in Lancaster County. 

Elizabeth married Abram Bickley, also a wealthy merchant of Philadel- 
phia. Among their descendants are many of the most noted families of the 
city and of the eastern counties of Pennsylvania.^ 

'"A Councillor, Judge, and Legislator of the Olden Time," by Ex-Governor Samuel 
W. Pennypacker, Lippincott's Magazine, April, 1874. Used by his kind permission. 







often presented for settlement, was not finally disposed of until five years 

In May, 1710, the Town Council decided to build a new market-house and 
the necessary fimds were raised by subscription. This building was erected 
at the junction of Second and Market Streets and was considered the finest 
building of the day. 

Richardson was among the fourteen heaviest subscribers at £5 each, and 
after its completion in August, 171 3, he was appointed one of the clerks of 
the market to collect rents, etc., on a commission of 10 per cent. The first 
moneys received were applied to an old indebtedness to Edward Shippin for 
funds used " in treating our present Governor at his first arrival." 

The meeting of the Town Council on the ist of October, 1717, was the 
last he attended. He died June 10, 171 9, at an advanced age, and left a large 

Like many of the early Friends, he was a slave-holder, and among the 
rest of his property were the following negroes, — viz., Angola, Jack, Jack's 
wife, and Diana. His wardrobe consisted of a " new coat with plate-buttons, 
cloth-coat and breeches, loose coat of cloth and drugget waist-coat and 
breeches, loose cloth coat, old cloak, old large coat and ' Round Robbin,' two 
fustian frocks and breeches, two flannel waist-coats, three pair of stockings, 
two hats, linen shirts, leather waist-coat and breeches, six neck-cloths, handker- 
chiefs, one pair of new and two pair of old shoes." 

He had four children. Joseph, the only son, married in 1696 Elizabeth 
(bom 1673, died 1739), daughter of John Bevan, and from about the year 
1713 lived at Olethgo, on the Perkiomen Creek, in Providence Township, 
Philadelphia (now Montgomery) County. This marriage was preceded by a 
carefully drawn settlement, in which the father of the groom entailed upon 
him the plantation of 500 acres near Germantown, and the father of the bride 
gave her a marriage-portion of £200. 

Of the three daughters, Mary, the eldest, married William Hudson, one 
of the wealthiest of the pioneer merchants in Philadelphia, being elected 
Mayor of the city in 1725, and was a relative of Henry Hudson, the navigator. 

Ann married Edward Lane, living in Providence Township, Philadel- 
phia County, and after the death of her first husband married Edmond 
Cartledge, of Conestoga, in Lancaster County. 

Elizabeth married Abram Bickley, also a wealthy merchant of Philadel- 
phia. Among their descendants are many of the most noted families of the 
city and of the eastern counties of Pennsylvania.^ 

'"A Councillor, Judge, and Legislator of the Olden Time," by Ex-Governor Samuel 
W. Pennypacker, Lippincott's Magazine, April, 1874. Used by his kind permission. 








a^^Za^ ^.„,,a>^<^^^^^ 




Edward Lane, the husband of Ann Richardson, was actively interested 
in St. James Episcopal Church, Evansburg, Lower Providence Township, 
Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. Prior to 1721 the parish was a mission 
under the " Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts," 
established in England in 1701, and which was the first missionary society 
for the Protestant world. The first meeting recorded of this parish was held 
October 2, 1737, Rev. Mr. Harvey being the rector. Samuel Lane, one of the 
wardens, was the son of Edward and Ann Lane. In 1738 the name of Owen 
Evans was found among the list of vestry-men. The original Indian name of 
the place was " Perguhona " or " Perquihoma," which was afterwards changed 
to " Perkiomei," then to " Perquayomen " and " Perquihaana," and from that 
the present name of Perkiomen resulted. The church of 1721 is described as 
a quaint and curious structure, one story high, with a shed-roof in front over 
the entrance-door, sashed windows on each side, two end-ones, and one high 
up in the gable. They had diamond-shaped panes of glass set in a leaden 
sash, imported from England. The beginning of this parish dates from the 
founding of the settlement here by Edward Lane. He purchased in 1698 
a tract of 2500 acres, part of 5000 acres originally granted in 1681 to one 
Thomas Rudyard, who came from London and became Deputy Governor of 
East Jersey. The conveyance to Edward Lane in 1698 was confirmed by 
patent in 1701. William Penn was on very friendly terms with Edward Lane, 
and when the latter went to England to visit his father, William Lane, a 
Quaker, then living in Bristol, England, William Penn solicited him to carry 
some dispatches to the home government. 

When the division took place among the Society of Friends in Philadel- 
phia in 1695, brought about by the preaching of George Keith, and leading 
to the founding of old Christ Church, Edward Lane, whose father and himself 
were Quakers, left that sect and joined the Episcopal Church. The early 
efiforts of Edward Lane were in the direction of advancing the interests of the 
little settlement at Perkiomen, in which he seems to have been much interested. 
Showing his enterprise, he projected a road leading to Philadelphia, which 
was the beginning of the present Germantown Pike. 

In 1704 he visited England and broiTght back with him a letter from 
William Penn to James Logan, the Governor's Secretary, dated Bristol, Eng- 
land, July 7th, which says, " Now meeting with Edward Lane and his over- 
seer, bound hence from Ireland to Pennsylvania, sends this in answer to thy 
original of the 26th of the third month. 

" Let Edward Lane have the land laid out which he bought of the first 
purchasers, according to Justice, and the way to Alahatany carried on the 
best manner for futurity, as well as present." 


The way to Mahatany was the Pike. By the mention of an overseer, 
Edward Lane must have had a retinue of helpers. He soon made clearances 
for his own home, possibly bringing the material, as was often done among 
the wealthier colonists, from England. 

William Lane, the eldest son of Edward, inherited from his father, at his 
death, in 1710, that portion of the plantation or estate lying east of the 
Perkiomen Creek, and when William died, in May, 1732, he had bequeathed 
(in January, 1732-3) 42 acres adjoining the church, including all buildings 
and improvements thereon, " for the use of successive ministers of St. James 
Church, forever." In October, 1777, during the battle of Germantown, St. 
James Church was converted into a hospital, and in it over 100 died and were 
buried in a graveyard adjoining. The church was necessarily much despoiled. 


; OVERT LOOCKERMANS, the origin of the Dutch 
blood in the veins of the Dupuy family, was born in 
1616 in Turnhout, a town about twenty-five miles 
northeast of Antwerp, and not within the United 
Provinces, but in that portion of the Netherlands 
which remained under the Spanish and afterwards 
under the Austrian rule. In April, 1633, with Wouter 
Van Twiller, afterwards Director-General, he came 
to New Amsterdam in the ship " Soutberg " (Salt Mountain), which, on its 
way across the sea, captured a Spanish caravel named the " St. Martin," 
commanded by Juriaen Blanck. Into this vessel Loockennans was transferred 
and with it came safely into port. With him came Jacob Wolfertsen (Van 
Couwenhoven), whose first wife, Hester Jans, was the sister of Ariaente 
Jans, who afterward married Govert Loockermans. 

Arriving in New Amsterdam, through constant contact with Van Twiller 
during the long voyage from Holland, the Director-General had conceived a 
strong fancy for the youth of seventeen years and procured for him a situation 
as clerk in the service of the West India Company. How long he served in 
this capacity is not known, but he soon left its employ and engaged in business 
on his own account. 

Early in 1640 he was one of the party sent out by Director-General Kieft 
against the Raritan Indians, " upon which occasion," says Chute in his 
" Annals of Staten Island," " he distinguished himself by killing one of the 
natives in cold blood." This story may be a mere invention, however, of 
Loockermans' enemies, for it is known that a little later he was accused of 
undue partiality towards the Indians, with whom, as a fur-trader, he must have 
had to keep on good terms. 

During the latter part of this year he revisited the Netherlands, where 
he remained several months, and where, in Amsterdam, on February 26, 
1641, he married Ariaente Jans. A little while later, with his new wife, 
he returned in the ship " King David," Job Arientsen, master, to New Amster- 
dam, arriving there November 29, 1641. 


He came as the accredited agent of the firm of Gillis Verbrugge & Com- 
pany, afterwards bringing from them a cargo of goods for New Amsterdam. 
With him came his sister Anneken, who, early in 1642, married, at her 
brother's house in New Amsterdam, Olofif Stevensen van Cortlandt, the 
ancestor of the New York family of that name. 

Through this Amsterdam business connection Covert Loockemians be- 
came engaged in important trading operations upon his own account. 

On January 20, 1642, he purchased, in connection with Cornelis Leen- 
dertsen, from Isaac Allerton,' the leading New England trader, for the sum 
of 1 100 guilders ($420), the bark " Good Hope," in which he engaged in trade 
between New Amsterdam and Fort Orange (Albany) and intervening points 
along the river, also to the South or Delaware River, and up the Sound to the 
mouth of the Connecticut River. From this time he was closely connected 
in business enterprises with Allerton and others. The two acquired jointly, 
the next year (1643), ^ parcel of ground upon the east side of Broadway, 
about 275 feet north of Beaver Street, a large plot of about 100 feet front 
and extending some 250 feet down the hill towards the Broad Street swamp. 
What the purchase of this property was designed for does not appear. It is 
a curious fact that, although Covert Loockermans was for many years engaged 
in mercantile ventures, nowhere do we meet with references to a warehouse 
owned by him. It may indeed have been located at his residence near the East 
River shore, now Hanover Square, the large size of this building rendering 
this quite probable, or it is possible that he may have made use of AUerton's 
large building on the location of the present Pearl Street and Peck Slip. 

On December 21, 1656, the Dutch Covernor, Peter Stuyvesant, "did 
grant unto Covert Loockermans, in consideration of the great charge and 
costs he had been at in repairing the Highway lying towards the East River 
before his house and grounds in the town of New Amsterdam and defending 
it with a wall from the sea parallel to said Highway all along from the limits 
of his ground towards the sea — land containing in breadth 287 ft. wood- 
measure^ should belong to the said Covert Loockermans, the Covemment 
reserving liberty of occasion should it be for the welfare and safety of the 
place, to cause a Battery to be made thereupon." 

Loockermans was a bold and enterprising trader, careless of whose rights 
he trod upon — metaphorically speaking — in his pursuit of gain, ready, appar- 

' Isaac Allerton was an Englishman who reached America in the " Mayflower," arriving 
in Plymouth, Mass. He moved from there to New Amsterdam, where he took up his resi- 
dence. He made five voyages to England in the interest of the New Amsterdam colony in 
and about the year 1631. 

'Wood-measure is 11 inches to the foot. 


He came as the accredited agent of the firm of Gillis Verbrugge & Com- 
pany, afterwards bringing from them a cargo of goods for New Amsterdam. 
With him came his sister Anneken, who, early in 1642, married, at her 
brother's house in New Amsterdam, Oloff Stevensen van Cortlandt, the 
ancestor of the New York family of that name. 

Through this Amsterdam business connection Covert Loockermans be- 
came engaged in important trading operations upon his own account. 

On January 20, 1642, he purchased, in connection with Cornelis Leen- 
dertsen, from Isaac Allerton,* the leading New England trader, for the sum 
of I xoo guilders ($420), the bark " Good Hope," in which he engaged in trade 
between New Amsterdam and Fort Orange (Albany) and intervening points 
along the river, also to the South or Delaware River, and up the Sound to the 
mouth of the Connecticut River. From this time he was closely connected 
in business enterprises with Allerton and others. The two acquired jointly, 
the next year (1643), ^ parcel of ground upon the east side of Broadway, 
about 275 feet north of Beaver Street, a large plot of about 100 feet front 
and extending some 250 feet down the hill towards the Broad Street swamp. 
What the purchase of this property was designed for does not appear. It is 
a curious fact that, although Covert Loockermans was for many years engaged 
in mercantile ventures, nowhere do we meet with references to a warehouse 
owned by him. It may indeed have been located at his residence near the East 
River shore, now Hanover Square, the large size of this building rendering 
this quite probable, or it is possible that he may have made use of Allerton's 
large building on the location of the present Pearl Street and Peck Slip. 

On December 21, 1656, the Dutch Covernor, Peter Stuyvesant, "did 
grant unto Covert Loockermans, in consideration of the great charge and 
costs he had been at in repairing the Highway lying towards the East River 
before his house and grounds in the town of New Amsterdam and defending 
it with a wall from the sea parallel to said Highway all along from the limits 
of his ground towards the sea — land containing in breadth 287 ft. wood- 
measure ^ should belong to the said Covert Loockermans, the Covemment 
reserving liberty of occasion should it be for the welfare and safety of the 
place, to cause a Battery to be made thereupon." 

Loockermans was a bold and enterprising trader, careless of whose rights 
he trod upon — metaphorically speaking — in his pursuit of gain, ready, appar- 

' Isaac Allerton was an Englishman who reached America in the " Mayflower," arriving 
in Plymouth, Mass. He moved from there to New Amsterdam, where he took up his resi- 
dence. He made five voyages to England in the interest of the New Amsterdam colony in 
and about the year 1631. 

'Wood-measure is 11 inches to the foot. 

l^^^g^J^ I^i1|ii^ ^^itsR-S^ P^^iirHP^^ ^y^l^^^ P^^^lr^^ ^^^^T-^l!r1 





ently, at any time to furnish the Indians with fire-arms, powder, and balls in 
exchange for furs, and declining to permit any interference in his business 
by persons of adverse interest. 

In July, 1644, the " Good Hope," having been on one of its regular visits 
to Fort Orange, was quietly tiding it down the Hudson River. The com- 
mander, Govert Loockermans, a veteran Dutch skipper of few words but great 
bottom, was seated on the high poop, quietly smoking his pipe under the 
shadow of the proud flag of Orange, when, arriving abreast of Beer Island, 
below Albany, he was suddenly saluted by a stentorian voice from the shore, 
" Lower thy flag, and be d — d to thee ! " Loockermans, without taking his 
pipe from his mouth, turned up his eye from under his broad-brimmed hat 
to see who hailed him thus discourteously. There, on the ramparts of the 
fort, stood Nicholas Koorn, armed to the teeth, flourishing a brass-hilted 
sword, while a steeple-crowned hat and cock's-tail feather, formerly worn by 
Kilian Van Rensselaer himself, gave an inexpressible loftiness to his demeanor. 
Loockermans eyed the warrior from top to toe, but was not to be dismayed. 
Taking his pipe slowly from his mouth, " To whom should I lower my flag? " 
demanded he. " To the high and mighty Kilian Van Rensselaer, the lord of 
Rensselaerwyck," was the reply. " I lower it to none but the Prince of 
Orange and my masters, the Lord States General." So saying, he resumed his 
pipe and smoked with an air of dogged determination. 

Bang ! went a gun from the fortress ; the ball cut both sail and rigging. 
Govert Loockermans said nothing but smoked the more doggedly. Bang! 
went another gun ; the shot whistled close astern without doing damage. 

" Fire and be d — d ! " cried the skipper, cramming a new charge of 
tobacco into his pipe and smoking with still increased vehemence. Bang! 
went a third gun, done by a savage. The shot passed about a foot over his 
head, tearing a hole in the " princely flag of Orange," which colors were kept 
constantly in his hand. 

This was the hardest trial of all to the pride and patience of Govert 
Loockermans. He maintained a stubborn though swelling silence, but his 
smothered rage might be perceived by the short vehement puffs of smoke 
emitted from his pipe, by which he might be tracked for miles as he slowly 
floated out of range and out of sight of Beer Island. In fact, he never gave 
vent to his passion until he got fairly among the Highlands of the Hudson, 
when he let fly whole volleys of Dutch oaths, which are said to linger to this 
very day among the echoes of Dunderberg and to give particular effect to the 
thunder-storms of that neighborhood.* 

' Washington Irving's " Knickerbocker's History of New York," p. 250. 


In 1654, with Paulus Leendersten van der Grift, Cornelis Schutt, and 
Allard Anthony, he sent the " Golden Shark " on a voyage to the West Indies. 

Through his large trading enterprises Govert Loockermans acquired large 
tracts of wild land at different times in different places, as, for example, in 
Maryland, afterwards the place of residence of his son Jacob, and also at vari- 
ous points upon Long Island. On Manhattan Island he held a number of 
parcels of ground, notably, almost all the land lying between the present Ann 
Street and the ' Fresh Water," the little run of water forming one of the 
outlets of the Kolck Pond and emptying in the East River near the present 
James Street. 

Most of Loockermans' transactions in New Amsterdam real estate, how- 
ever, are very difficult to trace, from a peculiarity he seems to have had of 
avoiding, as far as possible, the registry of his " ground-briefs," and much 
therefore is only discoverable through allusions and recitals in other docu- 
ments. For this reason, it cannot be told exactly when Loockermans acquired 
the large parcel of ground upon the present Hanover Square, where he resided 
for a great part of his life. It, or portions of it, are recited to have been 
granted to him by the Dutch Government in 1643 ^"d 1656. There is evi- 
dence, however, that the western portion of this land, embracing about 115 
feet in frontage and extending along Hanover Square nearly to the easterly 
line of the present Coffee Exchange, was originally granted either to Cornelis 
Leendersten, Loockermans's business associate (who died prior to 1646), 
or to Dirck Cornelissen, his son. The latter married, in 1646, Marritje Janse, 
the widow of the ship-carpenter Tymen Jansen, but died within two or three 
years. The widow marrying, in 1649, for her third husband, Govert Loocker- 
mans, this property passed to him, in right of his wife. The house which 
had been erected by Dirck Cornelissen, which stood near the western end of 
the present Coffee Exchange, was sold in 1667 or 1668 to one Reynhout Reyn- 
houtser by Govert Loockermans. 

As to the easterly portion of this tract, covering originally about 130 feet 
front, no records show how he obtained it. However he came into its posses- 
sion, in 1649 he owned a frontage of nearly 300 feet along the River Road 
(Pearl Street), part of it extending back nearly or quite to the present Wall 
Street. On this large parcel of ground, he seems to have at first established 
his residence in a house afterward occupied by Daniel Litscho and subsequently 
by Andries Jochemsen as a tavern, the site of which is at present covered by 
No. 125 Pearl Street.^ In a few years he had built a new residence for 

'The City Directory of 1665 gives his residence as Hoogh Strast (Pearl between Broad 
and Wall Streets). Memorial History of New York, James Grant Wilson, vol. i, p. 339- 


himself on a portion of this ground a httle further west along the road. This 
latter building appears to have been a substantial edifice of some size and 

As early as 1654 it was enclosed with a high wall provided with a gate 
kept locked and barred at night. These particulars are obtained from the 
prosecution of one Willemsen for burglary at this house in that year, as it 
was thought that he must have had confederates to help him climb the wall. 

Because of the fact that Loockermans's house was thus protected and 
of such large and unusual dimensions, we are led to the conjecture that a 
portion of it may have been used as his warehouse. The site of this house is 
now occupied by the buildings extending from the Cofifee Exchange to the 
corner of the modern Hanover Street and numbered 119 and 121 Pearl Street. 

This residence of Govert Loockermans was about 38 feet in front by 
48 feet in depth, with a kitchen-extension of some 20 feet square, the latter 
probably used for the quarters of his slaves.^ Along the eastern side of the 
building ran a cart-way, now forming a part of what is known as Hanover 
Street, and nearly 100 feet in the rear of the house, upon the back lane called 
" the Sloot," or ditch, stood a capacious stable or coach-house, some 20 by 40 
feet in size. 

A few years after his death, or in 1678, the heirs sold it to John Robin- 
son, who, ten years later, or in 1688, sold it to his partner, William Cox. Cox 
died the following year, when the property naturally reverted to his widow. 
She then married as her second husband John Oort, who died in 1691. For 
her third husband, the same year in which she became a widow, she married 
Captain William Kidd, the famous pirate, so that the residence originally built 
by Govert Loockermans afterward became the home of the pirate. 

Govert Loockermans' first wife died in 1648, leaving two little daughters, 
Marritje, born 1641, and Jannetje, born 1643. Marritje married in 1664 
Balthazar Bayard, nephew of Director-General Peter Stuyvesant, and Jannetje 
in 1667 married Hans Kiersted. On July 11, 1649, he married, in the Dutch 
Church in New Amsterdam, as his second wife, as above mentioned, the 
widow, first of Tymen Jansen, who had a daughter Elsie, known, according 
to the system of nomenclature in use among the Netherlanders, as Elsie 
Tymense. Elsie was born in 1634, and was therefore about 15 years of age 
at the time of her mother's marriage to Govert Loockermans. The widow. 

' In her will made in 1677, Loockermans' widow Marritje provides for two slave 
" boys," Manuel and Francis. The former was to be freed at the age of 25 ; as to the other, 
she required that her children " shall maintain him with dyett and clothing, and good discip- 
line; not willing, neither desiring that they should sell him alien and transport, neither 
to deliver him to the service of a stranger."— Liber i. Wills, N. Y. Surr. Office. 


as already stated, had, after her first widowhood, been married to Dirck 
CorneHssen of Wensveen. By him she had a son, Cornelis Dircksen, born 
in 1647. 

Marritje Jans, Govert Loockermans' second wife, was the daughter of 
Roeleff Jansen, who in 1626 had married Annetje or Anneke Jans, the latter 
being the reputed owner of much valuable property in lower Broadway upon 
the site of Trinity Church and other large buildings, and which reputed 
ownership has caused so much litigation in late years known as the " Trinity 
Church litigation." After the death of her first husband, Roeleff, in 1638, 
she married Dominie Everardus Bogardus.^ Bogardus died in 1647 snd she 
in 1663. Elsie Tymense married, in the early part of 1652, a well-to-do mer- 
chant named Pieter Cornelissen Vanderveen, from Amsterdam, with whom she 
lived for many years near the southwest corner of the present Pearl and 
Whitehall Streets, where she was long a close neighbor of Director-General 
Stuyvesant and his family. Vander^'een died in 1661, when, two years after, 
Elsie, the widow, married Jacob Leisler of Frankfort, and he, who had come 
to New Amsterdam in the military service of the West India Company, now 
assumed the charge of her late husband's business, soon himself becoming 
a leading merchant of the town.- 

On the night of February 27, 1643, Maryn Adriaensen, Jan Jansen 
Damen, Abram Planck, Govert Loockermans, and other citizens attacked with- 
out notice or warning, under orders of Director-General Kieft, a party of 
Indians who had encamped with their women and children at Corlears Point. 
Over a hundred of the savages were killed while asleep and unsuspicious of 
danger from those they esteemed their friends. It is said that the recollection 
of this terrible and needless massacre, though approved by the general senti- 
ment of that time, gave Govert Loockermans much disquietude during the 
latter years of his life.^ 

The trading and shipping operations of Govert Loockennans, who at this 
time became the leading merchant and Indian trader in New Amsterdam, kept 
pace with the growth of New Amsterdam and the river towns. Before 1649 
he had visited Holland two or three times and had established an extensive 
commercial correspondence with that country. He also at that time, through 
his brother-in-law Jacob Van Cowenhouven, carried on an extensive brewery 
in the present Pearl Street near his residence in the present Hanover Square. 

' Rev. Everardus Bogardus was born at Woorden, near Utrecht, Holland, in 1607. He 
came to New Amsterdam in 1633, then a widower. In 1638 he married and returning to 
Holland in 1647 in the ship " Princess," was drowned in the English Channel. 

° " New Amsterdam and its Inhabitants." J. H. Innes, New York. 

' " Ancient Families of New York." Purple. 





At the latter's death, descended to her daughter. Elsie Leisler who bequeathed it to her daughter Hester. No 

owned by Miss Gertrude S. Ogden of Newark. N. J., a direct descendant. 


The government of the New Netherland Colony through the Dutch 
domination at home was atrociously bad, and this led to execrable executive 
management in the Colony itself. 

The saving salt of those days was found in the few men who stood reso- 
lutely for good government and for honest ways. The most exemplary of 
that small but honorable company were some ten of the leading colonists. 
These, having the interest of the Colony at heart, and prodded by the rascality 
and open-handed crookedness of the home management, which, if continued, 
they saw, must inevitably wreck the Colony, met together in 1649, ^^'^> with 
the refreshing candor of honest men, drew up that famous Remonstrance to 
the States General. This document is very lengthy, filling some forty-five 
printed pages. In it is described a history of the planting of New Netherlands, 
a description of the country, a statement of the wrongs suffered by the colon- 
ists, and a prayer for certain specified reliefs. It was drawn up and signed 
by Van der Donck, Herrmans, Hardenburg, Covert Loockermans, Van 
Couwenhoven,^ Kip, Van Cortlandt,^ Jansen, Hall, Elbertsen, and Bout. Of 
these. Van der Donck, Van Couwenhoven, and Bout were delegated to take it 
to Holland and to lay it before the authorities at The Hague.* 

The revenue laws of the Colony prohibited the shipment of fire-arms and 
ammunition to its people. Loockermans, controlling vessels trading between 
Holland and New Amsterdam, refused to accept this stringent law, and on 
several occasions, contrary thereto, made an effort to bring in on one of his 

'Jacob Van Couwenhoven, son of Wolfert Gerretz Van Couwenhoven, emigrated from 
Holland to become " overseer of farms " for Killaen Van Rensselaer, and in 1637, after 
removing down to Manhattan Island, bought from the Indians the westernmost of the three 
" flats " in Flatbush, Long Island. Upon a visit to Amsterdam, Holland, on February 26, 
1641, he married Hester Jans a sister of Marritje Jans who the year before had married 
Covert Loockermans. A few years later Hester died and Jacob took as his second wife 
on September 26, 1655, Magdaleentje Jacobse Bysen, who survived him. 

' Oloff Stevense van Cortlandt was born in 1600 and died in 1684. He came to New 
Amsterdam in 1637 in the military service of the West India Company. Shortly after his 
arrival he was transferred from military to civil service for the company as book-keeper of 
stores. After his marriage to Annetje Loockermans, sister of Covert Loockermans, in 1642, 
he was promoted to the office of public store-keeper through the influence of his brother-in- 
law. Prospering, he established himself later in business as a trader and brewer and 
became very successful and prominent in the Colony. He was one of the " Nine Men " 
(an Advisory Council to the Director-General) and captain of the Train Band. In 1655 
he was appointed burgomaster. He was a delegate to Hartford in 1663 to settle a boundary 
question, and the next year he was one of the committee to regulate the terms of the surren- 
der to England. He was one of the " Eight Men " and held other important offices. He 
died on April 4, 1684. His daughter Catherine married, first, John Dervall, and secondly, 
in 1692, Frederick Philipse, who had previously married in 1662 Margaretta Hardenbrook, 
widow of Pieter Rudolphus De Varies. Philipse died in 1752. 

• The Dutch Founding of New York. Thomas A. Janvier. 


vessels contraband goods. It resulted in June, 1648, in sending Secretary 
Van lienhoven to Sandy Hook, there to await a ship consigned to Loocker- 
mans which was hourly expected to arrive and which contained a cargo of 
such goods. The vessel upon its arrival was boarded and the cargo was sum- 
marily removed to the company's store. The confiscation of this cargo did 
not seem to prevent Loockermans from making later efforts to bring in such 
arms and ammunition as were prohibited. These efforts resulted in September, 
1 65 1, in the sentencing and banishment of Loockermans for three years upon 
a charge of breaking revenue laws. This verdict was not enforced, upon the 
condition that he should " say nothing against the Director-General." So 
great was his power at the time, that notwithstanding his efforts to break 
the law, some of the highest positions in the honor of the Colony were given 
him. Even then was he twice more banished by Stuyvesant for the same 
cause, but as often recalled on account of his public services. 

The merchants of New Amsterdam formed an association or board, 
known as " The Nine Men," which represented the principal classes of the 
community, — viz., the merchants, burghers, and agriculturists. Its duties 
were: "' ist. To promote the house of God, the welfare of the country and the 
preservation of the Reform Religion according to the discipline of the Dutch 
Church; 2nd. To give their opinions on matters submitted to them by the 
Director-General or Council ; 3rd. Three were to attend on the weekly court 
and to act as referees or arbitrators and to lay the grievances of the Colonists 
before the authorities in I he Netherlands." ^ 

Govert Loockermans was one of this board in 1647-9 ^"d again in 1650. 

In 1653 the board of " The Nine Men " was succeeded by a new body, 
known as the " Burgo-Masters and Schepens." To this board Govert 
Loockermans was chosen in 1657 and in 1660. It was the outcome of a 
popular party formed in the Colony, known as the " Country-party," to resist 
dictatorial assumption of Stuyvesant by wresting from him, for the people, 
the right of representation in Council. He was sergeant of the Burgher 
Corps of New Amsterdam in 1653. 

On May 23, 1653, with Johannes De Le Montague and David Prevoost, 
he was appointed a commissioner to attend the investigation of an alleged 
conspiracy of the Dutch and Indians against the English. 

On April 13, 1655, he was made " fire warden," or head of the Colonial 
Fire Department, which office he held until his death. In 1658 he was chosen 
Indian interpreter to the Algonquins, and on December 6, 1663, with Martin 
Cregier, a commissioner to extinguish the Indian title to the land from Barne- 

' O'Callaghan's Registry of New Netherlands, 1626-74- 


gat to the Raritan River. To the honor of the Dutch settlers be it said that 
they always pursued an honest course with the Indians in obtaining their lands 
by fair purchase. 

On September lo, 1663, he was one of the "orphan masters," the guar- 
dians of the widows and children in the Colony. 

As early as May 29, 1664, the Colony of New Amsterdam dealt in slaves, 
for we find that on that date, " under conditions and terms on which the Direc- 
tor General and Council of New Amsterdam proposed to sell to the highest 
bidder a lot of negroes and negresses," Covert Loockermans bought one negro, 
for whom he paid 305 florins ($122). It is supposed that this negro was 
Manuel, which Loockermans' widow, by her will in 1677, freed at her death. 

The feud which existed so long between him and the Director-General 
was subsequently terminated by the marriage on November 12, 1664, of 
Marritje (Maria), the daughter of Covert Loockermans (born on Novem- 
ber 3, 1641, in the ship " King David,"' on its voyage to St. Christopher and 
New Netherlands, while Loockermans with his first wife were coming to the 
Colony), with Balthazer Bayard, son of Samuel Bayard and Anne Stuy- 
vesant, sister of Peter Stuyvesant. Loockermans's marriage-Dortion to his 
daughter was 800 guilders, Holland money. This family intermarriage ended 
the hatred of the two men, each the representative of a strong party, one of 
the people and the other of the government. 

In 1666 Loockermans became a resident of Long Island in the vicinity of 
New Utrecht, his wife (by his second marriage) remaining in New Amster- 
dam, where it appears she was engaged in shop-keeping, an occupation not 
uncommon for the thrifty Dutch-women of that period. 

On July 13, 1670, he was commissioned lieutenant of a company of foot 
in New Amsterdam,^ and died, in the autumn of 1671, while holding that 

Besides the two daughters by his first wife. Covert Loockermans left 
one son; Jacob, by his second wife. Jacob was baptized March 17, 1652, and 
became a " member " of the Dutch Church in New York on December 13, 

Covert Loockermans at the time of his death was the most active and 
prominent merchant and Indian-trader of the Colony. He possessed a 
superior education for the times in which he lived. Bold, adventurous, enter- 
prising, he amassed a large fortune, leaving to his heirs some 520,000 Dutch 
guilders,* making his estate the wealthiest in New York. Dying intestate, it 
became a fruitful source of contention between his heirs for many years 

' O'Callaghan's Historical MSS., vol. xxii. 
' $200,000. — " New Netherlands," by E. B. O'Callaghan. 


afterwards.^ Like his friend David Provoost, he was always a thorn to the 
Erghsh, who hated him because of the influence he wielded over the Indians 
and his successes among them as a trader. 

No man not endowed with the gift of insight into the future would have 
predicted that Govert Loockermans, the boy of seventeen years, arriving on 
the caravel " St. Martin," upon his setting foot on the shores of New Amster- 
dam in the year 1633, was to become the leading merchant of his day in a 
town which two centuries and a half later was to occupy the position of the 
second city of the world; that in the next generation his son should be a 
magistrate and physician of note in a then flourishing but as yet non-existent 
community, two hundred miles away from New Amsterdam through trackless 
forests ; that his step-daughter's husband ^ should take entire possession of 
the government of the New Netherland Colony, claiming to hold the same for 
the King of England, which king should at the same time be the Stadtholder 
of the United Netherlands and the head of the historic Nassau-Orange family; 
that this same husband of his step-daughter, together with her daughter's 
husband,^ should suffer the penalty of death for treason in a prosecution prin- 
cipally urged by the members of a family into which his (Loockermans') own 
daughter should have married ; that the house which he would build for his 
residence in New Amsterdam should after his death be the home of a man 
who (whether justly or unjustly) should suffer as the most notorious pirate 
of his day,* but that this same man should represent an association of which 
no less a personage than the aforesaid King of England was one of the par- 
ties, — if all this had been told to Govert Loockermans, he would probably have 
regarded it as the ravings of delirium. 

There are not wanting indications of a lack of harmony in the Loocker- 
mans family at an early date. When Govert Loockermans died intestate in 
1 67 1, under the English law of descent, his son Jacob became the heir to his 
father's considerable landed estate. Jacob's half-brother, Comelis Dircksen, 
died young, and Jacob therefore also inherited an estate from him. Jacob 
appears to have been much more under the influence of Elsie Leisler, his half- 
sister upon his mother's side, than under that of his half-sisters upon his 
father's side; and in 1679, being then, as stated, a resident of Maryland, he 

'In addition, and long after much of the estate had been settled, on August 26, 1692, 
twenty-one years after Loockerman's death, Balthazar Bayard, his son-in-law, swore that of 
the inventory of the estate there then remained " one piece of ground over against Johannes 
Van Burgh as by Patent, and a very great number of small debts owing to him, amounting 
to 52,072 guilders" ($20,000). 

"Jacob Leisler. 

'Jacob Milburn. 

' Captain Kidd. 



conveyed to Elsie's husband, Jacob Leisler, all his right to the estate of his 
father, Govert Loockermans in the Province of New York, as well as his right 
to all that which had come to him through his mother, or rather through his 
half-brother, Cornelis Dircksen, from her former husband, Dirck Cornelissen. 
Nearly the whole estate of Govert Loockermans and of his wife had thus gone 
into the hands of his step-daughter Elsie. 

Jacob Loockermans, so known under the English nomenclature, which 
was gradually adopted by the Dutch after their surrender to the English in 
1664, was the only son of Govert Loockermans, and was also his only child 
by his second wife, Marritje. He was born in New Amsterdam in 1650, 
was baptized on March 17, 1652, joined the Dutch Church in New York on 
December 13, 1674, and on January 29, 1678,^ married Helena Ketin.^ 

Until the death of his mother, with whom he lived at the old homestead 
m New York, he continued to practise his profession as a " chyrurgeon," hav- 
ing been a regularly graduated medical doctor. Before her death in 1677^ and 
his subsequent marriage in October, 1678, being involved in political troubles 
which culminated in the overthrow of his brother-in-law, Jacob Leisler, he 
moved in 1677 to the estates left him by his father, Govert Loockermans, in 
St. Mary's County, Maryland.* There he remained for two years, moving 
in 1 68 1 to Easton, Talbot County, Maryland, where he became a planter and 
large land-owner. 

On November 3, 1683, an act was passed by the Assembly to naturalize 
him as a citizen of Maryland. By a further act, he was given 2000 pounds 
of tobacco for his great services in an expedition against the Nanticoke In- 
dians. During the same month he was appointed one of the commissioners 
to buy and lay out towns for shipping-ports. 

Jacob Loockerman, the final letter " s " now being left off his name, 
inheriting great wealth from his father's estate, now became quite active in 
everything that pertained to the improvement and advancement of the com- 
munity in which he had come to live and where he was destined to reside 
during the balance of his life. He became the largest planter in that section 

' In the will of his mother, Mary Jansen Loockermans, dated May 7, 1677, he is men- 
tioned then as being unmarried. 

' Purple's " Ancient Families of New York." 

' We find that she was taxed as living on " The Water-side 10 los." and Jacob, her 
son, also los. " for vacant ground beside her's." Again we find her taxed 6s. for the ground 
covered by " Widdow Govert's betweene her two sonns houses 25 foot front to ye water 
190 foot long." Again " The Widdow Govert Lockerman's from her sonns Jacob's to ye 
Widdows owne house igo foot long 8s." 

*He was witness to the will of Daniell Constantine, of Point Lookeout, St. Mary's 
County, Maryland, January, 1677, and again to the will of Walter Hall, Cross Manor, St 
Mary's County, Maryland, on November 22 1678.— Maryland Calendar of Wills. 


of the State wherein he lived (Dorchester County), and almost from the very 
first entered actively into public life, having been " gentleman-justice," with 
a few intermissions, from 1685 to 1724. During these intermissions, how- 
ever, he was not idle but held other offices. In 1695 and 1696 he was sheriff. 
From 1698 to 1702 he was a member of the House of Burgesses. In 1724 
he was " justice of peace," and the following year " justice of court." While 
sheriff, the Assembly passed an Act in May, 1695, allowing him 1440 pounds 
of tobacco " for carrying the Burgesses over to the Assembly." 

The Anglican Church Act of 1692 and its supplements had become so 
unpopular that it was very doubtful if the Council of Maryland and the 
Burgesses of the General Assembly of the Province would pass the 40 pounds 
poll tax. 

William Smithson, an ardent supporter and friend of the Protestant 
Government, analyzed the Assembly vote on this Act, prior to its passage, 
for Dr. Bray. 

The characters he used to denote his opinion of each delegate were thus : 
" X " for those thought to be in favor of the law, " B " for those against it, 
and " D " for those doubtful. The Dorchester delegates were reported as 
follows : 

" X " Dr. Jacob Loockerman. 

" D " Mr. Thomas Hicks. 

" X " Mr. Thomas Ennals. 

" B " Mr. Walter Campbell. 

Commenting upon the names of these delegates, " Dr. Jacob Loocker- 
man and Mr. Ennalls are good Moderate men, vestrymen and wish well ye 
Church. Mr. Hicks an humdrum fellow knows not what he is for, himself. 
Mr. Campbell of ye Kirk of Scotland." 

After the restoration of Lord Baltimore's proprietary rights in the 
Province, in 171 5, an era of prosperity followed. Farmers raised and sold 
profitable crops of tobacco and rapidly acquired wealth from the products 
of slave labor. Soon that class of farmers retired and settled in Cambridge 
to enjoy the comforts of prosperity and town society. They were families of 
attractive moral forces and possessed many characteristic virtues that moulded 
society, aristocratic and refined. Some of those influential town and country 
settlers who first came here were the Hoopers from Calvert County and Jacob 
Loockerman from New Amsterdam.^ 

Helena Ketin, Jacob Loockerman's first wife, is supposed to have died 
in 1699, after the birth of her son Nicholas. Soon thereafter Jacob, now a 
widower, married Dorathy, whose surname is unknown. 

History of Dorchester Co., Maryland, by Dr. Elias Jones. 


By the first wife there were six children : 

i. Govert, born 1681 ; died 1753. 

ii. Col. Jacob; died 1731. 
iii. John, born 1686.' 
iv. Mary; married, first, Reverend James Hindman; second, Francis Allen. 

V. Thomas ; lost at sea in 1714. 

vi. Nicholas, born 1697;' removed to Kent County, Delaware, where he died March 
6, 1769. 

Jacob Loockerman, died in Talbot County, Maryland, on August 17, 
1730. His will, made in 1729, mentions, besides five children, also his " minor 
son, Thomas " and " dear wife, Dorathy." ^ 

There is no record of the birth of this son Thomas, but that he was 
the second son of that name and was not born until after 171 2 there can be no 
doubt, from the deed of gift we find recorded in the Dorchester County Land 

There are but three deeds on record in which Dorathy joined with her 
husband in signing. The first is dated in 1719, the next August 10, 1720, 
and the last in March, 1721. 

Prior to that, Jacob seems to have signed them alone, since the one dated 
December 13, 1706, giving certain property to his son John, is so signed, and 
also that of November 3, 1712, giving to his son Thomas "one-half of 1000 
acres of land in Dorchester Co. on Hunting Creek." 

This son Thomas went to sea in 171 4, in the sloop belonging to Colonel 
Thomas Ennalls, and was lost, as is evidenced by a deed made by Jacob 
Loockerman on March 10, 1724,* to his son Jacob, giving the latter this same 
"One-half of 1000 acres deeded to my son Thomas, on Nov. 3, 1712, who 
went to sea and not being heard of is supposed to be lost." 

Sometime prior to 171 9 Jacob must have been married to Dorathy, since 
in that year she signed her first joint deed with her husband. A son was 
bom to them sometime between that date and 1729, the date of Jacob's will, 
and his name was Thomas, being the " minor son " referred to in this will. 

We infer that in 171 2 the first Thomas must have been reasonably old 
enough to inherit. Therefore, presuming he was born about 1691, or be- 
tween the births of John (1686)^ and Nicholas (1697)," he had, at the time 
his father made this deed, just reached his majority. 

'Vide deposition made in 1754 giving age as 59. Land Record, Easton, Maryland. 

' " History of Maryland," by Vincent. Talbot Co., Md. 

' Office " Register of Wills," Annapolis, Md., C. C. No. 3, fol. 109. 

' Dorchester Co., Md., Land Record. 

' Land Records, Easton, Talbot Co., Md. 

' Vincent's " History of Delaware." 


Thomas inherited this property in 171 2. Two years later he was lost 
at sea. How long was the interval between this death and the birth of another 
Thomas we do not know. We do know that in 1729 a Thomas was a 
" minor," and presume therefore he was a boy, born say in 1720, being, at 
the time his father Jacob made his will, some nine years of age. This would 
make a difference between his age and that of his half-brother Nicholas, the 
next older, of 23 years, while Govert, the eldest, was 39 years older. 

Four " bills of sale,"^ dated May 9, 1751, for slaves from Dorathy to her 
" son Thomas, grandson Thomas, (son of Thomas), Grandson John (son of 
Thomas) and Grand-daughter Betty (daughter of Thomas)" show that 
Thomas, born about 1720, was alive in 1751, and, since Dorathy mentions 
no other children, it is safe to presume that this Thomas was her own and 
only son, the other children mentioned in Jacob's will being the children of the 
first wife, Helena Ketin. Without hesitation, therefore, we accept as fact 
that Govert Loockerman, the eldest child of Jacob Loockerman, who was 
born in 1681, was the son of Jacob's first wife, Helena Ketin. 

Govert Loockerman, the eldest child of Jacob Loockerman and his wife, 
Helena Ketin, was born in 1681." - He married Sarah Woolford, daughter 
of Roger Woolford and his wife Mary Denwood, daughter of Levin Denwood 
and his wife Mary, who settled first in 1633 on the Eastern Shore of Vir- 
ginia, Northampton County, from where they moved elsewhere in Virginia, 
and finally to Somerset County, Maryland. 

During his 46 years of life, Govert Loockennan held many public offices 
and seems to have enjoyed the confidence and esteem of his contemporaries. 

In 1706 he was made sheriff of Dorchester County,^ his bond being " the 
full sum and just quantity of two hundred thousand pounds of good sound 
merchant leaf tobacco and casks." 

He was Clerk of the Court of Dorchester Comity from 1710 to 1727, and 
from 1712 to 1713 a member of the House of Delegates.* 

That he was interested in the cause of education, and was also a progres- 
sive man for his day, is shown by the fact that he was appointed one of the 
board of visitors to the parish school in Dorchester County in 1723.' He 
also represented that county as visitor or trustee to King William School in 
Annapolis, one man being appointed from each of the seven counties of 
Maryland. He died December 15, 1753. 

' Clerk's office, Cambridge, Md., No. 14, (old) folio 504- 

' Deposition made in 1721 ; vide Land Records, Cambridge, Md., lib. viii, fol. 108. 

° Land Office, Annapolis, S. L. 2, fol. 992. 

'Maryland Historical Library, Lower House Journal (MSS.), fol. 334. 

'History of Dorchester County, I\Id.. by Dr. Elias Jones, 1903. 


)-l797| hys-j-iax.' 



Thomas inherited this property in 171 2. Two years later he was lost 
at sea. How long was the interval between this death and the birth of another 
Thomas we do not know. We do know that in 1729 a Thomas was a 
"minor," and presume therefore he was a boy, born say in 1720, being, at 
the time his father Jacob made his will, some nine years of age. This w^ould 
make a difference between his age and that of his half-brother Nicholas, the 
next older, of 23 years, while Govert, the eldest, was 39 years older. 

Four " bills of sale,"' dated May 9, 1751, for slaves from Dorathy to her 
" son Thomas, grandson Thomas, (son of Thomas), Grandson John (son of 
Thomas) and Grand-daughter Betty (daughter of Thomas)" show that 
Thomas, born about 1720, was alive in 1751, and, since Dorathy mentions 
no other children, it is safe to presume that this Thomas was her own and 
only son, the other children mentioned in Jacob's will being the children of the 
first wife, Helena Ketin. Without hesitation, therefore, we accept as fact 
that Govert Loockerman, the eldest child of Jacob Loockerman, who was 
born in 1681, was the son of Jacob's first wife, Helena Ketin. 

Govert Loockerman, the eldest child of Jacob Loockerman and his wife, 
Helena Ketin, was born in 1681." - He married Sarah Woolford, daughter 
of Roger Woolford and his wife Mary Denwood, daughter of Levin Denwood 
and his wife Mary, who settled first in 1633 on the Eastern Shore of Vir- 
ginia, Northampton County, from where they moved elsewhere in Virginia, 
and finally to Somerset County, Maryland. 

During his 46 years of life, Govert Loockennan held many public offices 
and seems to have enjoyed the confidence and esteem of his contemporaries. 

In 1706 he was made sheriff of Dorchester County,^ his bond being " the 
full sum and just quantity of two hundred thousand pounds of good sound 
merchant leaf tobacco and casks." 

He was Clerk of the Court of Dorchester County from 1 710 to 1727, and 
from 1712 to 1713 a member of the House of Delegates.* 

That he was interested in the cause of education, and was also a progres- 
sive man for his day, is shown by the fact that he was appointed one of the 
board of visitors to the parish school in Dorchester County in 1723.^ He 
also represented that county as visitor or trustee to King William School in 
Annapolis, one man being appointed from each of the seven counties of 
Maryland. He died December 15, 1753. 

' Clerk's office, Cambridge, Md., No. 14, (old) folio 504. 

' Deposition made in 1721 ; vide Land Records, Cambridge, Md., lib. viii, fol. 108. 

' Land Office, Annapolis, S. L. 2, fol. 992. 

'Maryland Historical Library, Lower House Journal (MSS.), fol. 334. 

'History of Dorchester County, Md.. by Dr. Elias Jones, 1903. 


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|HIS family is descended from ULRICH HOCHSTET- 
TER, born in 1390, died in 1453, a merchant and manu- 
facturer of Augsburg, Bavaria. The genealogy, with 
some uncertainty, can be traced back as far as 1290. 
His son was 

ULRICH HOCHSTETTER H, bom in 1422, died 
in 1497, who was a merchant and manufacturer and 
died in Augsburg. He left five sons and seven 
daughters. The sons were: 

i. Ulrich Hochstetter III, born in 1450. 
ii. George Hochstetter, born in 1453; died in 1514. 
iii. Jacob Hochstetter, born in 1460, died in 1525, at Ulm, Wiirtemberg; married 

Barbara Rotim. (See below.) 
iv. Ulrich Hochstetter IV, born in 1462, died in 1527. 
V. Ambrosius Hochstetter, born in 1463, died in 1530. 

JACOB HOCHSTETTER, son of Ulrich U. He married Barbara 
Rotim, of Ulm, and the fruit of this marriage was six sons and three daugh- 
ters. He had already been made a nobleman by Kaiser Maximilian I. The 
sons were : 

i. Jacob Hochstetter, born in 1506; died childless. 

ii. Sebastian Hochstetter, born in 1511, died in 1569. He had one son, Jacob, born 

in IS44, who was drowned at Hall in Tyrol in 1550. 
iii. Christopher Hochstetter, born in 1512, died in Hungary, in 1546. 
iv. Frederick Hochstetter, born in 1517, died at Siedenburg, in 1545. 

V. Walther Hochstetter, born in 1518. His sons died young. 
vi. Johann Christostomus Hochstetter, born in 1523, died in 1562. 

The American branch of the family, it is understood, descended from 
Christopher Hochstetter (born in 1512, died in 1546), as the families of his 
brothers were extinct in the sixteenth century, and it is known that the first 
member to come to America, Jacob Hochstetter, came from Wiirtemberg- 
by way of Holland and England to New York. 


JACOB HOCHSTETTER, last mentioned, was a man of more than 
ordinary culture, and had joined his destinies with the despised non-combatant 
Mennonites of that day. Abjuring king and court rather than deny his 
faith in his spiritual Lord, as he had received the injunction to believe and 
be baptized, he and his sect were looked upon as enemies to the State, and, 
like thousands of others at tliat time, were banished from home and country. 
The persecution which the Swiss and Palatinate Mennonites then suffered for 
religious non-conformity drove thousands to other friendly countries. At the 
time of this universal and relentless persecution, their religious brethren in 
Holland, where, under the liberal and noble Duke of Orange, they had spirit- 
ual freedom, formed associations to aid and assist the refugees in their 
forced emigration from the Fatherland to America. 

Family tradition says that the family came from Lake Constance in 
Switzerland, though Rupp says that they came from Zurich.^ He says that 
they " fled from Switzerland to Wijrtemberg." However, Jacob was the 
first of the family to arrive on these shores, settled first in Germantown, 
Pennsylvania,^ then in 1712 purchased land in Lancaster County from the 
agents of William Penn. He was a Mennonite minister and the first white 
settler on the north bank of the Conestoga. The Indians were his only neigh- 
bors ; they were always friendly towards him. " Conestoga Manor " con- 
tained sixteen thousand acres, to four hundred and seventy-five of which Jacob 
Hochstetter took title at the price of £40 per one hundred acres.^ 

Jacob Hochstetter died in 1761. By his wife Anna he left eight chil- 
dren, three sons and five daughters, viz. : 

i. Anna Hochstetter, died in 1787 ; married John Brubaker, who died in 1785. 

ii. Jacob Hochstetter, who died in 1796. Married. 

iii. Barbara Hochstetter; married Christian Hershey. 

iv. Elizabeth Hochstetter; married Christian Baumberger. 

' " History of Lancaster County," by Rupp. 

• " Thirty Thousand Names of Pennsylvania Immigrants," by Rupp. 

" The " History of Lancaster County," published in 1883, makes the following mention 
of the Hostetter family, on page 907 : 

" Jacob Hostetter was a Swiss Mennonite, and came with the Greiders and Brubakers 
in 1717, and settled on the Conestoga Creek. He and Michael Greider took up a tract of 
land bordering on Lancaster City on the south, and west of South Queen Street. When 
Conestoga Manor was divided and sold to actual settlers, 1735-38, Mr. Hostetter purchased 
five hundred acres of land along the West Branch of Little Conestoga Creek. The land is 
a little northwest from the centre of Manor Township. . . . Some of Mr. Hostetter's 
descendants live upon and own a part of the Manor farm. . . . Henry Hostetter, who 
was a member of the .Assembly in i82g, and who was the last Democrat elected in the county 
until the advent of the "Know Nothing" party in 1854, suddenly dropped politics, and 
joined the Seventh Day Baptists at Ephrata, and became one of their youngest and most 
prominent preachers. One of this family is a member of the Lancaster bar." 

Bought hy Abraham Hostetter about the openinK of the Revohition. 


V. Abraham Hochstetter, who changed his name to Hostetter, born in 1723; died 

in 1796; married Catharine Long, 
vi. Margaret Hochstetter; married John Kreider. 
vii. John Hochstetter; died in 1765; married Elizabeth Shenk. 
viii. Catharine Hochstetter. 

ABRAHAM HOSTETTER, son of Jacob and Anna Hochstetter, 
was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 1723, and died there in 1796, 
having resided there throughout his life. He changed the name to Hostetter 
when he bought the " Lowry farm," on which still remains the old stone 
house and, in one comer of the ground, places where many of the family are 
buried. This farm was the property of Sir Lowry Scott, an Englishman, 
who at the breaking out of the Revolution returned to England. With the 
purchase of the property came the old hall-clock, which Sir Lowry had 
brought from England and is now in the possession of D. Herbert Hostetter, 
of Pittsburg. 

Abraham Hostetter married, in 1750, Catharine Long, one of the daugh- 
ters of Herman Long, who was also an early settler of Lancaster County. 

Children of Abraham and Catharine (Long) Hostetter: 

i. Jacob Hostetter, born in 1752; died in 1823; married Barbara Funk. 

ii. John Hostetter; married Magdalena Resh. 

iii. Herman Hostetter; married Ann Newman. He migrated to Canada, where some 

of his descendants still remain. 
iv. Anna Hostetter; married Christian Herr. 
V. Abraham Hostetter; married Catharine Strickler. 
vi. Christian Hostetter; married Barbara Reist. 
vii. Barbara Hostetter; married Henry Shenk. 
viii. Henry Hostetter; married Maria Erb. 

JACOB HOSTETTER, eldest child of Abraham Hostetter by his wife 
Catharine Long, was bom in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in 1752, and 
died there in 1823. He married Barbara Funk, bom in 1755, one of the six 
children of Henry Funk (who died in 1787) and his wife Magdalena. Henry 
Funk was the son of Martin Funk, who bought a tract of land adjoining the 
Hostetter farm from Thomas and Richard Penn, November 7, 1763. The 
Funk burying-ground is on this old farm. 

Jacob and Barbara (Funk) Hostetter left seven daughters and three 

i. Elizabeth Hostetter, born in 1776; married Jacob Shenk. 
ii. Abram Hostetter, born in 1777 ; married Magdalena Lechty. 
iii. Anna Hostetter, bom in 1779; married Christian Weldy. 


iv. Barbara Hostetter, born in 1781 ; married Christian Shenk. 
V. Maria Hostetter, born in 1783; married Christian Smith. 
vi. Catharine Hostetter ; married Jacob Rohrer. 
vii. Magdalene Hostetter, born 1789; married Martin Kreider. 
viii. Jacob Hostetter, born in 1791 ; died in 1859; married Mary Landis. 
ix. Susanna Hostetter, born in 1797; married John Summy. 

DR. JACOB HOSTETTER, eighth child of Jacob Hostetter by his wife 
Barbara Funk, was born in 1791, and died in 1859. Dr. Hostetter beheved 
in and carried out some of the old customs of his ancestors. He put salt in 
the mouths of his grandchildren and gave them his blessing much as was 
done in Bible days, and, although a physician, he believed in a curious faith- 
cure too. He told his daughter-in-law that it had been handed down in his 
famil}- for generations, communicated by a man to a woman and a woman to 
a man. He promised to teach her the way, but never did. WHien he was 
visiting her once, one of her maids had scalded her hand. He breathed on 
it, his daughter-in-law said, and prayed, curing it at once. The " bitters " 
made of herbs, distilled in spirits of wine, was a prescription used by him 
with so much success that he finally decided to manufacture it on a commer- 
cial scale. 

He married, in 18 18, Mary Landis, who was born March 10, 1798, and 
died September 6, 1824. Her father, grandfather, great-grandfather, and 
great-great-grandfather were all named Benjamin, and it is said that although 
there were over sixty sons alone in five generations, they were so devout that 
for five generations not one of them deserted the Mennonite faith.^ 

'The first Landis to come to this country was a Mennonite minister, Reverend Benja- 
min Landis. He, with his son Benjamin, aged eighteen, and his two brothers, Felix and 
John, came in 1718 to Pennsylvania from Zurich, via Manheim. Felix settled in East Lam- 
peter Township, Lancaster County, and John went to Bucks County. Reverend Benjamin 
bought land from Penn and the Conestoga Indians. His patent from the London Company 
for two hundred and forty acres is dated in 1718. The land is at the intersection of the 
Horseshoe and Old Philadelphia roads in East Lampeter Township, four miles from 

The names of the wives of both Reverend Benjamin and his son are unknown. The 
latter left four sons, Benjamin IIL Abraham, Jacob, and Henry. Benjamin IH, whose 
will was proved November 20, 1787, married, in 1749, Anna Snavely, daughter of John 
Snavely, whose Bible, dated 1396, is now owned by Henry F. Hostetter, of Oregon, Lancas- 
ter County. In 1751-53 Benjamin bought 800-1000 acres in Manheim Townshipj from his 
wife's brother. This contains the Landis burying-ground. It is three miles from Lancaster, 
near the Reading road and close to where the Landis Valley meeting-house now is. It is 
owned by John Bassler. There Benjamin Landis kept open house for Swiss immigrants, 
who enjoyed his hospitality until they were able to secure homes for themselves. He left 
six children — John, born March 15, 1755, died May, 1837; Benjamin IV, bom in 1756, died 
in 1829; Henry, born December 5, 1760; Barbara, Elizabeth, and Ann, the latter marrying 
a man named Weaver. 




Dr. Jacob and Mary (Landis) Hostetter had the following children: 

i. David Hostetter, born Januarj' 23, 1819; died November 6, 1888; married Rosetta 

Cobb Rickey, 
ii. Marv Ann Hostetter; married John Hoofstetler. 
iii. Elizabeth Hostetter; married Christian Stoner. 
iv and v. Twins, who died in infancy. 

DAVID HOSTETTER, eldest child of Jacob Hostetter by his wife 
Mary Landis, was born at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, January 23, 1819, and 
died at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, November 6, 1888. He was connected dur- 
ing his life with various public and private enterprises; he was the organizer 
of the Pittsburg & Lake Erie Railroad, known as the " Little Giant," which 
enabled the City of Pittsburg to secure a competitive outlet to the North 
and Northwest; one of the promoters and prime movers, with Franklin B. 
Gowen, William H. Vanderbilt, and others, in the organization and develop- 
ment of the South Penn Railroad Company, which enterprise was throttled 
by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company before its completion; one of the 
pioneers in the production, carriage, and utilization of natural gas, and also 
of oil; connected with the constniction of the present Pittsburg water works 
plant ; and president and director of various banks and other corporations and 
associations, both in Pittsburg and Philadelphia. He was possessed to a 
marked degree of great nerve, sound judgment, and power of resource, quali- 
ties which always characterized him in times of emergency. A contemporary 
writer has said of him : " Those who as strangers look upon David Hostetter 
sec a man of brain and strong will-power, and instinctively accord to him the 

Benjamin IV first married Elizabeth Brackbill, by whom he had three children, — Anna 
born March 30, 1784, died January 11, 1790; John, born June 9, 1786, died August 20, 1870, 
married, first, Elizabeth Rudy, November 10, 1805, and second, Anna Hoover, January 29, 
1810. Two of their descendants are David H. Landis, of Windom, Pennsylvania, and John 
H. Landis, of the United States Mint at Philadelphia. Benjamin Landis V, born March 29, 
1788, died September 20, 1824 ; married, January 29, 1810, Magdalena Brubaker. Benjamin 
Landis IV married, as second wife, Elizabeth Kreider, who died in March, 1832. She was 
the daughter of Jacob Kreider, of East Lampeter Township, by his wife Elizabeth Deulin- 
ger, and the grand-daughter of Christian Kreider, who came from Switzerland 1716-17, 
by his wife Anna Harnish. 

Benjamin Landis IV, by wife Elizabeth Krider, had ten children, — Henry, born January 

19. 1793. died in infancy; Elizabeth, born .August 21, 1794, married Andrew Hershey; Anna, 
born September 8, 1795, died December 15, 1824, married Jacob Hoover; Susanna, bom 
December 23, 1796, died in infancy; Mary, born March 10, 1798, died September 6, 1824, 
married Dr. Jacob Hostetter, as stated in the text; Barbara, born September 14, 1799, died 
in 184S, married, first, David Miller, and, second, John Kauffman ; Susanna, born November 

20, iSoi, died February 3, 1872, married Henry Baer; Catharine, born May 16, 1804, died in 
infancy; Eskier, born February 9, 1806, died in infancy; and Jacob, born February 5, 1909, 
and moved to Ohio. 


possession of faculties of the highest order. Acquaintance only serves to 
strengthen this impression, and the quietness and control with which he 
carries himself suggest great reserve power and courage vouchsafed to but 
few men. He has been a tireless worker and close observer, and the success 
he has achieved has had in it no form of accident. As a business man and 
financier he stands in the front rank of this country. The linking of his name 
with any enterprise stamped it as an honest and honorable undertaking to 
which success was practically assured. His personal and business reputation is 
of the highest possible character and he is admired and respected wherever 
known. His means are never used to the harm of humanity, but have always 
gone to aid in benefiting the public. He has, in various ways, held great 
power for good or harm and has always used it for the good of his fellow- 
man. He has held himself always in the quiet line of private life, never seek- 
ing public office nor listening to any approaches that might lead him in that 

David Hostetter married, July 13, 1854, Rosetta Cobb Rickey, in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. She was born October 6, 1829, and died July 3, 1904 and was 
a daughter of Randal Hutchinson Rickey by his wife Susanna McAuley. 
For an account of her ancestry see The Rickey Family in later pages of this 

David and Rosetta Cobb (Rickey) Hostetter left five children, as follows: 

i. Harry Hutchinson Hostetter, born May 16, 1855 ; died May 25, 1878. 

ii. Amy Susette Hostetter, born January 22, 1858, married November 6, 1879, Herbert 

DuPuy. (See page 61 of this work.) 
iii. David Herbert Hostetter, born in 1859; married, in 1887, Miriam Gerdes. 
iv. Wilfred Parker Hostetter, born August 16, 1866; died December 16, 1883. 
V. Theodore Rickey Hostetter, born October 19, 1869; died August 3, 1901 ; married 
AUene Tew. 

HARRY HUTCHINSON HOSTETTER, the eldest son of David 
Hostetter by his wife Rosetta Cobb Rickey, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio. 
During his infancy his family moved to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where his 
early educational training began. Owing to defective eyesight it was always 
necessary for him to do his reading in dajdight. For this reason he retired 
early and rose with the sun, thus developing at an early period in his life 
the traits of a hard student, closely applying himself with great earnestness 
of purpose to whatever he had before him. Notwithstanding his love for 
study, his activity in out-door sports was very marked, and during these early 
boyhood days his lovable nature and generous chivalric spirit showed its 
predominance, following him through his college-life. 

Born January 23. 1819 Died November 6, 1888 

Bom October 6, 1829 Died July ,;, ) 


He entered Hopkins Grammar School at New Haven, Connecticut, in 
September, 1872. While there he learned stenography independently of the 
class, and always thereafter took his lecture-notes in that way, his knowledge 
proving exceedingly useful during the remainder of his student-days. 

His independence and originality of character while at Hopkins was 
shown in the following incident : One day when each member of the class 
had in turn recited Tennyson's " Bridge of Sighs," the constant repetition of 
the lines " Take her up tenderly, lift her with care," etc., from its monotony, 
acted upon his nerves so that when his turn came he surprised and electrified 
his austere teacher, as well as his class, by reciting the Fourth of July oration 
beginning, " Feller Citizens of Pine Holler." The sudden transition from 
Tennyson to Stubbins was too much for the professor, who at once saw the 
point, and from that time forward each pupil had the privilege of selecting 
his own subject for recitation. 

Hostetter had a most remarkable memory, and without effort could repeat 
word for word, without an error, after one reading, a half column of 
promiscuous newspaper matter, thus resembling somewhat the feats of Lord 

In 1873 the " Critic," the literary production of Hopkins Grammar 
School, was imder his business management with one of the editors, John 
A. Porter, late secretary to President McKinley. 

On September 9, 1S74, there assembled in New Haven a party of young 
men who formed the Class of '78, which was to number among its members 
some of the great men of the day, the most noted of which is William H. 
Taft, President of the United States. 

After Hostetter had completed his Freshman year at Yale, at the sugges- 
tion of his physician, ostensibly for the benefit of his health and to rest his 
eyes, he sailed for Europe on the " Scythia " in August, 1875. 

It developed later that his secret ambition was to keep up with his class 
while absent and at the same time to become proficient in French and German, 
then to rejoin his classmates in the Junior year and to graduate with them 
the next year. With that object in view, he studied French in Paris for two 
months, and without trouble kept up all his college studies. Being possessed 
of great application and extraordinary facility for acquiring languages, this 
seemed but child's play to him. 

From Paris he went to the university town of Jena, in Saxe-Weimar, 
where he studied German. So assiduously did he apply himself that in 
May, 1876, he went to Heidelberg, Germany, in the fall of which year he 
was matriculated at the University there. Choosing philosophy as his definite 
course of study, always taking his notes stenographically, in German, a 


rather remarkable feat, — with such diligence and success that in less than 
one year, a length of time unprecedented in the history of this university, he 
graduated with rhe most distinguished honors the institution could bestow, 
receiving in August, 1877, the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. This was 
the greater surprise to his fellow students because it was not known that he 
for a moment contemplated taking so soon the rigid examinations necessary, 
the preparation for which usually requiring at least three years of very hard 
study. The great success achieved by Hostetter in passing these examinations 
so successfully was made the occasion for a public triumph by all the English 
and American students in Heidelberg, who, amid great enthusiasm, to show 
their appreciation and pride in a Saxon's success, bore him on their shoulders 
through the streets of the town and in the evening honored him with a public 

After his graduation from Heidelberg University, he travelled with his 
family through Germany and Switzerland, finally settling in the winter of 
1877 and 1878 in Dresden, where he attended philosophical lectures and 
studied Italian at the Politechnikum. In February, 1878, he left for Italy, 
to visit the scenes which his classical studies had well fitted him to appreciate. 
Here his promising young life came to an untimely end, for, after visiting 
some of the larger cities, he was stricken in Florence with the deadly Roman 
fever. His constitution, weakened by his unremitting labors, succumbed to 
its inroads, and on May 25, 1878, while being carried from Florence to Paris, 
he died on the way. 

His student-life abroad did not have the effect it so often had of narrow- 
ing the man into the scholar. From many temptations, both mental and 
moral, which beset a young man in college-life, and more especially in a 
university-life in Germany, he not only passed unscathed but came forth from 
the ordeal as gold from a furnace, purified and refined. He had not one 
thought, one aim or a single ideal that was not high and noble. His modesty, 
his kindly spirit and charming social qualities won for him hosts of friends 
wherever he went. With a mind well trained and stored, a boundless capacity 
for work, a powerful memory, and with the highest ambitions, there is every 
reason to believe that, had he survived, his mark in the world would have been 
felt. Though his career was cut short at the age of 23 years, his example 
and memory remain an inspiration to all who knew him. 


jLEXANDER RICKEY, who came to Pennsylvania in 
the ship " Shield," December lo, 1698, was born in 
Scotland in 1688, and died in Upper Makefield Town- 
ship, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in December, 1758. 
He was probably accompanied by a brother or father 
named John. He was a Quaker, and first became a 
member of Abington Meeting, but later joined Falls 
Meeting. In 171 5 he was married at Abington Meet- 
ing, by Friends ceremony, to Ann Keirl, daughter of Thomas and Julian 
(also spelled Jellin or Gillian) Keirl, of Bristol Township, Bucks County. 
In 1837 he purchased a large acreage in Upper Makefield, where he engaged 
in raising sheep. Later he built a mill, and also became the owner of five 
hundred and forty-three acres of land in Bristol Township. 

Children of Alexander and Ann (Keirl) Rickey: 

i. Thomas Rickey, born February 15, 1716; married Hannah, daughter of Thomas 

ii. John Rickey, born November 17, 1717; died September 3, 1798; married Mary 

iii. Catharine Rickey, born August 20, 1720; married (i) Randal, son of John 

Hutchinson by his wife Phebe Kirkbride ; (2) Joseph Milnor, of Trenton, New 

iv. Alexander Rickey, born October 26, 1723. 
V. Rachel Rickey, born December 26, 1726; married Symmes Betts, at Falls Meeting, 

November 16, 1768. Left no children, 
vi. James Rickey, born September 3, 1729- 

vii. Ann Rickey, born January 26, 1732: married Mahlon Kirkbride, Jr., of Lower 

Makefield Township, at Falls Meeting, November 30, 1754. Left no children. 

viii. Mary Rickey, born October 10, 1734; married Alexander Derbyshire. Left a 

large family, names unknown. 
ix. Sarah Rickey, born May 24, 1737. 
X. Keirl Rickey, born June 2, 1740; married Sarah, daughter of John Milnor, at 

Falls Meeting, April 9, 1766. 

JOHN RICKEY, son of .Alexander Rickey by his wife Ann Keirl, was 

bom in Upper Makefield Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and died in 

Trenton, New Jersey, where he owned a farm, on September 3, 1798. He 

removed from Bucks County to Trenton. Part of the battle of Trenton, 



December 26, 1776, was fought on this farm. The Hessians under Colonel 
Rahl surrendered in his apple-orchard. A company of them took possession 
of his house, drove the family out, and planted a gun in the hall. Captain 
Washington, nephew of General Washington, advanced to dislodge them with 
a field-piece, but, finding his men exposed to a merciless fire, suddenly from 
among them, he rushed into the house, seized the officer in command of the 
gxui, and claimed him as a prisoner. His men followed, and the whole com- 
pany of intruders were made prisoners. He was the only American officer 
wounded in the battle, a ball having passed through his hand. But two 
Americans were killed, though a few were wounded.^ 

During all of this excitement, John Rickey, who is said to have been an 
irascible old man, had not been a passive spectator, and it is a tradition in his 
family that he and his son Michael, twenty years old, who was killed in battle 
three years later, threw aside their Quaker principles and fought bravely on 
the American side. After this, war was too near for John Rickey to sit idly 
by and look on, so on March 28, 1778, he joined the Pennsylvania Artillery, 
Second Regiment, under Colonel Lamb, and was proposed as corporal January 
I, 1780.2 

The house where the fight occurred with the Hessians was a double stone 
one, built by John Rickey in 1752, one story high, with hipped roof, and stood 
fronting the street on the spot where now stands the house of Mercer Beasley. 
Esr|. The apple-orchard stood where now is the corner of Hanover and 
Stockton Streets, between the Presbyterian Church and the old Iron Works, 
occupying all the ground between the two places and the Assumpink Creek 
and Friends meeting-house on the corner of Hanover and Montgomery 

The house and farm were left to his widow at his death, who in turn left 
it to her two orphan grandchildren, John Rickey and Randal Hutchinson 
Rickey, whom she had brought up. The executor of the estate seems to have 
mismanaged it, for the whole farm, now comprising a large part of the City 
of Trenton, was allowed to be sold for taxes. The old house was torn down 
some years later, and on its site stands the present State-house. 

John Rickey married on July 27, 1749, at Falls Meeting, Mary Hutchin- 
son, born February 29, 1728; died November 24, 181 2. Their quaint old 
marriage certificate ^ is still in the family and reads as follows : 

' Rawn's History of Trenton, pages 163 and 167. 

' " Pennsylvania in the War of the Revolution," vol. ii, page 187. 

' It was given by Mary Hutchinson Rickey to her daughter's daughter, Mary Smith, 
who married Isaac Barnes, who embroidered a " husseff " (house-wife) in which it was 
wrapped, and gave it to her cousin John Rickey, — also a grandchild of the old lady. He 
gave it to his eldest son, Randal, who left it in turn to his daughter Amy, of Trenton. 



"Whereas, John Rickey, son of Alexander Rickey of Wakefield of the County of 
Bucks, in the Province of Pennsylvania, and Mary Hutchinson, daughter of John Hutchin- 
son, late of Falls Township in the County aforesaid, having intention of marriage of oath, 
did publish the same before several monthly meetings of the people called Quakers, accord- 
ing to the good order amongst them, who so proceeding therein, having consent of parents 
and relations, concerning their said proposals, were allowed of before the said meetings. 

These are to certify all whom it may concern, that for the full accomplishment of their 
said intentions, this twenty-seventh day of the seventh month a.d. 1749, they, the said John 
Rickey and Mary Hutchinson, appeared in a public and solemn assembly of the aforesaid 
people and others met together at their usual meeting-house in the Falls Township aforesaid, 
and the said John Rickey taking the said Mary Hutchinson by the hand, did in a solemn 
manner openly declare that he took her to be his wife, promising through the Lord's assist- 
ance, to be unto her a loving and faithful husband until death should separate them, and 
then in the said assembly, the said Mary Hutchinson did in a like manner declare that she 
took the said John Rickey to her husband, promising through the Lord's assistance, to be 
unto him a loving and faithful wife until death should separate them, and moreover, they, 
the said John Rickey and Mary Hutchinson, according to the custom of marriage, assuming 
the name of her husband. 

In confirmation thereof do show, and they and those present set their hands and we 
whose names are hereunder subscribed being amongst those present at the solemnization 
of their said marriage, and the subscription in manner aforesaid, as witnesses have hereunto 
also to these presents set our hands the day and year above written. 

John Rickey 
Mary Rickey 

Wm. Atkinson 
Johnathan Palmer 
Jo White 
Thos Yeardsley 
Benj. Holden 
John Palmer, Jr. 
Anne Palmer 
John Bates 
Thos. Barnes 
Sarah Kirkbride 
Fraven Palmer 
Mary Hough 
Elizabeth Palmer 

Sarah Hutchinson 
Andrew Woode 
Johnathan Palmer Jr 
John Palmer, Sr. 
Joseph Bogart 
John Welding 
Abram Spenn 
Samuel Yardley 
Thomas Jenkins 
Samuel Hutchinson 
Alexander Rickey 
Thomas Rickey 
Phebe Lovett 

Rachel Rickey 
Joseph Hutchinson 
Michael Hutchinson 
Randal Hutchinson 
Alexander Rickey, Sr 
Samuel Lovett 
John Kirkbride 
Mahlon Kirkbride 
Ann Rickey 
James Rickey 
Mary Rickey 

Mary Hutchinson, wife of John Rickey, was a daughter of John Hutchin- 
son and Sarah Burgess, of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. John Hutchinson 
was an English Quaker who came to Pennsylvania prior to 1702, and it has 
been suggested that he was probably a near relative of Thomas Hutchinson, 
who, at an earlier period, settled in New Jersey near what became the 
City of Trenton, and possessed a manor known as " Hutchinson's Manor." 
John Hutchinson ^ was born in 1680, and died in 1745. He married, in 1706, 

' An extended account of John Hutchinson and some of his descendants, by Frank 
Willing Leach, is published in The North American, of Philadelphia, in its issue of 23 
August, igo8. 


Phebe, daughter of Joseph Kirkbride, Esq., one of the foremost men in 
Bucks County, by his wife Phebe, daughter of Randall and Alice Blackshaw. 
Mrs. Phebe Hutchinson died about 1724, and on May 24, 1726, Mr. Hutch- 
inson married, as second wife, Sarah Burgess, a daughter of Samuel Burgess, 
who served in the Pennsylvania Assembly, as one of the representatives of 
Bucks County, in 1712, and died in 1714.* By his first wife, Phebe Kirk- 
bride, John Hutchinson had seven children, and by his second wife, Sarah 
Burgess, five children.^ 

" Mary Hutchinson was one of the most saintly of women," her grandson 
said, " and under many troubles was always cheerful." She is mentioned in 
the following letter written by Reverend Joseph Hutchins to her grandson, 
Randal Hutchinson Rickey: 

" St. George's Parsonage, 

Barbados, June 29th, 1818. 
" Mr. Randal Rickey, 

Dear Sir: — 

" Excuse me for my long delay in thanking you for your favor dated Deer. 20th, 1817. 
My correspondence, both here and abroad, engross much of my time, and to this corres- 
pondence has been added, for the last four weeks, the Curacy of the parish of St. George, 
which I have engaged to fill, during the absence of the Rector, the Rev. Anthony Heighley 
Thomas, who is gone to England for the recovery of his health. My nieces reside with me 
in Mr. P's parsonage and contribute to make my residence more comfortable than it would 
be without their help and attention. 

" Your grandmother lives at the distance of 8 or 10 miles from me. Could I con- 
veniently walk that journey in a hot climate I would sometimes go to see her, which is a 
pleasure I have not enjoyed since my receipt of your letter. My feet are always preferred 
by me to a horse and carriage ; on account of an old complaint from which Dr. Physick 
relieved me in Philadelphia, I prudently avoid as much as possible, riding on horseback. 
But notwithstanding my inability to vilit your good grandmother, my long-respected friend 
Mrs. Waterman, I sometimes hear from her and of her, and forwarded her answers to your 
letter, with several others from her, to Philadelphia. She still enjoys, I am told, very good 
health and resides chiefly with her daughter Mrs. Clark and sometimes visits her other 
daughter, Mrs. Armstrong. 

"Your Uncle Samuel died a few months past at the house of his affectionate sister 
Mrs. A. and under the care of his mother, Mrs. W. Thus the poor unfortunate man had the 

' Samuel Burgess had a wife Eleanor, who was a noted Quaker preacher. On account 
of her growing feebleness in her last years, the Falls Meeting of Friends met at her house 
after securing a license for that purpose. 

"The children of John and Phebe (Kirkbride) Hutchinson were: i. John. 2. Joseph. 
3. Thomas. 4. Michael. 5. Randal. 6. Nehemiah. 7. Hannah. The children by Sarah 
Burgess were : i. Priscilla, who married a Coates. 2. Phebe, who married Edmund Lovett 
3. Mary, who married John Rickey, as stated in the text. 4. Samuel. 5. Mercy. The sons 
Michael and Randal were twins. 

Randal Hutchinson, the fifth child of John Hutchinson, married, as his second wife, 
Catharine Rickey, daughter of Alexander Rickey, and sister of John Rickey of the text, and 
by her was the father of Dr. James Hutchinson, a distinguished surgeon in the Revolution, 
and of Mahlon Hutchinson, an eminent merchant, both residents of Philadelphia, and both 
founding families there which have been prominent in the social and public life of that city. 


satisfaction and (loved it) of breathing his last among his dearest relations and friends. 
The benevolent Mrs. Mary Waterman advised and promoted the return of your uncle Samuel 
to Barbados, when he accompanied my nieces and myself from Philadelphia. He was very 
friendly in his disposition and remarkable for his integrity and for his good sense also, 
until it became impaired by disease. His departure from this world of trials was a very 
merciful relief both to himself and friends. 

" Dr. Armstrong has sold his plantation in St. Peter's and has removed, or will soon 
remove your aunt and her large family to a smaller plantation which lies in St. Philip or 
Christ Church parish, adjoining St. George's in which I live. Her boy who was long 
afflicted with disease, is, I am told, dead. I have not seen Mrs. Armstrong since my return 
to Barbados in Nov. 1815. Your grandmother visited our family two or three times in 
Bridgetown. She has it not, I believe, in her power to be generous to yourself and brother. 
Her husband left her but a very scanty income, which is decently sufficient for her own 
support among her relations here. 

" To-day I have been in the neighborhood of your uncle, Mr. Joseph Waterman, whom 
I have seen only once since my arrival ; and then he either did not or would not know me, 
though I attended as Curate of St. George's, the funeral of a friend in Company with him. 

" I sincerely wish you success in all your honest pursuits. You are not too old for 
improving your natural parts by study and diligence, and for retrieving, in a great measure, 
what you lost in youth by misfortune, or by the neglect of your friends. Your grandmother 
Rickey I very well remember and also her maternal goodness to your afflicted mother: She 
was an excellent old lady and deserves the grateful remembrance of her grandchildren. 

" Send me a letter as often as you have leisure and opportunity. 
" I am 

Your Friend and Well Wisher, 

Joseph Hutchins." 
Addressed to 
" Mr. Randal Rickey, 

New Jersey." 

When Randal Rickey, her fifth son to die, died in 1802, she took his 
beautiful widow, who had gone insane from grief, and his two little boys, 
into her own house (the one in which the Hessians were captured) and took 
care of them. The daughter-in-law died in 1807, and the two little grand- 
children lived with her until her death in 1812. Randal H. Rickey showed 
his appreciation and love for her by naming his eldest daughter after her. 

Children of John and Mary (Hutchinson) Rickey: 

i. Joseph Rickey, born March 28, i7So; died May 8, 1797; married Mary Quigley, 

born October 8, 1755; died April 9, 1827; daughter of Isaac and Mary Quigley, 

of Hamilton Square, New Jersey, 
ii. John Rickey, born November 8, 1751; died April 18, 1829; married, April 28, 1782, 

Amy Olden, born in 1750; died in 1829; daughter of Joseph and Ann Olden, 
iii. Ann Rickey, born May 2, 1754; died January 27, 1829; married William Smith. 
iv. Michael Rickey, born August 29, 1756; died June 29, 1779. 
V. Samuel Rickey, born March 2, 1759; died August 10, 1759. 
vi. James Rickey, born March i, 1761; died August 20, 1767. 
vii. Randal Rickey, born December 4, 1766; died December 3, 1802; married Margaret 



RANDAL RICKEY, the seventh and youn,<jest child of John Rickey by 
his wife Mary Hutchinson, was born December 4, 1766, and died December 3, 
1802. He was a prosperous hardware merchant in Trenton, New Jersey, 
until he failed in business, owing to the drop in the value of Continental cur- 
rency. His son, Randal Hutchinson Rickey, said he could remember when a 
small boy seeing a barrel of the worthless stufif in his father's cellar. In July. 
1785, he was among the twenty-five gentlemen who subscribed the sum of one 
pound ten shillings each for the purpose of purchasing a new fire-engine. He 
was named after his mother's half-brother, Randal Hutchinson. He died 
when he was thirty-six years old, his death being hastened by business worries. 

He married, September 11, 1794, Margaret Waterman, the ceremony 
being performed by Reverend William Frazer, Rector of St. Michael's Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church, Trenton, New Jersey. Up to this time he had been 
in fellowship with Friends, but he now " lost his birthright " a:id was " read 
out of meeting," on account of being married by a " hireling priest," as Chris- 
tian ministers were then styled by the Quakers. 

His wife, Margaret Waterman, born in Speightstown, Island of Barba- 
dos, September 24, 1772 ; died October 5, 1807, and is buried in Christ Church 
burying ground, Philadelphia. She was a daughter of Benoni and Sarah 
(Skinner) Waterman, of the Island of Barbados.^ 

Margaret Waterman was very beautiful, and had glorious hair which 
extended almost to her knees. The Watermans were a fair people. Her 
son Randal always pictured her in his mind as he saw her just after his father 
died — he was then almost four years old — with her golden hair around her. 
Margaret Waterman was very learned for a woman in her time ; she is 
said to have taught her son Randal to read the Bible in both Greek and Latin 
when he was but three years old, showing that he must have been a very 
precocious lad. 

' Benoni Waterman is said to have been born in London, England, in 1725, and to have 
been the son of Sir Thomas Waterman, born in London in 1675, and grandson of Sir George 
Waterman, of London, knighted by Charles II ; high sheriff of London in 1665 and 1666. 
and Lord Mayor in 1667 or 1672. Benoni removed from England to the Barbados, where 
he owned three large coffee plantations, his ships carrying their products all over the world. 
His sons, Thomas and Isaac, had a large wholesale house in Philadelphia for its sale. 
In 1780. after the " great hurricane " in the Barbados, which ruined so many people, he 
came to the United States, living in Philadelphia and Trenton, returning some years later 
to the Barbados, leaving his sons in charge of the American end of his business in Phila- 
delphia, and his daughter, who had married Randal Rickey, in Trenton. He died in Bar- 
bados in 1800, leaving his wife comfortably off. He had several other children all of 
whom lived in Barbados. One daughter married a Mr. Clark, and one a Dr. Armstrong, 
of St. Phillip's Parish. 



Children of Randal and Margaret (Waterman ) Rickey : 

i. Benoni Waterman Rickey, was born September 24, 1795; died August 12, 1797. 
ii. John Rickey,' born May i, 1797; died in 1865; married November 10, 1827, Sarah, 

daughter of Pierce and Lydia Raymond. 
iii. Randal Hutchinson Rickey, born February 15, 1799; died August 6, 1855; mar- 
ried (i) Eliza Stock; (2) Susanna McAuley 

RANDAL HUTCHINSON RICKEY, son of Randal Rickey by his wife 
Margaret Waterman, was born in Trenton, New Jersey, February 19, 1799, 
and died in Cincinnati, Ohio, August 6, 1855. As has been stated, he and 
his brother John were" brought up by their grandmother, Mary Hutchinson 
Rickey, in the historical old Rickey homestead in Trenton. He said he could 
remember picking American bullets out of the heavy front door where they 
had lodged on that memorable day of the battle of Trenton. When but thir- 
teen years of age he was sent to live with his mother's brother, Thomas Water- 
man, whose wife, Katharine Harbeson, was intensely jealous of the youth be- 
cause she thought her husband cared more for him than for his own children ; 
she therefore did all in her power to make her little nephew's life miserable. 
Finally, when he was fourteen years old, the climax was reached one morning 
when she threw a cup of coffee at him. Resenting this insult, he arose and 
quietly said, his Quaker-spirit mastering his anger, " Uncle Thomas, I cannot 
bear it any longer. I must leave you." So his uncle placed him on one of 
his vessels trading with the West Indies. There the sailors treated him 
harshly because he refused to lie for them by saying he had spilled their grog, 
so they might claim more. The captain hearing of it afterwards, always had 

'John Rickey received a letter from his grandmother, Sarah B. Waterman, of which 
the following is a copy: 

" Christ Church Parish, Barbados, March i, 1821. 
My Dear John : — 

The Revd. Mr. Hutchins intenting sailing to America affords me I hope a safe con- 
veyance of a letter to you. I wrote to you in the year 1816 and 1817; having never received 
an answer leaves me in doubt whether you received them. I flatter myself I shall be more 
successful with this. I hope you enjoy good health and are in favorable way in business. 
I wish it was in my power to assist you, dear boy. I received a letter from your Brother 
in 181S informing me he intended going to Mobile. Let me know if he went and how he 
has succeeded. Give my best regards to your Relatives and my old friend Doctor Belveill 
also my love to my good neighbors, the Kirkbride family, who I hope are well. Accept 
the love and good wishes of your relatives here. My dear love to your brother ; accepting 
the same from 

Your truly affectionate 

Grandmother S. B. Waterman. 

P. S. Please to apply to Mrs. Mary Waterman and she will deliver you two Guineas. 
I hope the last I sent you received." 



the youth eat in his cabin. After spending a year on the ship, which went 
around the world, he returned to Philadelphia and apprenticed himself to a 
builder named William E. Smith, who sent him on the brig " Leader," 
Captain Allen, December i8, 1814, with others, to repair Fort Boyer, on 
Mobile Point, Alabama. Here he was attacked with yellow-fever and almost 
died. This was during the War of 1812. The British had attacked the fort 
two months before and had been repulsed. Randal remained there until 
May 5, 1819, when he sailed for New York. No fighting occurred during 
his stay, but having been in the service of his country at this period qualified 
his descendants for membership in the Society of the Daughters of 1812. 

He cancelled his indenture to Wm. E. Smith on October 7, 18 19, being 
almost twenty-one, and accepted work with John Stock, a German builder. 
The latter came to him one day and said he had discovered that his daughter 
Eliza was in love with him (Randal) and suggested that he marry her, which 
he did. She died the following year. 

He then became an independent builder, having many apprentices under 
him, studying at night books relating to surveying. He was a prominent 
Mason and an Odd Fellow. His daughter Rosetta could remember, when a 
child, being held up by one of the apprentices to see her father march by in 
one of their processions. In the procession he wore the emblem of the order, 
a white satin apron on which a large eye was painted. She said it was just 
like the one Washington wears in one of his portraits. 

He was appointed principal surveyor of the District of Southwark (Phila- 
delphia), which position he held until he left, in 1837, for "the Western 
country," Cincinnati, Ohio. 

He and his wife went to see the first railroad train pull out of Philadel- 
phia. Soon after this, his wife's two sisters went to live in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and she so longed to see them that finally she persuaded her husband to leave 
Philadelphia and go there too to live; and so, on August 10, 1837, he gave 
most of his furniture to his brother, and his old friend George Gardom, and 
they started on their long journey, going from Philadelphia to Harrisburg 
by the railroad that had just been completed; from Harrisburg to Pittsburg 
by canal, and from Pittsburg to Cincinnati by the steamboat " Virginia," 
which raced the " Loyal Hannah " all the way down the Ohio river. The 
trip from Philadelphia to Cincinnati was made in one week, a record-breaker 
for those days. 

In Cincinnati he lived first on Fourth and then on Third Street, where 
afterwards he died. He had some differences with his brother-in-law, Samuel 
Cobb, who was a Mason also, and for this reason never presented his creden- 
tials to the Cincinnati lodge. 



There he became an architect and builder, and, aided by Nicholas Long- 
worth and his best friend, Larz Anderson, Longworth's son-in-law, built 
many houses; but he preferred surveying, and accepted the position of city 
surveyor, which he held for many years, laying out most of the city as it now 
stands. One of his maps of Cincinnati is still in the writer's possession. On 
November 24, 1854, he was appointed county surveyor of Hamilton County, 
Ohio, which position he held until his death. He finally died of dropsy of 
the heart, brought on by a long surveying trip in which he had become wet 
and cold. He, his wife, and several children are buried in Spring Grove 
Cemetery, Cincinnati. 

He always disliked Cincinnati, and longed for Philadelphia and all his old 
friends there. He was preparing and hoping to go back to Philadelphia 
at the time of his death, only wishing to live long enough to be able to reach 
his old home and die. He always dressed in the Quaker garb, pepper-and- 
salt suit, broad felt-hat and pipes. He was a very sympathetic man, although 
a stern father, holding great confidence in the rod. All his children admired 
and revered him above all men. Everything he ever did and everything he 
accomplished was entirely through his own great perseverence. He was very 
charitable, never turning away the needy from his door hungry ; and he never 
bore malice. Even when his uncle Thomas Waterman's wife, who had treated 
him so badly, asked him for help in her old age, he gave it freely. He 
was held in the highest esteem by his fellow citizens, a man of purest prin- 
ciples, a loving husband and father, and a firm friend. He was exceedingly 
well-read, knowing all the great authors well, and was the possessor of a 
most remarkable memory, being able to repeat " by heart " almost anything 
he had ever read. 

Randal Hutchinson Rickey married, as first wife, Eliza Stock, daughter 
of John Stock. She died, as stated, a year following marriage. He married, 
second, by the Reverend Levi Ives, afterward Bishop of Carolina, March 23, 
1825, Susanna McAuley, daughter of James McAuley and Bridget [McAnna?] 
of Londonderry, Ireland. She was born in Londonderry, Ireland, April 6, 
1801, and died in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, December 19, 1883. 

At the age of three, Susanna McAuley was left an orphan in the care of 
her mother's sister Susan. One day when she was four years old, the only 
daughter of Zachariah Poulson, a dear old Quaker gentleman of Philadelphia, 
savvf her walking with her aunt in the street. She took a great fancy to the 
little girl, who was very pretty, and insisted that Mrs. Poulson should adopt 
her. Nothing was ever refused their child, so overtures were made to the 
aunt, who allowed her to be taken to their home to be brought up as a daugh- 
ter. Mrs. Poulson and their little girl were both Susans, so they called the 


child Susanna, " Little Sookey." She loved her adopted parents dearly, and 
when over eighty years old and childish, she would often call for " Aunt 
Susan" (Mrs. Poulson). She used to wear curls and a lace cap tied with 
red ribbons. Mr. Poulson was editor of the " Aurora and General Adver- 
tiser," which was founded by Benjamin Franklin Bache, Benjamin Franklin's 
grandson. It was in its day the leading newspaper in Philadelphia, which 
brought many great men to visit the editor. The newspaper office and his 
house were connected, and there was nothing " Sookey " loved better than to 
go over and sit a demure little body on the floor beside his chair and hear 
all the interesting things that the callers talked about. He was also the first 
librarian of the Philadelphia Library, and got out one of the early Philadel- 
phia Directories. " Sookey " was sent to an old Quaker school on Chestnut 
Street, called the " Dames School." Mr. Poulson was very fond of her and 
loved to pet her, and when she married gave her five hundred dollars in gold 
as a wedding present. 

She was very like her mother in being a fearless nurse, and was several 
times called upon to nurse friends who had some contagious disease that had 
frightened other people away. Once she went to nurse a friend who had 
cholera, whose husband even had deserted her, and contracted it herself, almost 
sufifering the fate of her own mother. The woman's husband said afterward, 
"I don't know how you could do it; weren't you ever afraid?" and she 
answered, " No, not when I am needed." She was a dainty little woman who 
must have been very pretty in her youth. After her husband died, when she 
was quite an old lady, she had many suitors, but laughed at them all. Her 
grand-daughter once happened to repeat to her a gentleman's remark that he 
thought a certain 3'oung lady was the prettiest in the city. " Would you ever 
speak to that man again? " she indignantly replied, thus showing her ideals of 
gallantry. In her day men must have been more courtier-like and less sincere. 

She was an excellent housekeeper and renowned for her wonderful cook- 
ing. Those were days in which it was no disgrace for the mistress of the 
house to go to the kitchen and make the most savory things for the table. 
Children of Randal Hutchinson Rickey by his second wife Susanna McAuley: 

i. M.^RY Hutchinson Rickey, born January, 3, 1826; named after her great-grand- 
mother, Mary Hutchinson Rickey. She was very beautiful, and inherited 
her father's wonderful memory, and at the age of seventy-six could remember 
so many names and dates and facts about her ancestors that she was very help- 
ful in writing this small history of her family. She died in 1909. She married 
March 12, 1845, Joseph Parker, born July 15, 1823 ; died November 29, 1896. 
Issue.. I. Randal Rickey, born February 21, 1846; died June 2, 1891. 2. Mary 
Elizabeth, unmarried. 

ii. Anna Smith Rickey (named after her father's sister Ann, who had married 
William Smith), born on the east side of Fifth Street, between Carpenter and 


Prime Streets, Philadelphia, December 23, 1827, and died August 10, 1858. She 
too was handsome, — very dark and the type of the Hutchinsons, so her father 
said. She was brilliant in a literary way. Her husband collected and published 
for private circulation after her death a book of her poems called " Forest 
Flowers of the West." Her portraits were painted by Mrs. Anderson and by 
Thomas Buchanan Read, the author of " Sheridan's Ride." She married, 
January 16, 1851, Solomon V/hite Roberts, of Philadelphia, vice-president of 
the North Pennsylvania Railroad, who was born 3 August, 181 1, and died 20 
March, 1882. Issue: i. Anna, who married Dr. John Roberts, of Philadelphia, 
her first cousin. 2. Alfred Reginald, who married Emily Lewis, and by her 
had an only child, Sidney Lewis. 3. Elizabeth, died in 1855. 4. Edith, died 
in 1879. 5. Howard, born August 8, 1858; died the same year. 

iii. RosETTA Cobb Rickey, born October 6, 1829 ; married David Hostetter. For an 
account of marriage and family see preceding chapter on the Hostetter Family. 

iv. Susan Rickey, born August 27, 1831 ; died of scarlet fever in 1836. A remarkable 
child, painting pictures and writing poetry before the age of four. A picture 
of a butterfly and a poem about it were treasured for fifty years by her mother, 
but were lost when the home was ransacked by burglars. 
v. Alfred Rickey, born July 10, 1833 ; died in 1894 ; married Emma Fontayne, who 
died in 1863 ; married second, in 1875, Margaret Fogg. 

vi. Randal Hutchinson Rickey, Jr., born October 6, 1835; died October 6, 1838. 

vii. Samuel W. Rickey, born February 16, 1838; died September 12, 1838. 
viii. Amy Olden Rickey, born July 26, 1839; named after the wife of her father's 
uncle, John Rickey. 

ix. Elizabeth Meredith Rickey, born January 15, 1842; died August i, 1843. 
X. Margaret Waterman Rickey, horn September 12, 1845. 

xi. Howard Percy Rickey, born March 13, 1847; died April i, 1847. 


James McAuley was born in County Antrim, Ireland, or, as one tradition says, in 
Edinburg, Scotland, 1771 ; married in 1796, and died in Philadelphia in June or July, 1801. 
After the Irish Rebellion of 1798, in which perhaps his family, and at any rate his wife's 
two brothers, took part (the wife said they could clear a field of men in no time), he became 
disgusted with the way it had failed, and decided to try his fortune in a country that was 
really free. So he started for America, and was to send for his wife Bridget McAnna, whom 
he had married in 1796, and their little girls later. But his wife could not bear to be so 
far away from him, and, after he had started, left her own home in County Antrim or 
Monaghan, and followed. It is not known where she overtook him, but it is supposed to 
have been in Londonderry, the port from which they sailed. Here on Easter Sunday, 
April 6, 1801, their last little girl was born, and three weeks later they sailed for the new 
world, landing in Philadelphia in May, 1801. His brother Peter and his wife also came with 
them, as well as her sister Susan, with her daughter Kitty Lynch, a child by her first husband. 
Peter had been a grazier and intended to follow the same vocation here, buying a farm outside 
of Philadelphia for his business purposes and an acre on Chestnut Street near Broad for 
a residence. One day, six weeks after his arrival, he rode out on horseback to see his farm. 
He became overcome by the unaccustomed heat, went to a farm-house to ask for a drink 
of water, and fell over dead, being then but thirty years of age. His name, of course, should 
have been spelled " MacAulay," but, as perhaps after his ancestors had lived a long time in 
Ireland, the Irish prefix replaced the Scotch. 



James McAuley and Bridget McAuley left three children : 

1. Mary McAuley, born in 1797; married Robert Woffington and moved to Cincinnati. 

Had twelve children. Brought up by her aunt, Susan McAnna, who had married 
first a Lynch and then an Irwin. 

2. RoSETTA McAuley, born 1799; married Samuel Cobb and also moved to Cincinnati. 

Had eleven children. She was brought up by three Quakers named Cauldleigh. 
Her niece, Rosetta Cobb Rickey, said of her, " She was a good woman if there 
ever was one. She had a smile for every one and never turned the poor from 
her door." She went from Philadelphia to Cincinnati in 1831 before the days 
of the railroad, travelling in Conestoga wagons over the mountains and 
camping out at night. The journey took six weeks. 

3. Susanna McAuley, born April 6, 1801 ; married March 23, 182S, Randal Hutchinson 


Bridget [McAnna?], widow of James McAuley, married again two or three years after 
the death of her first husband. This second husband married again after her death and 
moved to Baltimore, becoming very wealthy. He wanted to take his three little step- 
daughters with him, but his wife's sister Susan would not think of it, and kept them herself, 
although she allowed the two younger to be adopted. 

Bridget McAuley was a very courageous woman, and sacrificed her life to nurse a 
friend through yellow fever, which was then (in 1814) epidemic in Philadelphia. Every one 
had deserted the unfortunate victim, so the doctor called for volunteers, when Bridget 
McAuley responded, contracted the disease and died, leaving her three motherless girls, 
aged seven, five, and three, to be taken care of by her sister Susan, who was not a very 
good substitute for their mother, as it is said that she sold the farm and the land on 
Chestnut Street and kept the money herself, also keeping everything else her sister had 
owned. One of Bridget Mc Anna's (or one of her husband's) brothers was a priest, which 
might be a slight clue in finding the family. 

Susan McAnna had one daughter, named Kitty Lynch, by her first husband, and a son 
by her second, named Samuel Irwin. The former died when a young girl and the latter 
married and lived in Philadelphia. When his mother died, her lawyers said she had left 
a large share of her estate to her nieces, Mary and Susanna, but her son said no will was 
ever found, so he kept everything, even their mother's things. 







Three hundred and thirteen years ago this very day, all Protestant Christendom was 
startled by one of the most atrocious crimes that has ever blackened the pages of history. 

The King of France, only a few days before, under his own hand, had given assurance 
of his determination to sustain the Protestant cause; but the propitious time had arrived 
for the execution of the long-premeditated scheme of that Jezebel, Catherine de' Medici. 
Acting under the promptings of the Roman Court, she was swift to favor its interest. One 
sudden unlooked-for blow that would extirpate these Huguenot leaders would carry terror 
to reformers everywhere, and strengthen France and Rome, by suppressing the detestable 
heresy forever. 

The king was overcome by the artful picture she drew of the ruin to the Throne by 
longer tolerating the Huguenots. Starting to his feet, he cried, in rage and terror, "I 
agree to the scheme. Let not one Huguenot be left alive in France to reproach me with 
the deed." 

That night the slaughter commenced. The tolling of a bell at midnight in the tower 
of a neighboring church to the palace proclaimed the murder of Coligny and was at the same 
time the appalling signal for a universal massacre. The king himself, from his palace 
windows, with his own hands fired upon his fleeing subjects, and that day Paris was 
drenched in a sea of blood. The slaughter rapidly extended throughout all France, until, 
as variously estimated, from 30,000 to 70,000 Huguenots had been massacred. 

The heart of all Protestant Europe was frozen with horror. The Queen and Court 
of England, clothed in deep mourning, spurned contemptuously the French envoy who would 
have apologized for the bloody deed of his master. At Rome the Pope, preceded by his 
cardinals in pompous state, specially offered up a solemn Te Deum at tlie church of St. Mark 
in thankfulness for the auspicious deliverance from this hateful sect. 

Weary and footsore and broken, many fled from the horrors of that terrible St. 
Bartholomew's Day, over pathless mountains to La Rochelle, that city of refuge, which in 

'Delivered at the summer meeting of the Huguenot Society of America at New 
Rochelle, New York, August 24, 1885. 

(Mr. DuPuy is a direct descendant of the eminent Huguenot surgeon. Dr. John Dupuy, 
who practised thirty years in New York, and who was " Ancien " of Saint d'Esprit Church 
in that city, afterwards becoming a member of old Trinity Church, in whose church-yard 
he was buried and where his tombstone still stands in perfect preservation.) 


all their trials was ever found faithful to the Huguenot cause. Here for a while rest was 
vouchsafed. Here bleeding wounds were bound up, and nature was nurtured and permit ed 
to recruit exhausted strength for the great struggle which at last was to scatter the best 
blood of France to the four quarters of the earth. Long years of heroic suffering were yet 
to be endured, but at last, one by one and in little companies, this persecuted people were 
forced stealthily to seek homes on foreign soil. America became a place of refuge, and 
here on this very spot, nearly two centuries ago, one of these little companies was planted, 
and, in grateful remembrance of their dear La Rochelle, — the city of their fathers so long 
a shelter to the persecuted, — they called the place New Rochelle. Here in sorrowful remem- 
brance, and with streaming eyes, old men have recounted to their children the fiery trials 
endured by their parents across the sea, and here all around us peaceful homes were reared, 
some of which to this day are tenanted by the lineal descendants of these faithful men. 

New Rochelle, therefore, is a fitting place for the Huguenot Society of America to 
inaugurate its first annual summer meeting. Its atmosphere is inspiring, for the very 
name of Rochelle, whether the old or the new, brings a flood of remembrance to every 
Huguenot descendant. We gather here, then, not as many of your fathers did of old who 
sought refuge from persecution and personal violence to enjoy freedom of conscience. We 
come, rather, on this memorable day, hallowed as it is by so much suffering, to tell over 
the deeds of those heroic men by whose lives and deaths the world has been better prepared 
for a truer conception, a more lofty realization, of the foundation upon which enduring civil 
liberty and religious freedom can alone be permanently maintained. Let me trespass upon 
your patience for a few moments, while I bring before you a brief outline of the causes of 
the whole Huguenot movement. 


In the age which we would consider, popes and kings had too long been the irrespon- 
sible custodians of men's souls and bodies, impiously assuming the right to consign both 
at pleasure, permanently, to the regions of eternal torment. The people at length had be- 
come weary of all this tyranny, and in earnest anxiety to find some way of relief conflicting 
opinions had become grossly intolerant. At such an era, when most reformers, save the 
Huguenots, fiercely proclaimed that the only road that led to heaven was their own narrow 
pathway, it was of no small credit to the peaceful Huguenots, who commonly proclaimed 
that all religions should be free, and men's thoughts should no longer be led captive. Nor 
was this toleration of the Huguenots less to be admired, at a still later age of universal 
dogmatism and bigotry, when either priests or ministers or witches by turns, at men's 
caprice, were burned at the stake. 

He who will read the minutes of their National Synods will be amazed at the toleration 
and unity that existed in these assemblies amid the intense excitement and anxieties that 
constantly surrounded them. Whether the business in hand was simply the government of 
the church, or the grave instructions to a deputation to match the subtle policy of the 
king, their debates were always tolerant. 

While William the Silent, the great Prince of Orange, found it necessary to address 
letters of reproof to the principal cities of Holland and The Netherlands to stir up flagging 
zeal and promote unity, the Huguenots of France were always zealous, united, and tolerant 
Indeed these lessons were early learned as a fundamental part of their religion, and during 
the long period of their fiery trials, intolerance has never been a sin their opponents could 
justly lay at their door. 

While superstition still brooded darkly over Europe, the first glimmers of light 
occasionally began to gild the mountain-tops of France. Often at intervals, even during 
the dark ages, France had put forth the first swelling germs of reformation, and as often 
had these germs been shrivelled to death by the violence of the Pope's military power. 


The last bloody persecution to oppose religious liberty in France, prior to the general 
reformation, was in 1487, when, by order of the Pope, the Waldenses had been driven to 
the mountains and there slaughtered by thousands, while remission of sins was granted by 
Rome to those who so foully obeyed his murderous decree. 

In 1515 literature was reviving in France. In Paris four years before Luther had 
nailed his famous theses to the church door of Wittenberg, Lefevre had translated the 
New Testament, and it had begun to be eagerly read by the French people. 

One day Lefevre was preaching at Paris on the rapid advance of the Revolution, when 
a monk, starting to his feet, exclaimed, " If this is so, we will preach such a crusade that if 
the king still permits it we will expel him from the kingdom," — a prophecy more than once 
literally fulfilled in succeeding generations. 

The Roman priesthood were now aroused, and monks went from house to house to 
suppress the heresy. Driven from Paris to Lyons, where Waldo had preached reformation 
nearly four hundred years before, Lyons became the centre of the movement. 

An earnest zeal for reformation continued to move swiftly onward, and with equal 
energy France and Rome determined to obstruct its progress. They resolved that the only 
true way to stamp out heresy was a "slow fire" to burn heretics, and so in 1525 this antidote 
began to be applied. 

" Lower the flames," said the officer in charge of the burning of a poor shoemaker of 
Milan ; " the sentence demands it must be a slow lire." 

It was in vain that the reformers continued to protest against the confessional, the 
invocation of saints, and the sale of indulgences for crimes. The popes sometimes admitted 
a necessity for reform, but always insisted that it must be ordered from within the church 
and not be dictated from the outside. At last Europe was compelled to realize that the 
Roman Church did not intend to reform itself. Indeed, the powerful influence of various 
orders of religionists rendered it apparent that, if an earnest reform had been seriously 
contemplated at Rome, it would have been readily defeated by the large army of antagonizing 
priests and monks. 

The settled policy of France and Rome in 1533 had now become more firmly cemented 
by the marriage of Catherine de' Medici to the heir of the French throne. This niece of 
the Pope, with no royal blood in her veins, thus became the wife of him who was afterwards 
Henry II. The Pope himself performed the ceremony at Marseilles and commemorated 
its importance by a bull against heretics. 

Notwithstanding this closer bond of union and the persecutions which followed it, 
reformers continued to increase both in numbers and fearlessness. 

One night in 1535 by concerted arrangement placards were secretly issued simultaneously 
throughout all France inveighing against the gross abuses of the Roman Church. One even 
reached the king's chamber. Its affect upon public opinion was electrical, but still the 
burning continued. 

Rome revenged herself for the placard soon after by parading the King of France in 
the garb of a penitent, and a splendid array of cardinals and various church orders, in a 
solemn procession through Paris to the Church of Notre Dame. He, the King Francis I, 
in a prearranged speech condemned the heretical publication, amid the acclamations of the 
multitude. On the return of the procession, it witnessed the burning of six "heretics," 
who were repeatedly lowered and lifted until the ropes became severed and the writhing 
bodies found rest in the fire that finally consumed them. 

Following on another step, in 1544, the Pope demanded of France the utter exter- 
mination of the Waldenses within her borders. The order was obeyed, and twenty-two of 
their villages were destroyed. Those inhabitants who were not slaughtered or burned 
escaped to Switzerland. 

It was to be expected that Catherine's influence over her husband, Henry II, would 
be in the interest of Rome, by whom she had been trained and advanced. It was her 
influence that passed the Edict of 1551, ordering all courts to punish heretics without appeal. 


It excluded suspected heretics from public preferment, established penalties for harboring 
them, and confiscated their estates, rewarding the informer with one-third. 

Lyons, the hot-bed of heresy, must be made an example, and now five zealous reformers 
were burned at the stake. At Paris the magistrate, Dubourg, who enraged the king by 
opposing, in debate, the contemplated torture of reformers, was arrested and strangled. 

In 1560 Francis I, Henry VIII, aad Charles V, besides several popes who had been 
active in these reigns, were all dead. Still the religious tragedy which was convulsing 
France went steadily onward. The Roman organization, which survives men, was powerful 
enough to cope everywhere with the opponents of intolerance, irrespective of popes and 

The French reformation up to this period had received no co-operation whatever from 
civil power. No prince of royal blood, no influential noble had espoused its cause or ren- 
dered it material aid. On the contrary, it was constantly harassed by the legalized perse- 
cution under the Edict, and yet under all this discouragement it grew rapidly in numbers 
and influence, and the purity of its doctrine and organization was considered a marvel 
of perfection in other Protestant countries. 

France and Spain had now by the Pope's advice ceased their quarrels and had joined 
hands in a common cause against heretics. This long period of Catherine's regency after 
Henry's death, extending over thirty years, was spent by her in artful strategy to promote 
the Roman interest in the destruction of reformers. 

Still edict after edict, which encouraged intolerant monks to stimulate the ignorant 
to deeds of further torture, only strengthened heretics and made them more determined. 

Then came the July Edict of 1561. It imprisoned and confiscated any who openly or 
privately attended heretical services, and confirmed the severity of preceding edicts to the 
strictest letter of the persecution. 

Now the reformer Henry of Navarre by right of lineage claimed the throne and was 
sustained universally by the reform party. 

About this time representatives were sent to Catherine to plead for liberty of con- 
science. It was an unarmed and influential deputation, but it received no audience. An 
armed force was then sent to second the demand, but it was cut to pieces by the royal 
party and open warfare was at once commenced. Thenceforward the reform party in 
derision were called Huguenots. 

This Huguenot influence had now become too strong to be openly trifled with. The 
reformers were no longer outlaws, and Catherine adopted a temporizing policy, ostensibly 
to harmonize religious differences. She caused a grand council to convene in 1560. It 
was here that Admiral Coligny earnestly petitioned for religious freedom. " Your petition 
bears no signatures," said the king. " True, sire," said Coligny ; " give me but a day and 
I will obtain 50,000 in Normandy alone." 

The conference finally adjourned without coming to an understanding, and a second 
conference was called for the following year. At this council the Huguenot representatives 
eloquently portrayed the gross abuses of the priesthood and of the Church of Rome. 
The assembly was deeply impressed with these undeniable facts, but its deliberations finally 
ended in a close vote ordering reformers forthwith to sell their estates and leave the 

The Huguenots were now too strong to be thus summarily banished, and they con- 
tinued to worship openly or covertly according to circumstances. 

In Paris the meetings were very large, the number often being as high as 25,000 and 
were guarded from intrusion by armed men. At La Rochelle 8000 received the sacrament 
in one morning while thus guarded, and equally as large meetings were often gathered in 
other cities. In the country the meetings were held secretly in secluded and out-of-the-way 
places, where those present were very often surprised and imprisoned by their vigilant 
enemies. A disturbance at one of these meetings at Paris at length created an open rupture 


and blood was spilled. At another time some Huguenots were worshipping in a barn 
at Vassay as the Duke of Guise passed by on his way to Paris. Some of his retinue having 
irritated the worshippers, a contest ensued, ending in the loss of 60 lives and 200 were 

These various disturbances compelled the issue of the January Edict of 1562, which 
exempted Huguenots from molestation in the free public profession of religion until a con- 
ference could finally settle religious disputes. They now foresaw the necessity of maintain- 
ing their political rights in order to secure the permanency of religious worship, now only 
provisionally granted. For this reason the Huguenots were the more persistent in advocat- 
ing Henry's claim to the throne, and this persistence redoubled the scenes of strife and 
bloodshed during many more years of cruel persecution. After many hard-fought battles 
with varying fortune, the Huguenots finally gained such success as to force the treaty 
of August, 1570, granting full liberty of conscience and public profession of religion. 

In sketching this merest outline of causes from the beginning we now come down to 
the period of " St. Bartholomew's Day," to which reference has already been made at the 
commencement of this paper. 


Henry's ability as a leader in the ranks of the Huguenots was now fully recognized 
by Catherine and prompted her to secure his alliance with her daughter Margaret. She 
thus expected to lead this future king gradually to forsake the Huguenots and to secure his 
firm alliance with Rome. 

Encouraged by the success of this matrimonial scheme, she was emboldened to lay 
still another plot. She resolved to exterminate all the Huguenot leaders whom she could 
decoy to Paris to witness the approaching marriage of this Huguenot king. The invitation 
was at first looked upon with distrust, but was finally accepted with hesitation, and lavish 
preparations were made for the entertainment. 

The day arrived. Many significant signs and intercepted letters made it clear to some 
of the Huguenot guests that a deep plot of treachery was in contemplation. It was dis- 
covered that arms had been secretly distributed and their great leader, Admiral Coligny, 
had been severely wounded by musket shot as he passed through the city. The suspicions 
of the Huguenots became aroused to alarm and many then hastily left Paris. Coligny 
himself began reluctantly to fear treachery. 

The king called on the wounded admiral with feigned expressions of sympathy. He 
apologized for the shot, assuring him it had only been prompted by private malice. He 
soon became impressed with Coligny's loyalty and disinterested nobiHty of purpose. The 
king's frequent visits to the bedside of Coligny alarmed Catherine, who feared that he would 
be won over to the Huguenot cause. She hastily contrived to convene the council. It 
discussed many plans, but finally agreed upon the original plot, to be executed the following 
St. Bartholomew's Day. 

The proof that it was premeditated was dear. A few days before its occurrence Cather- 
ine sent a sealed letter to Strouzzi, who was raising troops in the vicinity of La Rochelle. It 
was not to be opened until the 24th of August, the day appointed for the massacre, and read as 
follows : " I give you notice that to-day, the 24th of August, the Admiral and all Huguenots 
who were here have been killed. At once take diligent measures to make yourself master 
of La Rochelle and serve the Huguenots who fall into your hands the same as we have 
served those here. Be careful to make no mistake, as you fear to displease the king, my 
son, and myself. Signed, Catharine." 

"Where is Coligny?" was the bloodthirsty cry, as the doors of the wounded admiral's 
rooms were hastily beaten down on that eventful day. "I am he," was the calm reply. 
Quickly many swords pierced his heart and the body was thrown from the window. The 


severed head was sent to Catherine, but the rest of the body was dragged through the 
streets and then thrown into the Seine. It was afterwards withdrawn and hung by the 
feet to a gibbet over a fire where the king and court witnessed the burning. Late that 
night a faithful servant removed the remains and buried them at Chatillon, his ancestral 

The young Huguenot, Henry of Navarre, aroused from slumber, was brought to the 
king and offered " The mass or death." He accepted the mass, but soon escaped to his 
Huguenot friends, renounced the extorted vow, and became the head of the Huguenots 
in place of the noble Colgny. 

Amid the cry of " Kill ! kill ! " the slaughter was pushed all that day with vigor, and the 
refrain was echoed throughout France. 

Ambroise Pare, although a Huguenot, was surgeon and near friend of the king. 
After the terrible scenes of the massacre he asserts that the king said to him, " Ambrose, 
sleeping or waking, the murdered Huguenots seem ever present to my eyes, with ghastly faces 
and weltering blood." The following day the king remorsefully forbade the further 
massacre in Paris. 

At first the king disavowed the horrible crime, but later on acknowledged that the deed 
was done by his commands and as a just punishment for religious offences. 

The commemorative medal was struck with the royal arms and the words " Piety, 
aroused Justice " on the one side, and on the other, the king holding his sword and scales 
of Justice. At his feet were a group of human heads and the inscription " Courage in 
Punishing Rebels." 

At Rome a medal was also struck, with the Pope's profile on one side, and on the 
other a winged woman with drawn sword pursuing the fleeing masses, and the inscription 
" The Destruction of the Huguenots, 1572." 

Catherine died forsaken and unlamented, remorsefully urging her son to cease further 
persecution ynd to grant religious toleration ; but her .son, Francis H, soon followed her to 
the grave, and Henry of Navarre ascended the throne as Henry TV. 

The Huguenots, whose spirit was thought to have been broken on St. Bartholomew's 
Day, to the general amazement of all rallied again in their strength. For many more years 
they exhibited to the world heroic deeds of daring courage amid scenes of terrible 

Henry's reign was an unceasing effort to propitiate the Rome party and still not be 
recreant to the Huguenots with whom he had so long acted and to whom he owed his life 
and his throne. 

It was Henry who granted the celebrated Edict of Toleration, called the Edict of 
Nantes, in 1598. It was carefully balanced to be acceptable to both parties, but the " pre- 
tended reformed religion " was the language of the edict to which they were obliged 
reluctantly to submit. In it the right of worship, except in places specially named, was 
granted to the Huguenots, but their former political privilege of assembly enjoyed since the 
year 1560 was decreed to be suppressed. 

Before that year, namely 1560, the Huguenots were granted no other privileges than 
religious toleration. These had been maintained by them even to the torture and to death. 
After that period, with Coligny to project and to lead them onward, they began to realize 
that toleration could be preserved only ihrongh political organizatioa 

While by the edict their political assemblies had been abolished, yet Henry always 
tacitly permitted them. Henry was a politician. While aiming to harmonize conflicting 
opinions, he was also desirous to promote the prosperity of the state and to encourage the 
arts and to develop the national industries. Under his reign the Huguenots redoubled their 
ardor in the interest of pure morals and religion, and thrift and prosperity succeeded to the 
impoverishment which had been the fruit of preceding intestine conflicts. The Huguenot. 
were now, in 1612, at the height of their prosperity. 


After Henry's death their political privileges so long enjoyed were wholly denied. 
Then a stricter construction of the edict began, and battles, marches, wounds, and death 
were the stern protests these persecuted people made for many more years to establish the 
right of political assembly. Prodigies of heroism in the interest of the cause and at the 
certain sacrifices of their lives are numerously recorded of all classes of Huguenots down 
to the humblest peasants. 

The king's commissioner was now always present at the general synods of the Hugue- 
nots. In that of 1626 he insisted upon a still closer construction of the edict. He exhorted 
them, with what must have appeared to them as severe irony, to live in greater moderation 
with the different religionists. 

The synod endeavored to show how impossible this was when constantly molested in 
person, when they were not permitted to worship in peace, when their churches were demol- 
ished in their faces or given as dwelling places to Romish priests, when their dead were 
ignominiously dug from their graves and scattered along the highways, when they were 
deprived of all burial places but the open fields, when their ministers were beaten, bruised, 
and wounded, and their people were persecuted with the grossest indignities and sufferings. 

The Huguenots were ever loyal to the king. In their darkest hours they always prayed 
for him, and even while besieged at La Rochelle by his forces they offered up daily prayers 
for his person in that devout city. Once when a shot from a cannon was said to have 
covered his garments with dust, the whole city was in consternation lest he might have been 
killed, when special prayers were offered in thankfulness for his safety as soon as the fact 
became known. From the king's bad advisers they would be delivered, but never from the 
revered person of the king. 

Notwithstanding this loyalty, it was the more stringent denial of privileges and intoler- 
able persecutions which forced them most reluctantly to endure the fourteen months' siege 
of La Rochelle in 1628. Its population was narrowed by starvation to one-fifth ; there was 
scarcely enough living to bury the dead. It only surrendered upon the treacherous promises 
of the Cardinal Prime Minister Richelieu, who was in command of the king's army, to 
restore their ancient privilege of assembly. This promise was never fulfilled, and with the 
fall of La Rochelle were merged in the throne not only Huguenot privileges, but also all 
the ancient rights of all classes of people, and from thenceforth that arrogant, absolute 
king, Louis XIV, boldly declared, "/ am above all Edicts; I am the State." 

The synod now met only at the king's pleasure, and it was not again convened for 
five years, when the king's commissioner defined still more closely all its actions and limited 
the period of its sittings. The next synod was not permitted to sit for seven years. 

Only one more synod was allowed to meet after an interval of four years, and after 
an existence of centuries they were abolished amid the lamentations of a sorrowing people. 
At this last meeting the king's commissioner prohibited absolutely any further petitions 
to the king. No secular matter must be discussed, no grievances be submitted, and no cor- 
respondence to a foreign religious body would be tolerated, and finally the general synods 
from henceforth must be forever abolished. 

At this time, with more and more stringent measures to suppress the churches and 
persecute the humbler people, every effort was made to lure the most influential by court 
favor. Places of power and trust were the premiums cunningly granted by Louis XIV in 
payment for abjuration, while literary men and Huguenot pastors could always count on 
the king's bounty as a certain reward for apostasy. Notwithstanding all these allurements, 
the people were not weakened in their faith. The most energetic force was now determined 
upon. Church after church was destroyed until three out of four were utterly broken up. 
Romanists were freed from pecuniary obligations contracted with Huguenots. Courts of 
justice that had been established to protect Huguenots were abolished. Edict after edict 
still further narrowed the construction of their rights, making life more and more 


Numbers of noble families who had long been members of the reformed church, under 
the blandishments or threats of this reign, now abjured and professed the Roman faith, but 
the country gentlemen, the merchants, the skilled artisans, and professional men and 
farmers, who were now in every way oppressed in their pursuits, were only the more opposed 
to despotism and clung the stronger to their religion. 

It was in vain that conversions to Rome were now bought and paid for from the royal 
treasury at so much a head. The sturdy middle class remained uncontaminated, and a 
still stronger force was resolved upon. 

In 1681 dragoons were quartered on the Huguenots in fives or tens or even an entire 
company in one household where the means were known to be sufficient. They devoured 
their substance, robbed them of money, clothing, and valuables, leaving the families in 
absolute destitution. The authority of these dragoonades, led on by the bitter hatred of the 
monks who accompanied them, was any species of torture that ingenuity could devise, 
short of death. 

They hung them by the hair in chimneys over smoking fires. They threw them on hot 
coals and plunged them repeatedly in deep wells until almost strangled. They poured wine, 
with funnels, down their throats, until, frenzied, they were brought to the verge of death. 
They pierced them with pins, cut them with knives, tore the flesh with hot pincers, plucked 
off their finger- and toe-nails, or rolled them in barrels which had been pierced with nails. 
Women were insulted in every possible way. The children of the well-to-do Huguenots, 
on slight pretext, were often forced into the monasteries and nunneries, in order to be 
made " pious Catholics " at the unwilling cost of parents. 

Under all these cruelties the Gazette published long lists of converts, composed largely 
of the timid and of those who were unable to leave the country, while thousands upon 
thousands rapidly took their flight. Let us look at the results. 


Four months after the commencement of these dragoonades the hospitality of all 
Protestant Christendom was freely accepted. 

Louis XIV saw his error after it was too late. For more than a century and a half 
these people had lived in trembling uncertainty. Quick to avail themselves of periods of 
temporary quiet, they industriously recruited their forces, only to gather fresh strength to 
endure renewed persecutions. 

At last, when all hope of peacefully enjoying their religious convictions had vanished, 
when the right of assembly to defend these privileges was hopelessly denied, when their 
churchs and educational institutions had been uprooted, their property confiscated, the 
ordinary avocations of life refused to them, when stripes, wounds, and death had become 
a common heritage, when their choice at last was to become martyrs or hypocrites, then 
it was that, singly and in little companies, a half million people escaped to neighboring states 
and across the sea. They went in open boats or stowed themselves in the cargos of friendly 
ships. They went by any way, in any manner, and to any place, only to escape the horrible 
oppression of their own king and of their ozvn countrymen. 

The Edict of Nantes, for which they had so long struggled and which was granted 
by Henry IV, was finally abolished under Louis XIV by the Edict of 1685. It forbade assem- 
bly under any pretence, public or private, for reHgious exercises. It abolished their 
churches and expelled their ministers in fifteen days under pain of the galleys. It prohibited 
their schools and compelled the Romish baptism of their children under penalty of five 
hundred francs for each offence. It confiscated their property after four months' absence, 
and finally it prohibited all emigration under penalty of the galleys for men and "con- 
fiscation of bodies and goods of women." 



Notwithstanding all this evidence, this persecuting monarch professed not to be perse- 
cuting, but to be converting sinners. Had not the Saviour said, " Compel them to come in," 
which Louis interpreted as meaning compulsory, since this means of grace had been in 
operation a quarter of a century. 

At Rome a Te Deum was sung in thankfulness for the abolishment of the edict and 
the conversion of the Protestants. The Pope wrote the king, " the Catholic Church shall 
most assuredly record in her sacred annals a work of such devotion and shall celebrate 
your name with never-dying praises." 

The demolition of the churches was commenced immediately and thoroughly accom- 
plished. One at Charenton, very imposing and massive, having a capacity of 1400 people, 
was destroyed with great difficulty. The ministers everywhere sought immediate flight to 
escape the galleys, which were worse than death. A very few eminent persons were per- 
mitted to emigrate, among whom were the noble old Marquis De Ruvigny, Marshall De 
Schomberg, and a few others. The prisons soon overflowed with detected emigrants 
of all grades, and the ranks of the galleys were rapidly recruited by many of the most 
honored names of France. 

Every avenue of escape now was vigilantly watched and rewards were paid to the 
betrayers of emigrants. The greatest art was required to baffle suspicion and find ways of 
leaving the country. They travelled in wagons or on foot, by night, over the roads in small 
companies. Sometimes they disguised themselves as porters, as sportsmen, as peasants, 
as footmen, as soldiers, or as officers in the king's service. Women were equally as sugges- 
tive in disguises. They often disarmed suspicion in the apparel of pages and male servants. 
The zeal of vigilance was often blinded with bribes, and large numbers escaped by paying 
so much a head for the privilege of flight. 

The Huguenots loved France. They loved its literature, its language, its refinements. 
They loved its vine-clad hills and its verdant valleys. It was a pleasant land. They tore 
themselves from their country, not for gain, for the products of skilled industry in which 
France then excelled were readily marketed in all parts of the civilized world. They only 
left this land they loved so well, to enjoy religious toleration and freedom. 

In their struggles for the supremacy of conscience, they had grown to revere consti- 
tutional law as the only safeguard against despotism. The memory of this constitutional 
protection, which had at least guarded them for a time in the few rights accorded them, 
caused them to cherish only the more deeply their reverence for law, and, wherever they 
went, they carried with them to the countries of their adoption their most fervent respect 
for its laws. They devoutly believed in human rights, which could only be maintained 
through law, and they expatriated themselves, not for gain but through law to maintain 
those human rights. 

With the flight of the Huguenots came a reaction. The wastes of persecution which 
had been steadily going on for more than a century had largely paralyzed the best efforts 
of industry, but now the enormous loss began to be appallingly realized as more than half 
a million of people were banished from the country. 

Official investigation soon developed a deplorable depletion of revenues. Every de- 
partment of industry had been largely filled with Huguenots, and now that the Huguenots 
were gone all industries became utterly paralyzed. 

At the height of their strength Garneier estimated the entire number of the Huguenots 
at one-third of the whole population of France. Lacretell made the number about sixteen 
hundred thousand. A letter to Lady Russell in 1685 from her sister, then a resident of Paris 
and a niece of the illustrious Huguenot leader Marquis De Ruvigny, stated the number to 
have been, one million eight hundred thousand, of which not more than ten thousand then 
remained, and "they soon would be converted by the dragoons or perish." 

Whatever was the actual number, it is very certain they were mainly composed of that 
earnest, conscientious, industrious middle-class whose loss was irreparable. 


The entire population of Coutances, in Normandy, emigrated, taking with them the 
manufacture of fine linen. The paper-makers of France and their workmen left almost 
en masse. Seventy-five per cent, of the tanners and silk manufacturers left the country. 
Out of 18,000 looms in Lyons, in ten years after the repeal of the Edict there were only 
4000 looms left. The hnen, the woollen, the lace manufacturers, the makers of hardware, — 
in fact, every industry in every part of the kingdom, being very largely operated by Hugue- 
nots, was almost annihilated. Nor was the injury to commerce less severely felt. The mer- 
chants, the ship-owners, and mariners were largely Huguenots, and the annual loss of 
revenue from decaying commerce was officially estimated to be more than £1500 sterling. 

To quote from your learned townsman, the Rev. Dr. Charles W. Baird, " The Protes- 
tants of Southern and Western France surpassed all others in the cultivation of the soil. 
The foreign trade of the kingdom came to be largely controlled by their merchants. In- 
ventive and industrious, they had applied themselves with great success to the mechanical 
arts. In every department of labor they were fitted to excel by their morality, intelligence, 
and thrift. ' They are bad Catholics,' said one of their enemies, ' but excellent men of 
business '." 

Dr. Baird's able work, " The Huguenot Emigration to America," and that of his 
brother Rev. Dr. Henry M. Baird, on the " Rise of the Huguenots of France," will well 
repay the perusal of every one interested in Huguenot history. 

France paid dearly for this transient victory. A large proportion of her intelligent, 
industrious, and loyal subjects had been driven into exile, and the impoverished and dis- 
tracted state soon gave evidence of its speedy decay. 

A national debt had rapidly accumulated and now became totally unmanageable. The 
money carried away by the fleeing Huguenots and the prostration of all industries, by their 
absence, rendered it impossible for the remaining population to support itself and provide 
for the expense of an extravagant government. 

To suggest ways and means for an empty treasury and to relieve the miseries of the 
people, the States General were convened in 1789. This assembly became helpless and dis- 
couraged by the difficulties that surrounded it, and it finally drifted into the ferocious 
mob whose enactments outraged civilization. 

France was now deprived of that sturdy, honest Huguenot element which had always 
been loyal to the best interest of the state. At this momentous period, had there been 
Huguenot integrity in the councils of the nation and Huguenot industry and thrift to 
exercise the wealth-creating power of the people, the blood-stains of the revolution of 1793 
and 1794 would never have soiled the pages of history. 

What France lost in the arts and in commerce with the escaping Huguenots was 
correspondingly gained by the countries of their adoption. They brought with them the 
secrets of their arts and successfully established elsewhere those various departments of 
skilled manufacture which had hitherto made France so famous. The manufacture of an 
endless list of articles hitherto imported from France was now transplanted and became 
firmly rooted in rival soils. 

The coming inventions of the skilled Huguenots, which had long given France a balance 
of trade in her favor, were now conducted in foreign lands, and those nations which 
formerly had been large buyers of France now successfully competed as sellers of the same 
productions in all the markets of the world. Thus it was that the industry and skill of the 
Huguenots, by helping largely to promote the general prosperity of other countries, contrib- 
uted substantially to fill the coffers of Protestant states to conduct wars for the advance- 
ment of Protestantism. 

The Huguenots had been compelled to learn the arts and strategies of war. In their 
long struggle for faith and freedom, they had raised up trained captains and soldiers, not 
excelled in Europe for intelligence, experience, and trustworthiness. 


Besides this the king's army contained large numbers of loyal subjects whose secret 
convictions were with the Huguenots. When the last trial came and the revocation of the 
Edict compelled honest men to choose sides and act from convictions, then it was that the 
king lost a large number of valuable officers from his armies. Thus from both sides military 
men in France were forced to find a field more congenital to their conscience in the various 
Protestant armies of Europe. It is estimated that England alone gained 700 to 800 valuable 
officers from the ranks of the refugees, whose skill at arms contributed largely to place the 
Protestant king, William III, upon the throne. 

"Your majesty may have heard that the three French regiments of infantry and one 
horse do better service than any other," was the report to the King of England by his 
brilliant major-general, the noble old Huguenot refugee Count Schoniberg, who was killed 
in English service, in his 76th year, at the Battle of the Boyne. 

In these trying times the Huguenot clergy were always ready witnesses for the faith 
that was in them. Carrying their lives in their hands for so many years, their religion was 
a living thing, and with torrents of earnest eloquence they were as prompt to expose the 
subtleties and abuses of Rome as they were to plead for the rights of conscience and 
religion. " Is this a man or an angel who is speaking to us?" said Abbadie of the eloquent 

Driven from France as manufacturers under penalty of the galleys, the fleeing Hugue- 
nots scattered everywhere, and with redoubled missionary ardor they proclaimed that relig- 
ion must be free and the conscience should be forever unchained. 

France, at the behest of Rome, had now driven out the Huguenots and impoverished 
herself, but in so doing, to the intense dismay of Rome, she had unwittingly reinforced 
Protestantism everywhere. The insult to civilization by this hollow mockery in the name 
of religion, committed by Rome upon these Huguenots, has since only succeeded in forcing 
upon disgusted Frenchmen a nominal Romanism, whle the expelled Huguenots largely aided 
in lighting up a brighter flame through all Protestant Christendom. 

I have, I fear, wearied you in thus imperfectly tracing the causes of St. Bartholomew's 
Day and the results which flowed from it as exhibited in this Huguenot movement from 
its inception until their final exodus. 

Why, it may be asked, does the Huguenot Society of America, at this late day and 
after the lapse of so many centuries, commemorate these revolting atrocities, by appointing 
the return of St. Bartholomew's Day for their summer meeting? Why not consign the 
agonizing horrors of this mournful period to eternal oblivion ? 

To answer these questions is to give a reason for the organization of this society. 
Its great object, concisely stated in the first clause of its constitution, is to "perpetuate the 
memory and to foster and promote the principles and virtues of the Huguenots." To quote 
again, " And surely the name and the memories left us by our Huguenot ancestors, the 
role which many of their descendants have played in the history of their country, the posi- 
tion to which many others have attained in literature, sciences, and the arts, are sufficiently 
bright and glorious to entitle them to be rescued from perishable family papers and other 
similar documents, in order to be inscribed upon the more enduring pages of history." 

The Spartans encouraged emulation by recounting the noble deeds of ancestors, but 
Spartan heroism never equalled this persistent Huguenot struggle for freedom of conscience 
for more than 150 years. In bringing to light the long-hidden part which these people 
have played in the great drama of human freedom, this and kindred Huguenot societies 
will show by their splendid examples how the continued growth of freedom can only be 
wrought by high resolves and sacrifices. 

It may not be said that, freedom of conscience having been established by the stern 
struggles of the fathers, the children have only to repose under its grateful shade. Freedom 
must continue to grow or the world will retrograde. Civilization reaches onward and 
upward, and each age must work up to a higher stand-point through conflict with ignorance, 
prejudice, and intolerance. 



Acting under the profound respect entertained by mankind for the unseen and spiritual, 
at an early day a Roman bishop ambitiously banded his followers to wield a mysterious 
religious tyranny throughout the world. So long as these priests and monks humbly ful- 
filled the spirit of their mission in ministering to the sick and wounded in body or mind, 
their ministery was tolerated, but when they grasped at the control of government and 
wielded the strength of dynasties to enchain men's thoughts in slavery to enhance their 
own pride and power and circumstance, then it was that the dignity of human nature began 
to rebel and Huguenots were found foremost in the battle. 

This papal organization, which so long terrorized the Huguenots and the world at 
large with so much intolerance, should warn us of the danger that may arise from the 
combination of unchecked organised corporations, whether religious or secular. The popes 
died, but the Romish organization lived from age to age, and for nearly 170 years persist- 
ently carried forward its purpose to destroy the freedom of conscience of Huguenots. It 
was only in 1787, a century after the Huguenot expulsion, that this powerful organization 
permitted an edict in France, that guaranteed to Protestants the unmolested practice of their 
trades and professions. 

The founders of this government denied a state religion and hereditary entailment as 
dangerous to freedom, but incorporated institutions have been legalized with powers of 
perpetuity and unlimited aggregations of wealth which may well excite the anxiety of the 
lovers of freedom. 

Other complicated problems are ushered in with our newer civilization, calling for 
the fullest exercise of justice and wisdom, but this is neither the time nor the place even 
so much as to name them. Whatever social questions are yet to be solved, may we as a 
nation follow the faithful example of these noble Huguenots in serving God and neighbor 
and being loyal to the State. 

With a spirit of tolerance mingled with equity, while guarding against every encroach- 
ment on freedom, may we still avail wisely of every institution and every effort that will 
elevate and ennoble humanity. So, ever moving onward and upward to a loftier plane, may 
this nation continue to be a beacon to guide to a higher pathway the oppressed and down- 
trodden of all the nations of the earth. 




St. Thomas Isl'd. 

Whereas it was verbally agreed by and between John Ball and William Waddrop, 
some time in December 1779, being then Merchants and Residents in the Dutch Island of 
St Eustatius, that a partnership should take place between them on the Eighth day of 
March 1780 — and whereas a new Set of Books were there opened for said co-partnership 
without assuming a general Address or Firm, and sundry Bargains, Adventures and Trans- 
actions in Trade entered into in the name of John Ball or of William Waddrop, but all 
entered in said Set of Books — 

And whereas, after the Capture of St. Eustatius by a British Force in February, 1781, 
the said John Ball and William Waddrop did remove from the Island of St. Eustatius to 
the Islands of St. Thomas and St. Croix and there became Subjects to his Danish Majesty, 
and Burghers, in which Islands they carried on Business as Merchants on their account only 
until the 31st day of December 1781 inclusive, which transactions are entered in two Sets 
of Books Kept for their St. Croix and their St. Thomas Concerns. — 

The present are therefore to confirm all Acts and Transactions for the said Partnership 
either in joint or separate names, and enter in said described Books Kept in said St. Eus- 
tatius, St. Croix and St. Thomas, and to declare and make known that John Ball was two- 
thirds interested and William Waddrop the other one-third interest in all such Business 
and that upon closing all accounts John Ball or his Heirs will be entitled to receive two- 
thirds part of the Profit, and William Waddrop the remaining one-third part of the Profits, 
or in case of Loss, to be paid by the Partners in the same proportion. 

Given under our Hands and Seals in St. Thomas this iSth day of April 1783. 
Sealed and Delivered in presence of John Ball, 

John Waddrop, Will Waddrop. 

P. Pieterson DB. 

Articles of Partnership & Agreement Entered into at St. Thomas the Eighteenth 
Day of July 1782, by and between John Ball, Daniel Jennings & William Wad- 
drop all Merchants, Danish Burghers & Residents of the said Island of St. Thomas. 

1st Article. Whereas it was verbally agreed by and between the said John Ball,, Daniel 
Jennings and William Waddrop some time in December last, that a partnership should take 
place between them on the ist day of January last. And whereas the said Partnership did 
actually take place accordingly under the Address and Firme of Ball, Jennings & Waddrop; 
The present are therefore to confirm all Acts and Transactions of the said partnership, 
from its Commencement on the said First day of January last, untill the present time, as 
well as to point out the Terms under which it is to continue, which are as follows : 


2nd Article. The partnership shall continue in its present Form without addition or 
alteration for the space of two years from its commencement, that is from the First day of 
January 1782 untill the First day of January 1784, unless in the meantime, and when all the 
parties are personally present on this Island, they shall mutually agree to make any altera- 
tions or to discontinue the same altogether; But if no new Agreement, Alteration, or Addi- 
tion shall take place, the present Concern of Ball, Jennings & Waddrop is hereby declared 
and agreed to continue untill the First day of January 1784, at which time all accounts are 
to be closed and the said John Ball or his Heirs will be entitled to receive three-eighths 
part of the Profit and the said Daniel Jennings or his Heirs other three-eighths parts of the 
Profits, and the said William Waddrop or his Heirs the other two-eighths parts of the 
Profits made by this Concern, or in case of Loss, it is to be paid by the said Partners or their 
Heirs in the same proportions. 

3rd Article. The said parties do jointly and severally agree, that they and each of them 
will continue to employ the stock or funds they are possessed of as well as as much of their 
time & Attention to the Business of the Concern, as their respective Healths and attention 
to former Concerns will admit of; and that all Bargains, Adventures, and Transactions in 
Trade that already have or hereafter shall be entered into by either or any of the said 
parties from the said First day of January last untill the said First day of January 1784 (in- 
cluding a term of two years) shall be for the Account, Risk, and Benefit of the Concern. 

4th Article. And to the Ends, that, in the Events of Deaths of either partner in this 
Concern, within the Term as above limited for its Continuance no Unnecessary Difficulty 
may occur to the Survivor or Survivors, it is hereby agreed by and between the parties, that 
the surviving partner or partners, shall continue to prosecute the Business under the present 
Firme of Ball, Jennings & Waddrop and for the Risk, & Benefits of the Heirs of the 
Deceased partner or partners, untill the said first day of January 1784 — when the present 
Concern is to end and all Effects belonging thereto in the Island of St. Thomas, whether 
real or personal, shall be sold or divided between the parties or their Heirs. But it is hereby 
expressly declared to be the true Intent and meaning of the parties, that no kind of Inter- 
ruption shall be given to the surviving partner or partners, in case of the Death of any or 
either, neither by the Heir or Heirs of the Deceased, nor by the Dealing Court of this 
Island, or by any Dealing Master or other person whatsoever, but that the Business of the 
Concern shall be carried on by any one or more surviving partner or partners, for the 
Account, Risk & Benefit of all the partners or their Heirs in the proportions already sett 
forth, untill the said First day of January 1784. But to the End, that as little Inconvenience, 
as may be, shall arise to the Heirs of any or either of the parties who may happen to die 
v/ithin the Term so fixed for the Continuance of the present partnership, it is hereby agreed 
that the Surviving partner or Partners continuing the Business, shall from time to time fur- 
nish such Sum or Sums of Money to the Heirs or Executors of the Deceased partner or 
partners, as he or they so dying by their Wills order and direct, or as the particular situation 
of his or their Heirs may require, provided always that Sum or Sum of Money so ordered 
to be paid cannot exceed Five Hundred Pounds Sterling per annum, and provided also that 
it shall appear so much money would be due to the Heirs of the Deceased if the Accounts 
of the partnership were finally settled and closed. 

In Witness Whereof the said partners, John Ball, Daniel Jennings and William Wad- 
drop have interchangeably put their Hands and Seals to three parts or Copies of these four 
Articles, contained on this and the preceeding two pages at St. Thomas aforesaid the Day 
and Year herein first written. 

Sealed and Delivered in presence of 
David Plunkett, John Ball, 

John Woddrop, Daniel Jennings. 

P. PiETERSON D.B. Will Woddrop. 



Hon. Robert Elliston was born in 1680 in Middlesex, England. Coming to the New 
World, he was in 1742 appointed to the official position which he held in New York City 
in connection with His Majesty's Customs. He was a vestryman in old Trinity Church 
at various periods between 1713 and 1755, covering an aggregate period of 32 years. The 
Minutes of the Vestry of Trinity Corporation show that on August 7, 1732, a resolution was 
passed that "The Church Wardens do approve with Mr. Elliston for the ground on 
which he has made a vault for such reasonable sum as they shall think fit it being but five 
feet wide." 

On October i, 1740, a further resolution was passed by the Vestry, ordering, " That 
Mr. Robert Elliston have a grant for the front pew in the South Gallery formerly intended 
for the Captains of the men of war in consideration that Mr. Elliston does surrender unto 
the Church the half of the pew he now possesses in the said gallery; it is ordered to lease 
the said front pew for thirty pounds and to have possession of said pew on the first of May 
next." This was one-half of pew Number 7, for which he paid " Ten pounds at the de- 
livery of his patent." The other half was owned on July 7, 1718, by Mr. Sounaine. 

Dr. Berrian's " History of Old Trinity Church " tells us that the Hon. Robert 
Elliston was a generous contributor to everything in connection with the mother-parish. 
A large silver basin for the reception of the offering at Communion was presented by him 
to the Corporation, and is still preserved in the vaults of the church. On its reverse, is 
beautifully engraved his arms and crest, with the inscription " Haec Amula seu lanx huic 
Ecclesiae confertur." An altar-piece prepared according to his ideas and for which he sub- 
scribed £20, was used at church services during many years. When, in 171 1, it was de- 
termined to erect a steeple to the original church, he subscribed liberally to the fund for 
that purpose, and in 1736, when it was determined to enlarge the church, he again came 
forward with a generous contribution. The Minutes of the Vestry give a long list of 
religious books which he imported from London and presented in 1738 and 1741 to " Holy 
Trinity Church Library." Some of these books are now on the shelves of the library of 
The General Theological Seminary of New York City, and some are owned by the New 
York Society Library, while there are others in the library of the church at Hempstead, 
Long Island. Mr. Elliston himself was an author, and a book stands on the shelves of the 
library of The General Theological Seminary, entitled " Cognitiones Christianismi, or 
Religious Instructions." London, 1742, compiled by Robert Elliston, who has signed the 
" Address Dedicatory." Most of these books contained the book-plate of the Hon. Robert 
Elliston, of which there seems to have been two designs. 

'This sketch furnishes fuller mention than is given in the text (pages 2i, 22) of 
Hon. Robert Elliston, father of Frances, wife of Dr. John Dupuy, Jr. 


Adams, President John, 63, 

Bartram, Anna, 79, 81 

Boss, Peter, 100 


John, 81 

Bouillon, Godefrey de, i 

John, loi 

Moses, 81 

Bowerman, Ann, 85 

Adriaensen, Maryn, 112 

Bassett, Hon. Richard, 63 

BrackbiU, Ehzabeth, 125 

AUard, Guy, 6 

Bassler, John, 124 

Bradford, Wilham, 83, 98, 100 

Allen, Capt., 136 

Bates, John, 131 

Bray, Dr., 118 

Francis, 119 

Baumberger, Christian, 122 

Breesteede, Andreas, 17 

Martha, 42 

Bayard, Balthazer, in, 115, 

Johannes, 17 

Allerton, Isaac, 108 


Brines, Samuel, 18 

Alricks, Peter, 94 

Hon. James A., 63 

Britton, Mary, 87 

Anderson, Larz, 137 

Samuel, 115 

Brooke, Ann, 91 

Mrs., 139 

Baynton, John, 27 

Ann (dau. James), 88 

Andros, Sir Edmund, 29, 92, 

Beale, Florence, 56 

Anna (dau. Matthew), 


Svirgeon-Gen., 56 


Angus, James, 56 

Beasley, Mercer, 130 

Barnabas, 88 

Mrs. Mary, 56 

Beekman, Capt. Gerard, 18 

Benjamin, 88 

Mary Isabella, 56 

WilUam, 95 

Charlotte, 90 

Anthony, Allard, no 

Bell, W. Dwight, 80 

Ehzabeth, 88 

Apsden, Matthias, 27 

Belville, Dr., 135 

George, 87, 89 

Arientsen, Job, 107 

Benezet, Daniel, 27 

Hannah, 88 

Armstrong, Dr., 134 

Bentley, John, 85 

James, 88 

Asbury, Bishop, 65 

Berrell, Mary, 90 

James, Jr., 88 

Atkinson, WilUam, 131 

Berrian, Rev. William, 12 

Capt. John, 90 

Attwood, William, 27 

Betts, Symmes, 129 

Maj.-Gen. John Rutter, 

Axon, William, 33 

Bevan, Ehzabeth, 104 


John, 104 

Jonathan, 88 

Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 

Biddle, Col. Clement, 26 

Matthew, 89 


Bickley, Abram, 104 

Mary, 88 

Baer, Henry, 125 

Bicknell, Hon. George, 82 

Owen, 88 

Baird, Matthew, 49 

Martha, 82 

Rachel, 88, 89 

Ball, Ehzabeth, 72 

Blackshaw, Alice, 132 

Ruth, 88 

John, 71, 72, 153, 154 

Randal, 132 

Samuel, 88 

John Jr., 72, 73 

Blackwell, Gov. John, 98, 100 

Thomas, 89 

Joseph, 72, 73, 74, 75. 78 

Block, Hans, 94 

Brooks, Rev. PhiUips, 56 

Mary, 75 

Bobin, Isaac, 13 

Brubaker, John, 122 

Samuel, 72 

Bogardus, Rev. Everardus, 

Magdalena, 125 

WiUiam, 27, 72 


Buchanan, George, 87 

Balthazer, Charles, 78 

Bogart, Joseph, 131 

Budd, Ehzabeth, 81 

Bankson, Andrew, 93 

Bond, Jacob, 15 

Thomas, 100 

Barnes, Isaac, 130 

Bookcumb, Mary, 37 

Burgess, Mrs. Eleanor, 132 

Thomas, 131 

Boone, Daniel, 71 

Sarah, 131, 132 

Barr, Mr., 75 

George, 71 

Samuel, 132 


Burnet, George, 17 

CoUin, Rev. Nicholas, 43 

Denwood, Levin, 120 

John, 14, IS 

Colwell, Charles, 80 

Mary, 120 

Rachel, 90 

Edward, 80 

Derbyshire, Alexander, 129 

WiUiam, 15 

S. Richards, 80 

Dervall, John, 113 

Bysen, Magdalen Jacobse, 

Stephen, 80 

Deulinger, Ehzabeth, 125 


Connelly, Rev. Pierce, 43 

De Varies, Pieter Rudolphus, 

Constable, Anna, 83 


Campbell, Walter, 118 

Howard, 83 

DeVerdon, Ellen, 85 

Dr. WilUam J., 78 

James, 83 

Dewees, Cornelius, 71 

Canby, Mary, S3 

Stevenson, 83 

Diaz - Herrera, Rosalie Ger- 

Carle, Rev. Jean, 22, 23 

Constantine, Daniel, 117 

trudis Maria, 56 

Carnegie, Andrew, 59 

Cook, Arthur, 99, 100 

Diggins, WiUiam, 9 

Carpenter, Joshua, 102 

Cooper, Rev. Thomas, 64 

Dircksen, Comehs, 112, 116, 

Samuel, 98, 100 

Comehssen, Dirck, no, 112, 


Carr, Anthony, 18 


Dix, G€n. John A., 20 

Hannah, 18 

Courtney, Enoch, 42 

Rev. Dr. Morgan, 20 

Capt. John, 92, 94, 96 

Cox, Eleanor, 19, 28, 29, 30, 

Doan, Henry, 87 

Cartledge, Edmond, 104 

32. 95 

Dougherty, Daniel, 56 

Casselberry, Barbara Ann, 91 

Col. John, 73, 78 

Frank S., 56 

Paul, 91 

Margaret, 29 

Dow, Abbott Low, 58 

Chain, John, 91 

Peter, 28, 29, 95 

Downey, Hannah, 129 

Chancellor, Dr. William, 27 

Rebecca, 29 

Thomas, 129 

Chappell, John, 37, 38 

Will, II 

Duch6, Jacob, 27 

Mary, 37. 38 

William, 15, III 

Duffield, Mrs. Martha, 37 

Chardavoine or Chardavine, 

Creiger, Martin, 114 

Dungleson, William L., 80 

Anne, 18, 19 

Crew, Benjamin J., 81 

DunkUn, Anna, 76 

Elias, 18 

Cromilin, Charles, 16 

Oliver, 76 

Elie, 18 

Cuyler, Capt. Henry, 18 

DuPuy, Alexandre, 6 

Isaac, 18 

Mrs. Anne, 10, 11, 14, 17 

Jeremie, 18 

D'Aix, Albert, i 

Anne Sophia, 26 

Pierre, 18 

Dalbo, Lawrence, 92 

Annie, 44 

Susanna, 14 

Margaret, 28, 29 

Archibald, 55 

Church, Maj. Thomas, 54 

Peter, 29, 92, 95 

Bernard, 3 

Clark, George, 13 

Dallas, George Mifflin, 82 

CaroUne Lane, 55 

Clarkson, Rev. Joseph, 43 

Daller, Rev. Mr., 23 

Charles, 4, 6 

Clay, Charles H., 91 

Damen, Jan Jansen, 112 

Charles (Dr.), 55 

Rev. Jehu Curtis, 52 

John, 15 

Charles Meredith (s. 

Rev. Slator, 43 

Darwin, Sir George Howard, 

John), 10, 42, 44, S3. 

Clinton, Gov. George, 33 


68, 141 

Coats, Eleanor, 36 

David, Anne, 20 

Rev. Charles Meredith. 

Mary, 36 

Deborah, 20 

30, 36, 38, 40, 43 

Sarah, 42 

John, 16 

Charles Meredith, (s. 

Susanna, 36 

John (s. Peter), 20 

Charles M. & EUen 

WiUiam, 32, 36 

John (gd. s. Peter), 16 

M.), 55 

Cobb, Samuel, 136, 140 

Peter, 14, 16, 19, 20, 26 

Christophe, 3 

Cock (Cox), Capt. Lawrence, 

Susan, 20 

Clara Augusta, 36, 42, 56 


Susanna, 18 

Claude, 3 

Otto Ernest, 94 

Davis, Anna, 88 

Daniel, 14, 17, 26, 30, 

Peter, Jr., 95, 96 

Enoch, 90 

32. 34, 95 

Peter, Sr., 92, 93, 94, 95 

Margaret, 90 

Daniel, Sr., 19, 28 

Coleman, William, 27 

Mary, 86, 88 

Daniel, Jr., 19, 27, 31, 

Collier, Capt. John. 96 

William, 88 

34, 36, 39 


Dupuy, Eleanor, i6, SS 
Eleanor Gertrude, 55 
Elizabeth, 44 
Elizateth Haskins, 42, 

Ella, 44 

Emma Louise, 42, 55 
Francis, 14, 19, 32, 33, 

Gertrude Ellen, 42, 57, 68 
Herbert, 38, 58, S5, 126 
Hester, 16, 18, 19 
Capt. Horatio Alfred, 42. 

Hughes, I, 2, 5, 8 
Isabel, 19 
Jacques, 3 
Jane, 14, 30, 32 
Jane (d. Daniel), 36 
Jean, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9 
Jean Alleman, 5, 8 
Jean Cochan, 3 
Jeanne, 19, 20, 26 
Jeannie, 16 
Dr. John, Sr., 8, 9, 10, 

II, 12, 13, IS, 16, 17, 

18, 19, 141 
Dr. John, Jr., 14, 16, 17, 

20, 21, 25, 26 
John (s. Daniel), 31, 32, 

33. 34. 35. 36 
John (s. Daniel, Jr.), 39. 

42, 62, 65 
John Daniel, 42 
Louis, 3 

Martha Haskins, 55 
Mary, 39, 40, 55 
Mary Haskins, 42 
Mary (dau. of Horatio 

A.), 55 
Paul, 19 
Pierre, 3 

Raymond, i, 2, 3, 5 
Raymond (s. Thomas 

H.). 44 
Thomas, 19 

Thomas Haskins, 42, 43 
Wilder, 55 
Duyckinck, Gerardus, 18 
Dylander, Rev. John, 28 

Eckley, John, 100 

Edmunds, Samuel, 18, 26 
Ellis, Clive, 44 

Frank, 44 
Ellison, Elizabeth M., 81, 84 

John B., 84 
Elliston, Frances, 22, 26 

Robert, 16, 21, 22, 24 
Elwell, Rev. Henry, 53 
Emlen, George, 27 
Ennalls, Bartholomew, 62 

Maj. Henry, 62, 63 

Col. John, 63 

Maj. Joseph, 63 

Col. Thomas, 62, 63, 118, 
Erb, Maria, 123 
Eustace, Thomas, 44 
Evans, Adna, 87 

Amos, 87 

Ann, go 

Ann (d. Owen), 88, 91 

Ann (d. WilUam Jr.), 87 

Benjamin, 89, 90 

Benjamin (s. Enoch), 89 

Benjamin (s. Owen), 91 

Catharine, 85, 87 

Daniel, 87 

David, 86, 87, 89, 90 

David (s. Thomas), 91 

Deborah, 85 

Edward, 91 

Eleanor, 53, 54, 91 

Eleazer, 89 

Eli, 87 

Ehhu, 87 

Elizabeth, 86 

Elizabeth (d. George), 89 

Elizabeth (d. James), 90 

Elizabeth (d. John), 85 

Elizabeth (d. Samuel), go 

Ehzabeth (d. Thomas), 

Enoch, 89 

Frank Brooke, 90 

Frederick, 8g 

George, 85 

George (s. George), 8g 

George (s. William), 8g 

George (s. William, Jr.), 

86, 87 
George (s. William, Sr.), 

Evans, George, Jr., 85 

George (Lord Carbery), 

Gwenifred, 89 
Hannah, 90, 91 
Ithamer, 87, 89 
James (s. George), 88 
James (s. Owen), 90 
James (s. Thomas), 88, 

James, Jr., 90 
Jane, 89 
Jesse, 87 
John, 85 

John (s. George), 85 
John (s. John), 85 
John (s. Col. John), 86 
John (s. William, Jr.), '8 7 
Dr. John, go 
Jonathan, 87 
Joseph, 90 
Josiah, go 
Gen. Louis, 89 
Margaret, 87 
Maria, 91 
Mark, 90 
Mary, 87 

Mary (d. George), 89 
Mary (d. Mordecai), 87 
Mary (d. Owen), 88 
Mary (d. Thomas), 91 
Mary (d. WiUiam, Jr.), 

Mary Dorrance, 84 
Matthew, 89 
Montgomery, 89 
Mordecai, 87, 89 
Mordecai, Jr., 87 
Naomi, 87 
Owen, 54, S5. 86, 87,88, 

Owen (s. David), 89 
Owen (s. Thomas), 90, 

Owen (s. William), 87 
Owen Brooke, 90 
Phebe, 87 
Rachel, 87, 91 
Rees, 89 
Richard, 90 
Robert, 85 
Ruth, 87 


Evans, Samuel, 90 

Graham, Howard Spencer. 56 

Hicks, Thomas, 118 

Samuel, Jr., 90 

John, 56 

Hillegas, Michael, 27, 35 

Samuel (s. Thomas), 91 

May, 56 

HiUis, Ann, 87 

Sarah, 87, 89 

Peter, 55, 56 

David, 87 

Sidonia, 89 

Thomas, 42, 55, 56 

Hugh, 87 

Simeon, 86, 87 

Thomas Haskins, 56 

Mary, 87 

Thomas, S5. 87, 89 

Grant, President U. S., 57 

William, 87 

Thomas (s. Owen), 90 

Gray, William, 35 

Hiltzimer, Jacob, 3s, 74 

William (s. David), 89 

Greaves, Miss, 44 

Hindman, Rev. James, i 


William (s. George), 86, 

Greider, Michael, 122 

Hirst, Dr. Barton Cooke 



Growden, Joseph, 99, 102 

Hix, William, 87 

William (s. Col. John), 

Grubb, Curtis, 77 

Hockley, Abigail, 76 


Peter, 77 

Holden, Benjamin, 131 

William (s. Owen), 88 

Hoofstetler, John, 12s 

William (s. William), 86 

Hackett, Col. WiUiam Knox, 

Hooper, Maj. Henry, 63 

William L., 91 


Joshua, 103 

Eyre, John, 85 

Haydock, Robert, 86 

Mary, 63 

Mary, 85 

Hayward, Frances, 63 

Hoover, Anna, 12s 

Hale, John Parker, 57 

Jacob, 125 

Fabritius, Rev. John, 28 

Hall, Amy, 44 

Hostetter, Abraham, 123 

Falhouse, Mr., 45 

Walter, 117 

Abraham, Jr., 123 

Fernandez, Isaac, 9 

Halsted, B., 45 

Abram, 123 

Moses, 9 

Hamilton, Mr., 75 

Ambrosius, 121 

Fleming, William, 80 

Henry M., 49 

Amy Susette, sS. 61, 


Fletcher, Keddy, SS 

James, 88 

Anna, 122 

Fogg, Margaret, 139 

Hammer, Elizabeth, 88 

Anna (d. Abraham), 


Fontayne, Emma, 139 

Harbeson, Katherine, 135 

Anna (d. Jacob), 123 

Fox, Ann Maria, 90 

Hardenbrook, Margaretta, 

Mrs. Anna, 122 

Henry, 76 


Barbara, 122, 123, i 


James, loi, 102 

Hamish, Anna, 125 

Catherine, 123, 124 

Francis, Col. Tench, 34 

Harry, David, 70 

Christian, 123 

Franklin, Benjamin, 27, 37, 

Harvey, Rev. Mr., 105 

Christopher, 121 

6s, 66. 138 

Haseltine, W. G., 45 

David, I2S. 126, 129 

Frazer, Robert, 75 

Haskins, Govert Loocker- 

David Herbert, 123, 


Frick, Henry C. 60 

mann, 65 

Elizabeth, 122 

Susanna, 90 

Capt. Joseph, 62 

Elizabeth (d. Jacob). 

Funk, Barbara, 123 

Martha, 64, 65, 66 


Henry, 123 

Mary Richard, 39, 40, 

Elizabeth(d. Dr. Jacob), 

Martha, 123 

44. 62, 6s 


Sarah Ennalls, 6s, 79. 81 

Frederick, 121 

Gallaudet, Jean, 1 1 

Rev. Thomas, 40, 62, 63, 

George, 121 

Dr. Peter Elise, 1 1 

64, 6s, 79, 81 

Harry Hutchinson, 


Galloway, Joseph, 27 

Hastings, James, 71 

Henry, 122 

Garrett, Hannah, 90 

Hav, Sir John, 9 

Henry (s. Abraham), 


James, 89 

Dr. William, 9 

Henry F., 124 

Gerdes, Miriam, 126 

Heighley, Rev. Anthony, 132 

Herman, 123 

Girard, Stephen, 74 

Helm, Helen, 28, 95 

Jacob, 122 

Goldsborough, Dr. Griffin, 53 

Capt. Israel, 28, 94, 9s, 

Jacob (s. Abraham), 


Grace, Robert, 37, 64, 66, 67 


Jacob (s. Jacob), 122 

Graham, Edith, 56 

Herr, Christian, 123 

Jacob, (s. Jacob 


Elizabeth Haskins, 56 

Hershey, Andrew, 12s 

Barbara), 121 

Gertrude Ellen, 56 

Christian, 122 

Jacob, (S.Sebastian), 



Hostetter, Jacob, (s. Ulrich 

Jacqueri, Daniel, 26 

Kreider, Jacob, 125 

II), 121 

Jans, Anneke, 112 

John, 123 

Dr. Jacob, 124, 125 

Ariaente, 107 

Martin, 124 

Johann Christostomus, 

Hester, 113 


Marritje, no, 113 

Lamb, Col., 130 

John (s. Abraham), 

Jansen, Elsie, 1 1 1 

Lamand,Constantia Maria 



Marritje, 117 

Landis, Abraham, 124 

John (s. Jacob), 123 

Roeleff, 112 

Ann, 124 

Magdalene, 124 

Tymen, no, in 

Anne, 125 

Margaret, 123 

Janvier, Thos. A., 113 

Barbara, 124, 123 

Maria, 124 

Jebb, Sir Richard Claver- 

Rev. Benjamin, 124 

Mary Ann, 125 

house, S3 

Benjamin, Jr., 124 

Sebastian, 121 

Jenkins, Howard, 86 

Benjamin, 3d, 124 

Susanna, 124 

Thomas, 131 

Benjamin, 4th, 124, 


Theodore Rickey, 126 

Jennings, Daniel, 72, 153, 154 

Benjamin, 5th, 125 

Ulrich, 121 

Jenny, Rev. Robert, 18 

Catharine, 125 

Ulrich, II, 121 

Jeter, Thomas, 80 

David H., 125 

Ulrich, III, 121 

Jochemsen, Andries, no 

Elizabeth, 124, 125 

Ulrich, IV, 121 

Johnson, John, 1 1 

Eskier, 125 

Walther, 121 

Jones, Dr. Elias, nS 

Felix, 124 

Wilfred Parker, 126 

Griffith, 102 

Henry, 124, 125 

Hough, Mary, 131 

Harriet, 91 

Henry, Jr., 124 

House, Sarah Ann, 90 

John, 103 

Jacob, 124, 125 

Hoven, Ruth, 89 

Robert, 102 

John, 124, i2<; 

Howard, Sheffield, 14 

Justice, Mouns, 69 

JohnH., 125 

Huddell, Hannah, 39, 43 

Mary, 124 

Hudson, Henry, 104 

Kauffman, John, 125 

Susanna, 125 

William, 104 

Kasson, Hon. John A., 57 

Lane, Abigail, 88 

Hutchinson, Hannah, 132 

Keirl, Ann, 129 

Ann, 88 

Dr. James, 132 

Thomas, 129 

Anna, 88 

John, 129, 131, 132 

Keith, George, 100, 105 

David, 88 

John, Jr., 132 

Sir William, 66 

Edward, 55, 88, 104, los, 

Joseph, 131, 132 

Kendall, Elizabeth, 86, 89 


Rev. Joseph, 132, 133, 

John, 89 

Eleanor, 54, 55, 90, 



Mrs. Mary, 89 

Eleanor (d. Edward) 


Mahlon, 132 

Ketin, Helena, n7, n8, 120 

Hannah, 88 

Mary, 129, 130, 131, 132, 

Kettlewell, Ann, 53 

Jane, 88 


Kidd, Capt. William, 16, ni 

Mary, 88 

Mercy, 132 

Kieft, Gov. William, 107, 

Samuel, 88, 105 

Michael, 131, 132 


William, 55, 88, 106 

Nathaniel, 132 

Kiersted, Hans, in 

William (s. Edward), 


Phebe, 132 

Kimber, Deborah, M., 81 

Winifred, 88 

Priscilla, 132 

Kirkbride, John, 131 

Latimer, Thomas, 20 

Randal, 120, 129, 131, 

Joseph, 132 

Lattuch, Jeremiah, 14 

132. 134 

Mahlon, 27, 131 

Laurens, Col. Henry, 34 

Samuel, 131, 132 

Mahlon, Jr., 129 

Lawrence, James Ricketts 


Sarah, 131 

Phebe, 132 

Thomas, 88 

Thomas, 131, 132 

Sarah, 131 

Leach, Frank Willing, 131 

Knight, Edward C, 49 

J. Granville, 74 

Innes, J. H., 112 

Koons, Abraham, 90 

Lechty, Magdalena, 123 

Irving, Washington, 109 

Kreider, Christian, 125 

Leendertsen, Comelis, i 


Ives, Rev. Levi, 137 

Elizabeth, 125 



Leendertsen, Dirck, no 

McArthur, James, 36 

Morris, Robert, 34, 35 

. 73 

Le Guen, Louis, 80 

McAuley, James, 137, 139 

Samuel, 27 

Mary Louisa, 80 

Mary, 140 

Moschel, John, 19 

Leisler, Elsie, 116, 117 

Peter, 139 

Muhlenberg, Rev. Henry Mel- 

Jacob, 112, 116, 117 

Rosetta, 140 

chior, 88 

Lennox, David, 74 

Susanna, 126, 135, 137, 

Myers, Myer, 16 

Leopold, King, H, 57 

138, 139, 140 

Levy, Isaac, 10 

McComb, John, 100 

Newbold, Walter, 81 

Lewis, Emily, 139 

McDonald, Henry, 44 

Newman, Ann, 123 

Henry, 49 

Mcintosh, Maj. Lachlan, 82 

Nichols, Capt, 17 

Sidney, 139 

McLean, John, 80 

Gen. Francis, 80 

William, 72 

Rebecca, 80 

Harriet, 80 

Lippincott, Joshua, 83 

McPherson, Capt. John, 26 

Nicholls, Richard, 14 


Sarah, 82 

McPhillips. George, 57 

Nicolls, Gov. Richard 


Sarah Ann, 79, 83 

Lewis Griffith, 57 

Nixon, John, 27 

Litscho, Daniel, no 

Mackland, John, 12 

Samuel, 87 

Livingston, Robert R., 18 

Mahon, Mrs. Martha, 82 

Norris, Isaac, 102 

Lloyd, David, 98, 102 

Many, Francis, 29 

North, Ann, 90 

Thomas, 100 

Martin, Burling, 80 

Col. Caleb, 89 

Lockmore, Isabel Dominick, 

Anna Maria, 79, 80 

EHzabeth, 89 


Matson, Mrs. Catherine, 28 

Roger, 89 

Logan, James, 102, 103, 105 

Margaret, 28 

Nutt, Ann, 81 

William, 27 

Peter, 29, 95 

Anna, 64 

Long, Catharine, 123 

May, Capt. George, 75 

Samuel, 76, 77 

Longworth, Nicholas, 137 

Mrs. Margaret, 75 

Loockermans, Annetje, 113 

Sarah, 72, 75 

Olden, Amy, 133 

Govert, 63-107 

Mayo, Harriet, 83 

Joseph, 133 

Govert (s. Dr. Jacob), 

Meredith, Anne, 39 

Osborne, Richard B., 


119, 120 

Charles, 27,32,37,38, 39 

William H., 48 

Isabel Dominick, 44 

Elizabeth, 39 

Oxenborow, Chariotte 

, 54 

Dr. Jacob, 63, no, 115, 

Hannah, 39 

Edward, 54 

116, 117, 118 

Jane, 37 

Col. Jacob, 119 

John C, 87 

Palmer, Anne, 131 

Jannetje, in 

Mary, 32, 37, 39 

Capt., 88 

John, 119 

Capt. Owen, 37 

Elizabeth, 131 

John (s. Thomas), 120 

Gen. Samuel, 37 

Flaven, 131 

Marritje, in, ns 

Mifflin, Benjamin, 27 

John, 131 

Mary, 62, 119 

Milbum, Jacob, 116 

John, Jr., 131 

Nicholas, ng 

Milhouse, Dinah, 87 

Johnathan, 131 

Thomas, 119, 120 

Miller, David, 125 

Park, William G., 61 

Lord, Russell F., 45 

Edward, 44 

Parker, Joseph, 13S 

Lovett, Edmond, 132 

Elizabeth, 39 

May EHzabeth, i 


Phebe, 131 

Mary, 76 

Randal Rickey, 


Samuel, 131 

Milnor, John, 129 

Pastorius, Francis 


Lowdon, Mrs. Constance, 

Joseph, 129 



Mombrute, Elias, 14 

Patrick, John, 76, 77 

Mrs. Grace, 37 

de Montbrim, Marquis, 5, 6 

Mary, 64, 71. 76 


Hugh, 37, 6s 

Montgomery, Gen. Richard, 

Samuel, 77 


Payne, Benjamin, 24 

McAllister, Mary, 53 

Morgan, Jacob, 80 

Peale, Chas. Wilson, 


McAnna, Bridget, 137, 139 

John, 80 

James, 75 

Susan, 140 

Morris, Anthony, 100, loi, 102 

Rembrandt, 65 


Peller, James, 37, 38 

Hannah, 37 
Penn, Richard, 123 

Thomas, 123 

William, 29, 97, 105, 122 
Peimypacker, Henry, 88 

Samuel, W., 104 
Perot, EUiston, 24 

John, 24 
Peters, Rev. Dr. Richard, 18 
Pettit, Charles, 78 
Philipse, Frederick, 113 
Phillips, Henry, 58 
Physick, Dr., 132 
Pieterson, P., 153, 154 
Planck, Abram, 112 
Plunkett, David, 154 
Podio, Raphael de, i, 8 
Porter, John A., 126 
Potts, Jeanette, 54 

Martha, 64, 65, 81 

Thomas, 64 
Poulson, Zachariah, 137 
Pratt, Mr., 12 
Proud, Robert, 86 
Provoost, David, 116 
Provost, Amaranthy, 15 
Pugh, James, 87 

Job, 88 

Jonathan, 87 
Mary, 87 
Rebecca, 87 

Quarry, Robert, loi 
Quigley, Isaac, 133 

Mary, 133 
Quillard, Charles, 51 

Rahl, Col., 130 
Rambo, Andreas, 92 

Catharine, 28, 92, 95 

Gertrude, 92, 

Gunner, 92 

John, 92 

Peter, 28, 92, 93, 94, 95, 

Peter, Jr., 93 
Rawle, Francis, 27, 102 
Raymond, Pierce, 135 

Sarah, 135 
Read, Charles, 78 
Reade, Laurence, 15 

Reed, Henry Van, 76 

Thomas Buchanan, 139 
William Eben, 55 
Rees, Elizabeth, 88 
Hannah, 8g, 90 
Sarah, 89 
Thomas, 90 
Riegel, Jacob, 49 
Reist, Barbara, 123 
Renaud, Marie, 18 
Resh, Magdalena, 123 
Reynhoutser, Reynhout, no 
Reynolds, Ann, 53 
Caroline Lane, 53 
Charlotte, 53 
Edward, 53 

Ellen M., 42, 52, 53, 55 
Grace, 33 
John, 53 

Rev. John, 53, 54, 91 
Rev. John, Jr., 52, 53 
Lloyd, S3 
Mary, 53 

Samuel Mortimer, 53 
Richards, Abigail, 79 
Adaline Mayo, 83 
Anna Bartram, 8r 
Anna Maria, 79, 82 
Augustus Henry, 80, 83 
Benjamin Wood, 79, 82 
Benjamin Wood, Jr., 83 
Charles, 79 
Charles Everett, 83 
Charles Henry, 79 
Edward Carrington, 83 
Eleanor, 75 
Elizabeth, 41, 65 
Ehzabeth (dau. James), 

Elizabeth (dau. Jesse), 

Ehzabeth (dau. Owen), 

Elizabeth (dau. Samuel) 

Ehzabeth (dau. Wil- 
liam), 70, 79 
Elizabeth Bartram, 81 
Frederick, 76 
George W., 79, 80 
Gwenlyon, 69 
Hannah, 76 

Richards, Henry, 19, 80 
Howard, 83 
Howard, Jr., 83 
James, 69 

James (s. James), 76 
James (s. Owen), 70 
James (s. William), 71, 

75. 76 
Jane, 75 

Jesse, 65, 78, 79, 81 
Jesse (s. Samuel P.), 82 
Jesse, Jr., 82 
John, 69 

John, (s. James), 76 
John (s. Owen), 70, 75 
John (s. William), 79 
John M., 81 
Joseph, 69 
Joseph Ball, 79, 80 
L. Harry, 77, 78 
Louisa Leamy, 83 
Margaret, 71 
Maria, 80 
Mary, 81 

Mary (dau. James), 76 
Mary (dau. Owen), 75 
Mary (dau. Samuel), 84 
Mary (dau. Thomas), 80 
Mary (dau. William), 71, 

Mary Lippincott, 83 
Mary Wood, 80 
Nathaniel, 69 
Owen, 6g, 70 
Owen (s. James), 76 
Owen (s. William), 71, 

Philip, 69 

Rachel Bartram, 81 
Rebecca, 79, 80 
Rebecca Say, 81 
Richard, 69 
Rowland, 69, 71 
Ruth, 71, 75 
Samuel, 74, 79 
Samuel (s. Thomas), 8r, 

Samuel (s. WiUiam), 80 
Samuel Bartram, 77, 84 
Samuel Patrick, 82 
Sarah, 71, 73, 76, 82 
Sarah Ball, 80 


Richards, Sarah Lippincott, 

Rickey, Samuel W., 139 

Scott, Lieut. J. Hutchinson, 


Sarah, 129 


Selina Margaretta, 83 

Thomas, 129, 131 

Sir Lowry, 123 

Solomon, 69 

Rising, Gov. John, 92 

Segleken, Emma Catharine, 

Susan, 80 

Ritz, Laura, 80 


Thomas, 69, 79 

Roberdeau, Daniel, 27 

Wilhelm, 57 

Thomas (s. Thomas), 81 

Roberts, Alfred Reginald, 

Sevier, Elizabeth, 81 

Thomas Haskins, 82 


James, 81 

Thomas J., 84 

Anna, 139 

John, 79, 81 

William, 40, 64, 71, 73 

Edith, 139 

Samuel, 8i 

William (s. James), 76 

Elizabeth, 139 

Thomas, R., 81 

William (s. Owen), 69, 

George Brooke, 89 

William, 81 

70, 75 

Howard, 139 

Shannon, John, 91 

WiUiam (s. Samuel, 80 

John, 102 

Robert, 90 

William (s. William), 71, 

Dr. John, 139 

Shapleigh, Elizabeth, 44 

76, 77, 79, 80 

Solomon White, 139 

Norwald, 44 

William Bartram, 81 

Robertson, Thomas, 10 

Waldron. 44 

Richardson, Ann, 55, 104, 105 

Wilham P., 53 

Sharpless, Mrs. Jane Wicks, 

Elizabeth, 104 

Robinson, John, in 


Joseph, 104 

Rogers, Augustus DuPuy, 56 

Shedd, Ann, 37 

Mary, 104 

Benjamin Tingley, 56 

George, 37 

Samuel, 55, 97 

Blythe DuPuy, 56 

Shenk, Christian, 124 

Riche, Elizabeth, 53 

Elspeth, 56 

Elizabeth, 123 

Rickey, Alexander, 129, 131 

Emma Louisa, 57 

Henry, 123 

Alexander, Jr., 129 

Ernest Theodore, 56 

Jacob, 123 

Alfred, 139 

Laurence Thornton, 57 

Shippen, Edward, 27, 104 

Amy, 130 

Mary Angus, 56 

Sickles, Gen. Daniel E., 57 

Amy Olden, 139 

Philip Tingley, 56 

Simcock, John, 100 

Ann, 129, 131, 133 

Samuel Blythe, 42. 56 

Simond, Peter, 11 

Anna Smith, 138 

Samuel Blythe, Jr., 56 

Simpson, George, 74 

Benoni Waterman, 135 

Theodore Havemeyer,57 

James, 15 

Catharine, 129 

Rohrer, Jacob, 124 

Skinner, Ann, 62 

Elizabeth Meredith, 139 

Rotim, Barbara, 121 

Sarah, 134 

Howard Percy, 139 

Rou, Rev, Louis, 11, 22 

Slemmer, Gen. Adam J., S3 

James, 129, 131, 133 

Rudyard, Thomas, 105 

Smith, Christian, 124 

John, 129, 130, 131, 132 

Rudy, Elizabeth, 125 

David, 90 

John (s. Randal), 135 

Rutter, Enoch, 44 

Hannah, 90 

Joseph, 133 

Thomas, 76 

Isaac, 72 

Keirl, 129 

John, 72 

Margaret Waterman, 1 3 9 

Sanford, Cara, 58 

Mabel, 44 

Mary, 129, 131 

Ethel, 58 

Mary, 79, 80, 130 

Mary Hutchinson, 138 

Freda, 58 

Robert, 74 

Michael, 133 

Gertrude, 58 

William, 133, 138 

Rachel, 129, 131 

Henry, 58 

William E., 136 

Randal, 130, 132, 133, 

Henry Shelton, 57, 68 

WiUiam T., 74, 80 


John, 58 

Smithson, WiUiam, ii8 

Randal Hutchinson, 126, 

Leopold, 58 

Snavely, Anna, 124 

132, 133, 134, 13s, 137 

Wilhelmina, 58 

John, 124 

139. 140 

Schwab, Henry, 76 

Souper, Rev. Thos. Erskine, 

Rosetta Cobb, 125, 126, 

Schutt, Comelis, no 


139. 140 

Scott, Gustavus, 63 

Spencer, William, 55 

Samuel, 133 

John, 97 

Spenn, Abram, 131 


Stetler, Hannah, 88 

Van Couwenhoven, Jacob, 

Weiss, Col. Jacob, 29 

Susanna, 88 

112, 113 

Weldy, Christian, 123 

Stevens, Wm., 75 

Wolfert Gerretz, 113 

Welding, 131 

Stewart, A. G., 45 

Vanderbilt, William H. 125, 

Wesley, Rev. John, 53 

A.J„ 56 

Vanderveen, Pieter Comel- 

Westcott, Col. Richard. 75 

Stiles, Edward, 39 

issen, 112 

Wetherell, Sarah, 83 

Stock, Eliza, 135, 137 

Vander Grift, Paulus Leen- 

We y man, Capt., 17 

John, 136, 137 

dersten, no 

White, Elizabeth W., 79 

Stoner, Christian, 125 

Van Home, Capt. Comelis, 18 

Francis, 26 

Strickler, Catharine, 123 

Van Neck, Joshua, 10, 11 

John, 79 

Sturgis, John B., 47 

Girard, 10, 11 

John R., 79 

Stuyvesant, Gov. Peter, 92, 

Van Rensselaer, Killian, 109, 

Mary, 79 

95, 108, III, 112, 114, IIS 


Rev. William, 27 

Summy, John, 124 

Van Tienhoven, Jan, 114 

Whitefield, Rev. George. 67 

Sutherland, Joel B., 66 

VanTwiller, Wouter, 107 

Whitehead, George, 97 

Swen, Oele, 94 

Veiller, Bayard, 44 

Wilcox, Joseph, 102 

Frank, 44 

Wilder, Marie, 42, 55 

Taa£fe, John, i 

Lawrence, 44 

Williams, Ralph, 86 

Tadham, John, 16 

Margaret de Wolfe, 44 

Williamson, Isaiah V., 29 

Tailor, James, 44 

Philip, 44 

Wilson, Gen. James Grant, 

Taunt, Lieut,. 58 

Verbrugge, Gillis, 108 


Taylor, Francis, 85 

Vermilye, A. G., 25 

Wing, Lydie, E. S., 84 

Capt. George, 34 

Petrus, 24 

Wistar, Richard, 27 

Dr. J. Gumey, 83 

Voakes, George, 85 

Witherspoon, Thomas, 80 

Tetard, Rev. John Peter, 22, 

Woffington, Robert, 140 

23, 24, 25, 26 

Waddrop, John, 153-154 

Wolf, Capt,. 33 

Tew, Allene, 126 

William, 72, 153, 154 

Wood, Andrew, 131 

Thayer, Margaretta McCall, 

Wain, Esther Nixon, 56 

Isaac, 79 


Nicholas, 102 

Margaretta, 71, 79 

Hon. M. Russell, 56 

Robert, 27, 74 

Septimus, 87 

Thelin, John, 92 

Walter, R., 12 

Woolford, Roger, 120 

Thompson, J. Edgar, 44 

Warren, Mary, 63 

Sarah, 120 

Throckmorton, Joseph, 81 

Washington, President George 

Woodrop, Alexander, 88 

Tittle, Capt., 17 

38, 65, 74 

Woodruff, George W., 40-41 

Tittletoss, Abram, 17 

Waterman, Benoni, 134 

Wright, Leslie Haveloch, 56 

Tymense, Elsie, in 

Sir George, 134 

Leslie Isabel, 56 

Tyler, President John, 57 

Joseph, 133 

Robert Hamilton, 56 

Margaret, 133 

Robert Milton, 56 

Umstat, John, 89 

Mrs. Mary, 133, 135 

Theodore Elizabeth, 56 

Mrs. Sarah B., 135 

Wurts, John, 45, 65, 66, 67, 

Valleau, Anne, 18, 19 

Sir Thomas, 1 34 


Pierre, 18 

Weaver, Peter, 70 

Maurice, 49, 66 

Van Burg, Johannes, 116 

Webb, Mary, 39 

WiUiam, 66 

Van Cleve, Judah Spencer, 

Webster, Robert, loi 


Weimands, Jacob, 77 

Yardley, Samuel, 131 

Van Cortlandt, Catharine, 113 

Weiss, Daniel, 67 

Yamall, Francis, 27 

Oloff Stevense, 108, 113 

Dr. Jacob, 29 

Yeardsley, Thomas, 131 

3 597